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Freetown is the capital and largest city of Sierra Leone. It is located in the Western Area of the country. Freetown is Sierra Leone's major urban, financial, cultural and political centre, as it is the seat of the Government of Sierra Leone; the population of Freetown was 1,055,964 at the 2015 census. The city's economy revolves around its harbour, which occupies a part of the estuary of the Sierra Leone River in one of the world's largest natural deep water harbours; the population of Freetown is ethnically and religiously diverse. The city is home to a significant population of all of Sierra Leone's ethnic groups, with no single ethnic group forming more than 29% of the city's population; as in all parts of Sierra Leone, the Krio language is Freetown's primary language of communication and is by far the most spoken language in the city. The city of Freetown was founded on March 11, 1792 by Lieutenant John Clarkson, Black Britons and free people called the Nova Scotian Settlers, who were transported to Sierra Leone by the Sierra Leone Company.

The city of Freetown was a haven for free-born and freed African American, Liberated African and Caribbean settlers. Freetown is the oldest capital to be founded by African Americans, having been founded thirty years before Monrovia, Liberia and is noted for its unique Creole architecture reflecting American and Caribbean influences. Freetown is locally governed by the Freetown City Council, headed by a mayor; the mayor and members of the Freetown City Council are directly elected by the residents of Freetown in an election held every four years. The current mayor of Freetown is Yvonne Aki Sawyerr, sworn in on May 11, 2018, after her victory in the 2018 Freetown Mayoral election; the Freetown city council has its own municipal police force. The city of Freetown is divided into three municipal regions; the East End is both the most populous, the most densely populous of the three regions within Freetown. The area was first settled in 1787 by 400 enslaved black people sent from London, under the auspices of the Committee for the Relief of the Black Poor, an organisation set up by Jonah Hanway and the British abolitionist Granville Sharp.

These black people were African Americans, Afro-Caribbeans, Southeast Asians, black people born in Great Britain. They established the'Province of Freedom' and the settlement of Granville Town on land purchased from local Koya Temne subchief King Tom and regent Naimbana; the British understood the purchase meant that their new settlers had the land "for ever." Although the established arrangement between Europeans and the Koya Temne included provisions for permanent settlement, some historians question how well the Koya leaders understood the agreement, as they had a different conception of the uses of property. Disputes soon broke out. King Tom's successor, King Jimmy, burnt the settlement to the ground in 1789. Alexander Falconbridge was sent to Sierra Leone in 1791 to collect the remaining Black Poor settlers, they re-established Granville Town around the area now known as Cline Town, Sierra Leone near Fourah Bay; these 1787 settlers did not formally establish Freetown though the bicentennial of Freetown was celebrated in 1987.

But formally, Freetown was founded in 1792. In 1791, Thomas Peters, an African American who had served in the Black Pioneers, went to England to report the grievances of the black population in Nova Scotia; some of these African Americans were ex-slaves who had escaped to the British forces, given their freedom and resettled there by the Crown after the American Revolution. Land grants and assistance in starting the settlements had been slow. During his visit, Peters met with the directors of the Sierra Leone Company and learned of proposals for a new settlement at Sierra Leone. Despite the collapse of the 1787 colony, the directors were eager to recruit settlers to Sierra Leone. Lieutenant John Clarkson, RN, an abolitionist, was sent to Nova Scotia in British North America to register immigrants to take to Sierra Leone for a new settlement. Tired of the harsh weather and racial discrimination in Nova Scotia, more than 1,100 former American slaves chose to go to Sierra Leone, they sailed in 15 ships and arrived in St. George Bay between February 26 – March 9, 1792.

Sixty-four settlers died en route to Sierra Leone, Lieutenant Clarkson was among those taken ill during the voyage. Upon reaching Sierra Leone and some of the Nova Scotian'captains' "dispatched on shore to clear or make roadway for their landing"; the Nova Scotians were to build Freetown on the former site of the first Granville Town, where jungle had taken over since its destruction in 1789. Its surviving Old Settlers had relocated to Fourah Bay in 1791. At Freetown, the women remained in the ships. Lt. Clarkson told the men to clear the land. After the work had been done and the land cleared, all the Nova Scotians and women, disembarked and marched towards the thick forest and to the cotton tree, their preachers began singing "Awake and Sing of Moses and the Lamb." In March 1792, Nathaniel Gilbert, a white preacher and preached a sermon under the large Cotton Tree, Reverend David George, from South Carolina, preached the first recorded Baptist service in Africa. The land was christened ` Free Town,' as ordered by the Sierra Leone Company Directors.

