Nathaniel B. Baker
Nathaniel Bradley Baker was an American politician and military leader who served as Governor of New Hampshire and Adjutant General of the Iowa Militia. Nathaniel B. Baker was born in Henniker, New Hampshire on September 29, 1818, raised in West Concord. Nathaniel Baker graduated from Phillips Exeter Academy in Harvard University, he studied law under Franklin Pierce, Asa Fowler and Charles H. Peaslee and passed the bar in 1842. Baker was a co-owner of the New Hampshire Patriot. A Democrat, he served as Clerk of the Merrimack County Court of Common Pleas in 1845; the following year he became Merrimack County Clerk. Baker was active in the New Hampshire Militia, serving as Quartermaster and Adjutant of the 11th Regiment, he subsequently served as Aide-de-Camp to Governor John H. Steele with the rank of Colonel. In 1851, Baker assumed the position of Chief Fire Engineer for Concord's Fire Department, he served in the New Hampshire House of Representatives in 1850 and 1851, was elected Speaker of the House.
In 1852 he was a Presidential Elector, cast his ballot for Franklin Pierce and William R. King. From 1854 to 1859 Baker was a trustee of Norwich University, he received an honorary master of arts degree from Norwich in 1855. In 1854 he was elected governor and served a single one-year term, June 6, 1854 to June 7, 1855. During his term the legislature failed to pass resolutions condemning the Missouri Compromise and the Kansas–Nebraska Act, evidence that New Hampshire was trending away from the Democratic Pierce and Baker and becoming antislavery, he was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1855. After Baker's term as governor, he moved to Clinton, where he continued to practice law, he was elected to the Iowa House of Representatives in 1859 as a Democrat. His antislavery views caused him to join the Republican Party. Baker's work as chairman of the Iowa House's Military Affairs Committee at the start of the American Civil War led to his appointment as adjutant general of the Iowa Militia, he served until his death.
By now a resident of Des Moines, during the war he was praised for his efforts to recruit and train soldiers for front line regiments, to keep track of their service records, including enlistments, wounds and discharges. In addition, at the end of the war, Baker was credited with acquiring from returning Iowa units captured Confederate regimental flags and other memorabilia, arranging to have it preserved. In 1874 Baker took part in an effort to combat a massive grasshopper infestation in Northwestern Iowa, exposing himself out of doors in harsh weather including sleet and high winds, his health began to decline as a result, Baker died in Des Moines on September 11, 1876. He was buried at Woodland Cemetery in Des Moines. Colbert, Matthew M.. General Nathaniel B. Baker and the grasshopper plagues in northwest Iowa, 1873–1875. Iowa State University. Retrieved February 14, 2013. Baker at New Hampshire's Division of Historic Resources Nathaniel B. Baker at National Governors Association Nathaniel B. Baker at Find a Grave
Mont Vernon, New Hampshire
Mont Vernon is a town in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 2,409 at the 2010 census, it is not clear why it is spelled differently from the many other towns in the United States named after Mount Vernon, the home of George Washington. Some say. According to town histories, as late as the 1920s, there was some dispute about how to spell the name, with the post office and one of its most prominent hotels using a "u" for many decades. Mont Vernon broke away from neighboring Amherst following a dispute over the town parish, it added a small portion of neighboring Lyndeborough. Mont Vernon's general history follows that of many towns in this region: Originally settled for agriculture, its farms were hard hit after the Civil War when railroads opened up better farming land in the Midwest. Population began to decline. By the late 1890s it had become a tourist town, drawing summer visitors from points south, notably Boston, who escaped the heat in Mont Vernon's hills.
At one point it had five large summer hotels, including the Grand Hotel, located on top of Grand Hill. The hotel business began to wither with the development of the automobile, which allowed tourists to reach places like the White Mountains of New Hampshire, it was killed by the Great Depression; the town's population bottomed out at 300 in 1930, at which time the Grand Hotel was destroyed in a fire. The remaining hotels were torn down before World War II. Since the war, Mont Vernon has become a suburban community; this was accelerated in 1962-63 when engineers and technicians employed at Sanders Associates in Nashua found homes in Mont Vernon attractive. Some bought some homes in the village. All brought a willingness to pay more taxes to improve the schools; the active farms were squeezed out and only the Pomeroy farm survived. It wasn't until the 1970 census. Agriculture, including a 1940s and 1950s boom in chicken and egg farming, has all but disappeared; as of 2008, the town has one dairy farm.
