Garage rock is a raw and energetic style of rock and roll that flourished in the mid-1960s, most notably in the United States and Canada, has experienced a series of subsequent revivals. The style is characterized by basic chord structures played on electric guitars and other instruments, sometimes distorted through a fuzzbox, as well as unsophisticated and aggressive lyrics and delivery, its name derives from the perception that groups were made up of young amateurs who rehearsed in the family garage, although many were professional. In the US and Canada, surf rock—and the Beatles and other beat groups of the British Invasion—motivated thousands of young people to form bands between 1963 and 1968. Hundreds of acts produced regional hits, some had national hits played on AM radio stations. With the advent of psychedelia, a number of garage bands incorporated exotic elements into the genre's primitive stylistic framework. After 1968, as more sophisticated forms of rock music came to dominate the marketplace, garage rock records disappeared from national and regional charts, the movement faded.
Other countries in the 1960s developed similar grass-roots rock movements that have sometimes been characterized as variants of garage rock. During the 1960s garage rock was not recognized as a distinct genre and had no specific name, but critical hindsight in the early 1970s—and the 1972 compilation album Nuggets—did much to define and memorialize the style. Between 1971 and 1973, certain American rock critics began to retroactively identify the music as a genre and for several years used the term "punk rock" to describe it, making it the first form of music to bear the description, predating the more familiar use of the term appropriated by the punk rock movement that it influenced. "Garage rock" came into use at the beginning of the 1980s gaining favor amongst commentators and devotees. The genre has been referred to as "proto-punk". In the early to mid-1980s, several revival scenes emerged featuring acts that consciously attempted to replicate the look and sound of 1960s garage bands. In the decade, a louder, more contemporary garage subgenre developed that combined garage rock with modern punk rock and other influences, sometimes using the garage punk label and otherwise associated with 1960s garage bands.
In the 2000s, a wave of garage-influenced acts associated with the post-punk revival emerged, some achieved commercial success. Garage rock continues to appeal to musicians and audiences who prefer a "back to basics" or "do-it-yourself" musical approach; the term "garage rock" used in reference to 1960s acts, stems from the perception that many performers were young amateurs who rehearsed in the family garage. While numerous bands were made up of middle-class teenagers from the suburbs, others were from rural or urban areas or were composed of professional musicians in their twenties; the term "garage band" is used to refer to musical acts in this genre. Referring to the 1960s, Mike Markesich commented "teenage rock & roll groups proliferated Everywheresville USA". Though it is impossible to determine how many garage bands were active in the era, their numbers were extensive in what Markesich has characterized as a "cyclonic whirlwind of musical activity like none other". According to Mark Nobles, it is estimated that between 1964 and 1968 over 180,000 bands formed in the United States, several thousand US garage acts made records during the era.
Garage bands performed in a variety of venues. Local and regional groups played at parties, school dances, teen clubs. For acts of legal age, bars and college fraternity socials provided regular engagements. Groups had the opportunity to open at shows for famous touring acts; some garage rock bands went on tour those better-known, but lesser-known groups sometimes received bookings or airplay beyond their immediate locales. Groups competed in "battles of the bands", which gave musicians an opportunity to gain exposure and a chance to win a prize, such as free equipment or recording time in a local studio. Contests were held, locally and nationally, three of the most prestigious national events were held annually by the Tea Council of the U. S. A. the Music Circus, the United States Junior Chamber. Performances sounded amateurish, naïve, or intentionally raw, with typical themes revolving around the traumas of high school life and songs about "lying girls" being common; the lyrics and delivery were more aggressive than the more established acts of the time with nasal, growled, or shouted vocals, sometimes punctuated by shrieks or screams at climactic moments of release.
