Frederick Phillips "Fred" Brooks Jr. is an American computer architect, software engineer, computer scientist, best known for managing the development of IBM's System/360 family of computers and the OS/360 software support package later writing candidly about the process in his seminal book The Mythical Man-Month. Brooks has received many awards, including the National Medal of Technology in 1985 and the Turing Award in 1999. Born in Durham, North Carolina, he attended Duke University, graduating in 1953 with a Bachelor of Science degree in physics, he received a Ph. D. in applied mathematics from Harvard University in 1956, supervised by Howard Aiken. Brooks served as the graduate teaching assistant for Ken Iverson at Harvard's graduate program in "automatic data processing", the first such program in the world. Brooks joined IBM in 1956, working in Poughkeepsie, New York, Yorktown, New York, he worked on the architecture of the IBM 7030 Stretch, a $10 million scientific supercomputer of which nine were sold, the IBM 7950 Harvest computer for the National Security Agency.
Subsequently, he became manager for the development of the IBM System/360 family of computers and the OS/360 software package. During this time he coined the term "computer architecture". In 1964, Brooks accepted an invitation to come to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and founded the University's computer science department, he chaired it for 20 years. As of 2013 he was still engaged in active research there in virtual environments and scientific visualization. A few years after leaving IBM he wrote The Mythical Man-Month; the seed for the book was planted by IBM's then-CEO Thomas Watson Jr. who asked in Brooks's exit interview why it was so much harder to manage software projects than hardware projects. In this book Brooks made the now-famous statement: "Adding manpower to a late software project makes it later." This has since come to be known as Brooks's law. In addition to The Mythical Man-Month, Brooks is known for the paper No Silver Bullet – Essence and Accident in Software Engineering.
In 2004 in a talk at the Computer History Museum and in a 2010 interview in Wired magazine, Brooks was asked "What do you consider your greatest technological achievement?" Brooks responded, "The most important single decision I made was to change the IBM 360 series from a 6-bit byte to an 8-bit byte, thereby enabling the use of lowercase letters. That change propagated everywhere."A "20th anniversary" edition of The Mythical Man-Month with four additional chapters was published in 1995. As well as The Mythical Man-Month, Brooks has authored or co-authored many books and peer reviewed papers including Automatic Data Processing, "No Silver Bullet", Computer Architecture, The Design of Design, his contributions to human–computer interaction are described in Ben Shneiderman's HCI pioneers website. Brooks has served on a number of US national committees. Defense Science Board Member, Artificial Intelligence Task Force Chairman, Military Software Task Force Member, Computers in Simulation and Training Task Force National Science Board In chronological order: In January 2005 he gave the Turing Lecture on the subject of "Collaboration and Telecollaboration in Design".
In 1994 he was inducted as a Fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery. Brooks is an evangelical Christian, active with InterVarsity Christian Fellowship. Brooks named his eldest son after Kenneth E. Iverson. Media related to Fred Brooks at Wikimedia Commons Quotations related to Fred Brooks at Wikiquote
David M. Scienceman is an Australian scientist. McGhee wrote that his change of name from Slade to Scienceman was an experiment to create a movement of scientifically aware politicians. In a world dominated by scientific achievements and problems, Slade believed that there should be a political party that represented the scientific point of view. Scienceman has a mathematics and physics degree and a PhD in chemical engineering from Sydney University, on a scholarship from the Australian Atomic Energy Commission. At a meeting of the World Future Society in 1976, a group of American feminists told him his new name was unbearably sexist, he saw their point and decided that a better title for members of the Scientific Party would be "Sciencemate". For Cadzow, Scienceman:... believes it is possible to measure anything money, in terms of its embodied energy. "To operate a supply of banknotes you've got to have a large commercial organisation. You've got to have banks, you've got to have printing houses.
