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Frank Whittle

Air Commodore Sir Frank Whittle, was an English Royal Air Force air officer. He is credited with single-handedly inventing the turbojet engine. A patent was submitted by Maxime Guillaume in 1921 for a similar invention. Whittle's jet engines were developed some years earlier than those of Germany's Hans von Ohain, the designer of the first operational turbojet engine. From an early age, Whittle demonstrated an aptitude for an interest in flying. At first he was turned down by the RAF but, determined to join the Royal Air Force, he overcame his physical limitations and was accepted and sent to No. 2 School of Technical Training to join No 1 Squadron of Cranwell Aircraft Apprentices. He was taught the theory of aircraft engines and gained practical experience in the engineering workshops, his academic and practical abilities as an Aircraft Apprentice earned him a place on the officer training course at Cranwell. He became an accomplished pilot. While writing his thesis there he formulated the fundamental concepts that led to the creation of the turbojet engine, taking out a patent on his design in 1930.

His performance on an officers' engineering course earned him a place on a further course at Peterhouse, where he graduated with a First. Without Air Ministry support, he and two retired RAF servicemen formed Power Jets Ltd to build his engine with assistance from the firm of British Thomson-Houston. Despite limited funding, a prototype was created, which first ran in 1937. Official interest was forthcoming following this success, with contracts being placed to develop further engines, but the continuing stress affected Whittle's health resulting in a nervous breakdown in 1940. In 1944 when Power Jets was nationalised he again suffered a nervous breakdown, resigned from the board in 1946. In 1948, Whittle received a knighthood, he joined BOAC as a technical advisor before working as an engineering specialist with Shell, followed by a position with Bristol Aero Engines. After emigrating to the U. S. in 1976 he accepted the position of NAVAIR Research Professor at the United States Naval Academy from 1977–1979.

In August 1996, Whittle died of lung cancer at his home in Maryland. In 2002, Whittle was ranked number 42 in the BBC poll of the 100 Greatest Britons. Whittle was born in a terraced house in Newcombe Road, Coventry, England on 1 June 1907, the eldest son of Moses Whittle and Sara Alice Garlick; when he was nine years old, the family moved to the nearby town of Royal Leamington Spa where his father, a inventive practical engineer and mechanic, purchased the Leamington Valve and Piston Ring Company, which comprised a few lathes and other tools and a single-cylinder gas engine, on which Whittle became an expert. Whittle developed a adventurous streak, together with an early interest in aviation. After two years attending Milverton School, Whittle won a scholarship to a secondary school which in due course became Leamington College for Boys, but when his father's business faltered there was not enough money to keep him there, he developed practical engineering skills while helping in his father's workshop, being an enthusiastic reader spent much of his spare time in the Leamington reference library, reading about astronomy, engineering and the theory of flight.

At the age of 15, determined to be a pilot, Whittle applied to join the RAF. In January 1923, having passed the RAF entrance examination with a high mark, Whittle reported to RAF Halton as an Aircraft Apprentice, he lasted only two days: just five feet tall and with a small chest measurement, he failed the medical. He put himself through a vigorous training programme and special diet devised by a physical training instructor at Halton to build up his physique, only to fail again six months when he was told that he could not be given a second chance, despite having added three inches to his height and chest. Undeterred, he applied again under an assumed name and presented himself as a candidate at the No 2 School of Technical Training RAF Cranwell; this time he passed the physical and, in September that year, 364365 Boy Whittle, F started his three-year training as an aircraft mechanic in No. 1 Squadron of No. 4 Apprentices Wing, RAF Cranwell, because RAF Halton No. 1 School of Technical Training was unable to accommodate all the aircraft apprentices at that time.

Whittle hated the strict discipline imposed on apprentices and, convinced there was no hope of becoming a pilot he at one time considered deserting. However, throughout his early days as an aircraft apprentice, he maintained his interest in model aircraft and joined the Model Aircraft Society, where he built working replicas; the quality of these attracted the eye of the Apprentice Wing commanding officer, who noted that Whittle was a mathematical genius. He was so impressed that in 1926 he recommended Whittle for officer training at RAF College Cranwell. For Whittle, this was the chance of a lifetime, not only to enter the commissioned ranks but because the training included flying lessons on the Avro 504. While at Cranwell he lodged in a bungalow at Dorrington. Being an ex-apprentice amongst a majority of ex-public schoolboys, life as an officer cadet was not easy for him, but he excelled in the courses and went solo in 1927 after only 13.5 hours instruction progressing to the Bristol Fighter and gaining a reputation for daredevil low flying and aerobatics.

