click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Georg Ernst Stahl

Georg Ernst Stahl was a German chemist and philosopher. He was a supporter of vitalism, until the late 18th century his works on phlogiston were accepted as an explanation for chemical processes, he was born in St. John's parish in Ansbach, Brandenburg on October 21, 1659, his father was Johann Lorentz Stahl. He was raised in Pietism, his interests in chemistry were due to the influence a professor of medicine, Jacob Barner, a chemist, Johann Kunckel von Löwenstjern. In the late 1670s, Stahl moved to Saxe-Jena to study medicine at the University of Jena. Stahl’s success at Jena earned him a M. D. around 1683 and he went on to teach at the same university. Teaching at the university gained him such a good reputation that in 1687 he was hired as the personal physician to Duke Johann Ernst of Sachsen-Weimar. In 1693, he joined his old college friend Friedrich Hoffmann at the University of Halle. In 1694, he held the chair of medicine at the University of Halle. From 1715 until his death, he was the physician and counselor to King Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia and in charge of Berlin's Medical Board.

He had two wives, who died from puerperal fever in 1696 and 1706. He had a son Johnathan and a daughter who died in 1708. Stahl's focus was on the distinction between the nonliving. Although he did not support the views of iatro-mechanists, he believed that all non-living creatures are mechanical and so are living things to a certain degree, his views were that nonliving things are stable throughout time and did not change. On the other hand, living things are subject to change and have a tendency to decompose, which led Stahl to work with fermentation. Stahl professed an animistic system, in opposition to the materialism of Hermann Boerhaave and Friedrich Hoffmann, his main argument on living things was that there is an agent responsible for delaying this decomposition of living things and that agent is the anima or soul of the living organism. The anima controls all of the physical processes, it not only just controls the direction and goals of them too. How the anima controls these processes is through motion.

He believed that the three important motions of the body are the circulation of blood and secretion. These beliefs were reflected in his views on medicine, he thought that medicine should deal with the body as a whole and its anima, rather than the specific parts of a body. Having knowledge on the specific mechanical parts of the body is not useful, his views had been criticized by Gottfried Leibniz, with whom he exchanged letters published in a book titled Negotium otiosum seu σκιαμαχία. During the first part of the 18th century, Stahl's ideas on the non-physical part of the body were disregarded while his mechanistic ideas on the body were accepted in the works of Boerhaave and Hoffmann; as a physician, Stahl worked with patients and focused on the soul, or anima, as well as blood circulation and tonic motion. Anima was a vital force. Tonic motion, to Stahl, involved the contracting and relaxing movements of the body tissue in order to serve the three main purposes. Tonic motion helped explain how fevers were caused.

In Stahl's 1692 dissertation, De motu tonico vitali, Stahl explains his theory of tonic motion and how it is connected to blood flow within a subject, without citing William Harvey's blood flow and circulation theories, which lacked an explanation of irregular blood flow. Within the dissertation,'practitioners' are mentioned as users of his theory of tonic motion. Stahl's theory of tonic motion was about the muscle tone of the circulatory system. During his work at Halle, Stahl oversaw patients experiencing nosebleeds. Tonic motion explained these phenomena as blood needed a natural or artificial path to flow when a part of the body is obstructed, injured, or swollen. Stahl experimented with menstruation, finding that bloodletting in an upper portion of the body would relieve bleeding during the period. During the next period, the wound would experience pain and swelling, which would only be relieved by an opening in the foot, he followed this procedure as a treatment for amenorrhoea. The best of Stahl's work in chemistry was done.

