SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

General Assembly of the Church of Scotland

The General Assembly of the Church of Scotland is the sovereign and highest court of the Church of Scotland, is thus the Church's governing body. It meets each year and is chaired by a Moderator elected at the start of the Assembly; as a Presbyterian church, the Church of Scotland is governed by courts of elders rather than by bishops. At the bottom of the hierarchy of courts is the Kirk Session, the court of the parish. There were Synods at regional level, with authority over a group of presbyteries, but these have been abolished. At national level, the General Assembly stands at the top of this structure. General Assembly meetings are held in the Assembly Hall on the Mound, Edinburgh; this was built for the Free Church in the 19th century. Prior to this, from 1845 to 1929, the General Assembly had met in the Victoria Hall at the top of the Royal Mile, a purpose-built meeting hall and church whose 72-metre spire towers above the present Assembly Hall; when the Church of Scotland merged with the United Free Church of Scotland in 1929, the Mound premises were chosen as the Assembly Hall for the reunited Church of Scotland.

Today the former Victoria Hall building is in secular use as The Hub. The Church of Scotland General Assembly meets for a week of intensive deliberation once a year in May. Ministers and deacons are eligible to be "Commissioners" to the General Assembly. A parish minister would attend the Assembly once every four years, accompanied by an elder from that congregation; the Assembly has youth representatives and a few officials. Prior to each Assembly, a minister or elder is nominated to serve as Moderator for that year. At the start of the Assembly the Moderator is duly elected, although the election is considered a formality; the Moderator presides from the Moderator's chair. Alongside him/her, the clerks to the Assembly and other officials are seated. Behind the Moderator is the throne gallery, which can only be reached through a separate stairway not directly from the Assembly Hall; the General Assembly can meet elsewhere. A meeting of the Assembly was held in Glasgow to mark the city's status as European City of Culture.

When the Scottish Parliament was instituted in 1999, the Assembly Hall was used by the Parliament until the new building at Holyrood was completed in 2004. During these years, the Assembly met in the Edinburgh International Conference Centre and the Usher Hall; the General Assembly has its own Standing Orders. One particular example is Standing Order 54, which requires any proposal requiring additional expenditure to have been first considered by the Assembly's Stewardship and Finance Committee; the General Assembly has three basis functions: legislative and judicial. The ongoing administration is delegated to councils and committees, which have to report annually to the Assembly; the Assembly decides the Law of the Church. Thus each Assembly may amend the Law of previous Assemblies; this is moderated and controlled by means of the "Barrier Act" which forces the General Assembly to take account of the views of all Presbyteries if the proposal is one, far reaching, thus referred to Presbyteries and subsequently the next General Assembly.

Each Presbytery has to nominate Commissioners annually and these are chosen in rotation from the ministers and elders in the Presbytery's bounds. Elders who are commissioned need not be members of the Presbytery. In addition each Presbytery may appoint'youth representatives' who are young people in the congregations of the presbytery. Youth representatives are appointed by the'Youth Assembly'. Youth representatives have the status of corresponding members of the Assembly; those elders who have, in the past, served as Moderators of the General Assembly are commissioned by their presbyteries in addition to the normal number of commissioners. They have, due to their experience in the Church, a heavy influence on the deliberations of the Assembly, which some commissioners and a range of Kirk members, find to be controversial; the General assembly appoints'corresponding members' who may speak and propose motions but may not vote. Apart from youth representatives these are guest commissioners from a wide range of partner churches around the world, any of the Church of Scotland's Mission Partners who may be resident in Scotland during the Assembly.

The General Assembly does pass legislation governing the affairs of the Church. The Assembly discusses issues affecting society. Attached to each report is proposed "deliverance", which the Assembly is invited to approve, reject or modify. Presbyteries may put business before the General Assembly in the form of "overtures" which are debated and may be made into the Law of the Church; as a judicial body, the Assembly delegates most of its powers to the "Commission of Assembly" or to special tribunals. The General Assembly acts as a Court, in matters spiritual cannot be appealed to any higher court; this is set out in the Acts Declaratory and the Church of Scotland Act 1921. The Assembly elects a Moderator to preside; the Queen is represented by a Lord High Commissioner, who has no vote. The Assem

Hudsonville Christian School Building

The Hudsonville Christian School Building is a school building located at 5692 School Avenue in Hudsonville, Michigan. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2008. A small settlement developed at this location in the 1860s. Development was slow until construction of the Chicago and West Michigan Railroad in 1874 brought more settlers Dutch immigrants. By 1897, over 400 people lived in Hudsonville. Christian Reformed congregants who settled in Hudsonville worshipped in the surrounding communities, but in 1901 the Rev. G. G. Haan established the Hudsonville Christian Reformed mission; the congregation built a church in 1904. In 1913, the congregation established the Hudsonville Society for Christian Instruction. Church members donated a site for the school and construction began in 1917; the original school contained two rooms, but initial enrollment was larger than expected, a third classroom was conducted in the basement. In 1921 enrollment had increased so much. In 1943, two more classrooms were added.

However, enrollment continued to grow, in the late 1940s, it was decided that the site was too small to continue adding capacity. In 1948, the school purchased another site, in 1950 constructed a new building; the original building remained part of the Hudsonville Christian School. In the 1970s and 1980s the building was renovated, it was closed at the end of the 2004/05 school year, although the Hudsonville Christian School continued operation in other buildings. The building was purchased by investors and renovated, leased to a child care center; the Hudsonville Christian School Building is a one-story structure clad with white-painted clapboards and capped with a combination hip and gable roof. The building contains six classrooms, constructed in three phases of two classrooms each; the western end of the building, topped with a hipped roof, houses a vestibule with two classrooms. The vestibule projects from the front of the building; the middle section of the building contains two more classrooms, a corridor separating them from the original rooms, a restroom.

The eastern section contains two more classrooms, another corridor, a second restroom. These two sections are covered with a single broad hipped roof with a gable section connecting to the western hipped roof

Flick of the Finger

"Flick of the Finger" is the first song from British band Beady Eye's second album, BE, the first song released from the album. The song features a guest appearance from Kayvan Novak who reads out a passage from Tariq Ali's 1987 book, "Street Fighting Years: An Autobiography of the Sixties" to close the track; the music video for the song was made available to watch on the band's official website along with stems files as MP3s during the internet promotion. The stems were released on Facebook and Twitter; the track debuted on Californian radio station KCRW on 4 April 2013. The official music video premiered on YouTube, on 11 April 2013; the remix of "Flick of the Finger" backed with the remix of "Soul Love" was released on 7" single limited to 1000 copies in 2014