Toots and the Maytals
Toots and the Maytals called The Maytals, are a Jamaican musical group and one of the best known ska and rocksteady vocal groups. The Maytals were key figures in popularizing reggae music. Frontman Toots Hibbert's soulful vocal style has been compared to Otis Redding, led him to be named one of the 100 Greatest Singers by Rolling Stone, their 1968 single "Do the Reggay", was the first song to use the word "reggae", naming the genre and introducing it to a global audience. As Island Records founder Chris Blackwell says, "The Maytals were unlike anything else... sensational and dynamic." Frederick "Toots" Hibbert, the frontman of the group, was born in May Pen, Jamaica, in 1942, the youngest of seven children. He moved to Kingston in the late 1950s. Hibbert met Henry "Raleigh" Gordon and Nathaniel "Jerry" Mathias in Kingston in 1962 and formed The Maytals as a vocal trio, a group whose early recordings were incorrectly attributed to The Flames and The Vikings in the UK by Island Records; the first instrumentalist members added to the group included Jackie Jackson, Hux Brown, Rad Bryan, Paul Douglas.
In 1972, the group changed its name from The Maytals to Toots and the Maytals, with "Toots" referring to frontman Toots Hibbert, "the Maytals" referring to the group's instrumentalists and background vocalists. In November 2016, Jackie Jackson described the formation of the group in a radio interview for Kool 97 FM Jamaica. Accompanied by Paul Douglas and Radcliffe "Dougie" Bryan in studio, Jackson explained, We're all original members of Toots and the Maytals band. First it was Toots and the Maytals, three guys: Toots and Jerry. … And they were signed to Island Records, Chris Blackwell. And we were their recording band. One day we were summoned to Chris’ house, and he says, "Alright gentleman. This Toots and the Maytals looks like it’s going to be a big thing". By this time he had signed Bob. So in his camp, Island Records, there was the Maytals / Bob Marley. We kept on meeting and he decided that the backing band that back all of the songs, the recording band, should be the Maytals band. So everything came under Toots and the Maytals.
So we became Maytals also. And we hit the road in 1975... we were the opening act for the Eagles, Linda Ronstadt, Jackson Browne. We were the opening act for The for about two weeks; the Maytals first had chart success recording for producer Clement "Coxsone" Dodd at Studio One. With musical backing from Dodd's house band, the Skatalites, the Maytals' close-harmony gospel singing ensured success, overshadowing Dodd's other up-and-coming vocal group, the Wailers. After staying at Studio One for about two years, the group moved on to do sessions for Prince Buster before recording with Byron Lee in 1966. With Lee, the Maytals won the first-ever Jamaican Independence Festival Popular Song Competition with their original song "Bam Bam"; the group's musical career was interrupted in late 1966 when Hibbert was jailed for 18 months for possession of marijuana. He stated while bailing a friend. Hibbert wrote "54-46 That's My Number" about his time in jail. Following Hibbert's release in 1967, the Maytals began working with the Chinese Jamaican producer Leslie Kong, a collaboration which yielded a string of hits throughout the late 1960s and early 1970s.
These included "Do the Reggay", released in 1968, the first song to first use the word "reggae" and gave the developing genre its name. Reggae is listed in the dictionary as:reggae – a style of Jamaican popular music blending blues and rock-'n'-roll, characterized by a strong syncopated rhythm and lyrics of social protest. Origin of reggae: Jamaican English, respelling of reggay The Maytals are responsible for some of the biggest hits in reggae history, including "Pressure Drop," "Sweet And Dandy" and "54-46", the winner of the 1969 Jamaican Independence Festival Popular Song Competition. In 1970 "Monkey Man" became the group's first international hit. By 1971, they signed a recording contract with Chris Blackwell's Island Records, become the biggest act on the island, had become international stars. In 1972 the group won the Jamaican Independence Festival Popular Song Competition for a third time with "Pomps and Pride"; the group was featured twice in the soundtrack to The Harder They Come, the 1972 film starring Jimmy Cliff, named as one of Vanity Fair's top 10 soundtracks of all time.
