Gamal Abdel Nasser Hussein was the second President of Egypt, serving from 1954 until his death in 1970. Nasser led the 1952 overthrow of the monarchy and introduced far-reaching land reforms the following year. Following a 1954 attempt on his life by a Muslim Brotherhood member, he cracked down on the organization, put President Mohamed Naguib under house arrest and assumed executive office, he was formally elected president in June 1956. Nasser's popularity in Egypt and the Arab world skyrocketed after his nationalization of the Suez Canal and his political victory in the subsequent Suez Crisis. Calls for pan-Arab unity under his leadership increased, culminating with the formation of the United Arab Republic with Syria from 1958 to 1961. In 1962, Nasser began a series of modernization reforms in Egypt. Despite setbacks to his pan-Arabist cause, by 1963 Nasser's supporters gained power in several Arab countries, but he became embroiled in the North Yemen Civil War and the much larger Arab Cold War.
He began his second presidential term in March 1965 after his political opponents were banned from running. Following Egypt's defeat by Israel in the 1967 Six-Day War, Nasser resigned, but he returned to office after popular demonstrations called for his reinstatement. By 1968, Nasser had appointed himself Prime Minister, launched the War of Attrition to regain lost territory, began a process of depoliticizing the military and issued a set of political liberalization reforms. After the conclusion of the 1970 Arab League summit, Nasser died, his funeral in Cairo drew an outpouring of grief across the Arab world. Nasser remains an iconic figure in the Arab world for his strides towards social justice and Arab unity, modernization policies and anti-imperialist efforts, his presidency encouraged and coincided with an Egyptian cultural boom and launched large industrial projects, including the Aswan Dam and Helwan city. Nasser's detractors criticize his authoritarianism, his human rights violations and his dominance of military over civil institutions, establishing a pattern of military and dictatorial rule in Egypt.
Nasser was born on 15 January 1918 in Bakos, Egypt. Nasser's father was Abdel Nasser Hussein and his mother was Fahima Nasser. Nasser's father was a postal worker born in Beni Mur in Upper Egypt. and raised in Alexandria, his mother's family came from Mallawi, el-Minya. His parents married in 1917. Nasser had Izz al-Arab and al-Leithi. Nasser's biographers Robert Stephens and Said Aburish wrote that Nasser's family believed in the "Arab notion of glory", since the name of Nasser's brother, Izz al-Arab, translates to "Glory of the Arabs". Nasser's family traveled due to his father's work. In 1921, they moved to Asyut and, in 1923, to Khatatba. Nasser attended a primary school for the children of railway employees until 1924, when he was sent to live with his paternal uncle in Cairo, to attend the Nahhasin elementary school. Nasser visited her on holidays, he stopped receiving messages at the end of April 1926. Upon returning to Khatatba, he learned that his mother had died after giving birth to his third brother and that his family had kept the news from him.
Nasser stated that "losing her this way was a shock so deep that time failed to remedy". He adored his mother and the injury of her death deepened when his father remarried before the year's end. In 1928, Nasser went to Alexandria to live with his maternal grandfather and attend the city's Attarin elementary school, he left in 1929 for a private boarding school in Helwan, returned to Alexandria to enter the Ras el-Tin secondary school and to join his father, working for the city's postal service. It was in Alexandria. After witnessing clashes between protesters and police in Manshia Square, he joined the demonstration without being aware of its purpose; the protest, organized by the ultranationalist Young Egypt Society, called for the end of colonialism in Egypt in the wake of the 1923 Egyptian constitution's annulment by Prime Minister Isma'il Sidqi. Nasser was detained for a night before his father bailed him out. Nasser joined the paramilitary wing of the group, known as the Green Shirts, for a brief period in 1934.
