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George Cayley

Sir George Cayley, 6th Baronet was an English engineer and aviator. He is one of the most important people in the history of aeronautics. Many consider him to be the first true scientific aerial investigator and the first person to understand the underlying principles and forces of flight. In 1799, he set forth the concept of the modern aeroplane as a fixed-wing flying machine with separate systems for lift and control, he was a pioneer of aeronautical engineering and is sometimes referred to as "the father of aviation." He discovered and identified the four forces which act on a heavier-than-air flying vehicle: weight, lift and thrust. Modern aeroplane design is based on those discoveries and on the importance of cambered wings identified by Cayley, he constructed the first flying model aeroplane and diagrammed the elements of vertical flight. He designed, he predicted that sustained flight would not occur until a lightweight engine was developed to provide adequate thrust and lift. The Wright brothers acknowledged his importance to the development of aviation.

Cayley represented the Whig party as Member of Parliament for Scarborough from 1832 to 1835, in 1838, helped found the UK's first Polytechnic Institute, the Royal Polytechnic Institution and served as its chairman for many years. He was a founding member of the British Association for the Advancement of Science and was a distant cousin of the mathematician Arthur Cayley. Cayley, from Brompton-by-Sawdon, near Scarborough in Yorkshire, inherited Brompton Hall and Wydale Hall and other estates on the death of his father, the 5th baronet. Captured by the optimism of the times, he engaged in a wide variety of engineering projects. Among the many things that he developed are self-righting lifeboats, tension-spoke wheels, the "Universal Railway", automatic signals for railway crossings, seat belts, small scale helicopters, a kind of prototypical internal combustion engine fuelled by gunpowder, he suggested that a more practical engine might be made using gaseous vapours rather than gunpowder, thus foreseeing the modern internal combustion engine.

He contributed in the fields of prosthetics, air engines, theatre architecture, ballistics and land reclamation, held the belief that these advancements should be available. According to the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, George Cayley was the inventor of the hot air engine in 1807: "The first working hot air engine was Cayley's, in which much ingenuity was displayed in overcoming practical difficulties arising from the high working temperature." His second hot air engine of 1837 was a forerunner of the internal combustion engine: "In 1837, Sir George Cayley, Bart. Assoc. Inst. C. E. applied the products of combustion from closed furnaces, so that they should act directly upon a piston in a cylinder. Plate No. 9 represents a pair of engines upon this principle, together equal to 8 HP, when the piston travels at the rate of 220 feet per minute." He is remembered for his pioneering studies and experiments with flying machines, including the working, piloted glider that he designed and built.

He wrote a landmark three-part treatise titled "On Aerial Navigation", published in Nicholson's Journal of Natural Philosophy and the Arts. The 2007 discovery of sketches in Cayley's school notebooks revealed that at school Cayley was developing his ideas on the theories of flight, it has been claimed that these images indicate that Cayley identified the principle of a lift-generating inclined plane as early as 1792. To measure the drag on objects at different speeds and angles of attack, he built a "whirling-arm apparatus", a development of earlier work in ballistics and air resistance, he experimented with rotating wing sections of various forms in the stairwells at Brompton Hall. These scientific experiments led him to develop an efficient cambered airfoil and to identify the four vector forces that influence an aircraft: thrust, lift and gravity, he discovered the importance of the dihedral angle for lateral stability in flight, deliberately set the centre of gravity of many of his models well below the wings for this reason.

As a result of his investigations into many other theoretical aspects of flight, many now acknowledge him as the first aeronautical engineer. His emphasis on lightness led him to invent a new method of constructing lightweight wheels, in common use today. For his landing wheels, he shifted the spoke's forces from compression to tension by making them from tightly-stretched string, in effect "reinventing the wheel". Wire soon replaced the string in practical applications and over time the wire wheel came into common use on bicycles, cars and many other vehicles; the model glider flown by Cayley in 1804 had the layout of a modern aircraft, with a kite-shaped wing towards the front and an adjustable tailplane at the back consisting of horizontal stabilisers and a vertical fin. A movable weight allowed adjustment of the model's centre of gravity. Around 1843 he was the first to suggest the idea for a convertiplane, an idea, published in a paper written that same year. At some time before 1849 he built a biplane in which an unknown ten-year-old boy flew.

With the continued assistance of his grandson George John Cayley and his resident engineer Thomas Vick, he developed a larger scale glider which flew across Brompton Da

The Mind of the Married Man

The Mind of the Married Man was a television series that ran on the HBO network for two seasons consisting of twenty episodes between September 2001 and November 2002. The story focused on the challenges of modern-day married life from a male perspective; the theme song was the title song of the musical I Love My Wife, written by Cy Coleman and Michael Stewart. Mike Binder as Micky Barnes Sonya Walger as Donna Barnes Ivana Miličević as Missy Jake Weber as Jake Berman M. Emmet Walsh as Randall Evans Taylor Nichols as Doug Nelson Doug Williams as Kevin Bobby Slayton as Slayton Brigitte Bako as Bianca Kate Walsh as Carol Nelson The Mind Of The Married Man received mixed-to-negative reviews. Ken Tucker of Entertainment Weekly rated it the worst show on television in 2002, calling it "Mike Binder's rancid little barf-com" and described it as more offensive than similar shows on other non-subscription networks "because it could be more explicit in its moronic sexism". Phil Gallo in Variety described it as an "overblown take on the sexual predilections and peccadilloes of a trio of ribald Chicago newspaper columnists" and that while it aspired to be "a male Sex and the City, it does not have any of that show’s strengths — character, reality."