The town's only General Store closed in January 2010, after more than 120 years in the same location. It reopened in early 2012 under the name Fishbones, renovated in the style of the 1850s, but was shuttered less than a year in November 2012, it has since reopened again under new owners. Mont Vernon made national news in March 2012 due to debate during the annual town meeting over whether to rename a small fishing hole called Jew Pond; the town renamed it Carleton Pond, after the family which donated the surrounding property to the town. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 16.7 square miles, of which 16.6 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles is water, comprising 0.48% of the town. Mont Vernon is drained by Caesar's Brook; the town's highest point is on its northern border, at 1,015 feet above sea level, near the summit of Storey Hill. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,034 people, 693 households, 575 families residing in the town; the population density was 122.4 people per square mile.
There were 720 housing units at an average density of 43.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.57% White, 0.15% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.10% from other races, 0.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.54% of the population. There were 693 households out of which 43.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.7% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 16.9% were non-families. 12.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.17. In the town, the population was spread out with 29.7% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, 9.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.1 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $71,250, the median income for a family was $77,869. Males had a median income of $50,353 versus $32,500 for females; the per capita income for the town was $30,772. About 1.0% of families and 2.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.3% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over. The only public school in town is the Mont Vernon Village School, it is an elementary school, with grades kindergarten to six. For 7th and 8th grades, Mont Vernon sends its students to the Amherst Middle School. For 9th through 12th grades, the students are sent to Souhegan High School, in Amherst but jointly owned by Amherst and Mont Vernon. Mont Vernon and Amherst comprise the school administrative unit SAU 39; the former two-story Mont Vernon Fire Station, built in 1947, was located on North Main Street next to the Town Hall. This station had 6 apparatus bays. In March 2007 the town voted to raze the deteriorating building and replace it with a new fire station on the same lot.
The new station has 5 apparatus bays facing North Main Street, 1 bay facing Pinkham Avenue. The Fire Chief has his office in the station, along with a radio and report room, a meeting room, an office for the Emergency Man
Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States. The GOP was founded in 1854 by opponents of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which had expanded slavery into U. S. territories. The party subscribed to classical liberalism and took ideological stands that were anti-slavery and pro-economic reform. Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican president in the history of the United States; the Party was dominant over the Democrats during the Third Party System and Fourth Party System. In 1912, Theodore Roosevelt formed the Progressive Party after being rejected by the GOP and ran unsuccessfully as a third-party presidential candidate calling for social reforms. After the 1912 election, many Roosevelt supporters left the Party, the Party underwent an ideological shift to the right; the liberal Republican element in the GOP was overwhelmed by a conservative surge begun by Barry Goldwater in 1964 that continued during the Reagan Era in the 1980s. After the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the party's core base shifted, with the Southern states becoming more reliably Republican in presidential politics and the Northeastern states becoming more reliably Democratic.
White voters identified with the Republican Party after the 1960s. Following the Supreme Court's 1973 decision in Roe v. Wade, the Republican Party made opposition to abortion a key plank of its national party platform and grew its support among evangelicals. By 2000, the Republican Party was aligned with Christian conservatism; the Party's core support since the 1990s comes chiefly from the South, the Great Plains, the Mountain States and rural areas in the North. The 21st century Republican Party ideology is American conservatism, which contrasts with the Democrats' liberal platform and progressive wing; the GOP supports lower taxes, free market capitalism, a strong national defense, gun rights and restrictions on labor unions. The GOP was committed to protectionism and tariffs from its founding until the 1930s when it was based in the industrial Northeast and Midwest, but has grown more supportive of free trade since 1952. In addition to advocating for conservative economic policies, the Republican Party is conservative.
