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Galactic Empire (Star Wars)

The Galactic Empire is a fictional autocracy featured in the Star Wars franchise. It was first introduced in the 1977 film Star Wars and appears in its two sequels: The Empire Strikes Back and Return of the Jedi, it is the main antagonist faction of the original trilogy. The government collapses a year following the conclusion of the Galactic Civil War in Return of the Jedi, the First Order is formed by Imperial remnants. An oppressive, autocratic regime with a complicated bureaucracy, the Galactic Empire seeks to ensure singular rule over every planet and civilization within the galaxy. At its peak, the Galactic Empire sprawls over much of the known Star Wars galaxy, which consists of millions of star systems and billions more fringe colonies, fortress worlds, outer territories; the Empire's origins are depicted in the prequel Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith, where it replaces the Galactic Republic at the end of the Clone Wars orchestrated by Sheev Palpatine, the Republic's Supreme Chancellor.

Palpatine is secretly a Dark Lord of the Sith named Darth Sidious, intending to purge the Jedi and restore the Sith to power. Palpatine falsely accuses the Jedi of causing the Clone Wars, a secessionist war, to weaken the Republic and gain power. Palpatine manipulates the Galactic Senate into using clone troopers created during the conflict to kill the Jedi. After engineering these threats himself, Palpatine reorganizes the Republic into a state that could "ensure the security and continuing stability, a safe and secure society" – a Galactic Empire with himself as its Emperor; the Senate overwhelmingly applauds this decision and lauds Palpatine's apparent resolve and selflessness. Though Palpatine's Sith identity remains a secret to all but a handful of individuals, his apprentice, the Sith Lord Darth Vader maintains a more public presence, acting as a personification of the Empire's power. By the time of Episode IV – A New Hope, the Empire has transformed into an authoritarian regime, opposed by the Alliance to Restore the Republic.

The completion of the Death Star, a doomsday weapon, allows Palpatine to dissolve the powerless Imperial Senate. The Galactic Empire is described and portrayed in various Star Wars media as an arrogant and brutal dictatorship, one based on "nationalization, state terrorism, xenophobia and genocide of non-humans, power projection, threat of lethal force, above all else, constant fear". Star Wars creator George Lucas sought to make the Galactic Empire aesthetically and thematically similar to Nazi Germany and to appear to be fascist. Similar to Nazi Germany, the Galactic Empire is a dictatorship based on rigid control of society that dissolved a previous democracy and is led by an all-powerful supreme ruler; the Empire, like the Nazis, desires the creation of totalitarian order and utilizes excessive force and violence to achieve their ends. The name of the Empire's main soldiers, the Stormtroopers, is somewhat similar to the name given to Hitler's Sturmabteilung paramilitary bodyguards; the visual appearance of Darth Vader in his all-black uniform combined with his devout obedience to the Emperor has allusion to the black-uniformed Nazi Schutzstaffel.

The uniforms of Imperial military officers bear resemblance to uniforms used in Nazi Germany as well as nineteenth-century Germany's ulans —who wore a tunic, riding breeches, boots like the Empire's officers wear—as well as the Imperial officers' cap resembling the field caps worn by German and Austrian troops. In addition to Nazi Germany, there was at least one portion of the Galactic Empire, based on the Soviet Union, the various military personnel and TIE Fighters are flying in formation as Palpatine arrives on the Death Star in Return of the Jedi. In the commentary track for the film's DVD release, Lucas said that the ceremony for the Emperor's arrival was inspired by May Day military parades in the Soviet Union. Lucas has indicated that the Galactic Empire's struggle against a smaller guerilla force was inspired by America's involvement in the Vietnam War and his surprise at how few people spoke up against the war. Palpatine's rise to power, transforming a democracy into a dictatorship has been related to those of Julius Caesar, Napoleon Bonaparte, Adolf Hitler.