After Kong's death in 1971, the group continued to record with Kong's former sound engineer, Warrick Lyn. Their re-instated producer Byron Lee renamed them the Maytals; the group released three best-selling albums produced by Lyn and Blackwell of Island Records, enjoyed international hits with Funky Kingston in 1973 and Reggae Got Soul in 1975. Music critic Lester Bangs described the album Funky Kingston in Stereo Review as "perfection, the most exciting and diversified set of reggae tunes by a single artist yet released". Chris Blackwell had a strong commitment to Toots and the Maytals, saying "I've known Toots longer than anybody – much longer than Bob. Toots is one of the purest human beings I've met in my life, pure to a fault."” On 1 October 1975, Toots and the Maytals were broadcast live on KMET-FM as they performed at The Roxy Theatre in Los Angeles. This broadcast was released as an album entitled Sailin' On via Klondike Records. Followin
Universal Music Group
Universal Music Group is an American global music corporation, a subsidiary of the French media conglomerate Vivendi. UMG's global corporate headquarters are located in California, it is considered one of the "Big Three" record labels, along with Warner Music Group. Since 2004, the corporation is no longer related to the film studio Universal Studios. Universal Music was once the record company attached to film studio Universal Pictures; the company's origins go back to the formation of the American branch of Decca Records in September 1934. The Decca Record Co. Ltd. of England spun American Decca off in 1939. MCA Inc. merged with American Decca in 1962. In November 1990, Japanese multinational conglomerate Matsushita Electric agreed to acquire MCA for $6.59 billion. In 1995, Seagram acquired 80 percent of MCA from Matsushita. On December 9, 1996, the company was renamed Universal Studios, Inc. and its music division was renamed Universal Music Group. In May 1998, Seagram purchased PolyGram and merged it with Universal Music Group in early 1999.
With the 2004 acquisition of Universal Studios by General Electric and merging with GE's NBC, Universal Music Group was cast under separate management from the eponymous film studio. This is the second time a music company has done so, the first being the separation of Time Warner and Warner Music Group. In February 2006, the label became 100 percent owned by French media conglomerate Vivendi when Vivendi purchased the last 20 percent from Matsushita. On June 25, 2007, Vivendi completed its €1.63 billion purchase of BMG Music Publishing, after receiving European Union regulatory approval, having announced the acquisition on September 6, 2006. Doug Morris stepped down from his position as CEO on January 1, 2011. Former chairman/CEO of Universal Music International Lucian Grainge was promoted to CEO of the company. Grainge replaced him as chairman on March 9, 2011. Morris became the next chairman of Sony Music Entertainment on July 1, 2011. With Grainge's appointment as CEO at UMG, Max Hole was promoted to COO of UMGI, effective July 1, 2010.
Starting in 2011 UMG's Interscope Geffen A&M Records will be signing contestants from American Idol/Idol series. On January 2011, UMG announced it was donating 200,000 master recordings from the 1920s to 1940s to the Library of Congress for preservation. In March 2011, Barry Weiss became chairman and CEO of The Island Def Jam Music Group and Universal Republic Records. Both companies were restructured under Weiss. In December 2011, David Foster was named Chairman of Verve Music Group. In 2011, EMI sold its recorded music operations to Universal Music Group for £1.2 billion and its music publishing operations to a Sony-led consortium for $2.2 billion. Among the other companies that had competed for the recorded music business was Warner Music Group, reported to have made a $2 billion bid. IMPALA opposed the merger. In March 2012, the European Union opened an investigation into the acquisition The EU asked rivals and consumer groups whether the deal would result in higher prices and shut out competitors.
On September 21, 2012, the sale of EMI to UMG was approved in Europe and the United States by the European Commission and Federal Trade Commission respectively. However, the European Commission approved the deal only under the condition the merged company divest one third of its total operations to other companies with a proven track record in the music industry. UMG divested Mute Records, Roxy Recordings, MPS Records, Cooperative Music, Now That's What I Call Music!, Universal Greece, Sanctuary Records, Chrysalis Records, EMI Classics, Virgin Classics, EMI's European regional labels to comply with this condition. UMG retained The Beatles and Robbie Williams; the Beatles catalogue was transferred to UMG's newly formed Calderstone Productions, while Williams' catalogue was transferred to Island Records. Universal Music Group completed their acquisition of EMI on September 28, 2012. In November 2012, Steve Barnett was appointed CEO of Capitol Music Group, he served as COO of Columbia Records. In compliance the conditions of the European Commission after purchase of EMI, Universal Music Group sold the Mute catalogue to the German-based BMG Rights Management on December 22, 2012.
