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Geography of North Korea

North Korea is located in East Asia on the Northern half of the Korean Peninsula. North Korea shares a border with three countries; the Yellow Sea and the Korea Bay are off the west coast and the Sea of Japan is off the east coast. Most of North Korea is a series of medium-sized to large-sized Mountain Ranges and large hills, separated by deep, narrow valleys; the highest peak, Paektu-san on the volcanic Baekdu Mountain, is located on its northern border with China, rises 9,002 ft.. Along the west coast there are wide coastal plains, while along the East Sea coastline, narrow plains rise into mountains. Similar to South Korea, dozens of small islands dot the western coastline. North Korea's longest river is the Yulu. Other large rivers include the Tumen and Imjin; the terrain consists of hills and mountains separated by deep, narrow valleys. The coastal plains are wide in discontinuous in the east. Early European visitors to Korea remarked that the country resembled "a sea in a heavy gale" because of the many successive mountain ranges that crisscross the peninsula.

Some 80 percent of North Korea's land area is composed of mountains and uplands, with all of the peninsula's mountains with elevations of 2,000 metres or more located in North Korea. The great majority of the population lives in the lowlands. Paektu Mountain, the highest point in North Korea at 2,743 m, is a volcanic mountain near Manchuria with basalt lava plateau with elevations between 1,400 metres and 2,000 metres above sea level; the Hamgyong Range, located in the extreme northeastern part of the peninsula, has many high peaks, including Kwanmobong at 2,541 metres. Other major ranges include the Rangrim Mountains, which are located in the north-central part of North Korea and run in a north-south direction, making communication between the eastern and western parts of the country rather difficult. Geumgangsan written Mt Kumgang, or Diamond Mountain, in the Thaebaek Range, which extends into South Korea, is famous for its scenic beauty. For the most part, the plains are small; the most extensive are the Pyongyang and Chaeryŏng plains, each covering about 500 km2.

Because the mountains on the east coast drop abruptly to the sea, the plains are smaller there than on the west coast. The mountain ranges in the northern and eastern parts of North Korea form the watershed for most of its rivers, which run in a westerly direction and empty into the Yellow Sea and Korea Bay; the longest is the Amnok River, navigable for 678 km of its 790 kilometres. The Tuman River, one of the few major rivers to flow into the Sea of Japan, is the second longest at 521 kilometres but is navigable for only 85 kilometres because of the mountainous topography; the third longest river, the Taedong River, flows through Pyongyang and is navigable for 245 of its 397 km. Lakes tend to be small because of the lack of glacial activity and the stability of the Earth's crust in the region. Unlike neighboring Japan or northern China, North Korea experiences few severe earthquakes; the country has a number of natural spas and hot springs, which number 124 according to one North Korean source.

North Korea has a combination of a continental climate and an oceanic climate, with four distinct seasons. Most of North Korea is classified as being of a humid continental climate within the Köppen climate classification scheme, with warm summers and cold, dry winters. In summer, there is a short rainy season called changma. Long winters bring bitter cold and clear weather interspersed with snow storms as a result of northern and northwestern winds that blow from Siberia; the daily average high and low temperatures for Pyongyang in January are −3 and −13 °C. On average, it snows thirty-seven days during the winter. Winter can be harsh in the northern, mountainous regions. Summer tends to be short, hot and rainy because of the southern and southeastern monsoon winds that bring moist air from the Pacific Ocean. Spring and autumn are transitional seasons marked by mild temperatures and variable winds and bring the most pleasant weather; the daily average high and low temperatures for Pyongyang in August are 29 and 20 °C.

On average 60% of all precipitation occurs from June to September. Natural hazards include late spring droughts which are followed by severe flooding. Typhoons affect the peninsula on an average of at least early autumn; the drought that started in June 2015, according to the Korean Central News Agency, has been the worst seen in 100 years. The environment of North Korea is diverse, encompassing alpine, farmland and marine ecosystems. In recent years, the environment has been reported to be in a state of "crisis", "catastrophe", or "collapse". Cultivation and natural disasters have all put pressure on North Korea's forests. During the economic crisis of the 1990s, deforestation accelerated, as people turned to the woodlands to provide firewood and food; this in turn has led to soil erosion, soil depletion, increased risk of flooding. In response, the government has promoted a tree planting program. Based on satellite imagery, it has been estimated that 40 percent of forest cover has been lost since 1985.

