SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Fuselage

The fuselage is an aircraft's main body section. It holds crew and cargo. In single-engine aircraft, it will contain an engine, as well, although in some amphibious aircraft the single engine is mounted on a pylon attached to the fuselage, which in turn is used as a floating hull; the fuselage serves to position control and stabilization surfaces in specific relationships to lifting surfaces, required for aircraft stability and maneuverability. This type of structure is still in use in many lightweight aircraft using welded steel tube trusses. A box truss fuselage structure can be built out of wood—often covered with plywood. Simple box structures may be rounded by the addition of supported lightweight stringers, allowing the fabric covering to form a more aerodynamic shape, or one more pleasing to the eye. Geodesic structural elements were used by Barnes Wallis for British Vickers between the wars and into World War II to form the whole of the fuselage, including its aerodynamic shape. In this type of construction multiple flat strip stringers are wound about the formers in opposite spiral directions, forming a basket-like appearance.

This proved to be light and rigid and had the advantage of being made entirely of wood. A similar construction using aluminum alloy was used in the Vickers Warwick with less materials than would be required for other structural types; the geodesic structure is redundant and so can survive localized damage without catastrophic failure. A fabric covering over the structure completed the aerodynamic shell; the logical evolution of this is the creation of fuselages using molded plywood, in which multiple sheets are laid with the grain in differing directions to give the monocoque type below. In this method, the exterior surface of the fuselage is the primary structure. A typical early form of this was built using molded plywood, where the layers of plywood are formed over a "plug" or within a mold. A form of this structure uses fiberglass cloth impregnated with polyester or epoxy resin, instead of plywood, as the skin. A simple form of this used in some amateur-built aircraft uses rigid expanded foam plastic as the core, with a fiberglass covering, eliminating the necessity of fabricating molds, but requiring more effort in finishing.

An example of a larger molded plywood aircraft is the de Havilland Mosquito fighter/light bomber of World War II. No plywood-skin fuselage is monocoque, since stiffening elements are incorporated into the structure to carry concentrated loads that would otherwise buckle the thin skin; the use of molded fiberglass using negative molds is prevalent in the series production of many modern sailplanes. The use of molded composites for fuselage structures is being extended to large passenger aircraft such as the Boeing 787 Dreamliner; this is the preferred method of constructing an all-aluminum fuselage. First, a series of frames in the shape of the fuselage cross sections are held in position on a rigid fixture; these frames are joined with lightweight longitudinal elements called stringers. These are in turn covered with a skin of sheet aluminum, attached by riveting or by bonding with special adhesives; the fixture is disassembled and removed from the completed fuselage shell, fitted out with wiring and interior equipment such as seats and luggage bins.

Most modern large aircraft are built using this technique, but use several large sections constructed in this fashion which are joined with fasteners to form the complete fuselage. As the accuracy of the final product is determined by the costly fixture, this form is suitable for series production, where a large number of identical aircraft are to be produced. Early examples of this type include the Douglas Aircraft DC-2 and DC-3 civil aircraft and the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress. Most metal light aircraft are constructed using this process. Both monocoque and semi-monocoque are referred to as "stressed skin" structures as all or a portion of the external load is taken by the surface covering. In addition, all the load from internal pressurization is carried by the external skin; the proportioning of loads between the components is a design choice dictated by the dimensions and elasticity of the components available for construction and whether or not a design is intended to be "self jigging", not requiring a complete fixture for alignment.

Early aircraft were constructed of wood frames covered in fabric. As monoplanes became popular, metal frames improved the strength, which led to all-metal-structure aircraft, with metal covering for all its exterior surfaces - this was first pioneered in the second half of 1915; some modern aircraft are constructed with composite materials for major control surfaces, wings, or the entire fuselage such as the Boeing 787. On the 787, it makes possible higher pressurization levels and larger windows for passenger comfort as well as lower weight to reduce operating costs; the Boeing 787 weighs 1500 lb less than. Cockpit windshields on the Airbus A320 must withstand bird strikes up to 350 kt and are made of chemically strengthened glass, they are composed of three layers or plies, of glass or plastic: the inner two are 8 mm thick each and are structural, while the outer ply, about 3 mm thick, is a barrier against foreign object damage and abrasion, with a hydrophobic coating. It

Tarzan's Desert Mystery

Tarzan's Desert Mystery is a 1943 American Tarzan film directed by Wilhelm Thiele and starring Johnny Weissmuller and Nancy Kelly. Like its immediate predecessor, Tarzan Triumphs, the film makes reference to Tarzan's mate, played in earlier Weissmuller films by Maureen O'Sullivan, but it does not show her on screen; the explanation given is. The film revolves around Tarzan's quest, at the urging of Jane, to find a rare African serum to help Allied troops during World War II. Tarzan's son, manages to tag along as the ape man journeys into the Sahara, the two are soon joined by a rambunctious horse and a female American magician, played by Nancy Kelly. Johnny Weissmuller as Tarzan Nancy Kelly as Connie Bryce Johnny Sheffield as Boy Otto Kruger as Paul Hendrix Joe Sawyer as Karl Straeder Lloyd Corrigan as Sheik Abdul El Khim Robert Lowery as Prince Selim Frank Puglia as Magistrate Philip Van Zandt as Kushmet Bobby Barber as Turban Vendor John Berkes as Charlie John Dehner as Prince Ameer Frank Faylen as Achmed George J. Lewis as Ali Baba Hassan Nestor Paiva as Prison Guard Syd Saylor as Bewildered Camel Herdsman Tarzan's Desert Mystery at the American Film Institute Catalog Tarzan's Desert Mystery at the TCM Movie Database Tarzan's Desert Mystery on IMDb Tarzan's Desert Mystery at AllMovie

1933 Stanley Cup Finals

The 1933 Stanley Cup Finals was played between the New York Rangers and the Toronto Maple Leafs, in a rematch of the 1932 Final. It was the first best-of-four Finals series; the Rangers won the series 3 -- 1. Toronto defeated the Boston Bruins 3–2 in a best-of-five series to reach the finals. New York defeated the Montreal Canadiens 8 -- Detroit Red Wings 6 -- 3 to reach the finals. After game one, the Rangers would vacate Madison Square Garden for the circus. Bill Cook would become the first player to score a Cup-winning goal in overtime. Rookie goalie Andy Aitkenhead would post the fourth shutout by a rookie in the finals. New York Rangers included two smaller rings on the Stanley Cup. Due to the size of the first ring, no playoff score was included. On the Second ring they honored Lester Patrick Lester Patrick's name was put on the Stanley Cup twice in 1933. With adding 2 rings the New York Rangers did not include any playoff scores on the Stanley Cup. Rangers did not include President William Carey's name on the Stanley Cup.

He is only President of a Stanley Cup winning team left off the Cup, since the engraving of winning members became an annual tradition in 1924. John Hammond returned as President of the New York Rangers in off season forcing out Hoyt. 1932–33 NHL season NHL. Total Stanley Cup. Dan Diamond & Associates. Podnieks, Andrew. Lord Stanley's Cup. Bolton, Ont.: Fenn Pub. pp 12, 50. ISBN 978-1-55168-261-7