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Fred MacMurray

Frederick Martin MacMurray was an American actor and singer who appeared in more than 100 films and a successful television series during a career that spanned nearly a half-century, from 1930 to the 1970s. His career as a major movie leading man began in 1935 but MacMurray is best known for his role in the 1944 film noir Double Indemnity directed by Billy Wilder, in which he starred with Barbara Stanwyck and Edward G. Robinson; as he grew older, he performed in numerous Disney films, including The Absent-Minded Professor, The Happiest Millionaire, The Shaggy Dog. In 1960, MacMurray turned to television in the role of Steve Douglas, the widowed patriarch on My Three Sons, which ran on ABC from 1960 to 1965 and on CBS from 1965 to 1972, a twelve-year span during which MacMurray's scenes were filmed together for three months every season so that he could take the rest of the year off. Fred Martin MacMurray was born in Kankakee, the son of Maleta and Frederick Talmadge MacMurray, both natives of Wisconsin.

His aunt, Fay Holderness, was actress. Before MacMurray was two years old, his family moved to Madison, where his father worked as a music teacher; the family relocated within the state to Beaver Dam, where his mother had been born in 1880. He attended school in Quincy, before earning a full scholarship to attend Carroll College in Waukesha, Wisconsin. While at Carroll, MacMurray performed in numerous local bands, he did not graduate from the college. MacMurray, as a featured vocalist, recorded in 1930 with the Gus Arnheim Orchestra on "All I Want Is Just One Girl" on the Victor label, and with George Olsen on "I'm In The Market For You" and "After a Million Dreams". Before signing with Paramount Pictures in 1934, he appeared on Broadway in Three's a Crowd and alongside Sydney Greenstreet and Bob Hope in Roberta.. In his early career, MacMurray played tenor sax with the Gus Arnheim Orchestra. In the 1930s, MacMurray worked with film directors Billy Wilder and Preston Sturges, along with actors Barbara Stanwyck, Humphrey Bogart, Marlene Dietrich and, in seven films, Claudette Colbert, beginning with The Gilded Lily.

He co-starred with Katharine Hepburn in Alice Adams, with Joan Crawford in Above Suspicion, with Carole Lombard in four productions: Hands Across the Table, The Princess Comes Across, Swing High, Swing Low, True Confession. Cast in light comedies as a decent, thoughtful character and in melodramas and musicals, MacMurray became one of the movie industry's highest-paid actors in that period. By 1943, his annual salary had reached $420,000, making him the highest-paid actor in Hollywood and the fourth-highest-paid person in the nation. Despite being typecast as a "nice guy", MacMurray said his best roles were when he was cast against type, such as under the direction of Billy Wilder and Edward Dmytryk, his best known "bad guy" performance was in the role of Walter Neff, an insurance salesman who plots with a greedy wife Barbara Stanwyck to murder her husband in the film noir classic Double Indemnity. In another turn in the "not so nice" category, MacMurray played the cynical, duplicitous Lieutenant Thomas Keefer in Dmytryk's 1954 film The Caine Mutiny.

Six years MacMurray played Jeff Sheldrake, a two-timing corporate executive in Wilder's Oscar-winning romcom The Apartment, with Shirley MacLaine and Jack Lemmon. In 1958, he guest-starred in the premiere episode of NBC's Cimarron City Western series, with George Montgomery and John Smith. MacMurray's career continued upward the following year, when he was cast as the father in the popular Disney Studios comedy, The Shaggy Dog. From 1960 to 1972, he starred on television in My Three Sons, a long-running rated series, the role for which most contemporary fans remember him. Concurrent with My Three Sons, MacMurray stayed busy in films, starring as Professor Ned Brainard in Disney's The Absent-Minded Professor and in the sequel Son of Flubber. Using his star-power clout, MacMurray had a provision in his My Three Sons contract that all of his scenes on that series were to be shot in two separate month-long production blocks and filmed first; that condensed performance schedule provided him more free time to pursue his work in films, maintain his ranch in Northern California, enjoy his favorite leisure activity, golf.

