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General-purpose machine gun

A general-purpose machine gun is an air-cooled automatic weapon that can be adapted to light machine gun and medium machine gun roles. A GPMG weapon will feature a quick-change barrel, configuration for mounting on bipods and vehicles as infantry support weapons, calibered to fire full-powered rifle cartridges such as the 7.62×51mm NATO, 7.62×54mmR, 7.5×54mm French, 7.5×55mm Swiss, 7.92×57mm Mauser. The general-purpose machine gun originated with the MG 34, designed in 1934 by Heinrich Vollmer of Mauser on the commission of Nazi Germany to circumvent the restrictions on machine guns imposed by the Treaty of Versailles, it was introduced into the Wehrmacht as an new concept in automatic firepower, dubbed the Einheitsmaschinengewehr, meaning "universal machine gun" in German. In itself the MG 34 was an excellent weapon for its time: an air-cooled, recoil-operated machine gun that could run through belts of 7.92×57mm Mauser ammunition at a rate of 850 rounds per minute, delivering killing firepower at ranges of more than 1,000 meters.

The main feature of the MG 34 is that by changing its mount and feed mechanism, the operator could radically transform its function: on its standard bipod it was a light machine gun ideal for infantry assaults. During World War II, the MG 34 was superseded by a new GPMG, the MG 42, although it remained in combat use; the MG 42 was more efficient to manufacture, more robust, had an high cyclic rate of fire of 1,200 to 1,500 rounds per minute. One of the GPMG roles was to provide low level anti-aircraft coverage. A high cyclic rate of fire is advantageous for use against targets exposed to fire for a limited time span, like aircraft or targets minimizing their exposure by moving from cover to cover. Arguably the finest all-round GPMG produced, it was nicknamed "Hitler's buzzsaw" by Allied troops, alongside the MG 34 it inflicted heavy casualties on Allied soldiers on all European and North African fronts of World War II. Following the war the victorious Allied nations took an interest in the MG 34 and MG 42, influencing many post-war general-purpose machine guns, many still in use today.

They lent design elements to the Belgian FN MAG and the American M60, while spawning the Zastava M53, Swiss M51, Austrian MG 74. Such were the MG 42's qualities of firepower and usability that it became the foundation of an entire series of postwar machine guns, including the MG 1 and MG 3 - the latter, as of 2012, is still in production. German Rheinmetall MG 3, a direct descendant of the MG 42, is still in service with the German Army and others and exported. German Heckler & Koch HK21, is based on the Heckler & Koch G3 rifle and exported. German Heckler & Koch MG5, the new standard machine gun of the German Army. Italian MG 42/59, a direct descendant of the MG 42 and a licensed MG 3 variant, is still in service with the Italian military Belgian FN MAG, which copied the MG 42's feed-system and trigger-mechanism, it is the most used GPMG among western armies. Belgian/American Mk 48, is a GPMG based on the FN Minimi light machine gun and M249 SAW. American M60, based on the German FG 42 and uses the MG 42's feed-system and stamp-steel construction.

American M240, itself an FN MAG variant. It replaced the M60 in U. S. service. French MAS AA-52, which more or less copies the MG 42 feed-system, it has been phased out in favour of the FN MAG and FN Minimi. Czechoslovakian Uk vz. 59, is based on the Vz. 52 and Vz.52/57, originating with ZB vz. 26 and Bren gun designs. Russian PK/PKM, family of multi-purpose machine-guns, is based on the AKM assault rifle featuring stamped receivers exported. Russian AEK-999, is an improved version of the PK/PKM. Russian Pecheneg, is a variant of the PK/PKM with a fixed barrel and cooling jacket. Yugoslav Zastava M84, is a direct copy of the Russian PK machine-gun. Polish UKM-2000, is based on the Russian PK machine-gun. People's Republic of China Type 80, is based on the Russian PK machine-gun. People's Republic of China Type 67, improved models. People's Republic of China Type 88 Machine Gun Japanese Sumitomo NTK-62, is a GPMG based on the FN MAG. South African Vektor SS-77, is based on the Russian PK/PKM. Swiss MG 51, a direct descendant of the MG42.