They themselves consume a large amount of energy". By comparing the money flow with the energy flow, broken down to mathematical units, "we can say that a dollar is equivalent to so many units of embodied energy." Scienceman claimed to be the author of the nomenclature of "emergy". In a letter to the Ecological Engineering journal he wrote: "... as the author of the nomenclature'emergy, emdollar, energy memory and the maximum empower principle'... H. T. Odum wrote:... Scienceman contributed in major ways to the concepts and application of emergy evaluation off and on over a 10 year period.... As a library scholar without equal, David researched the basis for scientific nomenclature and linguistic roots. J. Cadzow Dr Scienceman's brave new word, The Australian, Newspaper Article, Tuesday, 15 May, p. 7. H. T. Odum Letter to the Editor: Emergy terminology. Ecol. Engr. 9: 215-216. ISSN 0925-8574, doi:10.1016/S0925-857410010-6. J. McGhee, Super Scienceman, Extract from the Edinburgh EVENING NEWS, Scotland, 6 April, p. 1.
D. M. Scienceman Energy and Emergy. In G. Pillet and T. Murota, Environmental Economics: The Analysis of a Major Interface. Geneva: R. Leimgruber. Pp. 257–276. D. M. Scienceman The Emergence of Emonomics. In Proceedings of the International Society for General Systems Research Conference, Scotland, 7 pp.. D. M. Scienceman Emergy and Energy: The Form and Content of Ergon. Discussion paper. Gainesville: Center for Wetlands, University of Florida. 13 pp. D. M. Scienceman, The Emergy Synthesis of Religion and Science, Center for Environmental Policy, University of Florida. 13pp. D. M. Scienceman Letters to the Editor: Emergy definition, Ecological Engineering, 9, pp. 209–212. ISSN 0925-8574, doi:10.1016/S0925-857410009-X. D. M. Scienceman and Lavalue, Center for Environmental Policy, University of Florida. D. M. Scienceman and B. M. El-Youssef The System of Emergy Units, in Packham, R. ed. Ethical management of science as a system, International Society for the Systems Sciences, Proceedings of the thirty-seventh annual meeting, University of Western Sydney, Hawkesbury, 5–9 July, pp. 214–223.
D. M. Scienceman and F. Ledoux Sublimation, in M. T. Brown Emergy Synthesis:Theory and Applications of the Emergy Methodology, Proceedings of the 1st Biennial Emergy Analysis Research Conference, Center for Environmental Policy, University of Florida, pp. 317–321
The Interlock System is R. Talsorian Games' proprietary role-playing system. Interlock was a game system by R. Talsorian Games based on a simple ‘die + bonus’ system, using a d10. Mekton II – the third edition of R. Talsorian's mecha game – revealed for the first time the full-fledged Interlock system. Interlock featured point-based characters with a character background system that had appeared in Mekton, though in a more complex and comprehensive form called Lifepaths. Cyberpunk 2013 was R. Talsorian's second Interlock design. Cyberpunk expanded the original Interlock system by introducing a new combat system called "Friday Night Firefight"; the second edition of the game, Cyberpunk 2020, polished up the Interlock system once more, producing what is now known as "Standard Interlock". Interlock is one of the direct parents of the Fuzion system; the Interlock System is "skill-based"—characters are created by choosing skills for them, by advancing those skills individually, rather than by choosing character class packages.
The Interlock System is used in the Cyberpunk 2020 and Mekton role-playing games. A variant of the Interlock System is used in Teenagers from Outer Space and the Japanese Gundam Senki RPG. Stats and skills are both rated on a scale of 0-10 with 0 representing no ability/no training and 10 representing the maximum ability possible for a human being. A typical skill roll will range from 12-20 for most tasks, so a skill 10 + stat 10 will succeed at any task barring a critical mishap, while a skill 0 + stat 2 will fail at any but the simplest task, then will succeed only on a critical success. Interlock builds on the typical skill-based paradigm by offering "template" or "profession" packages that give specialized abilities to characters that take these packages. There are nine Attributes: Intelligence, Cool, Technical Ability, Attractiveness, Movement and Body. Characters must have a starting Attribute stat minimum of 2 and a system stat maximum of 10. In Cyberpunk and Cybergeneration Empathy is important.
