Frisia is a coastal region along the southeastern corner of the North Sea in what today is a large part of the Netherlands, including modern Friesland and smaller parts of northern Germany. Frisia is the traditional homeland of the Frisians, Germanic people who speak Frisian languages, which together with Anglic languages form the Anglo-Frisian language group; the names for "Frisia" in the local languages are: Frisland Friesland Fraislaand Freesland Fresklun Freeschlon Freesklöön Friislon Fräischlön Fraschlönj Fräislound Friislön Fryslân Freesklön The traditional meaning of these terms in the particular varieties refers to the region Frisia as it is discussed in this article. It is restricted to the local area and sometimes to something else, e.g. for the people of the North Frisian islands and the Frisians are the area and the people on the mainland and in the Saterland the term Fräislound denotes to East Frisia. When the French occupied the Netherlands, the name for the Frisian department was Frise.
In English, both terms and Friesland are used. Frisia is divided into three sections: West Frisia in the Netherlands corresponds to: the province of Friesland the province of Groningen the northern parts of the province of North Holland, historical West Friesland East Frisia in Lower Saxony, Germany corresponds to: East Frisia in a more narrow sense: the Aurich district the Emden district the Leer district the Wittmund district East Frisia in a wider sense: the Friesland district the Wilhelmshaven district the Saterland municipality the Butjadingen peninsula, historical Rüstringen the Wurster Nordseeküste municipality, historical Land Wursten North Frisia in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany corresponds to: Heligoland the Nordfriesland districtThe three groups of the Frisian Islands stretch more or less correspondingly along these three sections of the German Bight coast. West Frisia corresponds to the Dutch province of Friesland, the northern part of North Holland province, modern Groningen province, though the Western Frisian language is only spoken in Friesland proper.
Dialects with strong West Frisian substrates, including Low German and Low Franconian, are spoken in West Frisia. In the northern province of Groningen, people speak Gronings, a Low Saxon dialect with a strong Frisian substrate. Rural Groningen was part of the Frisian lands "east of River Lauwers" and by law and language closer linked to East Frisia than to the west. East Frisia includes areas located in the northwest of the German state of Lower Saxony, including the districts of Aurich, Leer and Friesland, as well as the urban districts of Emden and Wilhelmshaven, the Saterland, the Land Wursten and former Rüstringen. East Frisia is the name of a historical county in that region. Only people from that area consider themselves as East Frisians; the German name "Ostfriesland" distinguishes the former county from "Ost-Friesland", which means the whole eastern Frisian area. The portions of North Frisia within the German state of Schleswig-Holstein are part of the district of Nordfriesland and stretch along the coast, including the coastal islands from the Eider River to the border of Denmark in the north.
The North Sea island of Heligoland, while not part of the Nordfriesland district, is part of traditional North Frisia. North Frisia was until the Second Schleswig War 1864 part of Denmark or the Danish Duchy of Schleswig. A half-million Frisians in the province of Friesland in the Netherlands speak West Frisian. Several thousand people in Nordfriesland and Heligoland in Germany speak a collection of North Frisian dialects. A small number of Saterland Frisian language speakers live in four villages in Lower Saxony, in the Saterland region of Cloppenburg county, just beyond the boundaries of traditional East Frisia. Many Frisians speak Low Saxon dialects which have a Frisian substratum known as Friso-Saxon in East Frisia, where the local dialects are called Oostfreesk or Oostfreske Plattdüütsch. In the Provinces of Friesland and Groningen, in North Frisia, there are areas where Friso-Saxon dialects are predominantly spoken, such as Gronings. In West Frisia, there are West Frisian-influenced dialects of Dutch such as West Frisian Dutch and Stadsfries.
Frisia has changed over time, both through floods and through a change in identity. It is part of the supposed Nordwestblock, a hypothetical historic region linked by language and culture; the people to be known as Frisii, began settling in Frisia in the 6th century BC. According to Pliny the Elder, in Roman times, the Frisians lived on man-made hills. According to other sources, the Frisians lived along a broader expanse of the North Sea coast. Frisia at this time comprised the present provinces of Friesland and parts of North Holland and Utrecht. Frisian presence during the Early Middle Ages has been documented from North-Western Flanders up to the Weser River Estuary. According to archaeological evidence
Cronobacter dublinensis is a bacterium. Its name pertains to the origin of the type strain; the type strain is from a milk powder manufacturing facility. C. dublinensis sp. nov. is dulcitol negative and methyl-α-D-glucopyranoside positive and positive for indole production. El-Sharoud, Walid M. "Characterization of Cronobacter recovered from dried milk and related products". BMC Microbiology. 9: 24. Doi:10.1186/1471-2180-9-24. ISSN 1471-2180. PMC 2640398. PMID 19187534. Dong, Xiaohui. "Real-time PCR targeting OmpA gene for detection of Cronobacter spp. in powdered infant formula". Food Science and Biotechnology. 22: 309–313. Doi:10.1007/s10068-013-0082-0. ISSN 1226-7708. Tsai, Hsih-Yeh. "CronobacterInfections Not from Infant Formula, Taiwan". Emerging Infectious Diseases. 19: 167–169. Doi:10.3201/eid1901.120774. ISSN 1080-6040. PMC 3557994. PMID 23260041. LPSN "Cronobacter dublinensis" at the Encyclopedia of Life Type strain of Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. Dublinensis at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase Type strain of Cronobacter dublinensis subsp.
Lactaridi at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase Type strain of Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. Lausannensis at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase
Mahajati Sadan is an auditorium located in Chittaranjan Avenue, West Bengal, India. This auditorium is used for Bengali theatres. Seminars are organized in the seminal hall of Mahajati Sadan; this auditorium was an important part of India's freedom movement. Rabindranath Tagore called this auditorium "House of the Nation". Subhas Chandra Bose made a request to Rabindranath Tagore to create an auditorium and in response to the request of Bose, Tagore laid the foundation stone of Mahajati Sadan 19 August 1939. At the foundation-laying ceremony of Mahajati Sadan, Tagore told in his speech: Today we assemble here to witness the beginning of the fulfilment of a long cherished dream; those who for years have toiled and suffered – laboured and sacrificed – so that India may be free, have long wished an abode to provide shelter and protection for their activities and to serve as a visible symbol of their hopes and ideal-dreams and aspirations. More than once has the attempt been made to give us the home that we have wanted, but it has failed and it has been left to you to lay the foundation stone of the'House of Nation' But, the disappearance of Bose stopped the construction work of this building.
After the independence of India, Bidhan Chandra Roy showed his interest to complete the construction work of this building and thus "Mahajati Sadan Act 1949" was enacted for completion of the construction