Swiss SIG MG 710-3 Swiss SIG MG 50 Austrian MG 74, a direct descendant of the MG 42/59 and since 1974 the standard machine gun of the Austrian Armed Forces. Israeli IWI Negev NG-7, is a GPMG based on the IWI Negev light machine gun. Canadian C6A1 FLEX, an improved version of C6, a Canadian version of FN MAG. Heavy machine gun Squad automatic weapon List of firearms

Mehmet Arif Şenerim

Mehmet Arif Şenerim was a Turkish military leader active during the Balkan Wars, the First World War, the Turkish War of Independence. Mehmet Arif Şenerim was born in Boyabat of the Çiloğullari family, his father was Çiloğlu İlyas and mother was Sara. After completing his primary education in the Eyüp Military Primary School, in 1891 he enrolled with the Istanbul Soğuksu Military Junior High Kuleli Military High School in Istanbul. After graduating from Kuleli, he was admitted in 1894 to the Ottoman Military Academy in Istanbul, graduated from this distinguished institution as a young infantry second lieutenant in on 5 January 1899. After his graduation, he was stationed in Merzifon with the Fourth Army 75th Reg. 4th Batt. 1st Comp. In 1907 he was posted with the Alaşehir Reg. 2nd Batt. 4th Comp. with the 72nd Reg. 3rd Batt.2nd Comp., stationed in Pirepol, Bulgaria. On 1 March 1910, he was posted with 66th Reg. 2nd Batt. 7th Comp. In 1911, he was stationed with 42nd Reg. 2nd Batt. 7th Comp. At the outset of the First Balkan War, he was sent to the Greek front in Macedonia.

He was the commander of 7th Company with 42nd Reg. 2nd Batt. in the Battles of Kiresne Yenicesi when he was taken as a prisoner of war by the Greeks in 1912. After being held captive for nine months in the town of Amolyas in the north of Thessaloniki, he escaped to join the 2nd Corps 13th Reg. 1st Batt. 1st Comp. as the commander of the company in Yenice, near Kırklareli. At the outset of the First World War, he was sent to the Gallipoli front to join the 5th Army under Marshall Otto Liman von Sanders, he was first stationed with 5th Division 15th Reg. 3rd. Batt. in Kadiköy, near Gallipoli in April 1915. He was the commander of the 9th Company of the 3rd. Batt. 15th Reg. together with 13th and 14th Reg. was ordered to reach Ariburnu front until 1 May and serve under Lt. Colonel Mustafa Kemal's 19th Division. On March 18, 1915, when the English and French navies in an attempt to force their way up the Çanakkale Strait gave heavy losses, they decided to put units on land at Gallipoli Peninsula; the ANZAC forces which landed at Arıburnu on 25 April 1915 were stopped by the 19th Division under Mustafa Kemal's command at Conkbayırı.

On 1 May 1915, the Kabatepe Battle took place. Assault was ordered on ANZAC Corps under General Birdwood at 5:00 a.m. Captain Mehmet Arif was with 15th Reg. that attacked from Merkeztepe and that formed the Center Arm. He was tasked to fortify the trenches and it was completed under the heavy fire of the ANZAC Corps. Another assault was ordered for the regiments in the center at 2:00 a.m. on 2 May 1915. The losses of 15th Regt that day and night were heavy: 12 officers and 920 privates; the commander of the 3rd Battalion died and Captain Mehmed Arif took command of the battalion. On the assault on 19 May 1915 he served under 5th Division of Hasan Basri. Without any gains, assaults continued on. Mehmet Arif served under 12th Divisions of Rüştü Bey, Abdülrezzak Bey and Refet Bey, he was taken to Moda hospital in İstanbul. He was discharged two and a half months and joined his battalion, he was on the Left Arm with his 3rd Battalion during the Arıburnu Battles. He was honoured with the Silver War Medal and Merit Medal by Colonel Abdülrezzak Bey, Commander of the Ariburnu Front.

