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Frederick Holder

Sir Frederick William Holder was an Australian politician. He was Premier of South Australia from June to October 1892 and again from 1899 to 1901, he was a prominent member of the inaugural Parliament of Australia following Federation in 1901, was the first Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives. Holder was born in Happy Valley, South Australia, the son of James Morecott Holder and his wife, Martha Breakspear Roby, he was educated at Pulteney Grammar School and St Peter's College, Adelaide before first becoming a teacher and Methodist preacher, the editor and proprietor of the Burra Record. Holder married Julia Maria Stephens in 1877, his wife proved to be a great boon to his career, providing political advice and serving as South Australian President of the influential Women's Christian Temperance Union. Speculating that it contributed to his poor health, Holder had failed to seek suitable medical attention following an accident involving a mule in 1899. With considerable experience as a Councillor and Town Clerk, just five months after his election as mayor of the Corporate Town of Burra, Holder was elected to the South Australian House of Assembly in 1887 as the member for Burra, soon gained a sound reputation in parliament.

As a result, he served as Treasurer of South Australia from 1889-90 in the J. A. Cockburn ministry, Leader of the Opposition from 1890-92, he again served as Opposition Leader in 1899. He sat on many royal commissions during his parliamentary career in South Australia, his reasonableness and sincerity made him a valuable committee man. In June 1891 he carried a vote of want of confidence in the Playford ministry, took office as Premier and Treasurer, he had only a small majority and it was a time of great financial difficulties due to a severe drought and Holder was forced out as Premier after just four months. Holder served as Commissioner of Public Works in Charles Kingston's government from 1893–94, followed by a third stint as Treasurer from 1894 until his re-election as Premier and Treasurer in late 1899; as Premier, his most notable innovation was to introduce one standard time zone throughout South Australia, while he played a prominent role in the movement towards a federal union, and, as such, was a member of the convention that framed the Commonwealth constitution in 1897-98.

Holder took over the liberal leadership from Charles Kingston and was again Premier, this time from 1899 to 1901. He was succeeded in both roles by John Jenkins; the Liberal and Democratic Union would not be formed until the 1906 election. As Premier, Holder considered himself to be the logical choice for a ministerial position in the new federal cabinet, was offered a cabinet position by William Lyne after Lyne was invited by the Governor-General, Lord Hopetoun to form a government and become the inaugural Prime Minister. Holder accepted, was in Melbourne en route to Sydney to accept his ministry when he was convinced by Alfred Deakin to refuse Lyne and instead support Edmund Barton's claim to the premiership. Believing that Barton would invite him to join the ministry, Holder was embarrassed and angry when Barton instead chose Kingston. Nonetheless, Holder resigned as Premier to contest the 1901 federal election for the Free Trade Party and entered the new federal parliament in the single statewide Division of South Australia.

Elected Speaker of the House of Representatives, Holder was re-elected to parliament in the 1903 and 1906 elections in the Division of Wakefield, contesting as an independent candidate. Knighted in 1902, Holder served as Speaker until his death on 23 July 1909. A 14-hour parliamentary session had started the previous afternoon. At 5 am the House was in committee, but Holder was present, having been called to the chamber to receive the committee's report, was seated on the front bench, next to the Minister for Home Affairs, George Fuller. During a rowdy exchange, he exclaimed "Dreadful, dreadful!" slumped sideways in his seat. He was taken to his room, where a cerebral hemorrhage was diagnosed by three members with medical qualifications and a doctor from outside the house, he died at 4:18 pm that same day without having gained consciousness. He was given a state funeral in Adelaide; the Canberra suburb of Holder was named in his honour when gazetted in 1970. On 29 March 1877, he married Julia Maria Stephens.

She was president of the Women's Christian Temperance Union in South Australia, a vice-president of the National Council of Women. First Holder Ministry Second Holder Ministry Harry, R. "Sir Frederick William Holder", Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 9, MUP, Melbourne. Atchley, Chewton. "Holder, Frederick William". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. Chewton Atchley, rev. Elizabeth Baigent. "Holder, Sir Frederick William". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/33930. Parliament of South Australia profile. Accessed 26 May 2005. Parliament Profile

Hastings South

Hastings South was a federal electoral district represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1925 to 1968. It was located in the province of Ontario; this riding was created in 1924 from parts of Hastings Hastings West ridings. It consisted of the townships of Hungerford, Tyendinaga and Sydney, including the city of Belleville and towns of Trenton and Deseronto in the County of Hastings; the electoral district was abolished in 1966 when it was redistributed between Hastings and Prince Edward—Hastings ridings. List of Canadian federal electoral districts Past Canadian electoral districts Riding history from the Library of Parliament

Robert Cleveland

Robert Cleveland was an American revolutionary from Wilkes County, North Carolina, served as a Captain in the Wilkes County Regiment of the North Carolina militia under his brother Colonel Benjamin Cleveland. Cleveland was the son of Elisabeth Coffey Cleveland, he was born on his father's plantation in Orange County, Virginia on June 8, 1744. Those family members who migrated with him were: Benjamin Cleveland, Jeremiah Cleveland, Absalom Cleveland, Larkin Cleveland, Rev. John Cleveland, a sister Mary who married Bernard Franklin. Franklin's son Jesse Franklin served as governor of North Carolina. Cleveland married a Kentucky girl named Aley Mathis, they had thirteen children. He made his home near the North Carolina community near Lewis Fork, North Carolina; this area is now known as North Carolina as recognized by the US Postal Service. The home he once lived in is said to be the oldest existing home in Wilkes County and has been moved and restored to a place behind the Old Wilkes Jail Museum in Wilkesboro, North Carolina.

Captain Cleveland was an active patriot and served in the Surry County Regiment and the Wilkes County Regiment under his brother, Colonel Benjamin Cleveland. He was in the Battle of Kings Mountain, Battle of Cowpens, Battle of Big Glades. In the Cleveland Genealogy there is a quote by another soldier named Dan White saying "... that this brave Captain was due the success of this battle. Cleveland was buried in the Cleveland Cemetery alongside his wife in a well-marked grave bearing a headstone and markers placed there by the Daughters of the American Revolution; the grave is surrounded by an iron picket fence and is situated near the site of his old home off the Parsonsville Road. This site is not far from Rendezvous Mountain, famous as the place that Colonel Benjamin Cleveland rallied the Over Mountain Men in preparation for the trek to Kings Mountain in October 1780; the Battle of King's Mountain was the beginning of the successful end to the Revolution, assuring independence for the United States of America