North Korea has an area of 120,538 km², of which 120,408 km² is land and 130 km² is water. It has 1,671.5 kilometres of land boundaries.

St. John the Baptist Parish, Louisiana

St. John the Baptist Parish is a parish located in the U. S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 45,924; the parish seat is Edgard, an unincorporated area, the largest city is LaPlace, unincorporated. St. John the Baptist Parish was established in 1807 as one of the original 19 parishes of the Territory of Orleans, which became the state of Louisiana. St. John the Baptist Parish is part of the New Orleans–Metairie, LA Metropolitan Statistical Area; this was considered part of the German Coast in the 18th and 19th centuries, named for numerous German immigrants who settled along the Mississippi River here in the 1720s. On January 8, 1811, the largest slave insurrection in US history, known as the German Coast Uprising, started here, it was short-lived, but more than 200 slaves gathered from plantations along the river and marched through St. Charles Parish toward New Orleans; this is part of the sugar parishes, which were devoted to sugar cane cultivation. Planters used large numbers of enslaved African-American workers before the war, numerous freedmen stayed in the area to work on these plantations afterward.

The parish includes three nationally significant examples of 19th-century plantation architecture: Evergreen Plantation, Whitney Plantation Historic District, San Francisco Plantation House. Present-day St. John the Baptist Parish includes the third permanent settlement in what is now the state of Louisiana, after Natchitoches and New Orleans, it was considered part of the German Coast The area was settled in the early 1720s by a group of German colonists. Many families established towns close to the Mississippi River in the areas now known as Lucy and Reserve; the area was under the French regime until 1763, when France ceded Louisiana to Spain after losing the Seven Years' War to Great Britain. At the beginning of the Spanish colonial period, many Acadians, people of French descent, began arriving in south Louisiana due to being expelled by the British from what is now Nova Scotia; the British took over French territory in North America east of the Mississippi river.

The first Acadian village was established in, Louisiana. The German and French cultures thrived alongside one another, but French came to be the dominant language, they developed a culture known as Cajun. The early settlers in the area received land grants from the Spanish or French royal governments, depending upon which country owned the territory at the time of application; the French style of property allotments was made up of narrow frontage on the river so that each plantation had access for transportation of goods to and from New Orleans and world markets. The main house and supporting outbuildings were constructed near the river; the remaining property extended away from the river into the wetlands, where land was cleared for cultivation of sugar cane. Most transportation was done by boat on the bayous and lakes of the area, but via the Mississippi River as well, for decades into the 19th century. St. John, with its fertile land being nine feet above sea level, proved to be an excellent settlement for farming and agriculture.

In the late 18th century, planters began to invest more in labor-intensive sugar cane cultivation and processing, increasing their demand for slave labor. Sugar production meant prosperity for New Orleans. Planters held large numbers of slaves, to the extent that the sugar and cotton parishes all had black majorities before the Civil War. With the sugar wealth, some wealthy planters built elaborate outbuildings. Three survive in St. John parish. On the west bank are the major complex of house and outbuildings designated as the Whitney Plantation Historic District and the National Historic Landmark of Evergreen Plantation. San Francisco Plantation House a designated NHL, is on the east bank. San Francisco and Evergreen plantations are open to the public for tours; the Whitney plantation house is planned for renovation. Whitney and Evergreen plantations are both included among the first 26 sites on the Louisiana African American Heritage Trail. In January 1811, the German Coast Uprising started in this parish.

