The Garden District is a neighborhood of the city of New Orleans, United States. A subdistrict of the Central City/Garden District Area, its boundaries as defined by the City Planning Commission are: St. Charles Avenue to the north, 1st Street to the east, Magazine Street to the south, Toledano Street to the west; the National Historic Landmark district extends a little farther. The area was developed between 1832 and 1900 and is considered one of the best-preserved collections of historic mansions in the Southern United States; the 19th-century origins of the Garden District illustrate wealthy newcomers building opulent structures based upon the prosperity of New Orleans in that era. The Garden District has an elevation of 3 feet. According to the United States Census Bureau, the district has a total area of 0.21 square miles. 0.21 square miles of, land and 0.00 square miles of, water. Central City Lower Garden District Irish Channel Touro The City Planning Commission defines the boundaries of the Garden District as these streets: St. Charles Avenue, 1st Street, Magazine Street and Toledano Street.
The Garden District Association defines the boundaries as both sides of Carondelet Street, Josephine Street, both sides of Louisiana Avenue, Magazine Street. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,970 people, 1,117 households, 446 families residing in the neighborhood; the population density was 9,381 /mi². As of the census of 2010, there were 1,926 people, 1,063 households, 440 families residing in the neighborhood; this whole area was once a number of plantations, including the Livaudais Plantation. It was sold off in parcels to wealthy Americans who did not want to live in the French Quarter with the Creoles, it became a part of the city of Lafayette in 1833, was annexed by New Orleans in 1852. The district was laid out by New Orleans architect and surveyor Barthelemy Lafon; the area was developed with only a couple of houses per block, each surrounded by a large garden, giving the district its name. In the late 19th century, some of these large lots were subdivided, as uptown New Orleans became more urban.
This has produced a pattern for much of the neighborhood: of any given block having a couple of early 19th-century mansions surrounded by "gingerbread"-decorated late Victorian period houses. Thus, the "Garden District" is now known for its architecture more than for its gardens per se. A larger district was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1974. Gilmour – Parker House, 1520 Prytania Street, erected in 1853 for Thomas Corse Gilmour, English Cotton Merchant, Isaac Thayer, architect-builder. Sold by Gilmour heirs in 1882 to John M. Parker, whose son, John M. Parker Jr. lived here and served as Governor of Louisiana. The dining room extension with bay window was added by Mrs. Sarah Roberta Buckner, widow of John M. Parker, between 1897 and 1899. Bradish Johnson House, 2341 Prytania Street, erected in 1872, the design of this post-Civil War mansion of a prominent Louisiana sugar planter, attributed to James Freret, reflects the influence of the French "Ecole des Beaux Arts," where he studied from 1860 to 1862.
Residence of Walter Denegre 1892-1929, Louise S. McGehee School since 1929. Adam-Jones House, 2423 Prytania Street, erected for John I. Adams, who in 1860 purchased the Garden District part of the former plantation of Jacques Francois de Livaudais, built the Adam-Jones House and made it his residence until 1896. Subsequent family ownerships were Mrs. William Preston Johnston, Woodruff George. Restored in 1961-1962 by Mrs. Hamilton Polk Jones. Women's Guild of the New Orleans Opera Association, 2500 Prytania Street, Greek Revival design by architect William Alfred Freret, was built for Edward A. Davis in 1859. Dr. and Mrs. Herman de Bachelle Seebold purchased the home in 1944 and donated the mansion and art in 1965 to the Women's Guild of the New Orleans Opera Association. R. N. Girling's "English Apothecary", 2726 Prytania Street. Robert Nash Girling established his "English Apothecary". An Englishman by birth, Girling studied pharmacy at the Ecole de Pharmacie in Paris. In the early 1870s he immigrated with his wife to New Orleans, where he soon advertised as a "Druggist and Chemist".
His embossed glass bottles read "R. N. Girling and Purity, Pharmacist and Chemist, New Orleans". A founder of the Louisiana Pharmaceutical Association in 1882, he served as its second president, was instrumental in Louisiana becoming the first state in the nation to license pharmacists. After his death in 1894, this site continued to be used as a pharmacy until the 1950s. Known as "Maisonette Creole", in 1832 it was a part of Jefferson Parish and was known as the Livaudais Plantation. Restored by Fannie Mae Goldman in 1960. Claiborne Cottage, 2727 Prytania Street, a raised, center-hall, Greek Revival cottage, built in 1857 by John Vittie for Sophronie Claiborne Marigny, daughter of Louisiana's first Governor, Lady of French Queen Amelie's court, wife of Mandeville de Marigny, a prominent political and military figure. After several subsequent owners, the Society of Redemptorists purchased the cottage
A Personal Retirement Savings Account is a type of savings account introduced to the Irish market in 2003. In an attempt to increase pension coverage, the Pensions Board introduces a retirement savings account that would entice the lower paid and self-employed to start making some pension provision; the intention was for PRSAs to supplement any State Retirement Benefits that would be payable in years to come. There are two types of Standard and Non-Standard; the Standard PRSA has a legal cap on charges. The maximum annual management charge is 1% and the maximum charge on each contribution is 5%. There can be no other charge applied to the setting up of a PRSA, unless it forms part of an overall financial review. In this case, a fee may be charged for the advice given; the Non-Standard PRSA can have charges higher than those stated for a Standard PRSA. A consumer can purchase a PRSA without advice. If the consumer does not need advice on the product or in selecting investment funds, they can buy a PRSA on an'Execution Only' basis.