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Wayne Hsiung

Wayne Hsiung is a co-founder and organizer with the animal rights network Direct Action Everywhere. Prior to founding DxE, Wayne was a lawyer with the law firm DLA Piper, a Searle Fellow and visiting assistant professor at the Northwestern University School of Law, a NSF Graduate Fellow at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Hsiung grew up in Indiana, his parents emigrated from China in the 1970's. His father did work involving vivisection for several years, which left a lasting impact and motivated him to become an animal rights activist, he was influenced by Patty Mark, an Australian animal rights activist. He has two dogs and Oliver, a cat named Joan, he rescued Oliver from Yulin, where Oliver was to be slaughtered at the Yulin dog meat festival. Due to his activism, history of entering farms without the permission of the owners to rescue animals, he is facing charges of up to 60 years in prison. Hsiung graduated from the University of Chicago in 2001 and received a National Science Foundation graduate fellowship to study economics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, but went on leave after his first year to pursue a JD/PhD.

He attended the University of Chicago law school with a focus on behavioral law and economics. After graduating, Hsiung taught at Northwestern's Pritzker School of Law as a visiting assistant professor for one year; as a lawyer, Hsiung was involved in environmental advocacy and studied behavioral economics, studying with economics scholars including Eric Posner and Mark Duggan. He partnered with behavioral law and economics scholar Cass Sunstein to write an analysis of the effect of climate change on nonhuman animals. In January 2015, Hsiung organized an "open rescue"/"investigation" on a Certified Humane egg farm in Petaluma, California. Hsiung and Direct Action Everywhere protesters climbed over a barbed wire fence to enter an egg farm and extensively recorded video of alleged animal abuses such as confines that were far too small, preening from stress, lack of water. In January 2015, DxE released a video narrated by Hsiung and showing him rescuing a hen with the help of several other activists.

In the video there are birds with blisters and missing feathers. These hens were from a "cage-free" egg farm at Petaluma Farms, a major west-coast supplier to Whole Foods and Organic Valley. Hsiung, as the narrator, uses words like “stench, ” “filth,” and “misery” to describe the scene; the crew rescues one pathetically injured bird, handing her over the fence, one activist to another, whisking her to a vet in Berkeley, who declares her in dismal shape. In April 2016, Hsiung and two other members of DxE went to Yulin, home of the Yulin dog meat festival, to document the upcoming preparations of the festival. Two of the activists with DxE recorded video of claimed abuses. In one of the videos, dogs were screaming. Hsiung and two other DxE activists removed three dogs bound for slaughter from the facility. Hsiung was arrested in China for the theft of the three dogs. Hsiung was held for two days and deported. Hsiung has been a part of several high-profile protests and incidents, most notably a disruption of a San Francisco Giants-LA Dodgers baseball game in September 2016 that led to him being tackled by Giants player Angel Pagan on national TV.

He was a high-profile spokesman for a series of protests at Bernie Sanders rallies during the 2016 Democratic Presidential Primary over the candidate's support for the dairy industry and refusal to support animal rights against the interests of animal agriculture. On April 24, 2018, he was arrested and charged with "threatening bodily injury" in Boulder, CO at Whole Foods after asking questions at the store about the source of its meat products. Musician Moby posted a video questioning whether Whole Foods was "support an unconstitutional police state wherein people aren’t allowed to ask questions."In May 2018, a large number of Direct Action Everywhere protesters broke into a Santa Rosa Egg Farms facility, seized chickens, recorded extensive video that they claimed illustrated systematic animal abuses. Hsiung claimed that his actions and those of Direct Action Everywhere were legal, carrying a folder with the "opinion of a scholar" inside, which he showed to the owners and the employees of the facility when they demanded he and the protesters leave.