It was the largest slave insurrection in US history. The slaves killed two whites, but suffered 96 deaths among their forces at the hands of the militia and in executions after quick trials afterward, they burned three houses to the ground. Charles Deslondes, a mulatto or mixed-race slave brought from Saint-Domingue before the success of its revolution, was one of the leaders of the insurrection, he and his followers were influenced by the ideals and promises of the French and Haitian revolutions. Slavery was ended on Saint-Domingue after the French Revolution, but reimposed before the slaves gained independence. Deslondes gathered more than 200 slaves from plantations along the way, marching upriver into St. Charles Parish toward New Orleans before meeting much resistance. Unable to get the arms they had planned on, the slaves were defeated by the well-armed informal and territorial militias. During these confrontations and executions after brief trials and ninety-five slaves were killed. Decades before the American Civil War and emancipation, their actions expressed African Americans' deep desire for freedom.

As the number of white families in the settlement increased, they wanted education for their children. Before the Civil War planters would hire tutors college graduates from the North, who w

List of ancient peoples of Portugal

In what is today's mainland Portugal territory, before the rule of the Roman Empire, several peoples and tribes were living there for many centuries and they had their own culture and political organization, these peoples and tribes were in the Iron Age. Nearly all or maybe all of these peoples and tribes were Celtic Indo-Europeans, Pre-Celtic Indo-Europeans or celticized peoples. Although there is today a strong identification of the Lusitanians with the territory of modern Portugal, not all the territory were dwelt by the Lusitanians, they were themselves a tribal confederation, other peoples and tribes speaking other languages and with distinct cultures lived in the centre and north of the modern Portuguese territory, it was the number and predominance of the Lusitanians regarding other peoples and tribes that caused this identification. With the Roman conquest, the modern territory of Portugal south of the Douro river belonged to the Hispania Ulterior province. After that, in 27 BC, it was created the province of Lusitania that covered the entire western side of the Iberian peninsula including Gallaecia and Asturias, but soon after, these territories, north of the Douro river, were incorporated in the Hispania Tarraconensis province, an administrative division that lasted until the end of the Roman Empire.

The province of Lusitania corresponded with the territories of the Lusitanians, the Turduli Oppidani, the Vettones, the Celtici and the Cynetes and of the Gallaeci and the Astures for a short period of time. After the fall of the West Roman Empire, the name Lusitania continued to be used for administrative purposes but in the 9th century CE the name Portugal started to be applied to the name of a county, the County of Portucale, after independence from the Kingdom of León, to the all the country, replacing the name Lusitania by the name Portugal. Tribes known by their Latin names, living in the area of modern Portugal, prior to Roman rule: Indo-Europeans Celts Astures tribes Zoelae - living in the mountains of Serra da Nogueira and Culebra, up to the mountains of Mogadouro, in the area of Miranda do Douro, Northeasthern Portugal, adjacent areas of Galicia. Callaeci/Gallaeci tribes Bracari/Callaici Proper - living north of the River Douro, between the rivers Tâmega and Cávado, in Western Porto District, in the area of the modern city of Oporto and in the area of the modern city of Braga.

Cempsi Conii - according to some scholars and Cynetes were two different peoples or tribes and the names were not two different names of the same people or tribe. Mirobrigenses Sefes Cynetes tribes - living in Cyneticum and the south of today's Alentejo. - Originally Tartessians or similar celtized by the Celtici. Turduli Oppidani - Turduli living in the Portuguese region of Estremadura. Lusitani-Vettones Lusitanian tribes - being the most numerous and dominant of the region. Arabrigenses Aravi Coelarni/Colarni Interamnienses Lancienses Lancienses Oppidani Lancienses Transcudani Ocelenses Lancienses Meidubrigenses Paesuri - Douro and Vouga Palanti (according to some s

