Frederick Temple was an English academic, teacher and Archbishop of Canterbury, from 1896 until his death. Temple was born in Santa Maura, one of the Ionian Islands, the son of Major Octavius Temple, subsequently appointed lieutenant-governor of Sierra Leone. On his retirement, Major Temple settled in Devon and contemplated a farming life for his son Frederick, giving him a practical training to that end. Temple's grandfather was William Johnson Temple, Rector of Mamhead in Devon, mentioned several times in James Boswell's Life of Johnson. Temple was sent to Blundell's School and soon showed signs of being suited to a different career, he retained a warm affection for the school, where he did well both academically and at physical activities walking. The family was not wealthy, Temple knew he would have to earn his own living, he took the first step by winning a Blundell scholarship at Balliol College, before he was seventeen. The Tractarian Movement had begun five years earlier, but the memorable Tract 90 had not yet been written.
In the intellectual and religious excitement, he drew closer to the camp of "the Oxford Liberal Movement." In 1842 he took a double first and was elected fellow of Balliol, lecturer in mathematics and logic. Four years he was ordained, with the aim of improving the education of the poor, he accepted the headship of Kneller Hall, a college founded by the government for the training of masters of workhouses and penal schools; the experiment was not successful, Temple himself advised its abandonment in 1855. He accepted a school-inspectorship, which he held until he went to teach at Rugby School in 1858. In the meantime he had attracted the admiration of Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, in 1856 he was appointed Chaplain-in-Ordinary to Queen Victoria. In 1857 he was select preacher at his university. At Rugby School, Thomas Arnold had died in 1842 and had been succeeded by Archibald Campbell Tait, who again was followed by Edward Meyrick Goulburn. Upon the resignation of the latter the trustees appointed Temple, who in that year had taken the degrees of B.
D. and D. D, his life at Rugby School was marked by bold initiative. Temple strengthened the school's academic reputation in the classics, but instituted scholarships in natural science, built a laboratory, recognised the importance of these subjects, he reformed the sporting activities, in spite of all the traditions of the playing fields. His own tremendous powers of work and rough manner intimidated the pupils, but he soon became popular, raised the school's reputation, his school sermons made a deep impression on the boys, teaching loyalty and duty. It was two years after he had taken up his work at Rugby that the volume entitled Essays and Reviews caused a controversy; the first essay in the book, "The Education of the World," was by Temple. The authors of the volume were responsible only for their respective articles, but some of these were deemed so destructive that many people banned the whole book, a noisy demand, led by Samuel Wilberforce, Bishop of Oxford, called on the headmaster of Rugby to dissociate himself from his comrades.
Temple's essay had dealt with the intellectual and spiritual growth of the race, had pointed out the contributions made by the Hebrews, the Egyptians, the Greeks, the Romans, others. Though accepted as harmless, it was blamed for being in the book. Temple refused to repudiate his associates, it was only at a much date that he decided to withdraw his essay. In the meantime, he printed a volume of his Rugby sermons, to show what his own religious position was. In politics Temple was a follower of William Ewart Gladstone, he approved of the disestablishment of the Church of Ireland, he wrote and spoke in favour of the Elementary Education Act 1870 of William Edward Forster, was an active member of the Endowed Schools Commission. In 1869, Gladstone offered him the deanery of Durham, but he declined because he wanted to stay at Rugby School; when in the same year, Henry Phillpotts, bishop of Exeter, the prime minister turned again to Temple, he accepted the bishopric of the city he knew so well. The appointment caused a fresh controversy.
At the confirmation of his election, counsel was instructed to object to it, in the voting the chapter was divided. Gladstone stood firm, Temple was consecrated on 21 December 1869, by John Jackson, Bishop of London. There were murmurings among his clergy against what they deemed his harsh control, but his real kindness soon made itself felt, during the sixteen years of his tenure, he overcame the prejudices against him, so that when, on the death of John Jackson in 1885, he was translated to London, the appointment gave general satisfaction. In 1884 he was Bampton Lecturer, taking for his subject "The Relations between Religion and Science." In 1885 he was elected honorary fellow of Oxford. Temple's tenancy of the bishopric of London saw him working harder than ever, his normal working day at this time was one of fourteen or fifteen hours, though under the strain blindness was coming on. Many of his clergy and candidates for ordination thought him a rather terrifying person, enforcing impossible standards of diligence and preaching efficiency, but his manifest devotion to his work and his zeal for the good of the people won him general confidence.
