click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Funitel

A funitel is a type of Cableway used to transport skiers, although at least one is used to transport finished cars between different areas of a factory. It differs from a standard gondola lift through the use of two arms attached to two parallel overhead cables, providing more stability in high winds; the name funitel is a blend of the French words telepherique. When used to transport skiers, funitels are a fast way to get to a higher altitude. However, because skis or snowboard have to be taken off and held during the trip, because of the absence of seats, funitels can sometimes be uncomfortable for long trips, in the same way other large gondolas can be. Funitels combine a short time between successive cabins with a high capacity per cabin. A funitel consists of one or two loops of cable strung between two terminals over intermediate towers. In order to maximize the stability of the passenger cabins, the cables are arranged in two pairs moving in separate directions. Although it might appear that there are four cables in total, most of the time they are all connected as a single, long loop.

The passenger cabins are connected to a pair of cables with four spring-loaded grips. Because the cable runs at a speed faster than that at which most people would care to board or disembark, the cabins must be slowed down while in the terminals to allow skiers to get on and off; this is accomplished by detaching the cabin from the cable and slowing it down with progressively slower rotating tires mounted on the ceiling of the terminal. Once the cabin has reached a speed at which it is safe to load or unload passengers, the cabin is moved about the end turnaround by tires mounted on the floor; the cabin is accelerated to line speed with a second set of rotating tires. The first funitel was constructed in Val-Thorens, 1990, by Denis Creissel and enterprises Reel and Städeli-Lift; the first funitel constructed outside Europe was near Mammoth Mountain, California at June mountain resort, built by Yan lifts in 1980s. The owner of Yan claims to have invented the funitel lift, it was taken down in 1990 due to grip and all around errors.

The second funitel constructed outside of Europe was the one in Montmorency Falls, Canada, 1993. Encamp sector, Grandvalira ski resort St. Anton am Arlberg Ischgl Kitzsteinhorn Hintertux Montmorency Falls, Quebec City Val-Thorens La Plagne: Built by Doppelmayr it runs from Plagne Centre up to La Grande Rochette. L'Alpe d'Huez Super Besse Les Deux Alpes Athens: Parnitha Funitel Hashikurasan Ropeway, Tokushima Hakone Ropeway, Kanagawa Tanigawadake Ropeway, Tanigawadake Tenjindaira Ski Resort, Gunma Zaō Ropeway, Yamagata Zaō Onsen Ski Resort, Yamagata Bratislava – used to transport cars in Volkswagen factory Jasná - ski resort Verbier Crans-Montana Squaw Valley Ski Resort List of aerial lift manufacturers Lift Engineering Skiing and Skiing Topics Doppelmayr funitel Page Poma funitel page

Sahasa Simha Comics Series

Sahasa Simha Comics Series conceptualised by Aniruddha jatkar is a detective series in Comics format. This comics series is the first of its kind in the entire south India as it has a famous film star couple Dr. Vishnuvardhan and Bharathi Vishnuvardhan - as the protagonists of the story; the protagonist, Sahasa Simha solves mysteries arisen out of various social problems with able assistance of his two grandchildren Jyesta and Shloka. The characters of Jyesta and Shloka are created to represent the new generation and to inspire the children to be sensitive towards social issues around them, empathize with the troubled and be proactive in helping them; the characters of Jyesta and Shloka highlight how the children can use the technical gadgets, their art and creativity in the best interest of the society. While entertaining the children through interesting detective stories, the series aims to stimulate their innovativeness and build their abilities to think critically; each book in the series contains a small worksheet that encourages children to analyse the story critically and learn problem-solving, thus nurturing them to go beyond just reading and comprehending the story.

Each book devotes a page to give information about an NGO that undertakes similar work, addressed in the story and supports people in distress. The series is published in Kannada; the concept is further developed by ACK media, a premier institution in India, well-known for its innumerable Comics publications. Reena Puri has edited the series. Keerthi has published the Sahasa Simha Comics Series, distributed by India Book House

Hughie Johns

Hugh Augustus "Hughie" Johns was an Australian rules footballer who played with Essendon in the Victorian Football League. When Essendon were short of players for their match against Collingwood at Victoria Park in Round 11 of the 1900 VFL season, due to an injury crisis, Johns was one of several people called up at the last minute. Four were players from the reserves, another was club secretary Bill Crebbin and Johns, described by The Argus as a "supporter of the team", was brought into the side. Johns, aged 33, managed to kick two of Essendon's four goals, in a 21-point loss. Johns worked at Essendon as a trainer, until his death on 28 December 1913, when he drowned while on holiday in Sorrento, Victoria after suffering cramp

