George Cavendish, 1st Earl of Burlington

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The Right Honourable
The Earl of Burlington
Portrait of Lord George Augustus Henry Cavendish (1754–1834), 1st Earl of Burlington.jpg
Lord Cavendish, 1st Earl of Burlington
Born 31 March 1754
Died 4 May 1834 (aged 80)
Nationality British
Title 1st Earl of Burlington
Spouse(s) Lady Elizabeth Compton
Children 11
Parent(s) William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire
Lady Charlotte Boyle

George Augustus Henry Cavendish, 1st Earl of Burlington MP (31 March 1754 – 4 May 1834), styled Lord George Cavendish before 1831, was a British nobleman and politician. He built Burlington Arcade.


Cavendish was the third son of William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire and the former Lady Charlotte Boyle, daughter of Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington of the first creation, whose title had become extinct on his death in 1753.

Political career[edit]

Cavendish sat as Member of Parliament for Knaresborough from 1775 to 1780, for Derby from 1780 to 1797 and for Derbyshire from 1797 to 1831. On 10 September 1831 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Cavendish of Keighley, in the County of York, and Earl of Burlington, a revival of the title held by his maternal grandfather. [1]


He had horseracing interests. His racing silks were straw colour with a black cap. [2]


Burlington House

In 1815 Lord Burlington bought Burlington House in Piccadilly, London from his nephew, the 6th Duke of Devonshire. With the architect Samuel Ware, he made a number of significant modifications to the house, including the building of Burlington Arcade along the west side. He died at Burlington House in 1834 and was buried in All Saint's church, Derby. The property passed to his widow and on her death in 1835 to their son Charles.[3]

Portrait of the Children of Lord George Cavendish, 1790, by Sir Thomas Lawrence

He had married Lady Elizabeth Compton, only child of Charles Compton, 7th Earl of Northampton, on 27 February 1782 in London. They had at least eleven children of whom six children survived to adulthood:

The Earl was succeeded in his earldom by William, the son of his own eldest son William, who had been killed in a carriage accident in 1812.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "CAVENDISH, Lord George Augustus Henry (1754-1834)". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  2. ^ Weatherby, Edward and James (1801). "COLOURS WORN BY THE RIDERS OF THE FOLLOWING NOBLEMEN, GENTLEMEN, &c". Racing Calendar. 28: 52.
  3. ^ "Burlington House". British History Online. Retrieved 31 January 2018.

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir Anthony Thomas Abdy, Bt
Hon Robert Walsingham
Member of Parliament for Knaresborough
With: Hon Robert Walsingham
Succeeded by
Hon Robert Walsingham;
Viscount Duncannon
Preceded by
Lord Frederick Cavendish
Daniel Parker Coke
Member of Parliament for Derby
With: Edward Coke
Succeeded by
Edward Coke
George Walpole
Preceded by
Edward Miller Mundy
Lord John Cavendish
Member of Parliament for Derbyshire
With: Edward Miller Mundy
Succeeded by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Member of Parliament for Derbyshire
With: Edward Miller Mundy 1801–22
Francis Mundy 1822–31
Hon. George Venables-Vernon 1831
Succeeded by
Hon. George Venables-Vernon
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Earl of Burlington
Succeeded by
William Cavendish