In London he continued as a tirele
European Choice was a pro-European and liberal electoral alliance of political parties in Italy formed to contest the 2014 European election. The list was supported by Civic Choice, Democratic Centre, Act to Stop the Decline, the Italian Liberal Party, the Italian Republican Party, the Liberal Democratic Alliance for Italy, the Conservatives and Social Reformers, the European Federalist Party and miscellaneous minor movements. In early March 2014 the list received support from Guy Verhofstadt, former Prime Minister of Belgium and candidate of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe and the European Democratic Party for President of the European Commission, the endorsement of Romano Prodi, former Prime Minister of Italy, former President of the European Commission and former president of the Democratic Party. On 19 March, CD, FFD and other groups agreed to go forward with the creation of the list without SC whose members criticised the deal and Verhofstadt himself. In particular, senator Pietro Ichino explained that his party could not be part of a grouping so heterogeneous to include groups as diverse as the Conservatives and Social Reformers, whose MEP Cristiana Muscardini, a "nationalist", sat in the European Conservatives and Reformists Group, or MEP Sonia Alfano, a left-winger who had tried to join The Other Europe, a "far-left" anti-austerity list.
However, the list went ahead with the participation of SC and the exclusion of Italy of Values, the main Italian member of the ALDE Party, controversial candidates, including Muscardini and Alfano. In the election SE received 0.7% of the vote, being stronger in the South, failed to return any MEPs. Official website
Roy Charles Winston is a former professional American football player. He played 15 seasons as a linebacker in the National Football League for the Minnesota Vikings. Roy Winston graduated from Louisiana State University, where he was a standout offensive guard and linebacker in the 10–7 LSU victory over arch-rival Ole Miss in 1961. Following the season he was named a unanimous All-American as LSU finished as Southeastern Conference co-champions with Alabama. LSU finished the regular season 9-1 and ranked fourth in the polls defeated Colorado 25-7 in the Orange Bowl, he was drafted in the fourth round of the 1962 NFL Draft by the Vikings, for whom he played until he retired after the 1976 season. During that time, he was one of 11 players to play in all four of the Vikings Super Bowl appearances. Winston started the first three Viking Super Bowls at left linebacker. Winston's counterpart at right linebacker, Wally Hilgenberg played in all four Viking Super Bowls, as did fellow defenders Carl Eller, Alan Page, Jim Marshall and Paul Krause.
Winston delivered one of the most devastating tackles filmed. In a game against the Miami Dolphins in 1972, fullback Larry Csonka circled out into the flat to catch a pass. Just as he caught the pass, Winston hit him from behind with such force that the 240-pound Csonka was nearly cut in half; the tackle was so grotesque. Csonka rolled on the field in agony, he thought his back was broken and crawled off the field. After their respective retirements from the NFL, Winston and Csonka remained close friends. Csonka invited Winston to be his guest. In 1976, Winston was inducted into the LSU Hall of Fame.
The Cronulla railway line is a suburban branch line serving the southern suburbs of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The line is owned by RailCorp. Sydney Trains operates electric passenger train services over the line as part of its Eastern Suburbs & Illawarra Line; the line branches off the Illawarra railway line south of Sutherland station, with a sharp turn towards the east. Due to sharpness of this curve, trains are limited to 55km/h and noise walls have been built on both sides of the line to reduce noise levels for local residents, it is double track throughout, except Cronulla. Cronulla station has a long platform capable of holding two eight-car trains, three stabling sidings; the entire line is controlled from Sydenham Signalling Centre and is equipped with standard NSW double colour light signals. The line is not designed for freight trains, so operation of freight trains is not permitted. However, 81, 82, BL, C, G, GL, RL, VL class locomotives may be used for line maintenance; these trains are restricted to 30-40km / h over 50km/h elsewhere on the line.