The reward for the consumer in electing for this method of purchase is that they can buy the product without the 5% contribution charge. The PRSA product can be used to supplement existing pension funding by making additional voluntary contributions to the main pension scheme available through employment; the minimum contribution to a PRSA is €10 per month. This can be paid through the contributors own bank account. If the contribution is deducted from salary any Tax and PRSI Reliefs are applied at source so that the payments are made on a nett basis. If payments are made from the contributors bank account any Tax or PRSI Reliefs that may be due would have to be applied for'manually' through Revenue. Tax Relief and PRSI Relief are dealt with by two separate section of Revenue. Employers have to offer their employees the facility to put in place at least one Standard PRSA in situations where: there is no pension scheme in place some employees are excluded from the existing pension scheme the waiting period for membership of the existing scheme is more than 6 months The current pension scheme rules do not allow employees to make AVCsEmployers are not obliged to make contributions to an employee's PRSA The PRSA contributor can select a single fund or combination of funds from those provided by each of the PRSA providers.
They can elect to choose a'Default Investment Strategy', designed to fulfil the reasonable expectations of a typical investor. The full value of the PRSA fund, without liability to income tax, is paid to the PRSA holders estate. Inheritance Tax may apply to the fund; the PRSA fund assets can be used to provide a pension for a spouse. There are certain Revenue limits that apply to the maximum contribution that can be made in any one tax year; these are dependent on the age of their earnings. The Tax Relief available on contributions are granted at the contributors highest marginal rate of tax. For example, if an employees highest rate of income tax is 41% and they pay PRSI of 6%, the nett cost on a contribution of €100 would be €53. Any investment growth accumulates free of tax. Contributors are entitled to 25% of their accumulated fund at retirement, tax-free; the balance of the fund is subject to the income tax rates prevalent at the date of retirement. Most PRSA contributors elect to take 25% of their fund tax-free.
If they do this they can either buy an annuity with the balance, invest in an ARF or a combination of both. Contributions can be made to a PRSA up to age 75, but must be transferred to an annuity or ARF. Taxation in the Republic of Ireland Technical Guide Irish Revenue Irish Pensions Board Irish Pensions Calculator
Stefan Nystrom was a long-time resident of Australia, deported to Sweden in 2006. He won a landmark decision at the United Nations in 2011, establishing that non-citizens may have the right to enter a country. Nystrom was born on 31 December 1973 in Sweden, his mother, an Australian permanent resident, was visiting her parents in Sweden in the late stages of her pregnancy. She arrived back in Australia with Stefan. Since he lived all his life in Australia, never leaving the country, he speaks only English. By 2004, aged 30, he had committed a large number of offences "including aggravated rape of a 10-year old boy and armed robbery" and was once again in jail for a serious criminal offence; the Australian Immigration Minister, Amanda Vanstone, under Section 501 of the Migration Act, cancelled his visa in 2004 on the grounds of his bad character, had him imprisoned and sought to deport him to Sweden. However, she was stopped in 2005 by the Federal Court, whose majority judgement read: " has indeed behaved badly, but no worse than many of his age who have lived as members of the Australian community all their lives but who happen to be citizens.
The difference is the barest of technicalities"... "Apart from the dire punishment of the individual involved, it presumes that Australia can export its problems elsewhere". As an aside to the main point, some controversy was raised by the Federal Court of Australia judges saying "... but no worse than many of his age". However, according to the same court, his crimes included aggravated rape of a 10-year-old child and armed robbery, one judge noted "the appellant is a unpleasant man having been convicted of serious and odious crimes"; this has been an opportunity for some to castigate judges for being out of touch. The Australian Government appealed to the High Court of Australia, where a panel of five judges gave their decision on 8 November 2006 that despite Nystrom having an "absorbed person visa", Senator Vanstone could cancel his visa and deport him on character grounds. Two judges noted that Parliament had left the Immigration Minister with the discretion to decide whether a person such as Nystrom could remain in Australia.