A requirement of the course was that each student had to produce a thesis for graduation: Whittle decided to write his on potential aircraft design developments

Dark Hollow (novel)

This article is about the novel. For other Dark Hollow articles, see Dark Hollow disambiguation page. Dark Hollow is a 2006 horror novel written by Brian Keene, it tells the story of Adam Senft, a struggling writer who discovers that an evil satyr has been summoned by Nelson LeHorn, a local witch. The satyr is abducting women in Adam's local town in order to procreate with them. Adam must convince the police that the satyr is real in order to destroy it; the story takes place in York County, Pennsylvania and is loosely based on Rehmeyer's Hollow, Pennsylvania Dutch pow-wow. Adam Senft, a struggling writer, is out walking his dog in the forest behind his house when he hears pan pipes playing. Following the sound, he finds one of his neighbors, Shelly Carpenter, fellating the stone statue of a satyr which appears to change into a living creature. Unsure of what he's seen, Adam flees the forest. At home and his wife Tara are struggling with their marriage after a miscarriage; when their neighbor Shannon Legerski disappears, her husband Paul is arrested as a suspect.

As the police begin door-to-door investigations, Detective Ramirez questions Adam, reveals that two more women have disappeared, including Shelly Carpenter. Adam lies about seeing Shelly with the satyr. Adam finds satyr hoof-prints in the garden outside; the police and fire service organize a search of the local forest, but the police dogs refuse to enter the forest. Adam and a group of men enter the forest, where they find another large hoof print and a stone with strange lettering carved into it; the next morning, Tara claims she dreamed of a hairy man standing outside under their bedroom window and playing a flute. Adam finds hoofprints under the window, he confides in his friends. That night, the satyr tries to abduct Tara and a neighbor, Claudine. Adam, Claudine's husband Dale, their neighbors Merle and Cliff manage to drive the satyr off. Adam thinks the satyr has something to do with Nelson LeHorn, a local farmer, rumored to be a black powwow witch, they leave their neighbor Cory to look after Tara and Claudine drive to the abandoned LeHorn farmhouse where they find Nelson's diaries, which explain how he summoned the satyr which impregnated his wife, whom he killed by throwing her from their attic window.

The house is attacked by possessed trees. They escape from the house by setting fire to the trees which starts a forest fire, but the trees have destroyed Merle's truck, forcing them to start walking home. By the time they get home, it has become night and the satyr has returned and abducted Tara and Claudine and killed Cory. Adam, Dale and Merle head into the forest, but are stopped by Detective Ramirez, they are attacked by possessed trees. They find; the satyr turns the hypnotized women on the men, while Adam's dog Big Steve attacks Hylinus, who kills it. Adam and the men manage to kill the satyr by using their belief in white magic; the forest fire destroys the remains of the satyr. Months Tara is pregnant, Adam discovers from an ultrasound scan that she is pregnant with a baby satyr. Dark Hollow was optioned for film in 2009. Trade Paperback: OriginalThe title on the front cover is flat. 269 pages. 305 pages. Hardcover: The title on the front cover is flat. 290 pages.

Bill O'Donnell (harness race driver)

William Arthur O'Donnell is a prominent harness racing driver. O'Donnell's parents and Henry, were both involved in the local racing circuit. After graduating from high school, he became second trainer for Jim Doherty, moved to Saratoga, New York, where in 1979 he set the all-time record for most wins at a single track in a single season, he went to the Meadowlands in New Jersey on the Grand Circuit. O'Donnell was given the nickname the "Magic Man" for being able to drive a horse past its limitations. In 1982 and 1984 he was voted the Harness Tracks of America Driver of the Year award. In 1984 he set a yearly earnings record of over $9 million. In a race in 1984 with Nihilator, O'Donnell was the first to post a sub-1:50 race mile in the $2,161,000 Woodrow Wilson Pace, the richest race contested to that point." It was the first time that William O'Donnell had driven the son of Niatross. Bill O'Donnell won his third in four years; the next year, he became harness racing's first driver to eclipse $10 million in earnings in a single year.