The opinion asserts that a portion of California law which allows people to rescue animals that are trapped in a dangerous environment allows Hsiung to break into farms that Direct Action Everywhere believes are mistreating animals. The opinion has been untested in court. Hsiung and Direct Action Everywhere have labeled this, numerous other break-ins they have participated in, as "open rescues". Another large-scale break in occurred on September 29, 2018, when activists, including Hsiung, broke into Petaluma Poultry in Petaluma, CA and provided water to chickens that they claimed were injured and dying and who could no longer walk to reach water on their own; the police allowed the activists to take one hen off the property of the farm and to be provided with veterinary care. Nonetheless, 58 of the activists were arrested for entering farm property and charged with felony conspiracy, felony burglary and misdemeanor trespass. In 2017, Hsiung along with 4 other DxE activists had investigated a pig farm owned by Smithfield Foods in Utah and removed two piglets from the facility.

However, FBI agents were dispatched to look for these piglets and raided two animal sanctuaries in Utah and Col

Pelican Lake (Manitoba)

Pelican Lake is the largest navigatable lake in south western Manitoba, Canada. It is about 11 miles long and 1 mile wide with a surface area of 10.8 square miles. Pelican Lake is shallow with a mean depth of 3.8 metres and a maximum of 5.2 metres and holds 108 billion liters when the lake is at a surface water level of 412.0 metres. The lake is regulated with a normal summer target level of 412.0 metres. The lake is fed by several small waterways the main one being the Orthez drain; the total drainage area is 686 square kilometres The lake has been a popular recreational area since the turn of the 20th century when trains brought visitors and campers from Brandon and Winnipeg. The lake area is popular for boating, fishing, a wide variety of water activities and home owners; the town of Ninette is at the north end of the lake. Ninette is less than 2 hour drive to Winnipeg; the lake is located in the Rural Municipalities of Turtle Prairie Lakes. The Pelican Lake Regulation Project was constructed in 1990-1992 to control water levels on Pelican Lake.

The project includes a channel and control structure to divert water into the lake from the Pembina River when lake levels are low, another channel and control structure to discharge water from the lake to the river when Pelican Lake levels are high. These works are operated by Manitoba Infrastructure and Transportation under rules provided through an Environment Act Licence. Advice on the operation of the inlet and outlet works is provided by the Pelican Lake Advisory Committee; the lake is maintained at elevations between 411.5 metres and 412 metres above sea level during summer months. During the spring period, the lake may be raised temporarily to an elevation of 412.2 metres. When the lake is low, water may be diverted from the Pembina River into the lake through an inlet diversion channel; the maximum rate of diversion into the lake is 9 cubic metres per second. Diversions into the lake are not allowed when flow in the Pembina River is less than 0.4 cms, diversions are not started in the spring until Lorne and Louise lakes have filled to an elevation of 1338.9 feet.

When desired, water from Pelican Lake may be discharged into the Pembina River through an outlet diversion channel. The maximum rate of diversion out of the lake is 11 cms, releases cannot be made without a licence variance if the combined outflow from the lake and flow in the Pembina River exceeds 700 cubic feet per second; when the diversion into the lake is operated at full capacity for one day, an increase in lake level of 1.2 inches will result. When water is being diverted out of the lake, operation of the outlet at full capacity for one day will result in a lowering of the lake level of 1.5 inches. This calculation assumes no inflow into the lake and that Pembina River flows are low enough to allow the entire outlet capacity of the diversion to be used. In fact, a considerable amount of inflow enters the lake in most years, releases from Pelican Lake are limited by high flows in the Pembina River. Although the works were built to raise the lake level from its low of 1346.0 in 1991. Its real value came in the wet period from 1995 to 2017 when the equivalent of over 50 feet on the lake was diverted out, preventing serious flooding in many years of that period.

From 1962 to 1994 the median annual inflow was equivalent to about 6.5 inches on the lake. From 1995 to 2017 it was 32.6 inches per year. Pelican Lake Water Page Pelican bathymetric map

Radio Dinner

National Lampoon Radio Dinner is a comedy album from National Lampoon, first released in 1972. The humor on the album was steeped in the pop culture of the era and includes such subjects as game shows, the 1972 presidential election, popular music parodies such as "Deteriorata" and "Pull the Tregros", a parody of Joan Baez; the latter subject includes several references and sketches about the solo careers of the former members of the Beatles. Among these are "Teenyrap", in which two teenagers discuss George Harrison's Concert for Bangladesh. Melissa Manchester made a brief speaking appearance as "Yoko Ono" on the latter track. Other Beatles-related satire are references to Paul McCartney's single "Give Ireland Back to the Irish", where an Irish tenor begins to sing the song and is shot, the "Paul is Dead" hoax; the album was set to be released on RCA Records, but the company balked at a track called "David and Julie", a off-color bit about David and Julie Eisenhower. National Lampoon refused to cut the piece and took the album to Blue Thumb instead, but were met with the same objection.