Until the end of August 1915 he served in the trench wars on the Arıburnu front at Gallipoli. In 1915 he was promoted to the rank of "Kolağası" and was posted with the 14th Regt, stationed in Bitlis on the Eastern Front. In the assaults for recapturing the city from the Russian and Armenian armies, he assaulted on 1 March 1916 from the center and seized the locations of the Russians, liberating the city of Bitlis. Due to this heavy assault, Russian forces and their rearguards could not cling onto Bitlis, withdrew to Kirkor mountains. Russians re-attacked with fresh forces from the right side of the battalion and the battalion withdrew to its initial location, he renewed the resistance from here until the Truce with Russia. On 1 Dec 1916 he was promoted to the rank of Major and delegated to the command of the 14th Regiment, he campaigned against the Armenian Army and surprised by attacking from the left side at the Peroz Battle. This prevented Armenians from capturing Ahlat and Karmuş; the Battles of Erciş, Adilcevaz and Rumya took place as guerilla wars.

As Armenians captured many locations with small forces, there was no hinterland specified for any forces, so the regiments were located together. At the Eastern Front he served under Refet Bey, Alaettin Bey, Ali Fuat Bey, Sıtkı Bey, Mustafa Bey, again Sıtkı Bey and Kenan Bey. At the Truce, 30 Oct 1918, he was honoured with the Merit Medal by Brigadier General Ali İhsan Pahsa; when the First World War ended, he was a prisoner of war. On his release he delegated to the command of the 24th Regiment, stationed in Nusaybin on 1 June 1919 he delegated to the command of the 14th Regiment, stationed in Mardin on 1 December 1919, he intervened in the Rebellion of Midyat to keep order. During the Turkish War of Independence, he served on the western front, he joined the Battles of Eskişehir, Karköy, Razancı, Mudanya and Bandırma with the Porsuk Platoon against the Greek armies. Turkish armies were victorious and the towns in the western Anatolia were liberated one by one. After the victory, he was honoured with Testimonial in 1923 when he was a major, the same year he was promoted to

Wang Zhiyi

Wang Zhiyi is a Chinese badminton player from Shashi, Jingzhou, in Hubei province. She started her career as a badminton player by trained in Jingzhou sports school, she went to the Hubei provincial training centre in 2009, was selected to join team in 2013. In 2016, Wang joined the national team, became the national second team in 2017, she was the girls' singles champion at the 2018 Asian Junior Championships helps the national team clinched the mixed team title. Wang represented her country competed at the 2018 Summer Youth Olympics in Buenos Aires and clinched the girls' singles silver. Girls' singles Girls' singles Girls' singles The BWF World Tour, announced on 19 March 2017 and implemented in 2018, is a series of elite badminton tournaments, sanctioned by Badminton World Federation; the BWF World Tour are divided into six levels, namely World Tour Finals, Super 1000, Super 750, Super 500, Super 300, the BWF Tour Super 100. Women's singles Women's singles BWF International Challenge tournament BWF International Series tournament Wang Zhiyi at BWF.tournamentsoftware.com

Brazilian battleship Riachuelo

Riachuelo was a Brazilian ironclad battleship completed in 1883. She was named in honour of the Battle of Riachuelo in 1865. Built in the United Kingdom, the ship entered service with the Brazilian Navy in 1883 and remained in service until 1910. Riachuelo was built after the Brazilian Minister of the Navy, Admiral Jose Rodrigues de Lima Duarte, presented a report to the national legislature on the importance of modernising the Brazilian Navy by acquiring new battleships, with the intention to order two from British shipyards. Riachuelo was constructed by Samuda Brothers in London, being laid down on 31 August 1881, launched on 7 June 1883 and commissioned into the Brazilian Navy on 19 November 1883; the smaller Aquidabã was launched in 1885. Riachuelo was constructed with a steel hull, was the first battleship with a compound armour belt, following shortly after the Argentine armoured corvette ARA Almirante Brown. Both Riachuelo and Aquidabã had an unusual design that became popular in the 1870s and 1880s: the two main gun turrets were placed off the centreline, en echelon, with the forward turret offset to port and the aft turret to starboard.