Instrumentation was characterized by basic chord structures played on electric guitars or keyboards distorted through a fuzzbox, teamed with bass and drums. Guitarists sometimes played using aggressive-sounding bar chords or power chords. Portable organs such as the Farfisa were used and harmonicas and hand-held percussion such as tambourines were not uncommon; the tempo was sped up in passages sometimes referred to as "raveups". Garage rock acts were diverse in both musical ability and in style, ranging from crude and amateurish to near-studio level musicianship. There were regional variations in flourishing scenes, such as in California and Texas; the north-western states of Idaho and Oregon had a distinctly recognizable regional sound with bands such as the Sonics and Paul Revere & the Raiders. In the 1960s, garage rock had no name and was not thought of as a genre distinct from o
Tous is a mythological Iranian prince and hero from the Pishdadian-Dynasty, whose deeds and adventures were told in Ferdowsi's Shahnameh. Tous was a wise and brave man but proud and pugnacious, and because of these characteristics he did not possess the king's divine glory and was not elected by the other nobles of Iran as heir to his father King Nowzar. Instead, his cousin Zav became founder of the famous Kayanian dynasty. Tous was a loyal vassal to the following kings Kai Kobad and Kai Kavoos and a great warrior defending Iran against her old arch-rival Turan, the land of the Turanians. Among the first and noblest knights of Iran he accompanied the king on several campaigns, his coat of arms shows the device of a golden elephant as well as he and his kin wore golden shoes, but when Kai Kavoos chose his grandson Kai Khosrow as heir to the throne of Iran, Tous rebelled, again declared his claims as oldest son of Nowzar. In Tous' opinion the House of Kai Kobad had lost its right to rule because Kai Khosrow has had a Turanian mother and thus Tous feared that with his coronation at least Turan, Iran's arch-enemy, would come to power.
A civil war about succession broke out between the House of Godarz. Godarz was another heroic warrior of Iran, a loyal vassal to the king’s wishes and Kai Khosrows supporter. During this war on both sides a lot of famous warriors were killed, like Rivniz and Farud. Thus, to end this bloody civil war the old Kai Kavoos decided to make an assessment between the claimant to the throne Tous and his own heir Kai Khosrow. Tous failed in the challenge for the throne but Kai Khosrow won the test, and Tous accepted the result. He paid obedience to the new designed king and for his loyalty Tous was granted the greatest honours as a royal prince. After Tous protected Iran and the new king against several demons and dragons in many adventures, Kai Khosrow marched with a huge army against Turan. Tous was commander-in-chief and at least the Iranians could defeat the Turanians in a final battle. One day in wintertime the whole royal court arranged a shoot in the woods, Tous was among Kai Khosrow’s companions who rode into wilderness and disappeared behind the fallen snow.
And it is said that "at the end of times, at Judgement Day he will occur again as one of the thirty Immortals, to fight at the side of the Holy Saviour for Good, in the final apocalyptical battle he will destroy all creatures of Evil."Tous founded the city of Tous in the province of Khorassan next to today’s city of Mashhad. It is said that the city of Tous was the capital of Parthia and the residence of King Vishtaspa, the first converted to Zoroastianism; the descendants following their mythological progenitor Tous were mentioned as the House of Tous, the House Nowzari or at least as Shahzadegi Tous ben Naudharan and some Iranian families claim to be offspring of the hero Tous like the tribe of Zarrin Kafsh. Ayazi, Burhan: A’ineh’-ye Sanandaj, Amir Kabir, Tehran 1360. Ferdowsi, Abul-Qasem: Shahnameh, edit. by Djalal Khaleghi-Motlagh, Reclam Verlag, Stuttgart 2010. Justi, Ferdinand: Iranisches Namensbuch, Marburg 1895, reprint: Georg Olms Verlag, Hildesheim 1963. Yarshater, Ehsan: "Iranian National History", in: Cambridge History of Iran, edit. by Ehsan Yarshater, Vol. 3, Cambridge University Press, London 2003, pp. 359–480.
Ferdowsi Shahnameh. From the Moscow version. Mohammed Publishing. ISBN 964-5566-35-5
Shepard Alonzo Mount (17 July 1804, New York - 18 September 1868, Stony Brook, New York was an American painter, best known for his portraits, although he worked in several genres. He was the older brother of William Sidney Mount. After his father's early death in 1814, the family moved to Stony Brook, he was apprenticed to James Brewster, a coach maker in New Haven. In 1827, he followed the company in a move to New York and joined his brothers William and Henry, who were both studying to become painters, he soon decided to follow suit and spent two years at the National Academy of Design, after which he began to participate in exhibitions there. He and William opened a studio in 1829 and he became an Associate of the Academy in 1833; the studio was not successful and they relocated to Athens, although Shepard returned to New York not long after. There, he studied portrait painting with Henry Inman. In 1837, he married daughter of the portraitist Charles Loring Elliott. In 1841, they settled with his family in Stony Brook.