Founded in the Northern states in 1854 by abolitionists, modernizers, ex-Whigs and ex-Free Soilers, the Republican Party became the principal opposition to the dominant Democratic Party and the popular Know Nothing Party. The party grew out of opposition to the Kansas–Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise and opened Kansas Territory and Nebraska Territory to slavery and future admission as slave states; the Northern Republicans saw the expansion of slavery as a great evil. The first public meeting of the general anti-Nebraska movement, at which the name Republican was suggested for a new anti-slavery party, was held on March 20, 1854 in a schoolhouse in Ripon, Wisconsin; the name was chosen to pay homage to Thomas Jefferson's Republican Party. The first official party convention was held on July 1854 in Jackson, Michigan. At the 1856 Republican National Convention, the party adopted a national platform emphasizing opposition to the expansion of slavery into U. S. territories. While Republican candidate John C.
Frémont lost the 1856 United States presidential election to James Buchanan, he did win 11 of the 16 northern states. The Republican Party first came to power in the elections of 1860 when it won control of both houses of Congress and its candidate, former congressman Abraham Lincoln, was elected President. In the election of 1864, it united with War Democrats to nominate Lincoln on the National Union Party ticket. Under Republican congressional leadership, the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution—which banned slavery in the United States—passed the Senate in 1864 and the House in 1865; the party's success created factionalism within the party in the 1870s. Those who felt that Reconstruction had been accomplished, was continued to promote the large-scale corruption tolerated by President Ulysses S. Grant, ran Horace Greeley for the presidency; the Stalwart faction defended Grant and the spoils system, whereas the Half-Breeds pushed for reform of the civil service. The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act was passed in 1883.
The Republican Party supported hard money, high tariffs to promote economic growth, high wages and high profits, generous pensions for Union veterans, the annexation of Hawaii. The Republicans had strong support from pietistic Protestants, but they resisted demands for Prohibition; as the Northern postwar economy boomed with heavy and light industry, mines, fast-growing cities, prosperous agriculture, the Republicans took credit and promoted policies to sustain the fast growth. The GOP was dominant over the Democrats during the Third Party System. However, by 1890 the Republicans had agreed to the Sherman Antitrust Act and the Interstate Commerce Commission in response to complaints from owners of small businesses and farmers; the high McKinley Tariff of 1890 hurt the party and the Democrats swept to a landslide in the off-year elections defeating McKinley himself. The Democrats elected Grover Cleveland in 1884 and 1892; the election of William McKinley in 1896 was marked by a resurgence of Republican dominance that lasted until 1932.
McKinley promised that high tariffs would end the severe hardship caused by the Pa
Anthony Colby was an American businessman and politician from New London, New Hampshire. He owned and operated a grist mill and a stage line, served one term as Governor of New Hampshire. Colby was born in New London, New Hampshire on November 13, 1792, his was educated locally and became a successful business owner and operator, with his ventures including a stagecoach line and factory for producing scythes. He was active in the militia, serving as an ensign during the War of 1812, attaining the rank of major general in 1837. Colby entered politics as a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives, serving from 1828 to 1832 and 1837 to 1839, he was an unsuccessful candidate for Congress in 1833 and 1835, ran unsuccessfully for governor in 1843, 1844 and 1845. In 1846, Colby was the successful Whig candidate for governor, he served from June 4, 1846 to June 3, 1847, he ran unsuccessfully for reelection in 1847. After leaving the governorship, Colby remained active in the military and politics.
He served again in the New Hampshire House from 1860 to 1861, during the American Civil War served as Adjutant General of the New Hamspshire Militia from 1861 to 1863. He became provost marshal of the militia, with his son Daniel succeeding him as adjutant general. Colby was interested in higher education, he was a trustee of Dartmouth College from 1850 to 1870, received an honorary master of arts from Dartmouth in 1850. He was the founder of Colby Academy, which through expansions and mergers is now known as Colby-Sawyer College. Colby died in New London on July 20, 1873, was buried in New London's Old Main Street Cemetery. Colby's papers are held at Colby-Sawyer College. Colby at New Hampshire's Department of Historic Resources Anthony Colby at National Governors Association, retrieved October 5, 2014 Anthony Colby at Find a Grave, retrieved October 5, 2014
Matthew Harvey was an American lawyer and politician from New Hampshire. He served as a member of the United States House of Representatives and as the 13th governor of New Hampshire, he was a long serving United States federal judge. Born in Sutton, New Hampshire, Harvey studied with private tutors, he graduated from Dartmouth College in 1806, read law and was admitted to the bar in 1809. He began the practice of law in Hopkinton, New Hampshire in 1809 and practiced there until 1814. Harvey was a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives from 1814 to 1821, serving as Speaker of the State House from 1818 to 1820, he was a member of the New Hampshire Senate and President from 1825 to 1827. Elected as a Democratic-Republican, Harvey represented New Hampshire in the United States House of Representatives from March 4, 1821 to March 4, 1825, during the Seventeenth U. S. Congress and the Eighteenth U. S. Congress, he was a member of the New Hampshire Senate from 1825 to 1827, a member of the New Hampshire Executive Council from 1828 to 1829.