Despite this, Senator Vanstone said her department was now "obliged" to detain Nystrom and "facilitate his removal". Nystrom was re-arrested on 10 Nov. 2006 and held in Maribyrnong Immigration Detention Centre in Melbourne. On 22 December, with the assistance of the Human Rights Law Resource Centre, he petitioned the United Nations Human Rights Committee to prevent his deportation; the Committee declined his request for an interim measure to halt his deportation while his case was being decided. He was deported on 27 December 2006, arriving in Sweden on 29 December 2006, it would appear that the High Court decision, the dissenting Federal Court judge's opinion, was that technically whilst the Immigration Minister has the power to deport any non-citizen on grounds of bad character, she should not do so in Nystrom's case. All three Federal Court judges were unanimous in their criticism of Senator Vanstone in this case. In July 2011, after 4.5 years delay, the UN Human Rights Committee, which monitors compliance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, determined that Australia had violated Nystrom's right to enter his own country and his right to family.
In finding that the right to enter one’s own country can apply to non-citizens, Nystrom v Australia "unequivocally establish that an individual may be able to claim protection against arbitrary deportation by a state party though he or she is not a citizen of that state." Further, there are unlikely to be any circumstances in which expulsion from one's country can be "anything other than arbitrary." Australia has a legal obligation to remedy its breach of the ICCPR and, in the HRC’s view, it should allow and ‘materially facilitate’ Nystrom’s return to Australia. However, in April 2012 the Australian Government advised the HRC that it "respectfully disagrees" with the committee and said that it will not allow Nystrom to re-enter Australia. Barrister Brian Walters, who acted pro bono for Nystrom, stated the Government's decision could damage international relations and that Sweden had requested Australia not to deport Nystrom on humanitarian grounds. Other prominent immigration cases in Australia: Cornelia Rau Vivian Solon Robert Jovicic
"The Weiqi Devil" known as "The Chess Ghost", is a short story by Qing dynasty writer Pu Songling, collected in Strange Tales from a Chinese Studio. It pertains to a Chinese general's encounter with the titular "weiqi devil"; the story was first translated into English by Herbert Giles in his 1878 translation of Liaozhai. A General Liang is enjoying a public holiday at his residence. Halfway into his game of weiqi with a peer, a dishevelled-looking passer-by appears and begins observing the game intently. Courteous but aloof, the stranger declines the general's game request but gives in, only to lose. At this point the stranger has become immersed in the game, he continues to playing with the general and his mates. Towards the end of one match, the stranger is terrified and begs for General Liang's rescue. Without warning, the stranger is vanquished; the general deduces that he was presses Ma Cheng for details. Ma, possessed by an underling from Hell, elaborates that the stranger was an unfilial scholar – a weiqi addict who lost massive amounts of money gambling on the game so much so that his father died of sorrow.
For seven years, the scholar was cursed to be a hungry devil. The sentence had ended when the general met him, but the "weiqi devil" failed to complete his final task, to promptly inscribe verses on the stone facade of the Phoenix Tower, a complex in Hell. With that, the ghost sealed his fate – condemnation to the deepest regions of the Netherworld, without any chance of rebirth. Liang laments that "men are ruined by any inordinate passion"
Hummin’ to Myself is a 2004 traditional jazz album by American singer/songwriter/producer Linda Ronstadt. The album debuted at # 3 on the Billboard Top Jazz Albums chart, it peaked at #166 on the main Billboard album chart and sold 75,000 copies in the United States during its first year. It most will be her final solo studio album as Ronstadt retired in 2011 due to the effects of Parkinson's disease leaving her unable to sing though being rediagnosed in 2019 as having Progressive supranuclear palsy. Hummin' to Myself represents a return by Ronstadt to the classic jazz standards world she explored in a series of 1980s albums with Nelson Riddle, only this time with a band, not an orchestra, in an overtly jazz manner. According to an interview with Ronstadt, the songs on the album were among those she wanted to record with Riddle, but was unable to because of his death. Ronstadt sings songs by Frank Loesser and Cole Porter, “I Fall in Love Too Easily”. Hummin’ to Myself received critical acclaim for its devotion to authenticity.
The J. A. Wood House is a historic house located at 3 Sacramento Street in Cambridge, Massachusetts; the large 2.5 story wood frame Colonial Revival house was built in 1888 for James Wood, a lumber dealer. The house was designed by Hartwell and Richardson and faced Massachusetts Avenue. In 1925 it was rotated ninety degrees to face Sacramento Street, in order to make way for commercial development; the house is a wide five bays across, with a hip roof, pierced by three dormers, a left-side ell, set back. The front entry is sheltered by a gable-front portico, supported by a series of paired Tuscan columns on each side; the house was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1986. National Register of Historic Places listings in Cambridge, Massachusetts