The superstructure ran the full length of the vessel, higher than both turrets, with two funnels and three rigged masts. Aquidabã can be distinguished by its single funnel; these two modern battleships made the Brazilian Navy the strongest in the western hemisphere. Hilary A. Herbert, the chairman of the House Naval Affairs Committee in order to push the U. S. to increase its naval spending and build its first battleships warned Congress in 1883: “if all this old navy of ours were drawn up in battle array in mid-ocean and confronted by the Riachuelo it is doubtful whether a single vessel bearing the American flag would get into port”. A similar design was followed by USS Texas, launched in 1889 and 1892 respectively. By the time they were completed in 1895, developments in battleship design made them obsolete; when the Republic of Brazil was declared in 1889, Riachuelo escorted the Brazilian Imperial Family to exile in Europe. Riachuelo and Aquidabã, the two most powerful vessels in the Brazilian Navy, were both in dock for repairs in 1891 during the first Revolta da Armada, led by Custódio José de Mello, which forced the dictatorial President, Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca, to resign in favour of Marshal Floriano Peixoto.

Riachuelo was modernised and rearmed in Toulon in 1893–94, where structural alterations included the replacement of the three rigged masts with two unrigged fighting masts. Riachuelo returned to active service in 1896, led the so-called "White Squadron" of President Campos Sales on his official visit to Argentina in 1900, accompanied by the cruisers Barroso and Tamoio, its last important mission in 1907 was to convey the Brazilian Naval Commission to take delivery of the new battleships, Minas Geraes and São Paulo. Riachuelo was put under tow to be broken up in Europe, she arrived at Bo'ness, Scotland on the 14th May 1914 to be broken up by the Forth Shipbreaking Co.. Parkinson, Roger; the late Victorian Navy: the pre-dreadnought era and the origins of the First World War. ISBN 978-1-84383-372-7. Sieche, Erwin F.. "Austria-Hungary's Last Visit to the USA". Warship International. XXVII: 142–164. ISSN 0043-0374. Brazil: Riachuelo class Battleship, World Battleships List: Other Nations' Dreadnoughts Haze Gray Mystery Picture #162 Answer

Henry Small (singer)

Henry Cave Small is an American born Canadian singer, composer, multi-instrumentalist and radio personality. In a career spanning more than 40 years, Small has been a member of three rock bands: Prism, Scrubbaloe Caine, Small Wonder. With Prism, Small enjoyed great recognition in the early 1980s, his first studio album with the band was Small Change, released in 1981. It was the band's most commercially successful studio album on the Billboard 200, being their first and only album to the make the Top 100; the lead single, "Don't Let Him Know", co-written by Jim Vallance with Bryan Adams, became Prism's first and only Top 40 hit in the US. It went on to peak at number-one on the Billboard Mainstream Rock Tracks chart in 1982, stayed in the charts for just over four months, their follow-up album, Beat Street, released in 1983, was more of a solo album by Small than a Prism album as it features no founding members of the band and relied on session musicians. After Prism broke up in 1984, Small worked with the Who's bass guitarist John Entwistle, singing the lead vocals on his sixth solo album The Rock, released ten years since it was first recorded, in 1996.