Palpatine's consolidation of power and declaring himself emperor is like the Roman political figure Octavian, in that Octavian manipulated the Roman Senate as Palpatine did with the Galactic Senate. The Galactic Empire was born out of the collapsing Galactic Republic. However, its seeds are planted during the Clone Wars, the epic war between the Republic and the separatist Confederacy of Independent Systems depicted in Episode II: Attack of the Clones and Episode III: Revenge of the Sith. In Episode I: The Phantom Menace, amid a trade dispute and invasion of his home world, Senator Palpatine convinces Queen Padmé Amidala to call for a vote of no confidence in Supreme Chancellor of the Republic Finis Valorum. Palpatine is elected Supreme Chancellor; as fighting intensifies in Episode II, the Galactic Senate, the legislature of the Republic, grants Palpatine emergency powers to deal with the crisis. Palpatine promises to return his powers once peace and ord


Derrymony is a townland in the civil parish of Templeport, County Cavan, Ireland. It lies in barony of Tullyhaw. Derrymony is bounded on the north by Prospect, Corlough townland, on the west by Tirnawannagh townland in Corlough parish, on the south by Erraran townland and on the east by Killyneary and Brackley, Templeport townlands, its chief geographical features are Brackley Lough, forestry plantations and dug wells. Derrymony is traversed by rural lanes; the townland covers 254 statute acres. The 1609 Baronial Map depicts the townland as part of Gortanill; the 1652 Commonwealth Survey spells the name as Diremony. The 1665 Down Survey map depicts it as Derrymony. William Petty's 1685 map depicts it as Deremony; the 1652 Commonwealth Survey lists the proprietor as Lieutenant Arthur Newborogh and the tenant as John Trench, both of whom appear in other Templeport townlands in the same survey. In the Hearth Money Rolls of 1662 there were no people paying the Hearth Tax in the townland. A deed by John Enery dated 13 December 1774 includes the lands of Derrymoney.

The Tithe Applotment Books for 1827 list ten tithepayers in the townland. The Derrymony Valuation Office Field books are available for October 1839. In 1841 the population of the townland was 80, being 40 males and 49 females. There were sixteen houses in the townland. In 1851 the population of the townland was 71, being 36 males and 35 females, the reduction being due to the Great Famine. There were ten houses in the townland. Griffith's Valuation of 1857 lists seventeen landholders in the townland. In 1861 the population of the townland was 55, being 24 females. There were ten houses in the townland and all were inhabited. In the 1901 census of Ireland, there are seven families listed in the townland. In the 1911 census of Ireland, there are only five families listed in the townland. There do not seem to be any structures of historical interest in the townland; the IreAtlas Townland Data Base A folktale about Derrymony in the 1600s

1916 in Italy

See also: 1915 in Italy, other events of 1916, 1917 in Italy. Events from the year 1916 in Italy. Monarch – Victor Emmanuel III Prime Minister – Antonio Salandra Paolo Boselli Population – 36,481,000 Italy entered World War I in May 1915, declaring war on Austria-Hungary; the Royal Italian Army stands under command of Chief of Field Marshall Luigi Cadorna. The Isonzo is the main battlefield on the Italian Front; the goal of these offensives was the fortress of Gorizia, the capture of which would permit the Italian armies to pivot south and march on Trieste. The frequency of offensives, one every three months, was higher than demanded by the armies on the Western Front. Italian discipline was harsher, with punishments for infractions of duty of a severity not known in the German and British armies. February 14 – First bombing of Milan. Two Austrian planes drop bombs on Porta Volta. March 9–15 – After the winter lull, the Italians launch the Fifth Battle of the Isonzo, but Austrian-Hungarian troops repulse the offensive, the battle concludes in poor weather for trench warfare.

May 15 – June 10 – Battle of Asiago. Following the stalemate, the Austrian forces begin planning a counteroffensive in Trentino and directed over the plateau of Altopiano di Asiago, with the aim to break through to the Po River plain and thus cutting off the Italian Armies in the North East of the country; the offensive results in no gain. June 11 – Due to the defeat at the Battle of Asiago, Prime Minister Antonio Salandra resigns. June 18 – Paolo Boselli forms a new Cabinet; the new government has the character of a government of national unity and consists of nineteen ministers, representative of all political groups. Vittorio Emanuele Orlando becomes Minister of the Interior, while Sidney Sonnino remains Foreign Minister. July 12 – Cesare Battisti and Fabio Filzi, both Austrian subjects but exponents of Trentino irredentism are hanged by the Austrians in Trento, they had enlisted in the Italian army and were captured by the Austrians, who condemned them as deserters. August 6–17 – The Battle of Doberdò and the Sixth Battle of the Isonzo, both launched by the Italians, result in a success greater than the previous attacks.