In a marginally more positive review, Julie Salamon of The New York Times said Married Man wants to copy Sex and the City, but it isn't nearly as deft or surprising and "adheres to many sitcom clichés", yet is "cleverly produced and compelling in part because its characters are so annoying. Women will enjoy feeling superior to these sad souls with their pathetic dreams."In a 2011 retrospective review, Metro called it "outdated" and that it "looked as though it could have been straight out of the early 1990s. Everything from the boxy jackets to the less-than-perfect visual quality of the filming looked oddly old-fashioned." The review added, "Although it had its funny moments, the writing wasn’t snappy enough to compensate for all of this." The Mind of the Married Man on IMDb The Mind of the Married Man at The Mind of the Married Man at


STS-131 was a NASA Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station. Space Shuttle Discovery launched on 5 April 2010 at 6:21 am from LC-39A, landed at 9:08 am on 20 April 2010 on runway 33 at the Kennedy Space Center's Shuttle Landing Facility; the mission marked the longest flight for Space Shuttle Discovery. The primary payload was a Multi-Purpose Logistics Module loaded with supplies and equipment for the International Space Station; the mission removed and replaced an ammonia tank assembly outside the station on the S1 truss. STS-131 furthermore carried several on-board payloads, it is the last shuttle mission with a crew of 7. The primary payload of STS-131 was the Multi-Purpose Logistics Module Leonardo; the MPLM was filled with science supplies for the International Space Station. The MPLM carried the third and final Minus Eighty Degree Laboratory Freezer for ISS, Window Orbital Research Facility, one Crew Quarters Rack, the Muscle Atrophy Resistive Exercise rack, Resupply Stowage Racks, as well as Resupply Stowage Platforms.

The Lightweight Multi-Purpose Equipment Support Structure Carrier carried a refurbished Ammonia Tank Assembly to the ISS. The refurbished ATA was removed from the Space Station and returned for use on this mission during STS-128, it was swapped with an empty tank which will ride home on the LMC. This mission was the second flight of the TriDAR, a 3D dual-sensing laser camera, intended for potential use as an autonomous rendezvous and docking sensor. TriDAR provides guidance information that can be used to guide a vehicle during rendezvous and docking operations in space. TriDAR does not rely on any reference markers, such as reflectors, positioned on the target spacecraft. To achieve this, it relies on a laser based a thermal imager. Geometric information contained in successive 3D images is matched against the known shape of the target object to calculate its position and orientation in real-time; the TriDAR tracked the ISS position and orientation from the shuttle during docking and flyaround operations.

The mission marked:162nd NASA crewed space flight 131st shuttle mission since STS-1 38th flight of Discovery 33rd shuttle mission to the ISS 106th post-Challenger mission 18th post-Columbia mission 35th and last night launch of a shuttle, 22nd night launch from launch pad 39A 2nd "descending node" entry since 2003 Space Shuttle Discovery was moved from its hangar in the Orbiter Processing Facility 3 to the nearby Vehicle Assembly Building on 22 February 2010. The rollover was completed around 10:30 EST. According to NASA, the rollover occurred a day earlier than announced to take advantage of favorable weather in advance of poor conditions forecasted on the next day. An earlier plan to move Discovery into the VAB on 12 February 2010 was delayed because of cold weather at the Kennedy Space Center. For the rollover, temperatures in the VAB had to be above 45 °F for more than twelve hours because Discovery was not attached to any heating purges to protect its systems from potential damage from the cold.

Space Shuttle Discovery began its trip, known as the rollout, to LC-39A at 23:58 EST on 2 March 2010. The complete shuttle stack and mobile launcher platform were secured to the LC-39A structure at 6:49 EST on 3 March 2010; the 3.4 mi trek took 6 hours 51 minutes to complete. The rollout was delayed 24 hours by the threat of lightning from a passing cold front; that weather moved away, the stiff wind gusts blowing on Florida's Space Coast on the next day were not a factor for the rollout. Ahead of the rollout, engineers noticed some damage caused by birds to the External Tank, repaired inside the VAB. Birds had managed to reach the tank, pecked away at the Thermal Protection System foam. Space Shuttle Discovery lifted off at 06:21 EDT. After the eight and a half minute ride to space, Discovery's seven person crew began configuring the orbiter from a launch vehicle to an orbital vehicle. Commander Alan Poindexter and pilot Jim Dutton, with help from mission specialist 2 Dorothy Metcalf-Lindenburger performed a series of engine firings or burns to adjust their speed and refine their path to the International Space Station.