The following year, he was named an Academician at the National Academy. He continued as a portrait painter to support his family. In the early 1860s, his placid life took a downward turn when his eldest daughter, died of tuberculosis, his son William, living in Mississippi, was drafted into the Confederate Army. After he was captured and imprisoned as a spy, Mount enlisted the help of Francis Bicknell Carpenter and William Cullen Bryant to petition President Lincoln for his release; this effort was successful in 1864. Shepard died of cholera in September 1868, his brother William died of cholera, one month and his son, died of pneumonia the month after that. His works may be seen at the Delaware Art Museum, the Metropolitan Museum, the Detroit Institute of Arts, the New York Historical Society, in the White House. Deborah J. Johnson, Shepard Alonzo Mount, Museums at Stony Brook, 1988 ISBN 978-0-943924-12-0 "Long Island Museum receives loan of historic portraits" @ TBR Newsmedia
Guo Yue is a virtuoso of the dizi and bawu. He was born in China during the period of the Cultural Revolution, he plays a wide range of the bamboo flute and lives in London. He has recorded for Peter Gabriel's Real World label, he is dedicated to cooking, has found ways of combining cookery with flute playing at some of his concerts. Yue was born in Beijing, China, he was the youngest of 6 children, born in the year of China's Maoist Great Leap Forward. His family lived in one of the traditional courtyards surrounded by a jumble of old alleys, known as Hutongs; this was situated in the area between the Drum and Bell Towers and the river, it was here where he played as a child. His hutong courtyard housed traditional musicians and their families, most of whom were from the countryside, his father had no formal musical training, so Yue learned technique from these neighbouring musicians, how to put his whole body, not his breath, into playing the flute. Yue's third sister, was living in England, in 1982 she helped him leave China.
He got a place at the Guildhall School of Music. Since Yue has had a wide-ranging musical career, including composing, arranging and recording traditional Chinese music, he has recorded with his brother Guo Yi, who plays the sheng. In 1990 they made a Real World album called'Yuan'; this recording includes the singing of his second sister, Xuan. The two brothers performed at international festivals and concerts as the Guo Brothers. Since 1990 he has performed at a wide range of venues including WOMAD Festivals worldwide as a soloist and performing his own music. From 2003 he has worked in "Shan Qi" with Giovanni Amighetti, Helge A. Norbakken, Guido Ponzini, Wu Fei, Gjermund Silset. Yue's range has extended far beyond traditional Chinese music, he has worked with Peter Gabriel, Sinéad O'Connor and Hothouse Flowers. Yue has collaborated with creative musical artists from Africa and Japan. In 1992 he won an American instrumental award with the album Trisan in partnership with the Japanese taiko drummer Joji Hirota, the Irish singer/composer Pol Brennan.
In 1995 Yue and Joji recorded the album Red Ribbon, his bamboo flute concerto'My Peking Alley' was performed at the 1999 WOMAD Festival in Reading with the BBC Concert Orchestra. Guo has worked on the soundtracks for several international films; these include Bernardo Bertolucci's Oscar-winning The Killing Fields. He played George Fenton's soundtrack theme for the Channel Four television documentary Beyond the Clouds, which won an Emmy, its director Phil Agland said:'In the magical hands of Guo Yue, the bawu flute creates sounds that haunt the soul'. In 2009 Horse and Bamboo Theatre and Barefoot Books collaborated with Guo and his wife, Clare Farrow, on a theatre production based on Little Leap Forward: A Boy in Beijing, the story of his childhood. Guo is a specialist in authentic Chinese cooking, gives cookery workshops in cookery schools and food festivals worldwide combined with music.'Music and Art' is held in Beijing, groups of 8 to 10 students travel with him to stay in the hutongs where he grew up, visiting local markets and learning food preparation and cookery techniques, the relationship of food to health and music.