Franny Armstrong

Franny Armstrong is a British documentary film director working for her own company, Spanner Films, a former drummer with indie pop group The Band of Holy Joy. She is best known for three films: The Age of Stupid, a reflection from 2055 about climate change, McLibel, about the McDonald's court case and Drowned Out, following the fight against the Narmada Dam Project. Armstrong pioneered the use of crowdfunding for independent films and developed an innovative form of film distribution known as Indie Screenings, her most recent project is the carbon reduction campaign 10:10 which she founded in the UK in September 2009, and, now active in more than 50 countries. On International Women's Day, 8 March 2011, she was named as one of the Guardian newspaper's "Top 100 Women", in a list which included Aung San Suu Kyi, Gareth Peirce, Doris Lessing, Arundhati Roy and Oprah Winfrey, her father is the pioneering TV producer Peter Armstrong. Armstrong read zoology at University College and her thesis was Is the human species suicidal?

Armstrong's first documentary, McLibel, is an account of the McDonald's libel trial, the longest-running court action in English legal history. Filmed over ten years with no commission, no budget and a voluntary crew – including Ken Loach, who directed the courtroom reconstructions – it shot to notoriety when lawyers prevented its broadcast, first at BBC1 and at Channel 4 in 1997. Eight years - after the'McLibel Two' had defeated the British government at the European Court of Human Rights – it was broadcast on BBC2 at 10.30pm on a Sunday, to an estimated 1 million viewers. It was well received by critics, with Time Out crediting Armstrong with "gusto and wit" in telling a story that "will satisfy both head and heart"; the Guardian concluded that McLibel was "absolutely unmissable". McLibel was broadcast on television in 15 countries, in cinemas in the USA in summer 2005, this was followed in the UK in 2006. McLibel was nominated for numerous awards, including the Grierson Documentary Award and the British Independent Film Awards.

It was one of only two British films, with the other being Michael Buerk's original news report which inspired Live Aid, picked for the British Film Institute's prestigious series, "Ten Documentaries which Changed the World". Armstrong's second feature documentary, Drowned Out, follows an Indian family who chose to stay at home and drown rather than make way for the Narmada Dam, it was nominated for Best Documentary at the British Independent Film Awards 2004 and was released theatrically in America and on DVD in 2006. Armstrong released The Age of Stupid in March 2009. It's a film that warns of the catastrophic effects of climate change using a mix of factual documentary and post-apocalyptic fictional styles; the film's UK premiere was in London's Leicester Square. The screening was held in a solar-powered ‘cinema tent’ and conducted without use of mains electricity. An independent audit conducted by Carbon Accounting Systems found the event's carbon emissions to be 1% of those produced by a normal blockbuster premiere.

Linked by satellite to 62 cinemas around the UK, the premiere received a Guinness World Record for being the largest film premiere based on number of screens. The complete five year production of The Age of Stupid was made into a film and launched on the Guardian website, it was broadcast on the UK's terrestrial TV network, The Community Channel. Through her company, Spanner Films, Armstrong pioneered the "crowdfunding" finance model, which allows filmmakers to raise reasonable-size budgets whilst retaining ownership of their films; the Age of Stupid raised £900,000 from over 600 investors. Armstrong developed the "Indie Screenings" distribution system, which lets anyone make a profit by holding screenings of independent films; the producers maintain a running total of all the people who have seen Spanner's films, Armstrong's production company, via cinema, TV and local screenings, as of January 2011 it stands at just over 61 million. At the UN Climate Summit in Copenhagen in December 2009, Armstrong presented a daily web TV show, The Stupid Show, which aimed to "make sense of humankind's most important get-together".

In September 2009, Armstrong founded the 10:10 climate campaign which aims to help all sectors of society to aim for a 10% cut 10% in their carbon emissions in 12 months. The campaign has amassed huge cross-societal support including household names such as Adidas and Tottenham Hotspur F. C; the campaign is now active in over 50 countries. In October 2010, a short film, written by Richard Curtis, entitled No Pressure was released by the 10:10 campaign in Britain to spread awareness of climate change; the video was subsequently taken down from the organization's website due to negative reception and offence taken. However, it is still available in several places, including YouTube, it depicted a series of scenes in which people were asked if they were going to participate in 10:10. Those who indicated they weren't planning on participating were told "no pressure" and blown up in a gory explosion at the press of a red button. In response to questions about the message of the film, Armstrong replied, "We'killed' five people to make No Pressure – a mere blip compared to the 300,000 real people who now die each year from climate change".

