Frank Sellick Calder was a British-born Canadian ice hockey executive and athlete. Calder was the first president of the National Hockey League, from 1917 until his death in 1943, he was the last president of the NHL's predecessor league, the National Hockey Association, was instrumental in the transition from the NHA to the NHL, a transition made to expel a franchise owner. He presided over the expansion of the NHL from Canada into the United States, while at the same time fending off rivals to the NHL's status as the premier North American ice hockey league. Calder was born to Scottish parents in England, he participated in many English sports as a youth, including rugby, handball and soccer. As a young man, he became a teacher at a private school. Before leaving the United Kingdom, he flipped a coin to decide whether he should immigrate to Canada or to the United States, he married a fellow teacher, Amelia Cole, they had three sons and one daughter. Calder worked as a sports editor at the Montreal Witness.
From there, he moved to the Montreal Daily Telegraph. After that, he passed the role of sports editor to Elmer Ferguson so that he could move on to take the financial editor's chair, in which capacity he covered the Montreal Stock Exchange, Canada's largest stock market at the time, he maintained his interest in sports. He was the secretary-treasurer of the Montreal Football Association in 1903 and remained in that position until at least 1911, when he represented the organization at the time of the founding of the Province of Quebec Football Association, he was elected a member of the executive committee of the PQFA in 1911 and 1912. Earlier he was a referee and had refereed the game between the Montreal All-Stars and the touring Corinthians from England in 1906. On November 15, 1914, Calder was appointed secretary-treasurer of the National Hockey Association, he served as secretary-treasurer until 1917, when Frank Robinson resigned as president of the NHA. In 1917, the NHA owners decided to drop Eddie Livingstone's Toronto Blueshirts franchise and took his players.
Robinson, seeing he was as powerless. Calder, the league secretary, saw opportunity in the situation, he decided that the NHA owners allied against Livingstone needed someone to represent them, and, in effect, Calder was—at least for all practical purposes—the new president of the NHA. He arranged meetings between the NHA's owners to figure out how to get rid of Livingstone, decided to form a new league; the National Hockey League, in the NHA's place. Calder was elected president of the new league, established on November 26, 1917. Calder wielded his power as president with authority. One example of this authority occurred during the Hamilton Tigers strike in 1925. Rather than negotiate with the players, he suspended and fined them each $200. In 1926, Calder first arranged a co-operation agreement with the new American Hockey Association broke it upon learning that Livingstone owned the Chicago Cardinals franchise, he declared that several Cardinals players belonged to the NHL's Chicago franchise, or other teams, arranged for the ouster of Livingstone from the AHA.
Livingstone would return to amateur hockey. When the AHA attempted to play for the Stanley Cup, Calder declared it an "outlaw league," but he accepted James E. Norris, who owned the AHA's Chicago Shamrocks, into the NHL to bail out the struggling Detroit Cougars franchise; the Cougars were renamed the Detroit Red Wings upon Norris' acquisition of them. Calder was adamant that minorities would not be restricted from participation in the NHL. During the 1927–28 season, upon hearing of the Boston Black Panthers, the first all-Black hockey team in the United States, he was reported to have remarked that, "Pro hockey has no ruling against the colored man, nor is it to draw the line," a reference to the segregation in baseball. Only one attempt to remove Calder; this was in 1932–33, when Black Hawks owner Frederic McLaughlin circulated a letter to the NHL Board of Governors to remove him. The board rejected the motion. Commencing with the 1932–33 season, Calder named the top rookie in the NHL. Starting in 1936–37, he convinced the NHL's Board of Governors to let him buy a trophy to give annually to the league's top rookie, he did this until 1941–42.
After Calder's death, the trophy was made permanent as the Calder Memorial Trophy. Calder received a silver service in 1937–38 for his 20 years as president of the NHL. In February 1938, Calder terminated the NHL's agreement with the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association which governed signing of amateur players, he met with W. G. Hardy of the CAHA after a player suspended by the NHL was registered by a CAHA team; the differences were not resolved and Calder told NHL teams that they could approach any junior player with a contract offer. A new agreement was reached in August 1938, where the CAHA agreed not to allow international transfers for players on NHL reserve lists, the NHL agreed not to sign any junior players without permission, it stipulated that both organizations use the same playing rules, recognize each other's suspensions. Hardy represented the CAHA at the joint rules committee to draft uniform rules with the NHL. A new professional-amateur agreement was signed by Calder in October 1940 to reimburse amateur teams for developing NHL players, applied to players sent to the Eastern Amateur Hockey League.
The agreement included allowing the NHL to sign a limited number of junior
FC Flora Tallinn known as Flora Tallinn, or as Flora, is a football club, based in Tallinn, that competes in the Naiste Meistriliiga. Established in 1997 as the women's football division of Flora; the team has won 1 3 Estonian Women's Cups and 2 Estonian Women's Supercups. Founded in March 1997 as Flora ladies team, Flora Naiskond played their first league game in the following month against the defending champions Pärnu, losing 0–3. Despite this, the team went on to enjoy some early success as Flora finished third in the 1998 season. Flora managed to repeat this feat in the next two seasons in 1999 and 2000; the following seasons were more disappointing as Flora finished 4th in 2001 and 2002 and 5th in 2003. Problems deepened during the winter of 2003 and Flora had to start the 2004 season without a manager before Anders Süvari, who had coached the team before, returned in summer. Despite this the team managed to win their first 4 league games. Revitalized, Flora once again challenged the top 3 but missed out narrowly, losing 2–3 in the penultimate round and leaving the team just two points away from the bronze medals.
Late in the season, Süvari was replaced by Allan Soomets who remained as coach until the 2012 season. Since December 2012 the team has been coached by Richard Barnwell. Flora finished the league third in 2007 and the 2008 season and have been runners-up consecutively since 2008 but are yet to win the league. Flora has been more successful in the Estonian Women's Cup, winning the competition in 2013 by defeating league rivals Pärnu 2–0 in the finals. On 1 December 2015, Aleksandra Ševoldajeva was appointed as manager. Estonian Women's CupWinners: 2007, 2008, 2013 Naiste MeistriliigaWinners: 2018 Estonian Women's SupercupWinners: 2009, 2010, 2018 As of November 2018Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Official website
Gymnobela sibogae is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Raphitomidae. The length of the shell attains its diameter 18 mm; the rather strong, fusiform shell is yellowish-brown. The protoconch is wanting; the 9 remaining whorls are moderately convex excavated below the conspicuous but shallow suture. The sculpture consists of remote, axial ribs, conspicuous in the upper whorls, fainter lower on, disappearing on the back of the body whorl, they form tubercles below the excavation, which in the upper whorls bear short plicae, just below the suture. The lower part of the whorls is crossed by numerous spiral striae, conspicuous in upper whorls, faint on the last one, but stronger towards and on the siphonal canal; the aperture is elongately-oval, angular above, with a wide siphonal canal below. The peristome is damaged according to the fine growth-lines, with a shallow sinus above regularly arched; the columellar margin is concave above nearly straight, at last directed to the left, covered with a layer of enamel, thin above, stronger below.
The interior of the aperture is smooth. This marine species occurs in the Banda Indonesia. Sysoev, A.. Gastéropodes turriformes nouveaux ou peu connus du Sud-Ouest Pacifique = New and uncommon turriform gastropods from the South-West Pacific. In: Bouchet, P. et al. Tropical deep-sea benthos. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. Série A, Zoologie. 185: 271-320. Tucker, J. K.. "Catalog of recent and fossil turrids". Zootaxa. 682: 1–1295