While the engine burns were going on, the rest of the crew opened the payload bay doors, set up the computers and Ku band antenna. The antenna suffered a failure during normal setup on orbit. Due to the failure, the normal downlink of imagery of the external tank was not completed; the crew on board will monitor the inspections of the thermal protection system in real time and will note any spots of interest and let the ground know while downlinking the imagery after docking. The dish antenna serves as a radar antenna, measuring the distance to the space station; the seven person crew of STS-131 was awakened to begin their first full day in space on Flight Day 2. Due to the lack of Ku-band communication, changes to the crews daily plan were read up for them to write out. After their post sleep activities, commander Alan Poindexter and pilot Jim Dutton fired Discovery's Orbital Maneuvering System engines to correct and further refine the shuttle's path to the ISS. Astronauts Naoko Yamazaki and Dorothy Metcalf-Lindenburger began activating and checking out the Shuttle Remote Manipulator System known as the Canadarm.

While Metcalf-Lindenburger and Yamazaki were working with Canadarm, Stephanie Wilson was getting equipment together and set up to record the inspections of the shuttle's heat shield. The inspections were recorded so they could be downlinked to the ground once docked to the ISS. Once all that work was done, comman


Dicallomera is a genus of tussock moths in the family Erebidae. Linnaeus first described Phalaena bombyx fascelina in 1758. Arthur Gardiner Butler first created the genus Dicallomera in 1881, for which he made Dicallomera fascelina the type species. In 1887 Otto Staudinger moved this species to the genus Dasychira, described a new species, D. nivalis -he had described D. pumila in 1881, would describe D. obscurata in 1900. In 1934 Felix Bryk moved a number of Dasychira species to the genus Olene. Igor Vasilii Kozhanchikov followed Bryk in 1950, but Douglas C. Ferguson in 1978 moved O. fascelina and a number of species back to Butler's Dicallomera. One new species, Dicallomera kusnezovi from Wrangel Island in far northern Arctic Russia, was described in 1989 by Vladimir A. Lukhtanov and Khruliova, a few other species were moved to Dicallomera, including D. pumila by Tatyana A. Trofimova in 2008 from Gynaephora. D. kusnezovi was subsumed as a subspecies under Gynaephora rossii by Vladimir A. Lukhtanov and Olga Khruleva in 2015 following DNA research.

As of 2008, the genus was composed of the following species: Dicallomera angelus Dicallomera fascelina Butler, 1881 D. f. fascelina D. f. caucasica Sheljuzhko, 1919 D. f. danieli de Freina, 1979 D. f. fischeri Daniel, 1952 D. f. karafutonis Matsumura, 1933 D. f. moto Bryk, 1949 D. f. obscura Zetterstedt, 1840 D. f. salangi Ebert, 1968 Dicallomera kaszabi Dicallomera kusnezovi Lukhtanov et Khruliova, 1989 Dicallomera nivalis D. n. nivalis D. n. obscurata Dicallomera olga Dicallomera pumila Trofimova, 2008

Too Much Sun

Too Much Sun is a 1990 American comedy film directed by Robert Downey Sr. and starring Robert Downey Jr. Eric Idle, Andrea Martin, Allan Arbus, Ralph Macchio and Howard Duff, it was filmed in Beverly Hills and Los Angeles, California, USA. A multi-millionaire is making out his will, his son is gay and his daughter a lesbian, yet he vows to leave his fortune to the first one who can produce a grandchild. Allan Arbus as Vincent Robert Downey Jr. as Reed Richmond Howard Duff as O. M. Laura Ernst as Susan Lara Harris as Sister Ursula Jim Haynie as Father Kelly James Hong as Frank Sr. John Ide as Yacht Captain Eric Idle as Sonny Marin Kanter as Tiny Nun Jon Korkes as Fuzby Robinson Ralph Macchio as Frank Jr. Christopher Mankiewicz as the mailman Andrea Martin as Bitsy Leo Rossi as George Jennifer Rubin as Gracia Cara Sherman as Waitress Heidi Swedberg as Sister Agnes Too Much Sun on IMDb Too Much Sun at AllMovie

Winchmore Hill railway station

Winchmore Hill railway station is in Station Road, Winchmore Hill in the London Borough of Enfield in North London, England, in Travelcard Zone 4. It is 7 miles 63 chains down the line from London King's Cross on the Hertford Loop Line; the station, all trains serving it are operated by Great Northern. Upon opening in 1871, the station building was identical to that at neighbouring Palmers Green. However, in 1965 the northbound side of the building was demolished due to subsidence. In the 1970s the station boasted, on its southbound platform, a small newsagent and sweet shop, just beyond the base of the stairs down to the platform, but by 1980 this shop had been dismantled; the service runs to Moorgate via Islington. The service uses Class 717 EMUs; the typical off-peak weekday service is 4 trains per hour to Hertford North. At weekends, the service is a half-hourly service to Moorgate and Watton-at-Stone and an hourly service to Stevenage. Southbound trains at this time used to run to King's Cross, but now use the Moorgate branch throughout until the end of the service.

Oyster pay and go arrived at this station on 2 January 2010. London Buses route W9 serve the station. Train times and station information for Winchmore Hill railway station from National Rail