Just like medicine, he believed. Although he believed in atoms, he did not believe that atomic theories were enough to describe the chemical processes that go on, he believed that atoms could not be isolated individually and that they join together to form elements. He took an empirical approach. Stahl used the works of Johann Joachim Becher to help him come up with explanations of chemical phenomena; the main theory that Stahl got from J. J. Becher was the theory of phlogiston; this theory did not have any experimental basis before Stahl. He was able to make the theory applicable to chemistry. Becher's theories attempted in explaining chemistry as comprehensively as possible through classifying different earths according to specific reactions. Terra pinguis was a substance that escaped according to Becher. Stahl, influenced by Becher's work, developed his theory of phlogiston. Phlogiston theory did not have any experimental basis before Stahl worked with metals and various other substances in order separate phlogiston from them.

Stahl proposed that metals were made of calx, or ash, phlogiston and that once a metal is heated, the phlogiston leaves only the calx wit

Anju Dhillon

Anju Dhillon is a Canadian Liberal politician, elected to represent the riding of Dorval—Lachine—LaSalle in the House of Commons of Canada in the 2015 federal election. She is the first person of South Asian descent to be elected from the province of Quebec. Dhillon was born and raised in Montreal, began volunteering for Paul Martin's campaigns at age 13. For ten years she was vice-president for youth of the federal liberal riding association in LaSalle-Émard, was subsequently its vice-president. Dhillon attended Concordia University, earning a Bachelor of Arts in political science, studied law at Université de Montréal becoming the first Canadian Sikh to practice law in Quebec. Official Website

PM2FGR

PM2FGR, on-air name 106.6 V Radio, is a radio station in Jakarta, Indonesia. V Radio focused on 80s and 90s music, although 2000s and 2010s songs are played in weekdays. MNC Networks owns this station; this radio started with DMC Radio branding until mid 1990s. This radio rebranded as S Radio, focusing at celebrity news and infotainment format like 101.1 Showbiz Tsismis in Manila at that time. S Radio's music was similar with CHR stations at the time. S Radio was mentioned in Jakarta Undercover 2 book, popular book that revealed Jakarta's nightlife at that time. In 2004, S Radio moved to 106.6 FM after years in 107.9 FM. In 2005, Muara Radio acquired this frequency with its dangdut music format. Muara Radio abandoned this format in 2010, rebranded into 106.6 M Radio with no dangdut music. In 2010, MNC Networks acquired the station to replace Women Radio, leased to non-group owner. At the first 6 years, V Radio focused on content for women, hence its tagline "The voice of inspiring woman"; some programs related to women and mothers were held, including off-air activations.

In 2017, V Radio changed its tagline as Lagu Hitsnya Beda due to playlist focus to 80s and 90s song started targeting men in its programming. V Radio was the first to reborn slow adult contemporary radio in Jakarta, after Delta FM's re-branding, followed by Kis FM. Unlike its rival Most Radio which played 80s, 90s with some rock and Camajaya with some rock and roll, oldies, 00s and 60s-70s, V Radio focused on slow and relaxing music plays 2000s and 2010s music on the weekdays. V Radio's office is in Jl. Kebon Sirih No.17-19, Central Jakarta. Its transmitter is in Kebon Jeruk, West Jakarta, sharing the same site with RCTI transmitter; as the result, V Radio has the highest HAAT in Jakarta. Although the transmitter is there, the radio is licensed in East Jakarta due to S Radio's office in that city

Birnen, Bohnen und Speck

Birnen, Bohnen und Speck is a North German dish, popular in the states of Schleswig-Holstein, Lower Saxony, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and Hamburg. It goes under the names of Bohnen, Birnen und Speck and, the Low German names of Grööner Hein and Grönen Heini; the ingredients required mean that the dish is eaten in the months of August and September. The dish is a type of stew, in which—as the name indicates—the main ingredients are pears and bacon. In North German country kitchens, potatoes would be added though they are not mentioned. Cut French beans are used. In Hamburg on the markets "Turkish peas" may be found, despite its name a Vierlande bean variety that used to be used for this dish. During preparation several sprigs of savory are added to the beans; the pears used for this dish are cooking pears which would otherwise be inedible eaten as fruit in their own right. They are small, rock-hard and do not have the sweetness and juiciness of the popular eating varieties; these pears are found at markets and in small vegetable shops.