The offensive did take Gorizia, which boosts Italian spirits. August 28 – Italy declares war on Germany. September 14–17 – Seventh Battle of the Isonzo; the Italians try to extend their hold of their newly-won Gorizia bridgehead in attacks to the south-east of the town. Despite the greater concentration of resources upon a single point – intended to reduce the high casualty rate sustained to date – the attack was called off after three days of heavy casualties. October 5 – The Italian Government is informed of the content of the agreement signed in May between France and Russia for the partition of the Asian part of the Ottoman Empire. Italy advances reservations about these agreements and demands that part of Asia Minor including the Turkish provinces of Aidin and Adana, would be allocated to Italy as agreed in the 1915 Treaty of London. October 10–12 – Eighth Battle of the Isonzo; the attack is a continuation of attempts made during the previous Seventh Battle of the Isonzo to extend the bridgehead established at Gorizia during the Sixth Battle of the Isonzo in August 1916.

Heavy Italian casualties require. November 1–4 – Ninth Battle of the Isonzo is called off in failure, the Italians, weakened by continual offensive operations throughout the year – 1916 had seen five Isonzo operations on top of four undertaken the year before – take a lengthy break for the winter. December 13 – "White Friday", 10,000 Austrian and Italian soldiers are killed by avalanches in the Dolomites. According to some reports both sides deliberately fired shells into the weakened snowpacks in an attempt to bury the other side. January 24 – Arnoldo Foà, Italian actor March 4 – Giorgio Bassani, Italian writer April 28 – Ferruccio Lamborghini, Italian automobile manufacturer May 20 – Trebisonda Valla, Italian athlete July 14 – Natalia Ginzburg, Italian author September 23 – Aldo Moro, Prime Minister of Italy September 27 – Trento Longaretti, Italian painter April 20 – Claudio Casanova, Italian professional football player who died from the injuries he suffered at front in World War I August 6 – Enrico Toti, Italian one-legged cyclist killed in the Sixth Battle of the Isonzo August 10 – Giuseppe Sinigaglia, Italian rower, killed in the Sixth Battle of the Isonzo August 17 – Umberto Boccioni, influential Italian painter and sculptor that helped shape the revolutionary aesthetic of the Futurism movement October 10 – Antonio Sant'Elia, Italian architect and a key member of the Futurist movement in architecture, killed during the Eighth Battle of the Isonzo

Tulle bi telli

Tulle-bi-telli known as Assuit or'Assiut after Asyut where it is made, is a textile marrying cotton or linen mesh with small strips of metal. The fabric is not documented prior to the 19th century, though similar textiles existed in the Middle East in earlier times. Other spellings include assuite, assyut and azute; the name translates as "net with metal". Assuit has great lateral elasticity, thanks to its openwork mesh, it is heavy, retains heat, but is favoured for its ability to drape. The base material is bobbinet, a machine-made fabric made of cotton or, in older pieces, linen; the embroidery is applied by hand. Thin strips of alloy are threaded onto a wide needle with a flat, wide eye. Alloy is used because pure silver would blacken with age and would be impossible to clean, gold would be too costly; each strip is 1/8" wide and 18" to 24" long. The strips are threaded into the mesh, criss-crossed, flattened with the fingernails, cut; the fabric is stamped down, when the designs are finished, the fabric is passed through a roller to flatten the metal more.

Metal thread embroidery has been used extensively throughout the Middle East and parts of Europe. References are made to its use with Egyptian linen in the Bible. 3,000‑year‑old specimens of netting made with flax are preserved in the Museum of Montbijou, Berlin. The hand-made net is of intricate design; the dye techniques used were sophisticated. These early embroideries were done with the application of precious metals gold; the pure metal was beaten into thin plates, divided into small slips which were rounded by a hammer, filed to form wire. Few remains of ancient wire work have been found. In the late 19th century, Orientalism was popular and tourism to the Middle East grew. Merchants in the town of Asyut began making shawls by using Turkish metal embroidery on leftover mosquito nets in imitation of these ancient fabrics. Locally called tulle bitalli, it was named "Assuit" after the city; as it became more popular, bobbinet material was used. Assuit has been used in Hollywood productions such as the lost Cecil B.