He has worked with Eddie Money, Doug Cox, Richie Zito. Small pursued a solo career and released his debut album Time in 2002, he is working as a morning radio personality at CIFM-FM in Kamloops, British Columbia. Henry Cave Small was born on February 1948, in Beacon, New York, he learned how to play the violin at an early age, but in high school discovered other kinds of music. He was bullied as a child because of his height. In late 1969, Henry Small joined the Calgary band the Gainsborough Gallery. Though he did not appear on their only album Life Is a Song, he was present for several live performances before the band broke-up, his vocals and violin playing added a new dimension to the band's overall sound. From 1970–1975, Small was a member of the band Scrubbaloe Caine. Other members included Paul Dean of Loverboy, the band was produced by David Kershenbaum from RCA; the band released one studio album, Round One in 1973. They broke-up after being unable to find a new recording contract. In 1976, Small formed the band Small Wonder with James Phillips, Jerry Morin, William King.

They released Small Wonder, in the same year. In 1977, they released their second album Growin'. Small Wonder brought Small a three-year songwriting contract with Irving Almo Music. During this period, he made a guest appearance on Burt Sugarman's The Midnight Special. From 1981–84, Small was a member of the rock band Prism; as the band were preparing to record their follow-up album to Young and Restless in the summer of 1981, lead singer Ron Tabak was fired. Various reasons cited were his conflicts with other band members, several run-ins with the law, lack of songwriting ability. Around the same time, keyboardist John Hall left the band. Small was brought in, the new four-piece line-up of Small, guitarist Lindsay Mitchell, bass player Al Harlow, drummer Rocket Norton recorded the album Small Change, released in 1981; the first track on the album "Don't Let Him Know", written by Jim Vallance and Bryan Adams, became Prism's first Top 40 hit in the US and a number-one single on Billboard's new Rock Tracks chart.

Their follow-up single "Turn on Your Radar" charted, becoming their fifth and final song to chart in the U. S. By the end of the tour for Small Change, Mitchell and Norton had individually left Prism. With Mitchell's departure, Prism now had no founding members left. In 1982, the band's touring line-up was Small, guitarist Paul Warren, bass player John Trivers, keyboardist Robyn Robbins, Doug Maddick on drums. Although the band had broken-up by the end of 1982, Small decided to continue recording as a solo artist but using the Prism name, he assembled a group of session musicians including Richie Zito, Alan Pasqua, Mike Baird and backing vocalists Bill Champlin, Bobby Kimball and Timothy B. Schmit to assist him. Together, this ad hoc line-up released the album Beat Street under the Prism name in 1983; the album was not a commercial success, failed to have any charting singles in Canada. Small, by now the band's only member, was dropped from his label, retired from using the Prism name in early 1984, the'band' became defunct.

In 1996, John Entwistle, bass guitarist for the Who, released his sixth solo album titled The Rock. This was his only solo album on which he did not sing any of the lead vocals, a role filled instead by Small; the album was recorded over an 18-month period in 1985 at Entwistle's Hammerhead Studios in England and was meant to be released by WEA. Legal issues kept it in the vaults for ten years, the album was released in four different editions between 1996 and 2005, with separate covers for each. AllMusic wrote of the album "There's no questioning the technical skill of the performances—this band sounds tight and expert throughout, Entwistle and Starkey are a mighty rhythm section. SoloTime PrismSmall Change Beat Street Small WonderSmall Wonder Growin’ Official website Template:CanConRox entry Henry Small at AllMusic Henry Small discography at Discogs

Baie de Bouéni

The Baie de Bouéni is a large bay in the south-west of the French island territory of Mayotte, in the Comoro Islands lying at the northern end of the Mozambique Channel between the East African country of Mozambique and Madagascar. It is about 5 km wide at its mouth, 10 km in length; the coastal fringe of the bay holds the largest area of mangroves in the Comoro archipelago. It forms a strip up to 800 m wide, it has been identified as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International because its mangroves and intertidal mudflats support populations of Madagascar pond-herons, Mayotte drongos, Mayotte white-eyes, Mayotte sunbirds and red-headed fodies. It is home to the endangered and endemic Robert Mertens's day gecko