Philippine adobo is a popular Filipino dish and cooking process in Philippine cuisine that involves meat, seafood, or vegetables marinated in vinegar, soy sauce and black peppercorns, browned in oil, simmered in the marinade. It has been considered the unofficial national dish in the Philippines; the cooking method for the Philippine adobo is indigenous to the Philippines. Pre-colonial Filipinos cooked or prepared their food with vinegar and salt to keep them fresh longer in the tropical climate of the Philippines. Vinegar, in particular, is one of the most important ingredients in Filipino cuisine, with four main traditional types: coconut vinegar, cane vinegar, nipa palm vinegar, kaong palm vinegar, all of which are linked to traditional alcohol fermentation. There are four main traditional cooking methods using vinegar that are still prevalent in the Philippines today: kinilaw, paksiw and adobo, it is believed that paksiw and adobo were all derivations of kinilaw. They are related to cooking techniques like sinigang and pinangat na isda that have a sour broth, albeit using native fruits like calamansi, unripe mangoes, bilimbi and star fruit instead of vinegar.
When the Spanish Empire colonized the Philippines in the late 16th century and early 17th century, they encountered the adobo cooking process. It was first recorded in the dictionary Vocabulario de la Lengua Tagala compiled by the Spanish Franciscan missionary Pedro de San Buenaventura, he referred to it as adobo de los naturales. The Spanish applied the term adobo to any native dish, marinated before consumption. In the 1794 edition of Vocabulario de la lengua Tagala, it was applied to quilauìn a related but different dish which primarily uses vinegar. In Vocabulario de la lengua Bisaya, the term guinamus was used to refer to any kind of marinades, from fish to pork. Other terms for precolonial adobo-like dishes among the Visayan peoples are dayok and danglusi. In modern Cebuano, guinamos refers to an different dish, bagoong. In Hiligaynon, guinamos refers to regional variants of bagoong. Dishes prepared with vinegar, garlic and other spices came to be known as adobo, with the original term for the dish now lost to history.
While the adobo dish and cooking process in Filipino cuisine and the general description of adobo in Spanish cuisine share similar characteristics, they refer to different things with different cultural roots. Unlike the Spanish and Latin American adobo, the main ingredients of Philippine adobo are ingredients native to Southeast Asia, namely soy sauce, black peppercorns, bay leaves, it does not traditionally use chilis, oregano, or tomatoes. Its only similarity to Spanish and Latin American adobo is the primary use of garlic. Philippine adobo has a characteristically salty and sour, sweet, taste, in contrast to Spanish and Mexican adobos which are spicier or infused with oregano. While the Philippine adobo can be considered adobo in the Spanish sense—a marinated dish—the Philippine usage is much more specific to a cooking process and is not restricted to meat. Pork or chicken, or a combination of both, is cooked in vinegar, crushed garlic, bay leaves, black peppercorns, soy sauce, it is served with white rice.
It was traditionally cooked in small clay pots. There are numerous variants of the adobo recipe in the Philippines; the most basic ingredient of adobo is vinegar, coconut vinegar, rice vinegar, or cane vinegar. Every ingredient can be changed according to personal preference. People in the same household can cook adobo in different ways. A rarer version without soy sauce is known as adobong puti, which uses salt instead, to contrast it with adobong itim, the more prevalent versions with soy sauce. Adobong puti is regarded as the closest to the original version of the Pre-Hispanic adobo, it is similar to another dish known as pinatisan. Adobong dilaw, which uses kalawag to provide the yellow colouring as well as adding in a different flavour, can be found in the Visayas and Mindanao regions. In the region of Negros Occidental, known for sugarcane production in the Philippines, a sweet variant of adobo called humba is served in feasts and other special occasions, made with fatty chunks of pork belly, hard boiled eggs, banana blossoms, the addition of brown sugar.
