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HMS Manly (1804)

HMS Manly was an Archer-class gun-brig launched in 1804. During her career first the Dutch captured her the British recaptured her the Danes captured her, the British recaptured her again; the British renamed her HMS Bold after her recapture in 1813. She was sold out of service in 1814, she was commissioned in May 1804 under Lieutenant George Mackay. In 1805 she cruised off Boulogne. Manly shared with HMS Autumn and the gun-brigs Biter and Pincher, in the salvage money for George which they retook in February 1805, it was believed that George had been sailing from Bristol to London when a French privateer had captured her and taken her into Boulogne, where her cargo was landed. Autumn and the brigs recaptured George as they sent her into Dover. In January 1806, while under the command of Lieutenant Martin White, she grounded off Rysum, in the River Ems, East Friesland; when White went ashore to supervise attempts to pull her off, a party of Dutchmen from a schuyt landed and captured him. Manly's master, William Golding decided to surrender her to Dutch gun-boats.

The subsequent court martial stripped Golding of his rank for conduct unbecoming an officer and ordered him to serve a two-year term as a seaman. The board reprimanded White for not having lightened Manly before trying to pull her off; the Dutch Naval Department held a meeting on 31 December 1805 during which it discussed a report from 25 December by First Lieutenant IJsbrands of the gunboat Vos, who commanded the Dutch vessels serving off Delfzijl. On December IJsbrands had encountered a boat from the galley Noodweer off the Knock that reported that they had approached a brig that had run ashore, it appeared to be British. The brig had detained the Noodweer's pilot. IJsbrands sailed back to Delfzijl, he sailed towards the reported location of the brig. On the way he met a boat carrying Lieutenant Martin White, boatswain Peter Graij, gunner James Robinson and sailors Robert Telford and John Wilcolf, whom he arrested and sent to Delfzijl. First though, White requested. However, as Vos approached the brig, the British crew fired on her.

At Delfzijl IJsbrands mustered three galleys and on 21 December sent them to deal with the brig. Due to contrary winds the galleys did not reach the brig until 22 December. At that time they discovered that there was no trace of the crew. To date, no records of her service under the Batavian Republic have emerged. On 1 January 1809, the 10-gun brig Onyx, with 75 men under Commander Charles Gill, recaptured Manly from the Dutch. Manly and another brig had sailed from the Texel intending to intercept British merchant vessels trading with Heligoland; the action took two and a half hours, during which the British suffered three wounded, one of whom died later. Manly, which had 94 men, suffered six wounded, she was under the command of Captain-Lieutenant J. W. Heneyman of the Dutch Navy. During her cruise she had taken one small prize, a vessel sailing from Embden to England with a cargo of oats. Manley arrived in the Humber on 6 January; the action won a promotion to post-captain for Commander Gill. Lieutenant Edward William Garrett, first of the Onyx, received promotion to the rank of commander.

In 1847 the Admiralty awarded the Naval General Service Medal with clasp "Onyx 1 Jany. 1809" to all surviving claimants from the action. Manly underwent fitting at Sheerness between February and August 1809, she was recommissioned in June under Lieutenant Thomas Greenwood. On the night of 29 May 1810, the boats of Desiree, Britomart and Bold went into the Vlie to cut out several vessels there, they drove a French lugger of 26 men ashore, where she was burnt. They brought out four prizes: a French lugger of 12 guns and 42 men, a French privateer schuyt of four guns and 17 men, a Dutch gun boat and a small row boat; the British suffered no casualties. On 17 August 1811 Manly sailed from Sheerness with a convoy for the Baltic under Lieutenant Richard William Simmonds. On 2 September 1811, she was cruising off Arendal on the Norwegian coast in the company of Chanticleer when they encountered three Danish 18-gun-brigs; the Danes engaged Chanticleer. They turned their attention to Manly; the Danes concentrated their fire on her, rigging to pieces.

Surrounded, with only six guns left, having lost one man killed and three wounded, Manly was forced to strike. Chanticleer made good her escape. A court martial on 6 January 1812 "most honourably acquitted" Lieutenant Simmonds. At 0200hrs on 2 September Alsen and Samsø were sailing westward along the coast off Randøerne, some 30 miles SE of Arendal, when they sighted two strange vessels that by their night signals appeared to be enemy; the Danes set out in pursuit, with Samsø, closest, sailing for the nearest of the enemy vessels with Alsen and Lolland following. However, their quarry turned south-east, Samsø and Alsen followed. Lolland set off after the second ship. By 0340hrs Lolland had caught up with her. Combat began at 0445hrs and at 0540hrs Lolland succeeded in crossing behind her quarry, which struck at 0555hrs. Lolland sent a prize crew over that brought back Lieutenant Simmonds. Meanwhile, at 0345hrs Alsen had come within firing range of the ship that Samsø was chasing and there followed a running fight which persevered as well as the rough seas would allow.