DeMille opus Cleopatra. It was draped on Hedy Lamarr in Delilah, it is used extensively for dresses in old Egyptian musicals. It was worn draped over the head, as wraps, as wedding gowns. Folkloric Belly Dancers make costumes from it, it can be used for decoration: Piano shawls were popular, specimens can still be found in antique shops. Shawls come in different sizes: most are long and narrow, the designs vary, ranging from the simple to the elaborate; some people believe designs have been passed down through families, as with weaving and embroidery work. Some designs appear to be intentionally left incomplete. Coptic Christian designs have animal and human figures, whereas Muslim shawls rely on geometric designs. In some places, assuit shawls are incorrectly referred to as Coptic shawls; the geometric designs were popular with the Art Deco movement, beginning around 1925

Memetic (comic)

Memetic is an apocalyptic horror comic book series, created by James Tynion IV, with art by Eryk Donovan and coloring by Adam Guzowski. The series was published monthly by BOOM! Studios as three oversized issues, beginning in October 2014. In October 2015, BOOM! Studios released all three issues, along with extra features from the writer and artist, in trade paperback form. Tynion IV came up with the idea for Memetic in 2012, when he was getting started in the comic book industry and wanted to create something along the lines of the horror genre, he describes Memetic as coming to him “fully formed,” and he further says that the pitch document from two years prior to the comic's publication looks much the same as the final product. Aaron and Marcus, the main protagonists, were created from the beginning of Memetic’s conception. Tynion wanted his protagonists to be “counter-points” to the world around them, he describes Aaron as like himself in college, expresses that he thought it was important for Aaron to be a queer character.

Issue one At 7:04 am on “Day One,” an image of a sloth with against a colorful spiral background appears on the Internet and becomes a viral sensation. Viewers of the image called the “Good Times Sloth,” claim that seeing it makes them feel amazing and tingle with happiness, they have difficulty looking away. Aaron Sumner, a queer college-age student, colorblind and requires hearing aids, is trying to get a hold of his boyfriend Ryan after the two had an argument, his best friend Sarah attempts to share her excitement over the meme, but Aaron cannot feel the effects of the image due to his colorblindness. He texts Ryan, begging him not to look at the meme. Meanwhile, Marcus Shaw, a blind war veteran, becomes troubled by the sloth image when his friend Richie becomes obsessed with it, he contacts the Barbara Xiang, an old friend and the author of an essay about “weaponized memetics,” who isn't sure what to think of the situation, but notices that those who view the image feel compelled to spread it to others.

On the night of “Day One” it is discovered that twelve hours after exposure to the meme, one begins screaming and becomes violent. These so-called “screamers” bleed from their eyes and attempt to kill anyone around them who has not yet begun screaming. Aaron and Sarah's friend Martin kills their other friend Bastian; the two escape and barricade themselves in Aaron's room, but Sarah realizes she doesn't have much time left and runs to see her family. Elsewhere, Richie becomes a screamer and attempts to kill Marcus, but he fights back and survives the attack; the issue ends with Ryan appearing at Aaron's door. Issue Two On the morning of “Day Two,” society begins to descend into chaos as armed police forces and screamers kill each other in the streets. Throughout the day, as more people begin screaming, the screams become louder and louder to everyone near them. Marcus is escorted from his home by Barbara to Washington D. C. to lead a small task force to Oregon to confront the creator and original poster of the image, who they believe might have a cure.