In the Hamburg area, other varieties are used: the Vierländer and the rather sweeter Finkenwerder cooking pears. The Vierländer sort have a firmer consistency after cooking, preferred by many; these cooking pears are subject to the weather. As a last resort for those who have missed the right season, Bürgermeisterbirne pears may be used, they are not as sweet when raw and are sweeter. The bacon used is smoky bacon. Here, too, it is important if the dish is to taste its best not to use'any old bacon'; the origin -- whether from the Black Forest or Tyrol -- is immaterial. The deciding factor is the storage of the bacon. Only streaky bacon, air-dried and stored produces when cooked that pleasant taste of seasoned fat that melts in the mouth. Bacon, which—as is common today—has been stored hygienically in its vacuum wrapper, only produces a sort of fibrous stringiness after being cooked; the Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein preference is to add potatoes to their Bohnen, Birnen und Speck that are still firm when cooked—such as the Cilena or Linda varieties.

In Land Hadeln beef or lamb can be cooked along with the bacon. According to taste, the bacon is placed either in complete strips or cut up into water, brought to the boil. Meanwhile, the beans are cleaned and cut into sections. After 25 minutes of cooking, the beans are added together with the savory to the bacon and cooking continues; the flowers are removed from the pears. The pears are left with their skins on throughout, they are laid on the beans and everything is cooked together. The peeled potatoes are boiled separately in salted water. Towards the end of the overall cooking time of about 50 minutes, some flour is mixed with water, poured into the pot and boiled up. Typical quantities for four people are: 750 g beans 500 g pears 400 g bacon 500 g potatoes 1 sprig of savory 2 tablespoons of flourEach person is served one or two pears, a good portion of bacon and potatoes and broth according to preference. A fresh beer goes well with the dish. There are variations that do away with the savory, but add freshly chopped parsley towards the end, which use broth instead of water for cooking or which use pepper.

List of stews Birnen, Bohnen und Speck or My German Genes Pears, String Beans and Bacon

Judith Lowry

Judith Carter Lowry was an American actress. She had nearly 30 film and television roles and appeared on stage, most notably in the Off-Broadway production of The Effect of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-Moon Marigolds and on Broadway in Archibald MacLeish's J. B. Judith Carter Ives was born at Fort Sill, where her father was temporarily stationed, she was the daughter of Francis Joseph Ives. Her father was a career surgeon in the U. S. Army, attaining the rank of Major, her father saw action in the Spanish–American War, serving in Cuba and in the Philippines, before retiring to Washington, D. C. in 1908, where he died. Through her father, Lowry was a descendant of American Revolutionary War soldier Asahel Ives. Lowry made her stage debut in 1913 in a stock company in Washington, D. C. In 1921, she retired from acting to raise her family, she resumed her acting career in 1952 after the youngest of nine children turned 18, appearing on stage and taking occasional bit parts in film and television. It was not until her eighties.

Lowry played an uncredited part in Valley of the Dolls as Aunt Amy, followed by roles in such films as The Anderson Tapes and Cold Turkey. Her best-remembered role is that of acid-tongued, no-nonsense Mother Dexter on the 1970s sitcom Phyllis, starring Cloris Leachman; this was Lowry's last major acting role. She died of a heart attack during the series' final season. One of the last episodes she filmed before her death, "Mother Dexter's Wedding", marked the final appearance of veteran actor Burt Mustin, who played her bridegroom, Arthur Lanson. By the time the episode aired in December 1976, Lowry had died at age 86, the 92-year-old Mustin, who died in January 1977, was too ill to see it. After the airing of "Mother Dexter's Wedding", five more episodes of Phyllis followed in which Lowry appeared. Judith met actor Rudd Lowry, while performing on stage. Rudd had returned from serving in the U. S. Army during World War I as a Staff sergeant in an army hospital; the couple had three daughters. All their sons served with the United States Armed Forces.