Yue wrote Music and Love with Clare Farrow, published in 2006. It's an autobiographical story of the Chinese Cultural Revolution, seen through the eyes of a young boy. Yue had little formal education, but was born with an instinctive love of music and cooking, he tells how these things enabled him to find an outlet for self-expression at a time when freedom and individuality were frowned upon, suppressed by the policies of Mao Zedong. Yue describes his childhood during the Revolution, he manages to evoke the vivid colours, smells and sounds of a world that no longer exists. The passages about his mother are moving, as she was forcibly separated from her family during the Revolution, he describes a city that, at six o'clock in the evening, would begin to vibrate with the force and sound of everybody chopping food. In the hutongs, by listening to the speed and rhythm of the chopping, you could tell what food your neighbours were preparing. In 2008 Little Leap Forward: A Boy in Beijing was published by.
It is aimed at a younger reader. Little Leap Forward offers a touching boy's view of the Cultural Revolution as the backdrop for his growing-up years; the book is named ironically. Throughout he refers metaphorically to his caged pet bird; the bird has never sung one note in the cage its confined to, but on him releasing it, the bird returns to him and sings joyously. His friend, Little-Little, asks him the question - “Wouldn't you rather be free, just for a day, than spend a lifetime in a cage? It's beautifully illustrated by the artist Helen Cann, it was this book that formed the source material for the Horse and Bamboo production. There are black-and-white autobiographical photos of the author in the Afterword. AlbumsYuan Trisan Red Ribbon 2006 - Music and Love Contributing artist1994 - The Rough Guide to World Music 1999 - Unwired: Acoustic Music from Around the World Guo and Clare Farrow. Music and Love. Piatkus. ISBN 0-7499-50
Roller coasters are amusement rides developed for amusement parks and modern theme parks. During the 16th and 17th centuries, rides consisting of wooden sleds that took riders down large slides made from ice were popular in Russia; the first roller coasters, where the train was attached to a wooden track, first appeared in France in the early 1800s. Although wooden roller coasters are still being produced, steel roller coasters are more common and can be found on every continent except Antarctica. Ranked by height, length and steepness, roller coasters are rated through public opinion polls. Amusement parks compete to build the tallest and longest rides to attract thrill seekers and boost overall park attendance. However, many records do not last long; when Magnum XL-200 opened in 1989, it began a new era of roller coasters and increased competition among parks to set new world records. The Magnum XL–200 was the first complete-circuit roller coaster built over 200 feet. Other notable roller coasters include Formula Rossa which reaches a top speed of 149 miles per hour, Kingda Ka which stands at 456 feet tall, Steel Dragon 2000 which measures 8,133 feet in length.
And The Smiler which features fourteen inversions. This listing contains all types of roller coaster inversions. Roller coaster census at the Roller Coaster DataBase Top 100 roller coasters on CoasterBuzz
Linda Sarna is an American nursing researcher and academic. She is dean and Lulu Wolf Hassenplug Chair of the UCLA School of Nursing. Sarna was appointed the school's seventh dean Nov. 15, 2016. After serving as acting dean and interim dean. Sarna received her education in the University of California system, she attended UCLA where she earned her BS in Nursing in 1969 and her MN in Oncology Nursing in 1976. In 1989, she received her research-oriented DNSc in Oncology Specialty from UC San Francisco, converted to a PhD. Sarna is a fellow of the American Academy of Nursing, recognized as a distinguished research professor by the Oncology Nursing Society, she has been inducted into Sigma Theta Tau's International Nurse Research Hall of Fame, the Western Academy of Nursing. In 2018, she received the Oncology Nursing Society Lifetime Achievement Award. An internationally recognized scholar in promoting the role of nursing in tobacco control and oncology research focused on patients with lung cancer, Sarna is co-founder of Tobacco Free Nurses.
The TNF initiative funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, helps nurses quit smoking and promote their role in tobacco control. Sarna's efforts to reduce tobacco use among nursing professionals have earned her several professional accolades, including a Distinguished Service Award from the International Society of Nurses in Cancer Care. Sarna's recent work has focused on helping nurses around the world help patients quit smoking those affected by cancer, she has collaborated with the International Society of Nurses in Cancer Care, in partnership with Dr. Stella Bialous, in China, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Poland and the United States. Other projects have included the Philippines and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, she has monitored changes in smoking prevalence among the nursing profession in the U. S. In 2016, Sarna was elected the first National Board Chair for the National Clinician Scholars Program, she was named one of The 30 Most Influential Deans of Nursing in a 2015 report prepared by Mometrix, which measured U.
