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Geography of Armenia

Armenia is a landlocked country in the Transcaucasia region, between the Black and Caspian Seas, bordered on the north and east by Georgia and Azerbaijan and on the south and west by Iran and Turkey. The terrain is mountainous and flat, with fast flowing rivers and few forests but with many trees; the climate is highland continental: cold winters. The land rises to 4,090 m above sea-level at Mount Aragats. Armenia is located in southern Transcaucasia, the region southwest of Russia between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. Modern Armenia occupies part of historical Armenia, whose ancient centres were in the valley of the Araks River and the region around Lake Van in Turkey. Armenia is bordered on the north by Georgia, on the east by Azerbaijan, on the southwest by the Nagorno-Karabagh, on the south by Iran, on the west by Turkey. Twenty-five million years ago, a geological upheaval pushed up the Earth's crust to form the Armenian Plateau, creating the complex topography of modern Armenia; the Lesser Caucasus range extends through northern Armenia, runs southeast between Lake Sevan and Azerbaijan passes along the Armenian-Azerbaijani border to Iran.

Thus situated, the mountains make travel from north to south difficult. Geological turmoil continues in the form of devastating earthquakes. In December 1988, the second largest city in the republic, was damaged by a massive quake that killed more than 25,000 people. About half of Armenia's area of 29,743 km2 has an elevation of at least 2,000 m, only 3% of the country lies below 650 m; the lowest points are in the valleys of the Araks River and the Debed River in the far north, which have elevations of 380 and 430 m, respectively. Elevations in the Lesser Caucasus vary between 3,280 m. To the southwest of the range is the Armenian Plateau, which slopes southwestward toward the Araks River on the Turkish border; the plateau is masked by intermediate mountain ranges and extinct volcanoes. The largest of these, Mount Aragats, 4,090 meters high, is the highest point in Armenia. Most of the population lives in the western and northwestern parts of the country, where the two major cities and Gyumri, are located.

The valleys of the Debed and Akstafa rivers form the chief routes into Armenia from the north as they pass through the mountains. Lake Sevan, 72.5 km across at its widest point and 376 km long, is by far the largest lake. It is 1,279.18 km2 large. Other main lakes are: Arpi, 7.5 km2, Sev, 2 km2, Akna 0.8 km2. Terrain is most rugged in the extreme southeast, drained by the Bargushat River, most moderate in the Araks River valley to the extreme southwest. Most of Armenia is drained by its tributary, the Hrazdan, which flows from Lake Sevan; the Araks forms most of Armenia's border with Turkey and Iran while the Zangezur Mountains form the border between Armenia's southern province of Syunik and Azerbaijan's adjacent Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. Temperatures in Armenia depend upon elevation. Mountain formations block the moderating climatic influences of the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea, creating wide seasonal variations with cold snowy winters, warm to hot summers. On the Armenian Plateau, the mean midwinter temperature is 0 °C to −15 °C, the mean midsummer temperature is 15 °C to 30 °C.

Average precipitation ranges from 250 millimeters per year in the lower Araks River valley to 800 millimeters at the highest altitudes. Despite the harshness of winter in most parts, the fertility of the plateau's volcanic soil made Armenia one of the world's earliest sites of agricultural activity. Area: total: 29,743 km² country comparison to the world: 143land: 28,203 km² water: 1,540 km² Area comparative Australia comparative: about one third the size of Tasmania Canada comparative: greater than half the size of Nova Scotia Turkey comparative: about a quarter smaller than the size of Konya Province. United Kingdom comparative: about one third larger than Wales United States comparative: smaller than Maryland EU comparative: smaller than BelgiumLand boundaries: total: 1,570 km border countries: Azerbaijan and Nagorno-Karabakh Republic-proper 566 km, Azerbaijan-Nakhchivan exclave 221 km, Georgia 219 km, Iran 44 km, Turkey 311 km Coastline: 0 km Elevation extremes: lowest point: 375mhighest point: Mount Aragats 4,090 mExtreme points of Armenia: North: Tavush South: Syunik' West: Shirak East: Syunik' Natural resources: deposits of gold, molybdenum, bauxite Land use: arable land:4.456 km², 15.8% permanent crops: 1.9% permanent pastures: 4.2% forest: 11.2%other: 31.2% Irrigated land: 2.084 km² Total renewable water resources: 7.77 m³ Armenia is considered to be a big water “supplier” in the Caspian basin.