Lowry collapsed and died from a heart attack while walking down a Greenwich Village street with her son Rayphield Semmes Lowry, on November 29, 1976. She was buried next to her husband, Rudd Lowry, in Long Island National Cemetery, New York. Judith Lowry on IMDb Judith Lowry at the Internet Broadway Database Judith Lowry at the Internet Off-Broadway Database Video: clip from episode of Phyllis - "Mother Dexter's Wedding" on YouTube

Alan Heatherington

Alan Heatherington is one of the leading orchestra conductors in Illinois. He has conducted and/or played with all of the major orchestras in the Chicago area, he is the Music Director of Ars Viva Symphony Orchestra and the Chicago Master Singers, is Music Director Emeritus of the Lake Forest Symphony Orchestra. Heatherington grew up in the child of two musicians. Heatherington began his musical training at age five, first in piano and in violin and conducting. While still in high school, he studied at the Eastman School of Music in New York, he turned down a scholarship at Eastman to attend Houghton College in New York and the seminary at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School in Bannockburn, Illinois. He taught biblical studies at the Moody Bible Institute for ten years, he received a Master of Music degree from Northwestern University. While at Northwestern, he studied conducting under Bernard Rubenstein, he studied violin, winning the honors competition. Heatherington made his debut at Carnegie Hall with the Delft Trio in 1981.

He conducted the Chicago String Ensemble from 1977 until 1995. Heatherington has taught extensively at universities. From 1981 to 1986, he was director of orchestral conducting and string instruction at the State University of New York at Buffalo. In 1988, he became associate professor of music at North Park University, remaining there until 1993. From 1995 to 2003, he was Director of Music Ministries at the First Presbyterian Church in Lake Forest, Illinois, he was conductor of the professional choir at Anshe Emet Synagogue in Chicago from 1992 to 2000. He was the Artistic Director and co-conductor of the Innsbruck International Choral Festival for four years, he was Music Director of the Ars Viva Symphony Orchestra from 1995 to 2014 and the Lake Forest Symphony from 2000 to 2013, is Music Director Emeritus of both orchestras. Maestro Heatherington continues as Music Director of the Chicago Master Singers. In 2018 he led the chorus for the 13th time on a successful European tour in England, he has been a guest conductor with numerous orchestras, operas and choral groups in the United States and has conducted concerts in many of the major cultural capitals of Europe, including London, Vienna, Berlin, Zurich, Rome, Milan, Prague, Riga, Tallinn, St. Petersburg, Budapest and Cologne.

In 2007 he made his European opera debut conducting Rossini's Barber of Seville at the Kraków Opera. In 2013, Heatherington resumed his seminary studies, completing the Anglican Studies Program at Nashotah House Theological Seminary in Nashotah, Wisconsin, he was ordained Priest in the Anglican Church in North America in February, 2017, is now vicar of Grace Anglican Fellowship in Lake Forest, Illinois. Heatherington is among the most regarded and revered choral and orchestral conductors in Chicago, he is a distinguished professional violinist. He is known for bringing a microphone on stage and delivering an impromptu introduction and commentary on one or more of the pieces the orchestra is performing; the Chicago Tribune's classical music critic, reporting on an Ars Viva concert, wrote that "Heatherington knows what he wants and has the leadership skills to bring his musical ideas alive through a solid ensemble that includes numerous Chicago Symphony players in key positions."In 2005, Maestro Heatherington was named the Conductor of the Year by the Illinois Council of Orchestras.

He was named by the Chicago Tribune as a Chicagoan of the Year for 2004. In 2006, the Lake Forest Symphony, which he directed, was named Illinois Orchestra of the Year by the Illinois Council of Orchestras. In 2010 he received the Cultural Leadership Award, the highest honor bestowed by the Illinois Council of Orchestras, for "sustained leadership, extending beyond his own organizations and community, that has profoundly impacted the state of the Arts in Illinois."