The task force is made up of Marcus, Dr. Peter Klein, Captain Meredith Schroeder, Sergeant Casey Quinn; the team makes their way through an airplane hangar to find a plane to take to Oregon, but they are ambushed by screamers. Casey is killed in the fighting. Aaron and Ryan decide to go to the college's medical center. Although Aaron is relieved to find a large stock of his medication, they find that the medical center was not as safe as they thought it would be. Aaron finds his parents, who have become screamers, locked behind a room with glass windows by his doctor, Dr. Crowne. Crowne is distressed by Aaron's inability to feel the effects of the Good Times Sloth, it becomes apparent that he is delusional from the effects of the meme, he attempts to capture Aaron so that he may be operated on to correct his colorblindness, but Aaron breaks the window, freeing his screaming parents who kill Dr. Crowne. In his dying words, Crowne claims. Aaron and Ryan to refuge in an expensive abandoned apartment.

After they have sex, Ryan reveals. Aaron begs Ryan not to leave him alone, but Ryan is afraid of turning into a screamer like his brothers did, commits suicide by jumping from the apartment balcony. In the airplane, Marcus and Meredith hear the screams of the screamers, it triggers the effects of viewing the image. Peter says that the screaming caused by viewing the image was intended to happen, so that the combination of all the screams creates the next euphoric stage of the meme. Issue Three On “Day Three,” the screamers cease being violent, they accumulate all over the world in spaces with high volumes of other screams, strip off their clothes, begin climbing each other to form tall human towers. After a little while, the people begin fusing together, with nothing left but their screaming heads. Aaron considers killing himself. A child on the other end asks him to come save her, as she has been locked in a closet by her father with no food, he ventures out to save to her. He discovers the towers on the way, finds that he is immune to the effects of the screaming because of his hearing disability.

While searching for the child, he comes into contact with Barbara Xiang on the walkie-talkie, who has not seen the meme or heard the screams and is still trying to find a way to save humanity despite losing contact with Marcus and the others. Aaron discovers that she wants to join everyone else in the tower. Aaron lets her go, finds

For sale: baby shoes, never worn

"For sale: baby shoes, never worn." is the entirety of what has been described as a six-word story, making it an extreme example of what is called flash fiction or sudden fiction. Although it is attributed to Ernest Hemingway, the link to him is unsubstantiated and similar stories predate him; the claim of Hemingway's authorship originates in an unsubstantiated anecdote about a wager between him and other writers. In a 1992 letter to Canadian humorist John Robert Colombo, science fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke recounts it thus: While lunching with friends at a restaurant, Hemingway bets the table ten dollars each that he can craft an entire story in six words. After the pot is assembled, Hemingway writes "For sale: baby shoes, never worn" on a napkin, passes this around the table, collects his winnings; the May 16, 1910, edition of The Spokane Press had an article titled "Tragedy of Baby's Death is Revealed in Sale of Clothes." At that time, Hemingway would only have been aged ten, years away from beginning his writing career.

In 1917, William R. Kane published a piece in a periodical called The Editor where he outlined the basic idea of a grief-stricken woman who had lost her baby and suggested the title of Little Shoes, Never Worn. In his version of the story, the shoes are being given away rather than sold, he suggests that this would provide some measure of solace for the seller, as it would mean that another baby would at least benefit directly. By 1921, the story was being parodied: the July issue of Judge that year published a version that used a baby carriage instead of shoes; the earliest known connection to Hemingway was thirty years after the author's death. This attribution was in a book by Peter Miller called Get Published! Get Produced!: A Literary Agent's Tips on How to Sell Your Writing. He said he was told the story by a "well-established newspaper syndicator" in 1974. In 1992, John Robert Colombo printed a letter from Arthur C. Clarke that repeated the story, complete with Hemingway having won $10 each from fellow writers.

This connection to Hemingway was reinforced by a one-man play called Papa by John deGroot, which debuted in 1996. Set during a Life magazine photo session in 1959, deGroot has the character utter the phrase as a means of illustrating Hemingway's brevity. In Playbill, deGroot defended his portrayal of Hemingway by saying, "Everything in the play is based on events as described by Ernest Hemingway, or those who knew him well. Whether or not these things happened is something we'll never know truly, but Hemingway and many others claimed they did." The general concept of trying to tell a story with the absolute minimum of words became known by the general term of flash fiction. The six-word limit in particular has spawned the concept of Six-Word Memoirs, including a collection published in book form in 2008 by Smith Magazine, two sequels published in 2009. Literature portal