That is the main reason why since ancient times inhabitants have built water reservoirs and irrigation canals in the area. Lake Sevan contains the largest amount of water in the country. Freshwater withdrawal: total: 2.86 km³/yr per capita: 929.7 m³/yr A broad public discussion of environmental problems began in the mid-1980s, when the first "green" groups formed in opposition to Yer

Berrien's Island

Berrien's Island was an island in the East River in New York City, off the northern shore of Astoria in Queens. It takes its name from Cornelius Jansen Berrien, who purchased it from Timothy Wood in 1727, he was born to John and Ruth Berrien and was married to Sarah Hallet on December 29, 1719 in Newtown, Queens. He was buried there. During the 20th century, Berrien's Island became connected to the larger Long Island, on which most of Queens is situated; the site is now occupied by a Consolidated Edison plant. Throughout its history, a variety of people owned and maintained the island. During the summer of 1849, there was a cholera epidemic that swept through New York City and killed thousands of people. In order to locate and purchase a new cemetery, a man named Marcellus Eells acted as the city's buyer and purchased Berrien's Island for $20,000 and sold it for a sum of $30,000 to the Special Committee headed by George F. Clarke. During the winter of that same year, some of the city's citizens, led by Leonard Kirby, became concerned and sued the New York City for conflict of interest and illegal expenditures in the purchase of Berrien's Island.

The Plaintiffs won Berrien's Island was never used for a pauper's cemetery. In 1890, Berrien's Island was purchased by the Manhattan Athletic Club. Although the reason is unknown, it can be speculated that it was purchased for the purpose of training basketball players with disabilities. According to a flyer in the Ephemera-Basketball Game Flyers'College Point A. C. vs. Tremont Basketball Team. 23 December 1914, a basketball game was held at Muehlenbrink's Hall on December 23, 1914: the team from Tremont was composed of Deaf Mutes from the New York Institute for the Deaf and Dumb. During the 20th century the island became connected to Queens when water between Long Island and Berrien Island was land filled; the area in which the land was filled was in the northern part of Astoria. In addition, part of the Berrien property is now. There were 23 acres of land to be used which were separated from the Berrien farm by a channel of about 150 feet; the formation of Berrien's Island is somewhat singular, being a belt averaging in width at about 200 feet on top.

The top was composed of high, dry sand and gravel interspersed with large boulder stones nearly surrounding the natural basin. The high lands on the northeasterly were entirely a bed of sand and gravel rising abruptly from the water to an elevation of about 32 feet and the level rose to an elevation of 40 feet above tide water; the high lands fell off a gradual slope in the north to the basin on/ in the center of the island. According to a complaint issued in Document No. 6: Board of Assistant Aldermen, September 24th, 1849. Berrien's Island Supreme Court Case Records, John V. B. Varick Records, Waters Family Papers CW-13 Document Case Box 489h, Folder 20 Complain. 1850. Berrien's Island Supreme Court Case Records, 1849-1851 at the Queens Central Library, Berrien's Island had fallen within the County's jurisdiction; the island is a half-mile from Astoria than the present location at Randall's Island. Berrien's Island is as closer to Harlem as it was to Astoria: Berrien's Island is 2 miles distant from Astoria and Harlem.

In a letter to George F. Clarke from Edwin Smith, in the Queens Library's Berrien's Island Supreme Court Case Records, 1849-1851, the writer wrote that he was called upon by Blake and his Committee to examine and observe on the relative advantage of using both Riker's and Berrien's Islands for a city cemetery, he proceeded on Thursday November 11 of 1849, in the company with D. S. Geer, the resident physician, Mr. Marcellus Eells, who volunteered his boat to be used for the occasion to make the necessary examinations of the Island and collect such information in relation to the limited time granted to them. Berrien's Island and farm, according observations, altogether contain about 47 acres of land. In his letter, Edwin Smith stated 4 reasons in which the Berrien Island was considered the most appropriate location in which to construct and hold a cemetery: The soil was a dryer and looser formation and the lands were used to a higher elevation above the tides; when southerly winds prevail it could not so much affect the neighboring country/county as is located on the other island.

In addition, the Special Committee listed visited Berrien's Island and farm property in 1850. According to the report, the island was situated in Flushing Bay, away from the City improvements and it is farther away from the five other locations which were under consideration. According to Google Maps and the information provided, it would appear that the Island is somewhere near or off the coast of where LaGuardia Airport is located. Furthermore, Mr. Smith the surveyor and Mr. Geer the Health Commissioner showed how this ground could be adapted to meet the desired purposes. In the document Document No. 6: Board of Assistant Aldermen, September 24th, 1849, the writer believed that this island was the place in which "the dead can rest in peace until the end of time, undi

Fibuloides trapezoidea

Fibuloides trapezoidea is a moth of the family Tortricidae. It is known from Guizhou in China, it is similar to Fibuloides cyanopsis in the shape of uncus and socius, but can be distinguished by the trapezioidal cucullus and the absence of the enlarged, flattened bristles on the neck of valva. In F. cyanopsis the cucullus is ovate and the neck of valva has two or more short enlarged, flattened bristles on its ventral side. The forewing length is 6.5 mm. The head is vertex with gray scales and the antenna are light brown; the thorax and tegula are gray. The forewing is elongate triangular, with a dark gray ground color; the hindwing and cilia are gray. The legs are tarsi with brown rings; the specific name is derived from Latin trapezoideus, referring to the shape of the cucullus

