Gaborone is the capital and largest city of Botswana with a population of 231,626 based on the 2011 census, about 10% of the total population of Botswana. Its agglomeration is home to 421,907 inhabitants at the 2011 census. Gaborone City, is situated between Kgale and Oodi Hills, near the confluence Notwane River and Segoditshane River in the south-eastern corner of Botswana, 15 kilometres from the South African border; the city is served by the Sir Seretse Khama International Airport. It is an administrative district in its own right, but is the capital of the surrounding South-East District. Locals refer to the city as Gabs; the city of Gaborone is named after Chief Gaborone of the Tlokwa tribe, who once controlled land nearby. Because it had no tribal affiliation and was close to fresh water, the city was planned to be the capital in the mid-1960s when the Bechuanaland Protectorate became an independent nation; the centre of the city is a long strip of commercial businesses, called "Main Mall" with a semicircle-shaped area of government offices to its east.
Gaborone is one of the fastest-growing cities in the world, this has created problems with housing and illegal settlements. The city has dealt with conflicts spilling into the country from Zimbabwe and South Africa during the 1980s. Gaborone is the economic capital as well as the government capital. Gaborone is home to the Southern African Development Community, a regional economic community established in 1980. Many languages are spoken there, Setswana being the main tongue. English and Kgalagadi are spoken. Evidence shows. In more recent history, the Tlokwa left the Magaliesberg ranges to settle in the area around 1880, called the settlement Moshaweng; the word "Gaborone" means "it does not fit badly" or "it is not unbecoming". The city was called "Gaberones" by early European settlers. Gaberones, a shortening of "Gaborone's Village", was named after Chief Gaborone of the Tlokwa, whose home village was across the river from the Government Camp, the name of the colonial government headquarters.
The nickname, "GC", comes from the name "Government Camp". In 1890, Cecil John Rhodes picked Gaberones to house a colonial fort; the fort was. The city changed its name from Gaberones to Gaborone in 1969; the modern town was only founded in 1964, after a decision was taken to establish a capital for Botswana, which became a self governing territory in 1965, before becoming a independent republic at independence in September 30, 1966. In 1965, the capital of the Bechuanaland Protectorate moved from Mafeking to Gaberones; when Botswana gained its independence, Lobatse was the first choice as the nation's capital. However, Lobatse was deemed too limited, instead, a new capital city would be created next to Gaberones; the city was chosen because of its proximity to a fresh water source, its proximity to the railway to Pretoria, its central location among the central tribes, its lack of association with those surrounding tribes. The city was planned under Garden city principles with open spaces. Building of Gaborone started in mid-1964.
During the city's construction, the chairman of Gaberones Township Authority, Geoffrey Cornish, likened the layout of the city to a “brandy glass” with the government offices in the base of the glass and businesses in the “mall”, a strip of land extending from the base. Most of the early town was built within three years, as a small town designed to accommodate 20 000 people- only to develop after independence into a modern city. Buildings in early Gaborone include assembly buildings, government offices, a power station, a hospital, schools, a radio station, a telephone exchange, police stations, a post office, more than 1,000 houses; because the town was built so there was a massive influx of labourers who had built illegal settlements on the new city's southern industrial development zone. These settlements were named Naledi; the latter term means "the star", but could mean "under the open sky" or "a community that stands out from all others". In 1971, because of the growth of illegal settlements, the Gaborone Town Council and the Ministry of Local Government and Lands surveyed an area called Bontleng, which would contain low-income housing.
However, Naledi still grew, the demand for housing was greater than ever. In 1973, the Botswana Housing Corporation built a "New Naledi" across the road from the "Old Naledi". Residents from Old Naledi would be moved to New Naledi. However, the demand for housing increased yet again; the problem was solved in 1975 when Sir Seretse Khama, the president of Botswana, rezoned Naledi from an industrial zone to a low-income housing area. On 30 September 1966, Bechuanaland became the eleventh British dependency in Africa to become independent; the first mayor of Gaborone was Reverend Derek Jones. The old Gaberones became a suburb of the new Gaborone, is now known as "the Village". In the mid-1980s, South Africa attacked Botswana and conducted raids on Gaborone and other border towns; the Raid on Gaborone resulted in twelve deaths. After the 1994 General Elections, riots started in Gaborone because of high unemployment and other issues. Today, Gaborone is growing rapidly. In 1964, Gaborone only had 3,855 citizens.
The city planned on 20,000 citizens, but by 1992, the city had 138,000 people. Th
Commercial Row is a single-story brick building constructed in 1923. It consists of seven retail units or spaces occupied by individual tenants; the building is located at the corner of Peachtree Street, Peachtree Place and Crescent Avenue in the Midtown neighborhood of Atlanta, Georgia. The building is today collectively numbered as 990 Peachtree Street, although the individual tenant spaces each have their own addresses, including 988 Peachtree Street, 90 Peachtree Place, 92 Peachtree Place. Commercial Row was built at a time when retail and residential development were reaching northward towards what is today known as Midtown, from Downtown Atlanta; the building represents both the unique character of Atlanta's development northward along the city's main thoroughfare, Peachtree Street, as well as the establishment of distinct neighborhoods outside the city center in the 1920s. Over the years, tenants in the building have included grocers and small retail stores. One of Atlanta's few remnants of that age of early development, Commercial Row sits on its original site and retains a high degree of structural integrity.
