The Wadden Sea is an intertidal zone in the southeastern part of the North Sea. It lies between the coast of northwestern continental Europe and the range of low-lying Frisian Islands, forming a shallow body of water with tidal flats and wetlands, it is an important area for both breeding and migrating birds. In 2009, the Dutch and German parts of the Wadden Sea were inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage List and the Danish part was added in June 2014; the Wadden Sea stretches from Den Helder, in the northwest of the Netherlands, past the great river estuaries of Germany to its northern boundary at Skallingen in Denmark along a total coastline of some 500 km and a total area of about 10,000 km2. Within the Netherlands it is bounded from the IJsselmeer by the Afsluitdijk; the coastal regions were subjected to large floods, resulting in thousands of deaths, including the Saint Marcellus' flood of 1219, Burchardi flood of 1634 and Christmas Flood of 1717. Some of these significantly changed the coastline.
Numerous dikes and causeways have been built, as a result recent floods have resulted in few or no fatalities. This makes it among the most human-altered habitats on the planet; the word wad is Dutch for "mud flat". The area is typified by extensive tidal mud flats, deeper tidal trenches and the islands that are contained within this, a region continually contested by land and sea; the landscape has been formed for a great part by storm tides in the 10th to 14th centuries and carrying away former peat land behind the coastal dunes. The present islands are a remnant of the former coastal dunes. Towards the North Sea the islands are marked by dunes and wide sandy beaches, towards the Wadden Sea a low, tidal coast; the impact of waves and currents carrying away sediments is changing both land masses and coastlines. For example, the islands of Vlieland and Ameland have moved eastwards through the centuries, having lost land on one side and added it on the other; the Wadden Sea is famous for its rich flora and fauna birds.
Hundreds of thousands of waders and geese use the area as a migration stopover or wintering site. It is a rich habitat for gulls and terns, as well as a few species of herons, Eurasian spoonbills and birds-of-prey, including a small and increasing breeding population of white-tailed eagles. However, the biodiversity of Wadden Sea is smaller today; some regionally extinct species are still found here. Larger fish including rays, Atlantic salmon and brown trout are still present in several sections of the Wadden Sea, but others like European sea sturgeon only survive in the region through a reintroduction project; the world's only remaining natural population of houting survives in the Danish part of the Wadden Sea and it has been used as a basis for reintroductions further south, but considerable taxonomic confusion remains over its status. European oyster once formed large beds in the region and was still present until a few decades ago, when extirpated due to a combination of disease and the continued spread of the invasive Pacific oyster, which now forms large beds in the Wadden Sea.
The southwestern part of the Wadden Sea has been reduced. The Rhine was by far the most important river flowing into this section, but it has been reduced due to dams; as a result, about 90% of all the species which inhabited that part of the Wadden Sea are at risk. Wadden Sea is an important habitat for grey seals. Harbour porpoises and white-beaked dolphins are the sea's only resident cetaceans, they were once extinct in the southern part of the sea but have re-colonized that area again. Many other cetaceans only visit occasionally. In early history, North Atlantic right whales and gray whales were present in region using the shallow, calm waters for feeding and breeding, it has been theorized that they were hunted to extinction in this region by shore-based whalers in medieval times. They are considered long-extinct in the region, but in the Netherlands a possible right whale was observed close to beaches on Texel in the West Frisian Islands and off Steenbanken, Schouwen-Duiveland in July 2005.
Recent increases in number of North Atlantic humpback whales and minke whales might have resulted in more visits and possible re-colonization by the species to the areas around Marsdiep. Future recovery of once-extinct local bottlenose dolphins is expected. A number of human-introduced invasive species, including algae and smaller organisms, are causing negative effects on native species; each of three countries has designated Ramsar sites in the region. Although the Wadden Sea is not yet listed as a transboundary Ramsar site, a great part of the Wadden Sea is protected in cooperation of all three countries; the governments of the Netherlands and Germany have been working together since 1978 on the protection and conservation of the Wadden Sea. Co-operation covers management and research, as well as political matters. Furthermore, in 1982, a Joint Declaration on the Protection of the Wadden Sea was agreed upon to co-ordinate activities
James Bernard Hockley is a former English professional cricketer who played for Kent County Cricket Club. Born in Beckenham, Hockley made his first-class cricket debut in 1998 against Oxford University. Seen as a limited overs specialist, Hockley made 81 one-day appearances for the county, he was released at the end of the 2002 season. Between 2002 and 2009, Hockley taught sports at Marlborough House School in Cranbrook, whilst continuing to play cricket for Hartley Country Club in the Kent Cricket League, his performances for Hartley prompted Kent to re-sign him ahead of the 2009 season and he played two more seasons for the county before returning to focus on teaching whilst still playing for Hartley. James Hockley at ESPNcricinfo
North Hornell is a village in Steuben County, New York, United States. The population was 778 at the 2010 census; the Village of North Hornell is in the Town of Hornellsville, north of the City of Hornell. In 2004, the North Hornell village council started studies on a possible merger with the City of Hornell, dissolving the village, or remaining an independent entity to reduce annual costs; the study is still going on. The citizens of the village voted not to merger with the City of Hornell. North Hornell is located at 42°20′44″N 77°39′39″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.6 square miles, all of it land. Conjoined New York State Route 21 and New York State Route 36 form a major highway through the village. North Hornell is on the North bank of the Canisteo River. There is a creek running through the village named Elmhurst creek. Primary Streets Cleveland Avenue North—South Direction, Seneca Road North—South Direction Secondary Streets Bowen Street East—West Direction, Country Club Road East up Hillside, Rural Avenue East—West Direction, McKinley Avenue North—South Direction, Avondale Avenue Loops West, Woodbury Place East—West Direction, Wells Street East—West Direction, Jones Street East—West Direction, Gifford Street North—South Direction, Linwood Avenue East—West Direction, Bethesda Drive East—West Direction, Elmwood Avenue East—West Direction, Maplewood Avenue East—West Direction, First Street North—South Direction, Second Street North—South Direction, Wightman Avenue East—West Direction, Third Street North—South Direction, Fourth Street North—South Direction, West Maplewood Avenue East—West Direction, Park Street East-West Direction, Mary Street East—West Direction, Pittsburgh Street East—West Direction, Cameron Boulevard Loops East, Marick Park Drive North—South Direction, Richland Street East—West Direction, Chambers Street North—South Direction Alleys and Fire Lanes Totten Lane East—West Direction, First Alley North—South Direction, Second Alley North—South Direction, Third Alley North—South Direction, Fourth Alley North—South Direction, South Circle North—South Direction As of the census of 2000, there were 851 people, 303 households, 210 families residing in the village.
The population density was 1,533.4 people per square mile. There were 324 housing units at an average density of 583.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 97.06% White, 0.47% African American, 1.88% Asian, 0.12% from other races, 0.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.06% of the population. There were 303 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.4% were non-families. 26.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.88. In the village, the population was spread out with 19.6% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 20.4% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, 31.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females, there were 81.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.7 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $48,571, the median income for a family was $61,125. Males had a median income of $42,000 versus $23,125 for females; the per capita income for the village was $24,825. About 3.4% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.5% of those under age 18 and 1.9% of those age 65 or over. Bethesda Hospital Village Website