Fahrenheit Fair Enough

Fahrenheit Fair Enough is the first full-length album by American IDM band Telefon Tel Aviv, released on Hefty! Records. "Fahrenheit Fair Enough" "TTV" "Lotus Above Water" "John Thomas on the Inside Is Nothing but Foam" "Life Is All About Taking Things in and Putting Things Out" "Your Face Reminds Me of When I Was Old" "What's the Use of Feet If You Haven't Got Legs?" "Introductory Nomenclature" "Fahrenheit Far Away" Joshua Eustis Charles Cooper Alfredo Nogueira - Additional drums and acoustic guitar on track 4 Label - Hefty! Records Released - September 18, 2001

Ciebłowice Duże

Ciebłowice Duże - village in the administrative district of Gmina Tomaszów Mazowiecki, within Tomaszów County, Lodz Voivodeship. It is located on the southern edge of the Spała Landscape Park; the first historical reference dates from 1389. The village belonged to the bishops of Kujawy, it was settled by settlers from the Sieradz land. In 1534, there were 18.5 meadows used by 1 farmer and mill. In 1859 r. the Unewel municipality was created. In November 1941, a labor camp of the Construction Service was created here. There were about 400 forced laborers in it. "Junacy" worked on the construction of the Tomaszów Mazowiecki - Radom railway route. The camp was liquidated on the night of October 16, 1943 by the partisan detachment of Lieutenant Witold Kucharski "Wichra". Forced workers were freed and camp barracks were set on fire. Fisher camp commandant was shot. During the action, 6 rifles, 2 guns and equipment of the camp were acquired. In 1975, the Tomaszów Mazowiecki commune was established, to. In the years 1975–1998, the town was administratively part of the province of Piotrków.

In 1993 - Unveiling of a plaque commemorating the liberation of a labor camp. In 1994 - Beginning of the construction of the water supply. In 1996 - Putting the water supply into operation. In 1998 - Beginning of the construction of a sewage system. Cross and Mound of Freedom Tadeusz Kościuszko; the mound was built up by the hands of schoolchildren from Ciebowice in remembrance of expulsion of their enemies from Poland in 1920. The initiator of the construction of the memorial - A. Kolędowska Monument and cross in honor of the heroes of the Home Army who died in the country and abroad; the monument was funded by the People's Guard The shrine with the inscription "From the air and fire, save us, Lord." A plaque commemorating the liberation of the Nazi labor camp by the chapel. In the village there is a complex of archaeological sites from the period of Roman influence. Peatbog "Kaczeniec". Swamp "Smug" - a remnant of gravel mining under the railway embankment, now the place of existence of cranes.

The "Carski Trakt" runs through the village - a road, crossed from the Jeleń car railway station going to hunts to Spała. Błażej Stolarski Karolina Bosiek Adrian Rubaj "Ciebłowianie" - a folk band led by Mrs. Katarzyna Małek O4D - blues band Circle of Country Housewives - cultural and educational activities Sewage system with sewage pumping stations Biological treatment plant Sidewalks Stops with bays for buses Containers for separate waste collection Railway line no. 22 Tomaszów Mazowiecki - Radom

Jacques Tillier

Jacques Tillier is a French journalist and the managing editor of L'Union, L'Est-Éclair, Libération Champagne and L'Aisne Nouvelle. He was injured in 1979 by Jacques Mesrine while working for the Minute, he was director of the Journal de l'île de La Réunion before becoming the CEO of L'Union. After several years as a policeman in the Directorate of Territorial Security, Tillier pursued a career as a journalist, first writing for Minute, a right-wing weekly journal. Using his past police connections and his friendship with Commissioner Lucien Aimé-Blanc, head of the Central Office For Combating Banditry, he began to write articles that contradicted the "honourable gangster" image conveyed by Jacques Mesrine, who in France was public enemy number one. In spite of Mesrine's threats, Tillier continued to publish articles refuting the criminal's image as a modern day Robin Hood. Tillier gained an exclusive interview with Mesrine on 10 September 1979, but Mesrine and his accomplice, Charlie Bauer, drove Tillier to a candlelit cave in the Forest of Halatte, where they forced him to strip naked before handcuffing him.

Mesrine beat and humiliated Tillier, claiming that he was a fascist and police informant. He shot Tillier three times with a revolver, first in the face, "to stop him talking crap" in the arm "to stop him writing crap" and in the leg "for the pleasure of it", he took pictures as Tillier lay naked and bloodied, left him for dead. Tillier survived the ordeal. After two weeks in hospital he returned to Minute, but decided to leave the weekly, he became advisor to Paul Biya, President of the Republic of Cameroon, Lansana Conte in Guinea. Tillier returned to journalism and worked on the Journal de l'île de La Réunion, where in the early 1990s he was appointed editor. JIR was bought by a subsidiary of the Groupe Hersant Média. Tillier subsequently became its director and CEO. In his editorial published on 9 February 2008, entitled "On s'en tamponne mister Président", he announced his departure from the JIR, he became the CEO of the daily L'Union de Rems in 2008