Oana Botez

Oana Botez is a Romanian-American theatre, opera and film designer and activist. Botez resides in New York City and Bucharest. Botez was born in Craiova, Romania to mother Rodica Botez, father, Demostene Botez and raised in Bucharest, her younger sister, Raluca, is an actress in Bucharest. Since 1995 she has been designing for stage and film, has been creating guerrilla performances that draw attention to the political/social issues in a post-revolutionary Romania. Starting in the 5th grade, Botez attended Liceul de Arte Plastice N. Tonitza, a prestigious fine arts conservatory in Bucharest, she received her BFA in Fashion Design from Bucharest Art Academy and an MFA in Design for Theater and Film from the Tisch School of the Arts, NYU. Her designs have been seen in productions for New York City’s Brooklyn Academy of Music, Bard Summerscape, Playwrights Horizons, Baryshnikov Arts Center, David H. Koch Theater/ Lincoln Theater, Big Apple Circus, Soho Rep, La MaMa, The Kitchen, PS122, HERE Arts Center, Joyce Theater, Ontological-Hysteric Theater, BRIC Arts Media, Classic Stage Company, 59E59, LCT3,JACK Brooklyn, Rattlestick Playwrights Theater, Joe’s Pub, The Public Theater, Brooklyn Lyceum, Women's Project Theater, City Center, Dance Theater Workshop, Dixon Place.

Regionally: The Wilma Theater, Old Globe Theatre, CalShakes, Jacob's Pillow Dance, Hartford Stage Company, Long Wharf Theater, Shakespeare Theatre Company, Berkeley Rep, MCA, ODC, Walker Arts Center, Peak Performances Montclair, ADI, Academy of Music, Curtis Institute of Music, Cutler Majestic Theater, Portland Stage Company, Perseverance Theatre, Chautauqua Theater Company. Internationally: Bucharest National Theatre, Arad National Theatre, Bulandra Theater, Théâtre National de Chaillot, Château de Versailles, Les Subsistances, National Theatre, Hungarian Theatre of Cluj, Bucharest Operetta Theater, International Adana Theater Festival, Le Quartz, La Filature, Exit Festival /Maison des Arts Creteil, Tanz im August Festival Hebbel am Ufer – HAU, Centro Cultural Universidad del Pacífico, Centro Cultural Lima, Palazzo Simoncelli, Edinburgh International Festival, Singapore Arts Festival, her collaborators in theater, opera and dance include: Robert Woodruff, Les Waters, Richard Foreman, Maya Beiser, Richard Schechner, Mikhail Baryshnikov, Janos Szasz, Daniel Ezralow, Andrei Serban, Blanka Zizka, Daniel Kramer, Jay Scheib, Brian Kulick, Zelda Fichandler, Annie-B Parson & Paul Lazar, Megan Sandberg- Zakian, Saheem Ali, Michael Sexton, Doug Elkins, Ken Rus Schmoll, Daniel Alexander Jones, Will Davis, Lee Sunday Evans, Mary Birnbaum, Lileana Blain-Cruz, Awoye Tiempo, Tea Alegic, Zishan Ugurlu, Alec Duffy, Marina Abramović and Todd Eckert, Rebecca Taichman, Eric Ting, Razvan Dinca, Karin Coonrod, Kristin Marting, Evan Ziporyn, Eduardo Machado, Gus Solomons Jr. and Paradigm Dance, Carmen DeLavallade, Jackson Gay, David Levine, Sam Gold, Dusan Tynek, Gisela Cardenas, Pavol Liska & Kelly Copper, Matthew Neenan, Molissa Fenley, Paul Peers, Pig Iron Theatre Company, Play Company, Charles Moulton, Janice Garrett, Ripe Time, among others.

Botez is NEA/TCG Career Development Program Recipient. Nominated for The Henry Hewes Design Awards, The Barrymore, The Theater Bay Area Awards and Drammy Award, she walked away recipient of both The Barrymore Awards for Excellence in Drammy Award. She taught costume design at Colgate University, Brooklyn College, MIT. Ms. Botez is an Assistant Professor Adjunct in the Design Department at Yale School of Drama. Official website Oana Botez on IMDb

Lurgan Celtic F.C.