It not only controls interpersonal interactions but it determines how much cyberware you can install. Every piece of cyberware has a Humanity Cost. A rating of "0" or less means the character can no longer be played; the Interlock System is best known for its Lifepath system, a storytelling device used to create character backgrounds without particular direct benefit or drawback to the character, avoiding min-maxing. Cybergeneration Cyberpunk 2020 Fuzion Mekton
Zygmunt Miłoszewski is an award-winning Polish writer. He was a journalist and editor for the Polish edition of Newsweek, he is an author of novels and short stories. Zygmunt Miłoszewski published his first novel Domofon in 2005, it is a horror/mystery story about a group of people trapped in a haunted block of flats. Film Studio Zebra and Juliusz Machulski bought the rights for a film adaptation of Domofon, his second novel was a fantasy for younger readers. His third book, Entanglement, Miłoszewski's biggest success so far, is an award-winning crime novel for which Miłoszewski was awarded the High Calibre Prize for the Best Polish Crime Novel of the Year 2007. Entanglement was published in the US in 2010 by Bitter Lemon Press; the next instalment of Entanglement's protagonist, prosecutor Teodor Szacki, A Grain of Truth was published on October 5, 2011 in Poland, in 2012 in the UK and US by Bitter Lemon Press. The next part was announced to be published in 2013. All of Miłoszewski's books have been translated into a number of languages, including English and German.
A Grain of Truth was awarded the High Calibre Prize for the Best Polish Crime Novel of the Year 2011. Publishers Weekly wrote about Miłoszewski's novel Entanglement and gave it a starred review: Miloszewski takes an engaging look at modern Polish society in this stellar first in a new series starring Warsaw prosecutor Teodor Szacki. Szacki, who's undergoing a midlife crisis and has ambivalent feelings about his wife, considers an affair with journalist hoping to get exclusive details on his inquiry. Readers will want to see more of the sympathetic Szacki. For "A Grain of Truth" Zygmunt Miloszewski got his next starred review in Publishers Weekly: A smart plot, an engagingly acerbic lead, a nuanced portrayal of 2009 Poland lift Miloszewski’s second mystery featuring Warsaw prosecutor Teodor Szacki. Studio Filmowe Zebra bought Miloszewski's first novel; the third Miłoszewski novel, Entanglement was adapted for the big screen by film director Jacek Bromski. It was released in Poland on June 3, 2011.
Producers assembled a cast including Polish film stars Maja Ostaszewska, Marek Bukowski, Andrzej Seweryn, Piotr Adamczyk and Olgierd Łukaszewicz. Entanglement was produced by Studio Filmowe Zebra with the support of the Polish Film Institute; the film was shot by cinematographer Marcin Koszałka."A Grain of Truth" is in production, will be directed by award-winning director Borys Lankosz. Entanglement, 2007, ISBN 978-1-904738-44-2. English edition: Bitter Lemon Press, London 2010. First published in Polish as Uwikłanie by Wydawnictwo W. A. B. 2007. A Grain of Truth, 2011, ISBN 978-1-908524-02-7. English edition: Bitter Lemon Press, London 2012. First published in Polish as Ziarno prawdy by Wydawnictwo W. A. B. 2011. Rage, 2012, ISBN 978-1503935860, English edition: 2016. First published in Polish as Gniew by Wydawnictwo W. A. B. 2012. Priceless, 2018, ISBN 978-1503941434, English edition: Amazon Crossing, Seattle 2018. First published in Polish as Bezcenny by Wydawnictwo W. A. B. 2013. Zygmunt Miłoszewski at Culture.pl bitterlemonpress bitterlemonpress press_and_reviews wab.com Publishers Weekly Reviews cineuropa.org
OUBEL or Oussama Belhcen is a Moroccan pop and R&B singer and producer. He started his career in 2006 and sings in Arabic and French. After a short career with the Moroccan urban hip hop group MafiaFlow, he has had a solo career with three albums (Ana Wnti, Ryan Belhsen and Dayman, an EP and a number of singles, he is signed to New Lixus Entertainment label. He was born in Sidi Yahya El Gharb. Oussama Belhcen was attracted early to the American culture. At age 9 the family moved to the city Larache on the Atlantic Ocean, where launched his musical career and at age 15 forming a hip hop / rap group MafiaFlow with four of his schoolmates. After one album, they separated. Adopting the Americanized stage name Ryan Belhsen and after one year of separation of the rap group, MafiaFlow, he released his first R&B song "Nhar Ela Nhar", the debut single from his debut solo album Ana Wnti in 2008. In October 10, 2010, he released his self-titled album Ryan Belhsen, he released a number of tracks in English like "Whatcha Gonna Do", "Never Stop This Love", "It's Over".