O'Donnell has 5,742 lifetime victories as a driver with just under $100 million earned by the horses he has guided. A native of Springhill, Nova Scotia, he was the leading driver at the Meadowlands in New Jersey, for many years and established a number of records with respect to wins and earnings. In 2001, O'Donnell moved back to Canada, settling in Acton, Ontario, to focus more on training horses. Since he has become involved in the politics of racing, giving much of his time and considerable expertise to several horsemen's groups, he serves as President of the Central Ontario Standardbred Association, which has the racing contract with the largest track operator in Canada, Woodbine Entertainment Group. In addition, he serves as the representative for Standardbred horse people on the board of the Ontario Horse Racing Industry Association as well as a Vice-President of the Ontario Standardbred Adoption Society, he has four children, Christopher and Sean. Bill O'Donnell has been inducted into Canada's Sports Hall of Fame, the Nova Scotia Sports Hall of Fame, the Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame, the United States Harness Racing Hall of Fame in Goshen, NY

Generation Italy

Generation Italy was a faction within Future and Freedom, a political party in Italy, earlier The People of Freedom. Although most of its members came from the conservative National Alliance and were earlier members of the Italian Social Movement, GI was a social liberal wing within the PdL; the faction's members identified themselves as close supporters of Gianfranco Fini, former leader of MSI/AN and frequent critic of Silvio Berlusconi from his post of President of the Chamber of Deputies. During the years, the former post-fascist leader had taken controversial stances on stem cell research, end of life issues, advance health care directive and immigration. Fini was an outspoken supporter of the principle of separation of church and state and of a more structured party organisation. Although most Finiani, such as Bocchino, Adolfo Urso, Fabio Granata, Carmelo Briguglio, Flavia Perina and Giulia Bongiorno, were in line with Fini on moral issues and immigration, many others, including Andrea Ronchi, took a different approach on these issues.

In fact most Finiani were southern conservatives who opposed Berlusconi's leadership, his firm alliance with the once-separatist Lega Nord, the party's economic policy and federal reform. Generation Italy was launched in December 2009 by Italo Bocchino, deputy-leader of the PdL in the Chamber of Deputies, in order to better represent Fini's views within the party and push for a different party organisation, thought to be too dependent on Berlusconi's personality. Bocchino explained that it was not his intent or Fini's to undermine the party, while he wanted to promote internal democracy through debate and strengthen the party in the North, where it had suffered a big blow from Lega Nord in 2010 regional elections. Despite this, the faction soon caused a major upheaval within the party. On 15 April Fini posed a sort of ultimatum to Berlusconi and hinted the formation of separate parliamentary groups from the PdL in Parliament; some Finiani proposed the formation of a new party outside the PdL.

After some tense days, it looked that Fini and his group would remain in the party as a minority faction. On 20 April 52 MPs signed a document in support of Fini and his theses, while other 74 ex-AN MPs, including Ignazio La Russa, Maurizio Gasparri, Altero Matteoli and Giorgia Meloni, plus the Mayor of Rome Gianni Alemanno, signed an alternative document in which they reasserted their loyalty to the party and Berlusconi, it was the end of the unity of former AN members within the PdL, with most heavyweights of that party turning their back on their former leader. Fini, for his part, started attract to his faction some PdL members coming from various political backgrounds, from the former Radical Benedetto Della Vedova to former Christian Democrats such as Giuseppe Pisanu. On 22 April the National Committee of the PdL convened in Rome for the first time in a year; the conflict between Fini and Berlusconi was covered live by television. At the end of the day a resolution proposed by the party leadership was put before the assembly.

The Finiani who voted against the resolution were 13 out of 172 members of the Committee: Roberta Angelilli, Andrea Augello, Italo Bocchino, Carmelo Briguglio, Cesare Cursi, Fabio Granata, Donato Lamorte, Silvano Moffa, Flavia Perina, Andrea Ronchi, Salvatore Tatarella, Adolfo Urso and Pasquale Viespoli. On 3 May Fini endorsed GI through a video message in the faction's website and encouraged his followers to form a network of GI circles all around Italy. In the meantime, group of moderate Finiani led by Augello and Moffa launched a group called Open Space, that included some close supporters of Berlusconi coming from his former Forza Italia party, in order to distance themselves by the hardliners led by Bocchino and dialogue with Berlusconi, while the conservative supporters of Fini re-grouped themselves into National Area led by Roberto Menia and, Moffa. However, most Finiani, including Moffa and Menia chose to join GI. Since clashes between Fini and Berlusconi became more frequent and reached their heights in late July, when Fini questioned the morality of some party bigwigs under criminal investigation.