The proportion of ingredients like soy sauce, bay leaves, garlic, or black pepper can vary. Other ingredients can sometimes be used, it may be further browned in the oven, pan-fried, deep-fried, or grilled to get crisped edges. Adobo has been called the quintessential Philippine stew, served with rice both at daily meals and at feasts, it is packed for Filipino mountaineers and travelers because it keeps well without refrigeration. Its long shelf-life is due to one of its primary ingredients, which inhibits the
Sofia Sforza is an Italian ice dancer. With former partner Francesco Fioretti, she placed as high as 10th at the World Junior Championships. Sofia Sforza competed with Daniel Ferrari early in her career, she teamed up with Francesco Fioretti in December 2008. They were coached by Valter Rizzo in Zanica. On 1 October 2013, it was reported that Sforza/Fioretti had parted ways and she had teamed up with her brother, Leo Luca Sforza, until a pair skater. Media related to Sofia Sforza at Wikimedia Commons Sofia Sforza / Leo Luca Sforza at the International Skating Union Sofia Sforza / Francesco Fioretti at the International Skating Union
Lion Heart is the fifth Korean language studio album recorded by South Korean girl group Girls' Generation. It marked their first record as an eight-member group since the departure of member Jessica in September 2014. Produced by Lee Soo-man, Lion Heart musically encompasses styles of bubblegum pop, it was released in two parts throughout August 18 and August 19, 2015 by S. M. Entertainment; the album spawned three singles. Its lead single, "Party", was released on July 7, 2015, peaked atop the Gaon Digital Chart, further reaching number ten on the Japan Hot 100, it was followed up by "Lion Heart" and "You Think" in August 2015, charting at number four and thirty on the Gaon Digital Chart, respectively. In order to promote the record, Girls' Generation appeared on several South Korean music programs, such as Music Bank, Show! Music Core, Inkigayo, where they performed material from the album; the group additionally embarked on a concert tour named Girls' Generation's Phantasia, which commenced on November 21, 2015 in Seoul and visited East and Southeast Asia.
Lion Heart received mixed reviews from music critics, who opined that the album's styles were too generic and considered it a decline in the group's career. Commercially, the record experienced commercial acclaim in South Korea, staying atop the Gaon Album Chart for two weeks and becoming the 13th best-selling album of 2015 in that country, it appeared on United States' Billboard World Albums Chart, charted at number 11 on the Japanese Oricon Albums Chart. According to Slant Magazine's Anzhe Zhang, Lion Heart consists of bubblegum pop songs. Echoing Zhang's viewpoint, Chester Chin from Malaysian newspaper The Star wrote that the album was a collection of bubblegum pop tracks; the record's opening track, "Lion Heart", is a soul pop-influenced bubblegum pop song which embraces a retro-styled sound while being instrumented by basslines and brass. "Party" was detailed as an electropop song, backed up by guitars and Auto-Tune. Aside from the signature sound, Lion Heart encompasses several other genres.
"One Afternoon" draws influence from bossa nova and incorporates Spanish guitars, while "Show Girls" portrays an electropop song recorded in Japanese for the group's 2014 greatest hits album, The Best. "Check" is a mild R&B track, "Sign" was described as a dark synthpop song. "Bump It" is a hybrid of various genres. On June 30, 2015, the group released music video previews of three then-forthcoming singles "Party", "Lion Heart" and "You Think", serving as a promotional tool for their first Korean language studio album as an eight-member group. Details on album, including its title, release date, cover artwork and track list, were announced on August 12, 2015; the group's label, S. M. Entertainment, revealed; the first six songs—including the single "Lion Heart"—would be made available on August 18, while the remaining tracks—including the single "You Think"—would be distributed on the following day. An alternative edition of the album featuring a different artwork was additionally released on August 26, 2015 under the title You Think.
Following the release of the record, Girls' Generation appeared on several South Korean music programs, including KBS's Music Bank, MBC's Show! Music Core, SBS' Inkigayo, in order to promote the record, with them performing "Lion Heart" and "You Think". Throughout August 18–25, the group participated and interacted with viewers through a series of mobile video live stream on Naver's mobile application "V". Subsequently, the group additionally embarked on a concert tour titled Girls' Generation's Phantasia, which kicked off on November 21, 2015 at the Olympic Gymnastics Arena in Seoul, continued in visiting Japan, Thailand and Taiwan."Party" was made available as the lead single from Lion Heart for digital purchase by S. M. Entertainment on July 7, 2015; the physical CD single was made available for purchase on July 8, 2015. An accompanying music video for the recording was released in conjunction with the release of the single. Commercially, "Party" debuted atop the Gaon Digital Chart on the chart issue dated July 11, 2015, selling 256,390 digital units within its first week of availability, bringing total sales to over 843,843 digital units in South Korea as of December 2015, thus becoming the 58th best-selling single of 2015.
