From Russia, with Love (novel)

From Russia, with Love is the fifth novel by the English author Ian Fleming to feature his fictional British Secret Service agent James Bond. Fleming wrote the story in early 1956 at his Goldeneye estate in Jamaica; the novel was first published in the United Kingdom by Jonathan Cape on 8 April 1957. The story centres on a plot by SMERSH, the Soviet counter-intelligence agency, to assassinate Bond in such a way as to discredit both him and his organisation; as bait, the Russians use the Spektor, a Soviet decoding machine. Much of the action takes place on the Orient Express; the book was inspired by Fleming's visit to Turkey on behalf of The Sunday Times to report on an Interpol conference. From Russia, with Love deals with the East–West tensions of the Cold War, the decline of British power and influence in the post-Second World War era. From Russia, with Love received broadly positive reviews at the time of publication; the book's sales were boosted by an advertising campaign that played upon a visit by the British Prime Minister Anthony Eden to the Goldeneye estate, the publication of an article in Life, which listed From Russia, with Love as one of US President John F. Kennedy's ten favourite books.

The story was serialised in the Daily Express newspaper, first in an abridged, multi-part form and as a comic strip. In 1963 it was adapted into the second film in the Bond series. SMERSH, the Soviet counterintelligence agency, plans to commit a grand act of terrorism in the intelligence field. For this, it targets the British secret service agent James Bond. Due in part to his role in the defeat of the SMERSH agents Le Chiffre, Mr Big and Hugo Drax, Bond has been listed as an enemy of the Soviet state and a "death warrant" is issued for him, his death is planned to precipitate a major sex scandal, which will run in the world press for months and leave his and his service's reputations in tatters. Bond's killer is to be the SMERSH executioner Donovan "Red" Grant, a British Army deserter and psychopath whose homicidal urges coincide with the full moon. Kronsteen, SMERSH's chess-playing master planner, Colonel Rosa Klebb, the head of Operations and Executions, devise the operation, they instruct an attractive young cipher clerk, Corporal Tatiana Romanova, to falsely defect from her post in Istanbul and claim to have fallen in love with Bond after seeing a photograph of him.

As an added lure for Bond, Romanova will provide the British with a Spektor, a Russian decoding device much coveted by MI6. She is not told the details of the plan; the offer of defection is received by MI6 in London, ostensibly from Romanova, but is conditional that Bond collects her and the Spektor from Istanbul. MI6 is unsure of Romanova's motive. Once there, Bond forms a comradeship with Darko Kerim, head of the British service's station in Turkey. Bond meets Romanova and they plan their route out of Turkey with the Spektor, he and Kerim believe the three board the Orient Express. Kerim discovers three Russian MGB agents on board, travelling incognito, he uses bribes and trickery to have two of them taken off the train, but he is found dead in his compartment with the body of the third MGB agent. At Trieste a man introduces himself as Captain Nash, a fellow MI6 agent, Bond presumes he has been sent by M as added protection for the rest of the trip. Romanova is suspicious of Nash. After dinner, at which Nash has drugged Romanova, they rest.

Nash wakes Bond, holding him at gunpoint, reveals himself as the killer Grant. Instead of killing Bond he describes SMERSH's plan, he is to shoot both of them, throw Romanova's body out the window, plant a film of their love-making in her luggage. As Grant talks, Bond places his metal cigarette case between the pages of a book he holds in front of him, positioning it in front of his heart to stop the bullet. After Grant fires, Bond collapses to the floor and, when Grant steps over him, he attacks and kills the assassin. Bond and Romanova escape. In Paris, after delivering Romanova and the booby-trapped Spektor to his superiors, Bond meets Rosa Klebb, she manages to kick Bond with a poisoned blade concealed in her shoe. By January 1956 the author Ian Fleming had published three novels—Casino Royale in 1953, Live and Let Die in 1954 and Moonraker in 1955. A fourth, Diamonds Are Forever, was being prepared for production; that month Fleming travelled to his Goldeneye estate in Jamaica to write with Love.

He followed his usual practice, which he outlined in Books and Bookmen magazine: "I write for about three hours in the morning... and I do another hour's work between six and seven in the evening. I never correct anything and I never go back to see what I have written... By following my formula, you write 2,000 words a day." He returned to London in March that year with a 228-page first-draft manuscript that he subsequently altered more than any of his other works. One of the significant re-writes changed Bond's fate. I am getting fed up with Bond and it has been difficult to make him go through his tawdry tricks." Fleming re-wrote the end of the novel in April 1956 to make Klebb poison Bond, which allowed him to finish the

Lisa Engqvist

Hedvig Elisabeth Birgitte Engqvist known as Lisa Engqvist, was a Danish ceramist and graphic artist. She is remembered for figurative works. From the late 1960s, while working for Bing & Grondahl, she developed mass production models including jars and vases in abstract geometric shapes. In the early 1980s, she taught at the Jutland Art Academy. Born on 5 May 1914 in Florence, Hedevig Elisabeth Birgitta Hesler was the daughter of Anne Gunhilde Andersen Hesler, her mother travelled to Florence. Thanks to the influence of her uncles, the painter Gudmund Hentze and the sculptor Svend Rathsack, she grew up in a cultural milieu. After completing her schooling, she studied ceramics at the School of Arts and Crafts, earning her diploma in 1935; the same year, she married the architect Hans Henrik Engqvist. She died on November 1989, in Lyngby, Denmark. Engqvist worked for the potter Nathalie Krebs at her Saxbo stoneware workshop in Gladsaxe. For the next ten years, she devoted herself to raising her three children, Lene Marie and the twins Anna Birgitte and Hedda Agnete.

In 1948, she established her own workshop in the family home in Lungby, soon becoming one of the more important potters in Denmark. She created both individual and mass-produced works, her creations featuring the heads of birds or horses, she experimented with innovative glazing techniques, including Japanese raku traditions which she achieved in an over specially built on a farm in Hvalpsund in Himmerland where the family spend their holidays. After spending two more years with Nathalie Krebs, she joined Bing & Grøndahl where she developed production models, creating bottles and vases with off-white and cobalt-blue patterns on a white background. In the early 1980s, she taught at the Jutland Art Academy until she began to suffer from poor health. Engqvist exhibited in Denmark and abroad. A memorial exhibition was held in her honour at the Aarhus Art Academy in 1990. Lisa Engqvist died in Lyngby on 4 November 1989

Yuratski Bay

The Yuratski Bay is an inlet on the Siberian coast in the Kara Sea. It is located in the Gyda Peninsula and it is 45 km long and 30 km wide at its widest point. Lat 71° 50’ N, long 77° 45’ E; this round and regular-shaped bay lies east of the Khalmyer Bay, between the large estuaries of the Ob and the Yenisei River. Off the northern end of the Oleni Peninsula limiting the bay on the east lies Oleni Island; the peninsula formed between this bay and neighboring Khalmyer Bay is known as the Mamonta Peninsula. The Yuratski Bay is surrounded by low tundra coast and there are numerous river mouths on its shores, the main ones being the Yunyakha and the Yesyayakha. Winters are long and harsh in this area, so that the waters in the inlet remain frozen for at least nine months every year; the settlement of Matyuysale lies along the coast off the northeastern end of its mouth. This Bay is located in the Yamal-Nenets autonomous district administrative region of the Russian Federation; the area of the bay is part of the Great Arctic State Nature Reserve, the largest nature reserve of Russia