His association with the group and active role in student demonstrations during this period "imbued him with a fierce Egyptian nationalism", according to the historian James Jankowski. When his father was transferred to Cairo in 1933, Nasser joined him and attended al-Nahda al-Masria school, he took up acting in school plays for a brief period and wrote articles for the school's paper, including a piece on French philosopher Voltaire titled "Voltaire, the Man of Freedom". On 13 November 1935, Nasser led a student demonstration against British rule, protesting against a statement made four days prior by UK foreign minister Samuel Hoare that rejected prospects for the 1923 Constitution's restoration. Two protesters were killed and Nasser received a graze to the head from a policeman's bullet; the incident garnered his first mention in the press: the nationalist newspaper Al Gihad reported that Nasser led the protest and was among the wounded. On 12 December, the new king, issued a decree restoring the constitution.
Nasser's involvement in political activity increased throughout his school years, such that he only attended 45 days of classes during his last year of secondary school. Despite it having the almos
The Mexican Laborist Party was a social democratic political party in Mexico that existed from 1919 to 1940. The PLM was founded by one of Mexico's main union leaders; the PLM functioned as the political branch of the Regional Confederation of Mexican Workers, the country's most powerful union. The party gave platform to a particular portion of Mexico's social base and was in opposition to the Constitutionalist Party. In the 1920s the PLM was the most powerful party in Mexico. Presidents Álvaro Obregón and Plutarco Elías Calles were elected on a PL ticket and in 1922 the PL managed to defeat the Liberal Constitutionalist Party in congressional elections, becoming largest party in the Congress of Mexico. Competition with rival parties, including the PLC, the National Cooperativist Party, the Mexican Communist Party, the National Agrarianist Party and the National Anti-Reelectionist Party was violent, the government supporting the PL. After the assassination of Obregón, elected, in 1928 the party's power started to decline.
Morones was suspected to benefit from lost support. In 1929, Calles founded the National Revolutionary Party, to become the'official' party; the PL last participated in the election in 1940, when it supported the right-wing candidate Juan Andreu
9 Argyle Place is a heritage-listed residence and commercial building at 9 Argyle Place, Millers Point, City of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It was built in 1910, it was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 6 June 2003. Millers Point is one of the earliest areas of European settlement in Australia, a focus for maritime activities. Argyle Place, a primitive version of a London Square, was commenced by Governor Lachlan Macquarie but not formed until after quarrying of the adjacent rock face had ceased in about 1865.9 Argyle Place was built by the Sydney Harbour Trust in 1910 as a restaurant with an eight-room boarding house above. It replaced an earlier Kentish Dining Rooms, located in Windmill Street prior to the Trust's resumption of the area following an outbreak of bubonic plague, it was incorporated into the block of five shops with flats above built adjacent at Nos. 21-29 Kent Street. 9 Argyle Place is a two-storey Federation Arts and Crafts style brick building with slate roof.
Architectural features include steep pitched gable roof form with wide open eaves, moulded brick string courses, sandstone window sills and tablet to gable end north elevation, arched windows and openings to balcony on the western facade. It continues to operate with a commercial premises on residential space above; the building finishes. Windows have been infilled in one ground floor section, an inappropriate awning added, the rear doorway has been blocked but may be original. Constructed in 1910, the two-storey residence is an interesting example of early 20th Century commercial and residential development being part of the-post plague redevelopment important to the streetscape of Millers Point, it is part of the Millers Point Conservation Area, an intact residential and maritime precinct that contains residential buildings and civic spaces dating from the 1830s and is an important example of nineteenth-century adaptation of the landscape.9 Argyle Place was listed on the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 6 June 2003.
Australian residential architectural styles 1-7 Argyle Place, Millers Point Howard Tanner and Associates Pty Ltd. Millers Point Conservation Study. Brooks & Associates. Department of Housing s170 Register; this Wikipedia article was based on Shop and Residence, entry number 865 in the New South Wales State Heritage Register published by the State of New South Wales and Office of Environment and Heritage 2018 under CC-BY 4.0 licence, accessed on 13 October 2018. Paul Davies Pty Ltd. "Millers Point and Walsh Bay Heritage Review". City of Sydney