Harvey served one abbreviated term as Governor of New Hampshire, beginning in 1830. On November 2, 1830, Harvey received a recess appointment from President Andrew Jackson to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of New Hampshire vacated by John Samuel Sherburne. Formally nominated on December 14, 1830, Harvey was confirmed by the United States Senate on December 16, 1830, received his commission the same day. Harvey resigned as governor on February 28, 1831, he remained on the bench until his death in Concord in 1866, is buried there at the Old North Cemetery. Harvey was the son of Hannah Harvey. Harvey's brother, Jonathan Harvey was a member of the US House of Representatives. United States Congress. "Matthew Harvey". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Matthew Harvey at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center. National Governors Association Matthew Harvey at Find a Grave
Governor of New Hampshire
The Governor of New Hampshire is the head of the executive branch of New Hampshire's state government. The governor is elected at the biennial state general election in November of even-numbered years. New Hampshire is one of only two states, along with bordering Vermont, to hold gubernatorial elections every two years as opposed to every four; the state's 82nd governor is Republican Chris Sununu, who has served since January 5, 2017. In New Hampshire, the governor has no term limit of any kind. No governor has served more than three terms since the 18th century with the exception of John Lynch, who won an unprecedented fourth two-year term on November 2, 2010. John Taylor Gilman had been the last governor before Lynch to serve longer than six years, serving 14 one-year terms as governor between 1794 and 1816. Unlike in many other states in which Executive Councils are advisory, the Executive Council of New Hampshire has a strong check on the governor's power; the five-member council has a veto over many actions of the governor.
Together, the Governor and Executive Council approve contracts with a value of $5,000 or more, approve pardons, appoint the directors and commissioners, the Attorney General and officers in the National Guard. The governor has the sole power to veto bills and to command the National Guard while it is not in federal service. To be qualified to be governor, one must be 30 years of age, a registered voter, domiciled in New Hampshire for at least seven years. Traditionally, the governors of the Province of New Hampshire had been titled as "President of New Hampshire", beginning with the appointment of the province's first president, John Cutt, in 1679. From 1786 to 1791, "President of the State of New Hampshire" was the official style of the position; the New Hampshire Constitution was amended in 1791 to replace "President" with "Governor". OfficialOfficial websiteGeneral informationGovernor of New Hampshire at Ballotpedia Governors of New Hampshire at The Political Graveyard Works by or about Office of the Governor of New Hampshire in libraries
John Sullivan (general)
John Sullivan was an Irish-American General in the Revolutionary War, a delegate in the Continental Congress, Governor of New Hampshire and a United States federal judge. Sullivan, the third son of American settlers, served as a major general in the Continental Army and as Governor of New Hampshire, he commanded the Sullivan Expedition in 1779, a scorched earth campaign against the Iroquois towns that had taken up arms against the American revolutionaries. As a member of Congress, Sullivan worked with the French Ambassador to the US, the Chevalier de la Luzerne. Born in Somersworth in the Province of New Hampshire, Sullivan was the third son of Irish settlers from the Beara Peninsula in County Cork. One of his brothers, James Sullivan, became Governor of Massachusetts. Another brother, who served in the Royal Navy died before the American Revolution. A landing party from HMS Allegiance on February 14, 1781 kidnapped another brother, Captain David Sullivan, who died of disease; the father, John Owen O'Sullivan was the son of Philip O'Sullivan of Beare of Ardea, minor gentry in Penal Ireland and a scion of the O'Sullivan Beare Clan, Ardea Castle line.