As continuing commercial development removes traces of this earlier time of neighborhood community at the Tenth Street intersection, Commercial Row represents what the Peachtree Street corridor from Fifth to Fourteenth Streets looked like before massive redevelopment of the area in the 1980s, 1990s, 2000s. The building was designated a City of Atlanta Historic Building Site in 2008, it is owned by the Atlanta History Center and is operated as part of the Atlanta History Center Midtown, which includes the Margaret Mitchell House. Part of the building is used for programs and exhibits, while other portions are leased to commercial tenants including a restaurant and a grocer
The 1890–91 season was Burslem Port Vale's first season in the newly-formed Midland League. They finished in eighth-place, they failed to go on any cup runs and were in fact beaten by a club record 12–0 margin by Aston Villa in the Second Round of the Staffordshire Senior Cup. They did though share the North Staffordshire Challenge Cup after holding Stoke to a draw in the final. Burslem Port Vale became founder members of the Midland League along with 11 other clubs, including future Football League sides Gainsborough Trinity, Lincoln City, Rotherham Town and Sheffield United; the club's directors first had to deal with some legal issues defending themselves from a claim for lost wages by former player Jack Shields. In order to prepare for the new league the club signed three new players: 23-year old Welsh winger Charlie Davies, 22 year-old inside-forward James Bryden from Hamilton Academicals and 21-year old Scottish forward David Mackie, they opened the league campaign with three games at the Athletic Ground, beating Staveley and Long Eaton Rangers 2–1 and 7–2 then coming to a disappointing 2–2 draw with Kidderminster.
Two away defeats followed, though they managed a respectable 1–1 draw with Sheffield United at Bramall Lane despite goalkeeper John Davies missing the train. At home they recorded successive 3–0 league wins, but late December proved a disaster as they fell to 5–0 and 11–0 defeats at Lincoln City and Gainsborough Trinity. New members were assigned to the club's committee and they resolved to sign better players, telling the current squad to "train or take the consequences", they lost the return fixture at Derby Junction on 17 January, but appealed the result as Junction's home secretary officiated as the official referee failed to appear. Vale recorded home and away victories over Warwick County – winning 8–0 at home, Frank McGinnes scoring his second hat-trick of the season – but gained no points as County withdrew from the league and their games were struck from the record. Home defeats to Gainsborough and Burton Wanderers followed, but they ended the league campaign in good form, beating Sheffield United and Staveley whilst taking a point from their visit to Lincoln.
They finished the table in eighth-place, though finished just five points off second-place Long Eaton Rangers. McGinnes finished as the club's top-scorer with 15 league goals; the club's directors decided to embark on a locally based strategy, signing promising local players to five-year contracts. Starting the FA Cup at the first qualification round, they progressed past Warwick County with a 3–1 away win, but lost out 3–2 to Football Alliance side Walsall Town Swifts at the next stage, they faced disaster in the Staffordshire Senior Cup, being "completely outclassed" in a 12–0 defeat to Aston Villa at Wellington Road. They faired much better in the North Staffordshire Challenge Cup, thrashing Burton Wanderers 7–0 in the semi-final to book their place in the final against Stoke. Burslem Port Vale's score comes Jeff; the Port Vale Record 1879-1993. Witan Books. ISBN 0-9508981-9-8
Balderton Cheese Factory is a building in the village of Balderton, England. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building; this was a factory for the manufacture of cheese built in 1874–75 for the 1st Duke of Westminster in a village on his Eaton Hall estate. It was designed by the Chester architect John Douglas. A small number of cheese factories were built on Cheshire estates during the 19th century and the cheese was carried to industrial towns on special trains; this building is no longer used for cheese manufacture. A similar factory was the Aldford Cheese Factory in Bruera designed by Douglas for the Duke, built about the same time; the building is constructed in red brick with timber framing in its attic storey, a slate roof. Its main part behind it are additional wings; the left bay formed the office of the factory and it projects forward. It contains a five-light casement window, over, a jettied gable containing a three-light window; the next bay contains a Tudor arched doorway with a window to its right.
Above this are no gable. The third bay projects forward; the fourth bay is recessed with two three-light windows at the lower level. Above these are two two-light windows set in dormers. A chimney rises from the roof of the left bay and behind the right bay is a large boiler-house chimney. Listed buildings in Dodleston List of non-ecclesiastical and non-residential works by John Douglas
Sexual harassment in the workplace in US labor law has been considered a form of discrimination on the basis of sex in the United States since the mid-1970s. There are two forms of sexual harassment recognized by United States law: quid pro quo sexual harassment and behavior that creates a hostile work environment, it has been noted that a number of the early sexual harassment cases were brought by African American women and girls. The term sexual harassment was popularized following a consciousness-raising session led by Lin Farley as part of a Cornell University program on women in the workplace, the term entered popular use in 1975. A number of the original sexual harassment cases were pursued on behalf of black girls. United States law recognizes two forms of sexual harassment: Quid pro quo sexual harassment: an employee is required to tolerate sexual harassment in exchange for employment, a raise or job benefit, or promotion. Hostile work environment: sexual harassment in the workplace results in an offensive work environment or unreasonably interferes an employee's work performance.