S. nursing deans' work and passion. During the 2012-2013 academic year, Sarna served as chair of the UCLA Academic Senate. 2018 Received Oncology Nursing Society Lifetime Achievement Award Daily Nurse. 2017 Induction into the Western Academy of Nursing. 2017 Designated as an Edge Runner for Tobacco Free Nurses, with ISNCC President Stella Bialous, from the American Academy of Nursing. 2016 Elected first National Board Chair for the National Clinician Scholars Program. 2016 Received Jane Norbeck Distinguished Alumnus Award, UCSF School of Nursing. 2015 Named one of The 30 Most Influential Nursing Deans in the United States, by Mometrix. 2014 Inducted into International Nurse Researcher Hall of Fame, Sigma Theta Tau. 2009 Appointed as the Lulu Wolf Hassenplug Chair in Nursing. 2009 Awarded the NurseWeek Excellence Award: Leading the Profession. 2004 Received distinguished Merit Award for Services to Cancer Nursing: International Society for Nurses in Cancer Care. 1994 Elected Fellow, American Academy of Nursing.
Changes in Smoking Prevalences Among Health Care Professionals From 2003 to 2010-2011. Sarna L, Bialous SA, Nandy K, Antonio AL, & Yang Q.. JAMA. 311:197-199. Doi: 10.1001/jama.2013.284871. PubMed PMID 24399560. Changes in Smoking Prevalences Among Health Care Professionals From 2003 to 2010-2011 Nurses' Attitudes toward Intervening with Smokers: Their Knowledge, Opinion and E-Learning Impact. Králíková E, Felbrová V, Kulovaná S, Malá K, Nohavová I, Roubíčková E, Pánková A, Bialous SA, Wells MJ, Brook J, Sarna L. Central European Journal of Public Health. 2016 Dec. Doi: 10.21101/cejph.a4652. Nurses' Attitudes toward Intervening with Smokers: Their Knowledge, Opinion and E-Learning Impact. - PubMed - NCBI Nursing practice and education in the West. The best is yet to come. Young H, Bakewell-Sacks B, Sarna L. Nursing Research. 66. Nursing Practice and Education in the West: The Best Is Yet to Come. - PubMed - NCBI Lung cancer and tobacco: What is new? Nursing Clinics of North America. Bialous SA & Sarna L. 52:53-63 Lung Cancer and Tobacco: What Is New?
Tobacco Use in Cancer Clinical Trials: Research Priorities, Recommended Measures, Assessment Protocol. Land SR, Warren GW, Moinpour JS, Ostroff JS, Crafts J, Folz JL, Gulley E, Szabo E, Chollette V, Brandon TH, Duffy S, Hatsukami DK, Dresler ER, Gritz ER, Schnoll R, Sarna L, Rigotti N, Buckner JC, Mitchell SA, & Toll B. Clinical Cancer Research. Research Priorities and Recommendations for Assessment of Tobacco Use in Clinical Cancer Research Helping Smokers Quit: Behaviors and Attitudes of Chinese Registered Nurses. Sarna L, Bialous SA, Zou,XN, Wang W, Hong JF, Chan SS, Wells M, & Brook J. Journal of Advanced Nursing. Sep 28. Doi: 10.1111/jan.12811. Helping smokers quit: behaviours and attitudes of Chinese Registered Nurses Supportive care in lung cancer: milestones over the past 40 years. Molassiotis A, Uyterlinde W, Hollen PJ, Sarna L, Palmer P, Krishnasamy M.. Journal of Thoracic Oncology. 10:10-18. Doi: 10.1097/JTO.0000000000000407. PubMed PMID 25325780. Supportive care in lung cancer: milestones over the past 40 years Supportive Care in Lung Cancer: Milestones Over the Past 40 Years Making a difference: Nursing scholarship and leadership in tobacco control.
Sarna L, Bialous, SA, Chan SS, Hollen P, & O'Connell KA. 61: 31-42. Doi: 10.1016/j.outlook.2012.05.007. Nursing Outlook. PubMed PMID 22819635. Making a difference: Nursing scholarship and leadership in tobacco control Nurses' treatment of toba