Two months BMG acquired Sanctuary Records for €50 million. On November 8, 2012, Universal Music and Hewlett-Packard launched a marketing operation that allows customers with an HP computer with HP Connected Music software to access music from Universal artists, as well as exclusive content. On February 8, 2013, Warner Music Group acquired the Parlophone Label Group for $765 million. In February, Sony Music Entertainment acquired Universal's European share in Now That's What I Call Music for $60 million. Play It Again Sam acquired Co-Operative Music for £500,000 in March 2013. With EMI's absorption into Universal Music complete, its British operations will consist of five label units: Island, Decca, Virgin EMI and Capitol. In April 2013, Universal Music Greece was sold to Victoras Antippas, who renamed the company Cobalt Music. Edel AG acquired the MPS catalogue from Universal in January 2014. On March 20, 2013, UMG announced the worldwide extension of their exclusive distribution deal with the Disney Music Group, excluding Japan and Russia.
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True Love (Toots & the Maytals album)
True Love is an album by Toots & the Maytals. It is a collection of their classics re-recorded with guest artists including Willie Nelson, Eric Clapton, Jeff Beck, Trey Anastasio, No Doubt, Ben Harper, Bonnie Raitt, Manu Chao, The Roots, Ryan Adams, Keith Richards, The Skatalites; the album was released on the V2 label. True Love won the 2004 Grammy award for Best Reggae Album. All tracks credited to Toots Hibbert. Toots and the Maytals: Andrew Bassford Radcliffe Bryan Paul Douglas Charles Farquharson Carl Harvey Frederick "Toots" Hibbert Clifton Jackie Jackson Stephen Stewart Leba ThomasTooTs is Frederick Hibbert Senior Executive Producer.
Michael Kurth, better known as Curse, is a hip hop artist from Minden, Germany. Curse has had a long musical past. In his youth, he played songs like "Zwei Mal In Den Kopf" in his former band Phat Kicks. In the 1990s, his band had gigs in the area of Stadthagen. On his first album, his lyrics were self-reflective and dealt with things that had happened in his life, but contained classical hip hop tracks such as representing- and battle-tracks, he raps about abortive relationships and admits mistakes to himself. For that reason, he is something of an outsider in the hip hop scene; the beats on Feuerwasser and many other releases are produced by Sascha Bühren, aka Busy. In 2001, he released his second album, Von Innen Nach Außen, which means "From the Inside to the Outside". On this album, Curse continued his style; the lead single "Lass uns doch Freunde sein" was different from current rap clichés, thus gained attention outside the hip hop scene. The German hip hop magazine Juice awarded this album with the title "Best National Album".
It was released in Japan. On his third album, Innere Sicherheit, his style changed in many aspects. While the beats on his previous albums were produced electronically, on this album they are produced with a wide range of instruments; the album covers a broad musical array from sophisticated instrumentals with classical transverse flutes via the crossover song "Schocktherapie" to the emotional "Und Was Ist Jetzt?", a piano ballad, which emphasizes and accompanies the deep lyrics. An increasing amount of political society-critical texts can be detected, although he is not ignoring his'old' topics; the single "Widerstand" originated with the German reggae artist Gentleman. With the cooperation of up-and-coming talents he acquired renown. So, for instance, he gave Italo Reno & Germany as soon as Stress und Trauma the opportunity to present themselves to a general public with guest appearances on his releases and not least by his artist platform Alles Real Records. Over the years he collaborated with various German and international artists, including Kool Savas, Xavier Naidoo, Max Herre, Samy Deluxe, J-Luv, Patrice, Black Thought, Pete Rock and RZA.