The Penal Laws reduced them to the status of peasants. After emigrating to York, Maine, in 1723, the elder John became a Protestant. In 1760, Sullivan married Lydia Remick Worster of Kittery, now in Maine. John and Lydia Sullivan had six children, who died in infancy, John, James and another Margery, who lived only two years. Sullivan read law with Samuel Livermore of Portsmouth, New Hampshire between 1758 and 1760, he began the practice of law in 1763 at Berwick, now in Maine, continued in the practice when he moved to Durham, New Hampshire in 1764. He annoyed many neighbors in his early career, when he was the only lawyer in town, with numerous suits over foreclosures and was threatened with violence at least twice in 1766, but by 1772, he was established and began work to improve his relations with the community. He expanded his interests into milling from which he made a substantial income. In 1773 Alexander Scammell joined John Sullivan's law practice. Sullivan built a friendship with the royal governor of New Hampshire, John Wentworth, who had assumed the office in 1767.
In November 1772, Wentworth appointed Sullivan a major in the militia. As the American Revolution grew nearer, Sullivan turned away from Wentworth and began to side more with the radicals. On May 28, 1773, at the urging of the Virginia House of Burgesses, the New Hampshire Assembly established a Committee of Correspondence. Hoping to thwart the committee, Wentworth adjourned the Assembly the next day. On December 16, 1773, colonists in Massachusetts destroyed tea worth 15,000 pounds at the Boston Tea Party to protest taxes under the Tea Act; the British Parliament responded with the Boston Port Act, effective March 21, 1774, which closed the Port of Boston until restitution for the destroyed tea was made to the East India Company. Parliament went on to pass the Massachusetts Government Act, which removed many functions of government from local control, the Quartering Act, which permitted quartering of troops in towns where there was disorder, the Quebec Act, which established the Catholic religion and French civil law in that province.
Wentworth called a new Assembly, which began meeting on April 7, 1774. On May 13, news of the Boston Port Act reached the Assembly. On May 27, the Assembly provided for only five men and an officer to guard Fort William and Mary at Portsmouth harbor. A new committee of correspondence was selected the next day. By the time Wentworth dissolved the Assembly on June 8, 1774 in an unsuccessful effort to prevent the Assembly from sending delegates to a continental congress, Sullivan was in favor of supporting the Massachusetts radicals. In response to Wentworth's action dismissing the Assembly and the call for a continental congress to support Boston after the British sanctions against it, on July 21, 1774 the first Provincial Congress of New Hampshire met at Exeter, New Hampshire, with John Sullivan as Durham's delegate; that assembly sent Nathaniel Folsom as delegates to the First Continental Congress. The assembly adopted a Declaration of Rights and Grievances on October 14, 1774. By November 8, Sullivan and Folsom were back in New Hampshire to work for acceptance of the Declaration and the Association of the colonies to support economic measures to achieve their objectives.
On October 19, 1774, a royal order in council prohibited the export of powder and arms to America and Lord Dartmouth secretly wrote to the colonial governors to secure gunpowder and ammunition in the provinces. After Paul Revere was sent by the Massachusetts committee to warn the Portsmouth militia of a rumored British movement toward Fort William and Mary, that militia raided the fort and seized gunpowder on December 14, 1774. Sullivan, not present on this first raid, was one of the leaders of the militia force who made the second raid on the fort for its cannon and munitions on December 15. Sullivan and his men took 16 cannons, about 60 muskets and other stores but were prevented from returning for other cannon and supplies by the arrival of the man-of-war Canceaux, followed two days by the frigate Scarborough. Wentworth refrained from seeking to arrest Sullivan and others because he thought he had little popular support and the militia would not act. In January 1775, a second Provincial Congress at Exeter voted to send Sullivan and John Langdon to the Second Continental Congress.
Sullivan, supported by Folsom and Langdon, persuaded the assembly to petition Wentworth to call a New Hampshire Assembly that he would not dissolve. Wentworth responded by dis