Lurgan Celtic Football Club is a Northern Irish intermediate football club based in Lurgan, County Armagh, that most played in the NIFL Premier Intermediate League. Its home ground is Knockramer Park; the club plays in a strip based on Scottish team Celtic. On 15 August 2019, Lurgan Celtic announced that its senior side would withdraw from the NIFL and implement new youth academy structures, with a view to restarting its senior teams for the 2020-21 season. A club by the name of Lurgan Celtic was formed in 1903, with the obvious slant of aiming towards the Roman Catholic community of the town, adopting the name and colours of Glasgow Celtic, a popular club among the Irish Catholics population of Glasgow and the west of Scotland. At the time it was a bold move to break into the world of football; the Gaelic Athletic Association was in its early stages and was keen to promote Gaelic sports and football in particular, perceived as "foreign", was discouraged. A change in attitudes took hold in the early 1970s and Lurgan Celtic was reborn to try its luck again in the local football scene rising to become one of the strongest clubs in the Craigavon area.

Irish Football League membership remained elusive during these years due to the presence of Glenavon just down the road at a time when the IFA was trying to reach out to new footballing towns. There was a suggestion that it was the club's Catholic stance as they pushed for membership of what was considered a predominantly Protestant league that stood in their way. So was this felt that the club joined forces with Belfast club Donegal Celtic, another club that took its name and kit from the Glasgow club, threatened the League with legal action to gain membership; the restructuring of the league in the early part of the 21st century resulted in both Celtic clubs gaining admission to the Irish Football League Second Division for the 2002–03 season. In 2003 the club closed their town centre ground and relocated to share Oxford United's ground on the edge of Lurgan at Knockramer Park, which offered better facilities. Promotion to the Intermediate League First Division was achieved in 2006–07, but in 2008 the club failed to meet the criteria for a place in the new IFA Championship, found itself in the IFA Interim League for the 2008–09 season.

They made the necessary improvements to gain admission to the newly formed third tier, IFA Championship 2, for the 2009–10 season. After seven seasons of consolidation in Championship 2 with occasional flirts with relegation, Celtic surged to the 2014–15 NIFL Championship 2 title, achieving promotion to the national second tier, Championship 1. On the back of their title success the previous season, Celtic pulled off one of the local game's biggest giant-killing acts of the 21st century. After reaching the quarter-finals for the first time in the 2015–16 Irish Cup, Celtic were drawn to face senior NIFL Premiership side and beaten Irish Cup finalists the previous year, Portadown away at Shamrock Park. Celtic stunned the Ports by taking a 2–0 lead after 54 minutes. However, Portadown came back into the match after 70 minutes with two goals of their own to level the score at 2–2. Amazingly, Lurgan Celtic had the last say however, scored a last-minute penalty to win 3–2 and cause a major upset by eliminating Portadown and reach the semi-finals of the biggest cup competition in the country for the first time in the club's history.

The match was notable as Portadown's final match under the management of Ronnie McFall. After the match, the legendary Portadown manager resigned, ending his reign at the club after 29 years. In the Irish Cup semi-final they were defeated 3–0 by Linfield with Aaron Burns scoring a hat-trick. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. NIFL Championship 2: 1 2014–15 Mid-Ulster Football League: 1 1997–98 Northern Ireland Intermediate League: 1 2000–01 Bob Radcliffe Cup: 2 1997–98, 2011–12 Irish Junior Cup: 1 1990–91 Lurgan Celtic Homepage Ground Hopper's tour of Knockramer Park


Gobioninae is a monophyletic subfamily of Eurasian cyprinid fishes. A species-rich subfamily, it is divided into five tribes: Gobionini, Hemibarbini and Sarcocheilichthyini. In order to adapt to different masticatory operations, members of Gobioninae developed various types of pharyngeal bones and teeth: some have intermediate pharyngeal bones with rows of diverse teeth, others have broad pharyngeal bones with a single row of molar teeth. There are Gobioninae having narrow pharyngeal bones with a row of compressed teeth; the following genera are included in the subfamily Gobioninae according to Fishbase: Abbottina Acanthogobio Belligobio Biwia Coreius Coreoleuciscus Gnathopogon Gobio Gobiobotia Gobiocypris Hemibarbus Huigobio Ladislavia Mesogobio Microphysogobio Paracanthobrama Paraleucogobio Parasqualidus Platysmacheilus Pseudogobio Pseudopungtungia Pseudorasbora Pungtungia Rhinogobio Romanogobio Sarcocheilichthys Saurogobio Squalidus Xenophysogobio