Samsø had b

Environment, health and safety

Environment and safety is a discipline and specialty that studies and implements practical aspects of environmental protection and safety at work. In simple terms it is what organizations must do to make sure that their activities do not cause harm to anyone. Quality - quality assurance & quality control - is adjoined to form the company division known as HSQE. From a safety standpoint, it involves creating organized efforts and procedures for identifying workplace hazards and reducing accidents and exposure to harmful situations and substances, it includes training of personnel in accident prevention, accident response, emergency preparedness, use of protective clothing and equipment. Better health at its heart, should have the development of safe, high quality, environmentally friendly processes, working practices and systemic activities that prevent or reduce the risk of harm to people in general, operators, or patients. From an environmental standpoint, it involves creating a systematic approach to complying with environmental regulations, such as managing waste or air emissions all the way to helping site's reduce the company's carbon footprint.

Regulatory requirements play an important role in EHS discipline and EHS managers must identify and understand relevant EHS regulations, the implications of which must be communicated to executive management so the company can implement suitable measures. Organizations based in the United States are subject to EHS regulations in the Code of Federal Regulations CFR 29, 40, 49. Still, EHS management is not limited to legal compliance and companies should be encouraged to do more than is required by law, if appropriate. Notwithstanding the individual importance of these attributes, the various institutions / authors have accented on the acronyms differently. Viz in successful HSE programs include measures to address ergonomics, air quality, other aspects of workplace safety that could affect the health and well-being of employees and the overall community. Another researcher transformed it as SHE in 1996, while exploring the "concept of “human quality ” in terms of living standards that must follow than the health.....

Paradigm of SHEQ....raising up the importance of environment up to the “safety of people as a prime consideration". It is. Quality is'fitness for purpose', without which each and every endeavour will be futile.. Besides ESH, SHE, HSE, SHEQ, a few more are in vogue Federal / international Occupational Safety & Health Administration Environmental Protection Agency Nuclear Regulatory Commission Mining Safety & Health Administration, etc. European Union – Health & Safety At Work Act Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement State Safety & Health Council of North Carolina, Massachusetts Nuclear Regulatory Commission, etc. Local Municipal fire departments Environmental Management Agency EHS guidelines cover categories specific to each industry as wells as those that are general to most industry sectors. Examples of general categories and subcategories are: The chemical industry introduced the first formal EHS management approach in 1985 as a reaction to several catastrophic accidents; this worldwide voluntary initiative, called "Responsible Care", started by the Chemistry Industry Association of Canada, operates in about 50 countries, with central coordination provided by the International Council of Chemical Associations.

It involves eight fundamental features which ensure plant and product safety, occupational health and environmental protection, but which try to demonstrate by image-building campaigns that the chemical industry acts in a responsible manner. Being an initiative of the ICCA, it is restricted to the chemical industry. Since the 1990s, general approaches to EHS management that may fit any type of organisation have appeared in international standards such as: The Valdez Principles, that have been formulated to guide and evaluate corporate conduct towards the environment; the Eco-Management and Audit Scheme, developed by the European Commission in 1993 ISO 14001 for environmental management in 1996 ISO 45001 for occupational health and safety management in 2018, preceded by OHSAS 18001 1999In 1998 the International Finance Corporation established EHS guidelines. As a typical example, the activities of a health and environment working group might focus on: exchange of know-how regarding health and environmental aspects of a material promotion of good working practices, such as post-use material collection for recycling Occupational Safety and Health Administration American Society of Safety Engineers Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety EHS Today Safety+Health Magazine – National Safety Council Environmental Leader EU-OSHA ISHN NIOSH OH&S Occupational safety and health National Safety Council Robert W. Campbell Award, an Award for Business Excellence through EHS Management.