In March 2014, Armstrong announced her new project Undercovers, a television drama series about the undercover police officers who infiltrated the British activist scene for 50 years, the women who unknowingly had longterm relationships and children with the spies. The series is being written by Simon Beaufoy

Omelette de la mère Poulard

The Omelette de la mère Poulard is an omelette developed by Anne Boutiaut Poulard known as Mother Poulard, in the 19th century in Mont-Saint-Michel, France. It is served at La Mère Poulard, her restaurant there, at many other restaurants on the small island, it has been described as the most famous omelette in the world and, along with the Mont Saint Michel Abbey, is one of the major tourist attractions in Mont-Saint-Michel, the island itself being the second most-visited tourist destination in France after Paris. Those who have eaten it include European and Japanese royalty, United States presidents, British prime ministers, multiple presidents of France, celebrities from various fields, it is considered the gastronomic emblem of Mont-Saint-Michel. The omelette de la mère Poulard was created by Annette Boutiaut Poulard, is a specialty in the Mont-Saint-Michel area of Normandy. In 1873 Poulard and her husband were innkeepers on the island; because of the changing tides, it was impossible to predict when and how many travellers would arrive, which made planning ahead for service difficult.

The omelette was created to solve this problem and was served as an appetizer that could be produced while guests awaited the rest of the meal. The omelette became famous as a gastronomic emblem of the city of Mont-Saint-Michel. Sources vary on the method of preparation. According to some sources, the yolks and whites are beaten separately, the whites until stiff, folded together to form the mixture. According to a contemporary, Poulard told him she "took the eggs and beat them as they were." Depending on the source, butter or crème fraîche is dropped into a hot long-handled copper pan, the pan is placed into a hot oven until the butter is melted the egg mixture is added, the pan placed over a wood-fired flame to cook. Poulard responded to a request for the recipe withMonsieur Viel, Here is the recipe for the omelette: I break some good eggs in a bowl, I beat them well, I put a good piece of butter in the pan, I throw the eggs into it, I shake it constantly. I am happy, monsieur. Cookbook writer Felicity Cloake in 2019 gave instructions to whisk whole eggs vigorously for four minutes until "almost like a mousse" pour into a hot oiled pan.

In an 1897 novel, Stella's Story, the heroine takes a lesson in omelette-making from Poulard, describes the process as "simple in the extreme. The finished omelette is served plain or with a variety of garnishes, it has been described as "gently wood-scented". In Poulard's time the omelettes were served as part of a meal, always the same, included ham, fried sole, saltmarsh lamb cutlets with potatoes, roast chicken and dessert. Before World War I the meal was priced at 2.50 francs. As of 2017 the omelette was priced at €34 at La Mère Poulard, a price described as "certainly one of the heftiest tariffs charged for same anywhere in France"; as of 2018, 450,000 eggs are used each year by the restaurant. It has been described as the most famous omelette in the world and, along with the Mont Saint Michel Abbey, is one of the major tourist attractions in Mont-Saint-Michel, itself one of the most-visited tourist destinations in the country, second only to Paris; those who have eaten it include European and Japanese royalty, United States presidents, British prime ministers, presidents of France, celebrities such as Ernest Hemingway and Yves Saint Laurent.

A superstition surrounding the omelette holds that if a French presidential candidate visits Mont-Saint-Michel and does not eat the omelette, the candidate will lose. The story of "Omelette tu mangeras, président tu seras," "If you eat the omelette, you will be president," started with Georges Clemenceau, who visited but did not eat the omelette before his defeat by Paul Deschanel. Charles de Gaulle, Georges Pompidou and François Mitterrand all ate the omelette before their victories. Nicolas Sarkozy launched his successful 2007 campaign from Mont-Saint-Michel and ate the omelette

USS Cygnus (AF-23)

USS Cygnus was a Cygnus-class cargo ship acquired by the U. S. Navy for service in World War II, named after the constellation Cygnus, she was responsible for delivering necessary goods and equipment to ships and stations in the war zone. Cygnus was built as SS La Perla in 1925 by Cammell Laird, England. After sailing in convoy to Pearl Harbor and back between 4 September and 24 September 1942, Cygnus cleared San Francisco, California, 10 October and arrived in Auckland, New Zealand, 3 November; until 5 January 1944 she operated on a regular run carrying chilled meats and vegetables from Auckland to the American bases at Tongatapu, Tonga Islands. Between 18 January 1944 and 9 September 1945 she sailed on similar duty from Auckland and Napier, New Zealand, to Espiritu Santo and Efate, New Hebrides, the Solomon Islands. After a west coast overhaul, Cygnus sailed via Pearl Harbor to discharge cargo at Okinawa in December 1945. Arriving at Manus, Admiralty Islands, 3 January 1946, she operated out of this port on cargo duty to Nouméa, Espiritu Santo, American Samoa until 13 March when she returned to the U.

S. West Coast and sailed for New York, arriving 2 July. Cygnus was decommissioned 18 July 1946 and transferred to the War Shipping Administration for disposal the same day; this article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here. Photo gallery of Cygnus at NavSource Naval History