Over the years, MacMurray became one of the wealthiest actors in the entertainment business from wise real estate investments and from his "notorious frugality". After the cancellation of My Three Sons in 1972, MacMurray made only a few more film appearances before retiring in 1978. In the 1970s, MacMurray appeared in commercials for the Greyhound Lines bus company. Towards the end of the decade, he was featured in a series of commercials for the Korean chisenbop math calculation program. MacMurray was married twice, he married Lillian Lamont on June 20, 1936, the couple adopted two children and Robert. After Lamont died of cancer on June 22, 1953, he married actress June Haver the following year; the couple subsequently adopted two more children -- twins born in 1956 -- Laurie. MacMurray and Haver's marriage lasted 37 years, until Fred's death. In 1941, MacMurray purchased land in the Russian River Valley in Northern California and established MacMurray Ranch. At the 1,750-acre ranch he raised prize-winning Aberdeen Angus cattle, cultivated prunes, apples, al

Siege of Gijón

The Siege of Gijón, one of the first actions in the Spanish Civil War, saw the anarchist militia crushing a small Nationalist garrison in Gijón, between July 19 and August 16, 1936. The militia - nominally fighting in defense of the Republic - laid siege to the Simancas barracks in the city of Gijón; these were defended by about 180 soldiers and Guardia Civil officers who had risen in support of General Franco's rebellion and seized the post for the Nationalists. The battle was remarkable for the stubbornness of the besieged; the Nationalist uprising of July 1936 fared poorly in Asturias, a province overwhelmingly hostile to Franco and controlled from the outset of the war by a curious but effective council of state officials and mine workers. CNT and UGT membership in Asturias totalled around 70,000, forming the backbone of a disciplined militia. Against such opposition the military governor of Gijón, Colonel Antonio Pinilla, dared not to declare his loyalty to Franco. Few were fooled, by late July his outpost was surrounded and cut off from General Emilio Mola's Army of the North by several hundred miles of enemy territory.

The Nationalist cruiser Almirante Cervera could have supported the rebel troops with her 6in main guns from the sea, but this offered no real hope of relief. The battle for Gijón was marked by Pinilla's unwavering resistance and by the total lack of weapons - excepting dynamite - of the attackers; until they secured Gijón's fall the Republicans could not concentrate their full numbers in their siege against the Nationalists in Oviedo. The defenders soon went mad with thirst. Pinilla refused to give in, from the distorted reports of Nationalist propaganda, that relief was imminent; as at the concurrent Siege of the Alcázar in Toledo, the Anarchists abducted Pinilla's son and threatened to slay him if the defenders refused to surrender. Like his counterpart José Moscardó Ituarte, Pinilla was unmoved. In mid-August the miners stormed the barracks; the barracks burned and the Nationalist defence crumbled. Rather than surrender, Pinilla sent a radio message to the Almirante Cervera, ordering it to open fire on his position, the order was obeyed and the last defenders of Simancas barracks died in the flames.

Hugh Thomas. The Spanish Civil War. Modern Library. ISBN 0-375-75515-2

Somerville Hospital

This is about the hospital, for the mental hospital see Somerville Asylum. The Somerville Hospital campus is a community teaching hospital located at 230 Highland Avenue in Somerville, Massachusetts - near Porter Square and Davis Square, it is one of three hospital campuses. The main Somerville Hospital campus has a wide variety of health services, including: 24-hour Emergency Department Somerville Hospital Primary Care Somerville Women's Health Center Radiology and Imaging GI Center Eye Center Day Surgery Center Community Hospital Cancer Program, Am. College of Surgeons Commission on Cancer Primary Stroke Service, MA Department of Public HealthNational Accreditation: CT Service, American College of Radiology Ultrasound Service, American College of Radiology Breast Imaging Center of Excellence, American College of Radiology Cambridge Health Alliance is a teaching affiliate of Harvard Medical School, Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, the Tufts University School of Medicine.

Somerville Hospital Primary Care, based at the hospital, is a main teaching location for the CHA Internal Medicine Residency Program. The hospital was first incorporated in 1891, the first buildings were erected the following year. In 2017, the area around the emergency room entrance was remodeled, with additional lighting and signage installed, after a young woman collapsed and died while trying to find an unlocked door into the emergency room; the hospital was sanctioned under the Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act by the Office of Inspector General at the US Department of Health and Human Services for its failures in this case, which included failing to adequately search for the patient after she called 911 to report that the emergency room door was locked. Parker, Brock, "Check online for hospital emergency room wait times", Boston.com, February 18, 2011 "Haskell's Historical Guide Book Of Somerville, Massachusetts". Archived from the original on 2007-08-10. Retrieved 2007-08-30.

Somerville Hospital website