With his third album Dayman he reverted to his birth name Oussama Belhcen. His style is R&B music "Gharbi" style, he performed at various music festivals getting more fame. In 2015, he returned with his singles "Kolshi Bin Yeddi", "Nehar Lik Wenhar Alik" and in 2016 with "Elmostahil Makainsh Febali". 2008: Ana Wnti 2010: Ryan Belhsen 2012: Dayman 2011: Dayman 2008: Nhar Ela Nhar 2011: Mehtaj Lik 2012: Fjenbi 2013: Kinghik 2013: Meghribiya feat. Aklo 2015: Kolshi Bin Yeddi 2015: Nhar Lik Wenhar Alik 2016: Elmostahil Makainsh Febali 2016: Ghatelqani Hdak 2016: Bali Dima Meak 2016: Ida Bghiti Shi Hed 2016: Khaina 2016: Bzaf 3lihom 2016: Khaina Official website Vevo page
Marilyn Tyler was an American soprano and music pedagogue. Of Romanian Jewish descent, Tyler was born in Brooklyn, New York to a family that contained many performers, including singers, musicians and clowns, she studied music at the Manhattan School of Music, was twice a recipient of Fulbright Scholarships. Over her professional career, Tyler sang over seventy opera roles in eight languages, her notable roles included Constanza in The Abduction from the Seraglio at Rome Opera, Violetta in La traviata with the Royal Nederlandse Opera. Her particular performance as Susanna in Le nozze di Figaro at the Holland Festival, with Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, Hermann Prey, Eberhard Wächter in the cast, revived her European career, as she stepped into the role on only a few hours' notice, she created numerous roles in world premiere operas, such as Die Schwarze Spinne by Josef Matthias Hauer, Martin Korda by Henk Badings, Raskolnikoff by Heinrich Sütermeister, to name a few. Tyler made one appearance at The Proms, in 1965 singing Hans Werner Henze's Novae de infinito laudes, with the composer conducting.
Tyler received favourable comments for her performance as Atlanta in the 1965 recording of Handel's Serse and released by Deutsche Grammophon:'Marilyn Tyler is superb as Romilda's sister Atalanta, her dusky soprano providing a clear contrast to Popp's gleaming tone, she exhibits an impressive range up to a brilliantly finessed high D in the final cadenza of "Voi mi dite."In the late 1970s, Tyler moved to Tehran, Iran to direct for the Iran Opera, a Western-style opera company created by Empress Farah Diba. After the Iranian Revolution of 1979, she remained in Iran for nine months before escaping into Pakistan. There, she became the director of the U. S. Information Service's Pakistan-American Cultural Center in Karachi. Tyler remained there for two years. Tyler returned to the U. S. and taught for two years at Jacksonville University in Florida. She subsequently became director of opera studies at the University of New Mexico. Tyler continued to teach privately. Tyler died in New Mexico on December 20, 2017, aged 91.
She left no immediate survivors. Albuquerque Journal Special Sections, August 21, 2011 Faculty page, University of New Mexico Time Magazine, "Music: Withering Paradise?", May 28, 1956 BBC Proms Archive, Prom 9, 27 July 1965 Logan Martell, "American Soprano Marilyn Tyler Dies, Aged 91". Opera Wire website, 22 December 2017