Safety engineering NAEM, the premier Association for EHS Management: What is EHS? International Finance Corporation: World Bank Group Environmental and Safety Guidelines International Network for Environmental Management

Navajo pueblitos

The term Navajo Pueblitos known as Dinétah Pueblitos, refers to a class of archaeological sites that are found in the northwestern corner of the American state of New Mexico. The sites consist of small stone and timber structures which are believed to have been built by the Navajo people in the late 17th and early 18th centuries; the sites are located within the cultural area known as the Dinétah, the traditional homeland of the Navajo tribe of Native Americans. Pueblitos are found in defensible locations along mesa rims and on isolated outcrops and boulders; the structures themselves can consist of from one to six rooms, take the form of multi-storied towers, cliff dwellings, fort-like enclosures. The majority of pueblito sites are located on lands administered by the United States Bureau of Land Management in Rio Arriba and San Juan counties, New Mexico. Pueblitos, as well as a large number of other early Navajo sites are clustered in the Largo and Gobernador canyons, which drain in a north and westerly direction to the San Juan River.

The sites, now in ruins, date to what archaeologists have named the Gobernador phase of Navajo history. This was a period of population movements which began with the Pueblo Revolt of 1680, during which the Spanish were driven from New Mexico by an alliance of various Rio Grande and Western Pueblo tribes; the Spaniards returned in 1692, it appears that some Pueblo people fled to the mesas and canyons of the Navajo. A large Puebloan influx to the Dinétah region was long seen by archaeologists as the impetus for a mixing of Puebloan and Navajo cultural traits which appears to have taken place in the 18th century; the presence of Pueblo refugees has been credited as an important driving force behind the construction of the pueblitos. There is, some debate over the evidence that any large number of Pueblo people lived with the Navajos in this period. Spanish reports seem to indicate that portions of several Tewa and two Jemez communities may have sought refuge with the Navajos. However, historical evidence from the Hopi Pueblos indicates that the majority of the refugees from the Rio Grande region went to Hopi, leading some scholars to believe that the number of Puebloans that fled to Navajo country may have been as little as a few hundred.

Whether constructed by Navajos, Puebloans, or a combination of both, most scholars agree that the Pueblitos are defensive in nature. Dinétah was a frontier area at the beginning of the 18th century, held by Navajos and Pueblo refugees against retaliatory Spanish expeditions and Ute-Comanche raids; the defensive strategies employed at Pueblito sites consist of two general elements. The location of sites allowed for good views of approach routes, sites were situated so that they could be visually linked. Pueblitos are constructed as two-story masonry structures situated on rock outcroppings or cliff edges; the shape of the structures follows the contour of the outcrop on which it rests. The interior space is partitioned by abutting cross walls to the outer walls. In most cases the structures and rooms tend to have rounded corners; the masonry is of available unshaped sandstone blocks and slabs which are set in mud mortar. Room interiors are covered with hand pressed adobe mortar. Room ceilings are supported by juniper logs.

Above the primary beams, slats of juniper and piñon are placed laterally latillas. Adobe is sometimes placed atop the latillas to form a floor. Spanish style hooded fireplaces are found in some sites. Many pueblitos are in good condition and walls stand from 4 to 15 feet in height. Forked-stick hogans occur throughout the Dinétah region, as well as in association with pueblitos; the hogans have a framework of three main posts that form a tripod. Split juniper slats are placed on the framework to form a cone; the juniper slats were covered with a layer of mud mortar, but this layer has since washed away from the structures of this period. Some of the larger and better documented pueblito sites include the following: Adolpho Canyon Christmas Tree Ruin Crow Canyon Archaeological District Frances Canyon Ruin Hooded Fireplace Site Largo School Ruin Old Fort Ruin Shaft House Ruin Simon Canyon Ruin Split Rock Ruin Tapacito Ruin Three Corn Ruin List of dwellings of Pueblo peoples Linford, Laurance D. Navajo Places - History, Legend Landscape The University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City, 2000.

ISBN 0-87480-624-0 Marshall, Michael P. and Hogan, Rethinking Navajo Pueblitos New Mexico Bureau of Land Management, Cultural Resources Series No. 8, 1991. ISBN 1-878178-09-1 Powers, Margaret A. and Johnson, Byron P. Defensive Sites of Dinetah New Mexico Bureau of Land Management, Cultural Resources Series No. 2, 1987. ISBN 1-878178-02-4 Dinetah Rock Art & Pueblitos - Photos and Maps Northwestern New Mexico's Pueblitos - a Navajo legacy Of Stone And Stories: Pueblitos of Dinetah Pueblito in Mesa Verde