Regular passenger trains operate to speed signs on the line, with limits varying between 45km/h and 100km/h. A "Sutherland-Cronulla Tramway League" was formed towards the end of 1900, they forwarded a petition to Parliament urging the construction of a tramway in the area; the suggested route commenced at the southern end of Sutherland station, proceeded north-east to the Princes Highway, east along the Kingsway south past the site of the present rail terminus to Shelly Park in the centre of Cronulla. Approved by the Parliamentary Subcommittee on Public Works in 1908, the single track line, with four stations and a goods siding, was opened on 12 June 1911 at a cost of £37,505. By 1932 the Cronulla tramway had closed. Competing bus services had begun to run with unrestricted competition, the tram line by this time was so full with services that trams ran late due to holdups at the crossing loops and passengers missed their connections at Sutherland; the line suffered large losses in its years, the effect of the Great Depression forced it to cease its services, the last passenger service operating on 3 August 1931.
The goods service continued until 12 January of the next year. Although the closure of the tramway allowed planning to go ahead for a railway, the planning for the replacement railway line suffered various delays in the 1930s due to funding issues: the line's construction competed with a proposal to electrify the Illawarra Line to Waterfall, there were disputes over the point at which the line would connect to the main line. Two early proposals to join the line at Como and north of Sutherland Station were rejected. Local residents were concerned that the railway would increase Council rates in the Cronulla area. Despite the delays, Parliament gave approval to the line on 2 March 1936, a route with five new stations was surveyed that would connect with the main line at the southern side of Sutherland station; the new line was opened on 16 December 1939 by the Governor, Baron Wakehurst at a large ceremony at Cronulla Station. The line was electrified from its opening date. Although crossing loops were installed at Caringbah and Gymea stations when the line was opened, the single track line prevented the expansion of services to the Cronulla peninsula, so in the 1980s it was decided to duplicate a 3.5 kilometre section of the line between Gymea and Caringbah, with Gymea.
Miranda and Caringbah all receiving island platforms. The new section was opened on 15 July 1985. In the 2000s, as part of the Rail Clearways Program, the two remaining single track sections were duplicated. Woolooware and Kirrawee stations were upgraded, Cronulla yard reconfigured and the branch line resignaled; the new track opened on 19 April 2010. A proposed railway station near Sutherland Hospital has been discussed in the community. A 2002 joint study between Sutherland Shire Council and the named State Rail was rejected, was said to cost about $35 million. In 2014, a proposal for the station costing $20 million was designed which included two side platforms, street access and a direct ramp to the hospital, involve an additional minute travel time. In December 2014 Sutherland Shire Council has again asked the Government of New South Wales to consider building such a station. Photo gallery showing construction of the Cronulla Line duplication
The Monumento a los Caídos por España, popularly known as the'Obelisco' or the'Monumento a los Héroes del Dos de Mayo', is a monument in Madrid, Spain located in Plaza de la Lealtad, between the Madrid Stock Exchange Building and the Ritz Hotel, next to the Paseo del Prado. The monument is built on the place where General Joachim Murat ordered the execution of numerous Spaniards after the Dos de Mayo Uprising of 1808. After various attempts to create a memorial as an homage to the participants of the uprising, the inauguration of the monument took place on May 2, 1840, the anniversary of the event. On November 22, 1985, King Juan Carlos I re-inaugurated the monument as a memorial to all those who gave their life for Spain, including those that died in conflicts other than the Peninsular War. Since a flame fuelled by gas has been burning on the front of the monument; this parallels other war memorials around the world of national symbolic importance known as the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
The 1973 Illinois Fighting Illini football team was an American football team that represented the University of Illinois in the 1973 Big Ten Conference football season. In their third year under head coach Bob Blackman, the Illini compiled a 5–6 record and finished in a four-way tie for fourth place in the Big Ten Conference; the team's offensive leaders were quarterback Jeff Hollenbach with 916 passing yards, running back George Uremovich with 519 rushing yards, wide receiver Garvin Roberson with 416 receiving yards. Halfback Eddie Jenkins and defensive end Octavus Morgan were selected as the team's most valuable players