General Junta of the Principality of Asturias

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General Junta of the Principality of Asturias
Junta General del Principado de Asturias
Xunta Xeneral del Principáu d'Asturies
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Speaker
Pedro Sanjurjo, FSA–PSOE
Majority Leader and President of the Principality of Asturias (In-Office)
Javier Fernández, PSOE
Since 24 May 2015
Leader of the Opposition
Mercedes Fernández, PP
Structure
Seats 45
Composición de la X Legislatura de la Junta General del Principado de Asturias.svg
Political groups
     Vacant (29)
     PSOE (14)
     PP (11)
     Podemos (9)
     IU/IX (5)
     FAC (3)
     Cs (3)
Elections
Closed party lists in three constituencies (center 34, East 6, West 5) with seats allocated using the D'Hondt method
Last election
24 May 2015
Next election
2019
Meeting place
Edificiu Xunta Xeneral d'Asturies.JPG
Regional Palace, Oviedo
Website
www.jgpa.es

The General Junta of the Principality of Asturias (in Spanish: Junta General del Principado de Asturias, in Asturian: Xunta Xeneral del Principáu d'Asturies) is the parliament of Asturias, an autonomous community of Spain. Its Statute of Autonomy, the basic organic law of the community, defines it as the supreme institution of representation of the Asturian people.

Established in 1982, it has the name of an Asturian political institution that existed from the Middle Ages to the 19th century. The General Junta exercises the legislative power, approves the budgets of the community, and guides and controls the action of the Council of Government, the executive power, whose leader it elects as the "President of the Principality of Asturias". It also exercises all competences conferred or devolved to the autonomous communities in the Constitution of Spain and assumed by the community itself in its Statute of Autonomy and any other relevant law.

The General Junta is integrated by 45 members called "deputies" (in Spanish: diputados) for a period of four years unless it is dissolved by the President of the Principality, who then calls for new elections. The General Junta meets at the Regional Palace in Oviedo.

Election[edit]

The election is in three electoral districts. 34 members are returned for the Central district, which contains Avilés, Gijón and Oviedo, the three largest municipalities, and in total represents 888,293 people in 2010. Six members are returned for the Western district (121,903 people) and five for the Eastern district (73,511 people). A threshold of the 3% is established for having any seats.

Presidents of the General Junta[edit]

The President of the General Junta of the Principality of Asturias is the presiding officer of that legislature.

Name Term of office Legislature
(election)
Political Party
Took office Left office Days
Agustín José Antuña Alonso 6 March 1982 14 January 1983 314 Provisional Union of the Democratic Centre
Eugenio Carbajal Martínez 14 January 1983 31 May 1983 137 Asturian Socialist Federation
Juan Ramón Zapico García 31 May 1983 8 July 1987 1499 I (1983)
Antonio Landeta y Álvarez-Valdés 8 July 1987 21 June 1991 1444 II (1987) People's Alliance
People's Party
Laura González Álvarez 21 June 1991 8 January 1993 567 III (1991) United Left of Asturias
Eugenio Carbajal Martínez 4 March 1993 23 June 1995 841 Asturian Socialist Federation
Ovidio Sánchez Díaz 23 June 1995 5 March 1999 1351 IV 1995) People's Party
Faustino González Alcalde 18 March 1999 7 July 1999 111 Asturian Socialist Federation
María Jesús Álvarez González 7 July 1999 17 June 2003 4361 V 1999)
17 June 2003 21 July 2007 VI (2003)
21 July 2007 15 June 2011 VII (2007)
Fernando Goñi Merino 15 June 2011 27 April 2012 317 VIII (2011) People's Party
Pedro Sanjurjo González 27 April 2012 16 June 2015 1145 IX (2012) Asturian Socialist Federation
16 June 2015 Incumbent X (2015)

Sources[edit]