Equatorius is an extinct primate genus of Kenyapithecinae identified as a result of a skeleton found in central Kenya at the Tugen Hills. Thirty-eight large teeth belonging to the middle Miocene hominid in addition to a mandibular and complete skeleton dated 15.58 Ma and 15.36 Ma. were found. The anatomical structures in part was seen to be similar to the Proconsul. Anatomy and morphology suggested the genus had an increased terrestrial habitat. Ward et al. 1999, using their previous published study of K.africanus, based the separate definition on comparisons of gnathic and dental anatomy. The classification's validity was subsequently challenged

New Zealand national Australian rules football team

The New Zealand national Australian rules football team, is the national team for the sport of Australian rules football in New Zealand. The team is selected from the best New Zealand born and developed players from the clubs of the AFL New Zealand. New Zealand-born players in the Australian Football League are not considered for selection; the team plays only for the purposes of the Australian Football International Cup, won the tournament in 2005. The NZ side wear a distinctive silver and black uniform which consists of a guernsey and socks; the guernsey contains New Zealand's silver fern. Before every match, similar to the all blacks, the NZ team will perform a Haka. New Zealand are the modern version of the team that defeated both New South Wales and Queensland at the Jubilee Australasian Football Carnival. Australian Football was played in New Zealand between 1908 and 1974. New Zealand was reintroduced to international Australian Football at the Arafura Games in 1995; the team competed in the 1997 and 1999 games, winning the Silver medal in each year of the competition as runners up to Papua New Guinea.

The team competed in the inaugural 2002 Australian Football International Cup finishing in 3rd place. Warming up for the 2005 International Cup, the Falcons played a touring Maffra at Manurewa in New Zealand but were defeated by 70 points, dulling expectations of the team's appearance in the next international event, but at the same time displaying the massive disparity between the competitive level of the sport in the two countries. However, with the growing popularity of Aussie Rules in New Zealand, the much improved 2005 New Zealand International Cup side went through the competition undefeated, claiming the title of International Champions by defeating Papua New Guinea in the Grand Final at the Melbourne Cricket Ground claiming the title from previous winners Ireland; the team took most by surprise and no other side was able to come close to winning against them. The Falcon's best and fairest player was Matthew Callaghan. Following the overwhelming success of the team's 2005 International Cup appearance, the Falcons were invited to play at the Australian Country Championships in 2006 to be held on the Gold Coast.

The qualification rules of this competition are more lenient, the Falcons were able to play non-New Zealand born players to make them competitive against Australian sides from country leagues. The Falcons were not successful at the event, losing to Queensland, by 9 points to Victoria B and by 63 points to the Indigenous All-Stars. Warming up for the 2008 cup, New Zealand were once again convincingly defeated by Maffra; the team, however went on to win all of its first 3 rounds by massive margins, leading its pool by a massive percentage to play-off in the finals against Ireland, Papua New Guinea and South Africa. Though the Falcons lost to a determined Papua New Guinea in the Grand Final. Richard Bradley was the tournament's equal leading goalkicker with Canada's Scott Fleming and was one of three New Zealanders selected in the All-International team. Since 2012 the national side has played against the National Australian Under 17 team; the first game was won convincingly by the AFL Academy by 91 points.

2013 saw the Australian's win by 44 points and in 2014 it took a goal in the final minutes to win their third straight game by only 4 points. Some of NZ's past and present players include- Shem Tatupu - Melbourne Storm Joseph Baker Thomas - St Kilda International Scholarship Holder Cameron Illet - NT Thunder / St Mary's Khan Haretaku - Port Melbourne Football Club / Sydney Swans Matt Argus -NT Thunder Lachlan Argus - NT Thunder / St Mary's Brendan Clark - NT Thunder / Tiwi Bombers Andrew Howieson - Sandringham Dragons reserves / Old Collegians Wayne Schwass - Sydney Swans Andrew Christiansen - University Blues Mitchell Ryan - Frankston Dolphins Justin Clark- Old Collegians Kurt Hedtherley - Hawthorn Football Club AFL, St Kilda Football Club, Foundation North, AVJennings, Sport New Zealand, New Zealand Racing Board 2002: 3rd 2005: 1st 2008: 2nd 2011: 3rd 2014: 3rd 2014: 2nd 1995: 2nd 1997: 2nd 1999: 2nd 2001: Did not enter The following players were included in the squad for the 2017 Australian Football International Cup: Nick Evans Shaun Johnson Matt Duffie Beauden Barrett Wayne Schwass New Zealand Representative Falcons page on NZAFL site Google Video of Falcons performing the'Haka' at the 2005 International Cup Australian Rules coverage from the NZ Herald