On 29 July 2010 the party executive released a document in which Fini was described as "incompatible" with the political line of the PdL and unable to perform his job of President of the Chamber of Deputies in a neutral way. Berlusconi asked Fini to step down from his post and the executive proposed the suspension from party membership for three hard-liner Finiani who had harshly criticized Berlusconi and accused some party members of criminal offences. For both parts, this was the point of no turning back. On 30 July Fini and his followers organised separate groups both in the Chamber and the Senate under the name Future and Freedom. Only a minority of the deputies and senators coming from National Alliance followed their former long-time leader Fini into the new party, but enough to hold the balance in the Chamber of Deputies. GI was the core of the new parliamentary groups. In the 2013 general election, FLI obtained no seats in the Chamber of Deputies. Both FLI and GI were disbanded soon after.

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William Forrester (racecourse owner)

William Forrester was an Australian racehorse and racecourse owner. Descended from Robert Forrester, a First Fleet convict, Forrester was known as Black Bill to distinguished him from a cousin of the name William Forrester, he was a racehorse trainer who owned Warwick Farm. Forrester achieved a quinella in the 1897 Melbourne Cup with the brother horses and The Grafter; the Grafter won the Cup in 1898, surviving a protest. In 1881, Forrester purchased land at what was called Warwick Park, he renamed it Warwick Farm to correspond with his own initials, built a family homestead along with racing stables and a thoroughbred stud. Forrester held the inaugural race meeting at Warwick Farm on 16 March 1889, after forming a syndicate called The Warwick Farm Racing Club. Forrester contested the Melbourne Cup 5 times with 2 wins, his winnings would have been worth more than A$4 million, with trophies valued at A$70,000. Because of his gambling debts, Bill was destitute at the time of his death at age 57 on 23 August 1901.

At one time, he wagered the deeds of his Warwick Farm house on a card game. Forrester owned a large part of Warwick Farm Racecourse, it was revealed he had sold much of his property to discharge his gambling debts. After his death, Sydney Tattersalls Club opened a subscription to assist his widow, their 3 daughters and their son; the Australian Jockey Club bought the Warwick Farm course in 1922, with the first meeting held in the refurbished surrounds in 1925. Many years after Forrester and his wife's death, with the redevelopment of Liverpool cemetery, one of their daughters, Ellie May, had her parents remains exhumed and cremated at Northern Suburbs; the ashes of Forrester's son, Charles Albert Forrester, were scattered near the present-day winning post at Warwick Farm after his death

Yael Cohen

Yael Cohen Braun is a South African businesswoman, a co-founder of Fuck Cancer, a health organization working for early detection and prevention of cancer. Yael launched Fuck Cancer in 2009. Fuck Cancer aims to engage millennials through social media to have a conversation about early detection and acute awareness of cancer. Cohen was born to a South African Jewish family in South Africa and raised in Vancouver, British Columbia, she attended the University of British Columbia where she received a B. A. in Political Science in 2008. After graduation, she went on to work in finance. Cohen married American music manager Scooter Braun on July 2014, in Whistler, British Columbia. On August 27, the couple announced that they were expecting their first child together and she gave birth to a boy, Jagger Joseph Braun, on February 6, 2015 in Los Angeles, she gave birth to their second child, Levi Magnus Braun, on November 29, 2016. Their daughter, Hart Violet Braun, was born on December 1, 2018. 2011 The Globe and Mail's 12 people who are transforming philanthropy 2012 Fast Company magazine's 100 Most Creative People in Business Women's Executive Network 100 Most Powerful Women in Canada Marketing magazine's Thirty Under 30 Business In Vancouver Forty under 40 Oprah's SuperSoul 100 Fuck Cancer Teen Vogue: "Giving Back: Yael Cohen's Mission to Promote Early Cancer Detection" Yael Cohen Braun Video produced by Makers: Women Who Make America