In the United States, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits employment discrimination based on race, color, national origin or religion. Only intended to combat sexual harassment of women, the prohibition of sex discrimination covers both females and males; this discrimination occurs when the sex of the worker is made as a condition of employment or where this is a job requirement that does not mention sex but ends up preventing many more persons of one sex than the other from the job. This act only applies to employers with 15 or more employees. In 1980, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission issued regulations defining sexual harassment and stating it was a form of sex discrimination prohibited by the Civil Rights Act of 1964; the Civil Rights Act of 1991 added provisions to Title VII protections including expanding the rights of women to sue and collect compensatory and punitive damages for sexual discrimination or harassment. Barnes v. Train is viewed as the first sexual harassment case in America though the term "sexual harassment" was not used.
Paulette Barnes, an African American woman, was a payroll clerk who worked for the Environmental Protection Agency. She brought the case after losing her job for refusing the advances of a male supervisor; the case was appealed in Barnes v Costle. In 1976, Williams v. Saxbe was the first case in a U. S. District Court to establish that quid pro quo sexual harassment constitutes sex discrimination under the Civil Rights Act of 1964. A male supervisor was found to have retaliated against Diane R. Williams by firing her after she refused to have sex with him; the court found that it was a form of sex discrimination when a condition of employment is to submit to the sexual advances of a superior. Additionally, there was evidence that other female employees had been subjected to similar conditions, it was ruled that William B. Saxbe had only required women to submit to his advances, which created an artificial barrier to employment for one gender but not the other. Williams v Saxbe established a clear-cut type of sexual harassment, quid pro quo, was the first to establish it in a U.
S. District Court. In response to the findings of this case, several earlier decisions against sex discrimination in lower courts were reversed on appeal, including Barnes v Train. Although Barnes v. Train was dismissed, Paulette Barnes won on appeal in Barnes v. Costle. During this case, the District of Columbia Court of Appeals ruled it was sex discrimination for a woman to suffer tangible employment losses for refusing to submit to requests for sexual favors; the appeals ruling was based in part on the Saxbe decision. The court found that companies are liable for not stopping sexual harassment if they know it is being conducted by supervisors; as part of the ruling of Barnes v. Costle, Barnes received around $18,000 for back pay and the loss of promotions. In the 1986 case of Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson, the Supreme Court first recognized "sexual harassment" as a violation of Title VII, established the standards for analyzing whether the conduct was welcome and levels of employer liability, that speech or conduct in itself can create a "hostile environment".
This case filed by Mechelle Vinson ruled that the sexual conduct between the subordinate and supervisor could not be deemed voluntary due to the hierarchical relationship between the two positions in the workplace. Following the ruling of Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson, reported sexual harassment cases grew from 10 cases being registered by the EEOC per year before 1986 to 624 case being reported in the subsequent following year; this number of reported cases to the EEOC rose to 2,217 in 1990 and 4,626 by 1995. The case of Ellison v. Brady resulted in rejecting the reasonable person standard in favor of the "reasonable woman standard" which allowed for cases to be analyzed from the perspective of the complainant and not the defendant. In 1991, Jenson v. Eveleth Taconite Co. became the first sexual harassment case to be given class action status paving the way for others. Seven years in 1998, through that same case, new precedents were established that increased the limits on the "discovery" process in sexual harassment cases, that allowed psychological injuries from the litigation process to be included in assessing dama
Marigot is the main town and capital in the French Collectivity of Saint Martin. A fishing village on a swamp for which it was named, Marigot was made capital during the reign of King Louis XVI, who built Fort St. Louis on a hill near Marigot Bay. Today, that building is the most important in Marigot. Marigot is typical of Caribbean towns, with gingerbread houses and sidewalk bistros. Market days are every Saturday morning; the crew of the 1997 motion picture Speed 2 shot the final scene here where the Seabourn Legend hits the island. The St. Martin of Tours' Church on rue du Fort Louis was built in 1941. Marigot is located on the west coast of the island of St. Martin, it extends from the coast to the west, along the Bay of Marigot and the hills of the interior of the island to the east. On the south-west it is bounded by the Simpson Bay. Marigot has a tropical savanna climate, with warm to hot and humid weather throughout the year. Rainfall –, reduced by the rain shadow of the mountains to the east – is not as extreme as in most climates of this type, with the peak occurring from August to November due to hurricanes.
The city is served by Princess Juliana International Airport as well as L'Espérance Airport. There is a ferry to Anguilla. List of lighthouses in the Collectivity of Saint Martin San Martin Shopping Media related to Marigot at Wikimedia Commons Saint Martin Tourist Guide www.geographia.com, St Martin