Lampoon relented and the album was released without the offending bit. Deteriorata Phono Phunnies Teenyrap It's Obvious Catch It and You Keep It'Quinas'n"Rasmus All Kidding Aside Phono Phunnies Teenyrap Magical Misery Tour Those Fabulous Sixties Profiles in Chrome Teenyrap Phono Phunnies Pigeons Support Your Locol Polece Pull the Tregros Head Bands Phono Phunnies, Performed by Christopher Guest and Naomi R. Page Concert in Bangla Desh Mark's Very Large National Lampoon Site

Francesco Benaglio

Francesco Benaglio was an Italian painter of the Renaissance period. His original name was Francesco di Pietro della Biada.'Della Biada' means'of the oats' and was a reference to the profession of his father Pietro, a grain merchant from Bergamo. Francesco moved with his family to Verona, he adopted his artist name Francesco Benaglio from a noble family living in Bergamo. The artist was active in Verona, his first known work is a triptych in the church of San Bernardino in Verona. This was a prestigious commission and suggests he was quite famous by that time. In 1475, Benaglio and another painter by the name of Martino were jailed for four months for painting one night some obscene or defamatory frescoes on the facade of the Sagramorso family palace at the behest of enemies of the family. A group of five Madonnas ascribed to the artist show an ostentatious use of perspective foreshortening together with an geometric rigidity in the drawing of the figures; the monumentality of the figures is further emphasized by the stylized landscapes in the background.

Media related to Francesco Benaglio at Wikimedia Commons

N-Gage QD

The N-Gage QD is a handheld game console and smartphone by Nokia, a redesign of the N-Gage. It was unveiled on April 14, 2004, was released on May 26, 2004, running the same Symbian OS v6.1 with Series 60 1st Edition FP1. It revised the device's physical design, being rounder, it corrected the flaw of the cartridge slot with a more convenient one on the bottom of the device. This design moved the earpiece to the face of the device, rather than on the side, as in the previous model; the device retailed at a lower price compared to the original N-Gage device, aided by the fact that it was sold with service contracts and applicable subsidies. For instance, in the United States the N-Gage QD was available as a prepaid phone offered by Cingular at retail games stores such as Electronics Boutique and GameStop. Hardware specifications: Weight: 143 grams, dimensions: 118 mm × 68 mm × 22 mm; some features, available in the original system, such as MP3 playback, FM radio reception and USB connectivity were removed from the new device to reduce size and cost.

Instead of using the N-Gage with generic USB removable drive drivers, a user could use either Bluetooth or a separate MMC card reader to transfer files onto the device memory or an MMC card for use in the N-Gage QD. The QD did not support MP3 internally. Another change from the original unit was the "Orange-and-grey" theme of the face of the unit as well as the GUI; some felt. There were some third-party applications that enhanced the interface or replaced the system shell; as a telephony device, the newer N-Gage no longer supported three GSM frequency bands 900/1800/1900. The only change made to the device's buttons was the replacement of the original five-way controller with a simpler four-way directional controller and a separate "OK" button with a check logo; the QD was running the same software version as its predecessor, despite the newer Symbian 7.0s Series 60 2nd Edition having been shipped on several smartphones by the time the QD was announced. Announced in August 2005, the N-Gage QD Silver Edition could be seen as an exercise in extending the life of the N-Gage product range while new N-Gage devices were developed and the N-Gage gaming range was integrated into the mainstream Series 60 product range.

Apart from cosmetic changes and the replacement of the two specialist gaming buttons with standard keys, there was no difference in the N-Gage QD Silver Edition to the regular N-Gage QD. It was made available in the European, Middle Eastern, African markets on September 1, 2005. N-Gage Nokia