On December 2, 2005, Curse released his fourth album Sinnflut. The lead single, "Gangsta Rap", entered the German charts at number #25. On Sinnflut, Curse returns to his roots, as if the experimental album Innere Sicherheit had never existed. With deep and private songs such as "Kein Weg zurück" or "Mein Leben", or the representative tracks like "Der Fluch" or "Broken Language Reloaded" with the Samy Deluxe Feature the record became homogeneous and multifaceted. Curse fulfilled for himself a childhood dream with the features with Black Thought and the producer Pete Rock; the latter was persuaded to sing the shoutouts, which he had done for Nas. He names Nas as his big idol to whom he is compared as one of Germany's greatest lyricists. Curse released his new album called Freiheit in 2008; the first single released from the album was a sample of Marius Müller-Westernhagen's song "Freiheit". On October 5, 2010, Curse announced. On August 4, 2014 he announced his comeback and on October 31, a new album, Uns was released on his new-founded label "Indie Neue Welt".
The first single, Wir brauchen nur uns, was released on October 10, 2014. 2000: Feuerwasser 2001: Von Innen Nach Außen 2003: Innere Sicherheit 2005: Prestige: Taz. Greis. Claud. Curse 2005: Sinnflut 2006: Einblick Zurück 2006: Sinnflut 2008: Freiheit 2014: Uns 2015: Feuerwasser15 2018: Die Farbe von Wasser 1999: Doppeltes Risiko/Kreislauf 1999: Sonnenwende/Erfolg 1999: 99 Essenz EP 2000: Wahre Liebe 2000: Hassliebe 2001: Lass Uns Doch Freunde Sein 2001: Warum Nicht? 2003: Hand Hoch 2003: Widerstand 2003: Und Was Ist Jetzt? 2005: Gangsta Rap 2006: Struggle 2006: Rap 2014: Wir brauchen nur uns 2001: Nichts Wird Mehr So Sein Wie Es War 2003: Vom Feinsten 2003: Feuer über Deutschland 2003: Von Minden nach Aussen 2005: S. I. N. N. F. L. U. T. / Endlich Wieder - MZEE.com Exclusive 2005: Wieder da In 2002, his homepage curse.de was awarded the VIVA - Comet in the category "best artist homepage"
Azad Azadpour is an iranian/German rapper of Kurdish descent based in Frankfurt am Main. After having arrived in Germany from Sanandaj in Iranian Kurdistan at the young age of 10, he was into hip hop, rap and graffiti. In 1988 he joined D-Flame, A-Bomb, Combad in Cold-N-Locco; the band was renamed Asiatic Warriors in 1990 and mixed songs in German, English and Kurdish and achieved great fame through signing with Ruff'n'Raw Label and the EP Told Ya!. Internal differences between the band members resulted in the Asiatic Warriors breaking up. In 1999, Azad signed as a solo artist with Pelham Power Productions, he became a sensation on the hip hop scene winning "Da Swing DJ Battle". Single "Napalm" followed by his solo album Leben produced by Azad and follow up album Faust des Nordwestens established him as a successful artist and a cult figure. In 2004, Azad founded his own production company "Bozz Music", the urban music wing of Universal Music. Azad formed the group Warheit with Sezai, Jeyz, Chaker.
Soon a huge rivalry erupted between Azad and Bozz Music label on the one side and Aggro Berlin label on the other. This put Azad more in the spotlight as the rivalry escalated. Azad released his third studio album Der Bozz in 2004 reaching the German Albums Top 10 by far outselling his first 2 albums; however the watchdog body BPjM slammed the album as too violent and a "danger to youth". Oddly enough, Azad's biggest commercial success was a joint effort with German rapper Kool Savas in One released on BMG and hitting the Top 5 in German Albums Chart. Game Over his fourth album reached #8, he has released further albums but with relative success He is known for his collaborations with various artists like Belarusian rapper Seryoga. His German #1 hit single is "Prison Break Anthem", featuring Adel Tawil of Ich + Ich, it is a German language theme song for the hugely popular American television series Prison Break broadcast with German voice over on RTL. The follow up to his debut Leben, Leben II, was released on 15 January 2016
In monotheistic thought, God is conceived of as the supreme being, creator deity, principal object of faith. The conceptions of God, as described by theologians include the attributes of omniscience, omnipresence, as having an eternal and necessary existence. Depending on one's kind of theism, these attributes are used either in way of analogy, or in a literal sense as distinct properties. God is most held to be incorporeal. Incorporeality and corporeality of God are related to conceptions of transcendence and immanence of God, with positions of synthesis such as the "immanent transcendence". Psychoanalyst Carl Jung equated religious ideas of God with transcendental aspects of consciousness in his interpretation; some religions describe God without reference to gender, while others or their translations use sex-specific terminology. Judaism attributes only a grammatical gender to God, using terms such as "Him" or "Father" for convenience. God has been conceived as either impersonal. In theism, God is the creator and sustainer of the universe, while in deism, God is the creator, but not the sustainer, of the universe.
