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French Flemish

French Flemish is a West Flemish dialect spoken in the north of contemporary France. Place names attest to Flemish having been spoken since the 8th century in the area, ceded to France in the 17th century and which became known as French Flanders, its dialect subgroup, called French Flemish, became a minority dialect that survives in Dunkirk, Calais, Saint-Omer with an ethnic enclave Haut-Pont known for its predominantly Flemish community and Bailleul. French-Flemish has about 20,000 daily users, twice that number of occasional speakers; the language's status appears to be moribund, but there has been an active movement to retain French Flemish in the region. A growing, re-introduced language, French Flemish is taught in several schools in the French Westhoek; the ANVT-ILRF was given permission to carry out experimental lessons in four public schools for the school years of 2007–08 until 2010–11, after which it would be evaluated. Afterwards, all requirements were met but it was only allowed to continue them, but not to expand to other schools or to the collège.

On the other hand, the private Catholic education began teaching Dutch in collèges in Gravelines and Hondschoote. Though seen as a dialect of Dutch, some of its speakers prefer to call it a regional language. Jean-Paul Couché, chairman of the Akademie voor Nuuze Vlaemsche Taele, argues: Linguistically, a dialect depends on a larger, national language; that does not apply to French Flemish. We are not connected to standard Dutch because it is an artificial language, created based on the dialects of North Holland. Research shows that the distance between French Flemish and Dutch is greater than that between Dutch and German. Burgundian Netherlands French Flanders French Netherlands Isogloss Nord-Pas de Calais Seventeen Provinces Akademie voor Nuuze Vlaemsche Taele tries to regulate this language Flemish in France site UOC, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, subsite Euromosaic – Research Centre of Multilingualism. Fvlinhetnederlands.actieforum.com

John Strutt (1727–1816)

John Strutt was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1774 to 1790. Strutt was the only son of Joseph Strutt of Moulsham Mill House and his wife Mary Young, daughter of Robert Young of Little Dunmow and was baptised in November 1727, he was educated at Felsted School from 1740 to 1744. His father was a miller and he was apprenticed to another miller named John Strutt of Maldon, he married Anne Goodday, daughter of Rev. William Goodday, rector of Strelley, Nottinghamshire on 17 July 1756. In 1758, he inherited property at Terling on the death of an uncle, he purchased the manor of Terling from Sir Matthew Fetherstonhaugh and the adjacent estate in 1761 and built Terling Place from 1772. His sister, married Foote Gower, of Chelmsford, he was elected a Fellow of his college in 1750. Strutt died on 8 March 1816, he and his wife Anne were parents of a daughter. Strutt was for a long time averse to standing for Parliament though he had effective ascendancy over the Maldon constituency from the 1750s to 1807, which he used to elect his friends.

He was returned as Member of Parliament for Maldon at the 1774 general election after a contest. He was returned again unopposed in 1780 and 1784. In 1790 he gave up his seat, subsequently contested by his son, Joseph Holden. In the House Strutt was a steady Government supporter, he achieved prominence by being on 12 Feb. 1779 the only Member to vote against thanking Admiral Keppel for his services, ‘for which he was much reviled’. On 30 Nov. Bamber Gascoyne wrote to him: "As soon as the election is over you will kiss the King’s hand. Sir John is the word and your patent will be made for baronetage at the general election." But there is no evidence of Strutt having wished for honours

Winston Churchill (novelist)

Winston Churchill was an American best-selling novelist of the early 20th century. He is nowadays overshadowed as a writer, by the more famous British statesman of the same name, to whom he was not related. Churchill was born in St. Louis, the son of Edward Spalding Churchill by his marriage to Emma Bell Blaine, he attended Smith Academy in Missouri and the United States Naval Academy, where he graduated in 1894. At the Naval Academy, he was conspicuous in scholarship and in general student activities, he became an expert fencer and he organized at Annapolis the first eight-oared crew, which he captained for two years. After graduation he became an editor of the Navy Journal, he resigned from the navy to pursue a writing career. In 1895, he became managing editor of the Cosmopolitan Magazine, but in less than a year he retired from that, to have more time for writing. While he would be most successful as a novelist, he was a published poet and essayist, his first novel to appear in book form was The Celebrity.

However, Mr. Keegan's Elopement had been published in 1896 as a magazine serial and was republished as an illustrated hardback book in 1903. Churchill's next novel—Richard Carvel —was a phenomenal success, selling some two million copies in a nation of only 76 million people, made him rich, his next two novels, The Crisis and The Crossing, were very successful. Churchill's early novels were historical, but his works were set in contemporary America, he sought to include his political ideas into his novels. In 1898, a mansion designed by Charles Platt was built for Churchill in New Hampshire. In 1899, Churchill named it Harlakenden House; the house was used as the summer home of Woodrow Wilson from 1913-1915. He became involved in the Cornish Art Colony and went into politics, being elected to the state legislature in 1903 and 1905. In 1906 he unsuccessfully sought the Republican nomination for governor of New Hampshire. In 1912, he was nominated as the Progressive candidate for governor but did not win the election and did not seek public office again.

In 1917, he toured the battlefields of World War I and wrote about what he saw, his first non-fiction work. Sometime after this move, he became known for his landscapes; some of his works are in the collections of the Hood Museum of Art in Hanover, New Hampshire, the Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site in Cornish, New Hampshire. Churchill's books sold well, according to Alice Hackett's 70 Years of Best Sellers, for example, Richard Carvel was third and eighth, The Crisis, The Crossing, Coniston and Mr. Crewe's Career, The Inside of the Cup all first, in the American fiction best seller rankings. In 1919, Churchill withdrew from public life; as a result of this he was forgotten by the public. In 1923, Harlakenden House burned down; the Churchills moved to an 1838 Federal estate, part of the Cornish Colony called Windfield House at 23 Freeman Road in Plainfield, NH, furnishing it with items saved from the fire. In 1940, The Uncharted Way, his first book in twenty years, was published; the book examined Churchill's thoughts on religion.

He did not seek to publicize the book and it received little attention. Shortly before his death he said, "It is difficult now for me to think of myself as a writer of novels, as all that seems to belong to another life." Churchill died in Florida, in 1947 of a heart attack. He was predeceased in 1945 by his wife of the former Mabel Harlakenden Hall, he is featured on a New Hampshire historical marker along New Hampshire Route 12A in Cornish. Churchill and his wife had three children, including their son Creighton Churchill, a well-known writer on wines, his great-grandson is New York, journalist Chris Churchill. In the 1890s, Churchill's writings first came to be confused with those of the British writer with the same name. At that time, the American was the much better known of the two, it was the Englishman who wrote to his American counterpart about the confusion their names were causing among their readers, they agreed that the British Churchill should adopt the pen name "Winston Spencer Churchill", using his full surname, "Spencer-Churchill".

After a few early editions this was abbreviated to "Winston S. Churchill"—which remained the British Churchill's pen name; the two men arranged to meet on two occasions when one of them happened to be in the other's country, but were never acquainted. Their lives had some other coincidental parallels, they both gained their tertiary education at service colleges and served as officers in their respective countries' armed forces. Both Churchills were keen amateur painters, as well as writers. Both were politicians, although here the comparison is far more tenuous, the British Churchill's political career being far more illustrious. Mr. Keegan's Elopement in magazine format The Celebrity Richard Carvel The Crisis Mr. Keegan's Elopement in hardback The Crossing Coniston Mr. Crewe's Career A Modern Chronicle The Inside of the Cup A Far Country The Dwelling-Place of Light Richard Carvel.