In pantheism, God is the universe itself. In atheism, there is an absence of belief in God. In agnosticism, the existence of God is deemed unknowable. God has been conceived as the source of all moral obligation, the "greatest conceivable existent". Many notable philosophers have developed arguments against the existence of God. Monotheists refer to their gods using names prescribed by their respective religions, with some of these names referring to certain cultural ideas about their god's identity and attributes. In the ancient Egyptian era of Atenism the earliest recorded monotheistic religion, this deity was called Aten, premised on being the one "true" Supreme Being and creator of the universe. In the Hebrew Bible and Judaism, Adonai, YHWH and other names are used as the names of God. Yahweh and Jehovah, possible vocalizations of YHWH, are used in Christianity. In the Christian doctrine of the Trinity, coexisting in three "persons", is called the Father, the Son, the Holy Spirit. In Islam, the name Allah is used, while Muslims have a multitude of titular names for God.
In Hinduism, Brahman is considered a monistic concept of God. In Chinese religion, Shangdi is conceived as the progenitor of the universe, intrinsic to it and bringing order to it. Other religions have names for the concept, for instance, Baha in the Bahá'í Faith, Waheguru in Sikhism, Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa in Balinese Hinduism, Ahura Mazda in Zoroastrianism; the many different conceptions of God, competing claims as to God's characteristics and actions, have led to the development of ideas of omnitheism, pandeism, or a perennial philosophy, which postulates that there is one underlying theological truth, of which all religions express a partial understanding, as to which "the devout in the various great world religions are in fact worshipping that one God, but through different, overlapping concepts". The earliest written form of the Germanic word God comes from the 6th-century Christian Codex Argenteus; the English word itself is derived from the Proto-Germanic * ǥuđan. The reconstructed Proto-Indo-European form * ǵhu-tó-m was based on the root * ǵhau-, which meant either "to call" or "to invoke".
The Germanic words for God were neuter—applying to both genders—but during the process of the Christianization of the Germanic peoples from their indigenous Germanic paganism, the words became a masculine syntactic form. In the English language, capitalization is used for names by which a god is known, including'God'; the capitalized form of god is not used for multiple gods or when used to refer to the generic idea of a deity. The English word God and its counterparts in other languages are used for any and all conceptions and, in spite of significant differences between religions, the term remains an English translation common to all; the same holds for Hebrew El, but in Judaism, God is given a proper name, the tetragrammaton YHWH, in origin the name of an Edomite or Midianite deity, Yahweh. In many translations of the Bible, when the word LORD is in all capitals, it signifies that the word represents the tetragrammaton. Allāh is the Arabic term with no plural used by Muslims and Arabic speaking Christians and Jews meaning "The God", while "ʾilāh" is the term used for a deity or a god in general.
God may be given a proper name in monotheistic currents of Hinduism which emphasize the personal nature of God, with early references to his name as Krishna-Vasudeva in Bhagavata or Vishnu and Hari. Ahura Mazda is the name for God used in Zoroastrianism. "Mazda", or rather the Avestan stem-form Mazdā-, nominative Mazdå, reflects Proto-Iranian *Mazdāh. It is taken to be the proper name of the spirit, like its Sanskrit cognate medhā, means "intelligence" or "wisdom". Both the Avestan and Sanskrit words reflect Proto-Indo-Iranian *mazdhā-, from Proto-Indo-European mn̩sdʰeh1 meaning "placing one's mind", hence "wise". Waheguru is a term most used in Sikhism to refer to God, it means "Wonderful Teacher" in the Punjabi language. Vāhi means "wonderful" and guru is a term denoting "teacher". Waheguru is described by some as an experience of ecstasy, beyond all descriptions; the most common usage of the word "Waheguru" is in the greeting Sikhs use with each other: Baha, the "greates