"Party" additionally peaked at number ten on the Japan Hot 100 and number four on the Billboard World Digital Songs. The title track was serviced as the album's second single, its music video premiered on August 18, 2015. Subsequently, "You Think" served as the third and final single, being accompanied by a visual, released the day following "Lion Heart"'s availability; the title track was added to Korean Broadcasting System's "K-Pop Connection" radio playlist on August 21, while "You Think" impacted KBS radio on August 23. Both songs charted on the Gaon Digital Chart, peaking at numbers 30, respectively. Upon its release, Lion Heart garnered mixed reviews from music critics. Slant Magazine's Anzhe Zhang wrote that the album was released to "quash" the suspicions that Girls' Generation was declining after the departure of member Jessica in September 2014. However, she added, "while's great for omnivorous die-hard fans, it feels a little more than scatter-brained." Chester Chin, penning for Malaysian newspaper The Star, praised the release of singles "Party", "Lion Heart" and "You Think" as
The Grand Canyon Caverns, located just a few miles east of Peach Springs, lie 210 feet below ground level. They are among the largest dry caverns in the United States. Dry caverns compose only 3% of caverns in the world; because of the lack of water and stalactites are rare in the caverns. During the Mississippian Period, 345 million years ago, the southwestern United States was covered by ocean. Skeletons of sea life settling to the depths, created a mud with a high percentage of calcium; this hardened into the limestone bedrock seen in the caverns today. Over millions of years, the bedrock was pushed up to over 5,000 feet above sea level. 35 million years ago, rainfall flowed into the rock, eroded passages that lead to the Colorado River and what is now the Grand Canyon. Millions of years the evaporating water left calcium deposits on the walls and floors, creating the formations that can be viewed today. In 1927, Walter Peck discovered the caverns by chance. After a failed search for gold, he opened the caverns to travelers and began charging 25 cents admission, which included a view of a purported caveman.
In the 1960s the "caveman" was shown to be the remains of two inhabitants of the area, who had died in the winter of 1917-1918. Part of a group of Hualapai Native Americans harvesting and cutting firewood on the caverns' hilltop, they were trapped there for three days by a snowstorm. Two brothers died from influenza, since the ground was frozen solid with and covered in snow, they were buried in what was thought to be only a 50-foot hole, as returning them to their tribal headquarters in Peach Springs risked spreading the flu. In 1935, the Civilian Conservation Corps and the Works Progress Administration made an agreement with Peck to build a new entrance to the Caverns. In 1962, another entrance was built by blasting a 210-foot shaft into the limestone and installing a large elevator. At that time the natural entrance was sealed off at the request of the Hualapai Indians as it was considered a sacred burial place. Near the natural entrance, the skeletal remains of a Paramylodon harlani were found.
This giant and extinct ground sloth lived during the Age of Mammals around 11,000 years ago, when the woolly mammoth and saber tooth cat roamed North America. Peck had named the caverns Yampai Caverns, with the name being changed several times. Up until 1957, they were known as The Coconino Caverns. From 1957 through 1962, they were known as The Dinosaur Caverns. In 1962, they were renamed The Grand Canyon Caverns. During the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis, the U. S. government designated the caverns as a fallout shelter, with supplies for 2,000 people. These supplies remain in the caverns. In 1979, a cosmic ray telescope was installed at 126 feet below the surface; the Grand Canyon Caverns are the largest dry caverns in the United States and may be the largest dry cavern system on earth. At a constant 57 °F with only 2 percent humidity year round, the caverns are an ideal preservation area; the area includes a hotel, an RV park, campgrounds, a restaurant, a convenience store, a 5,100-foot runway. Located on the Coconino Plateau, a few miles west of the Aubrey Cliffs that rise to over 6,100 feet above sea level, the Caverns lie within an alluvial plain at an elevation of about 5,300 feet.
Limestone comprises the majority of the subsurface area of this vicinity of the Coconino Plateau, an area riddled with numerous cavernous veins that run for miles in all directions. Grand Canyon Caverns Airport Historic Route 66 Official website
Fuji Electric Co. Ltd. operating under the brand name FE, is a Japanese electrical equipment company, manufacturing pressure transmitters, gas analyzers, inverters, generators, ICs, power equipment. Fuji Electric was established in 1923 as a capital and technology tie-up between Furukawa Electric, a spinoff from Furukawa zaibatsu company, Siemens AG; the name “Fuji” is derived from Furukawa's “Fu” and Siemens' “Ji”, since German pronunciation of Siemens is written jiimensu in Japanese romanization. The characters used to write. In 1935, Fuji Electric spun off the telephone department as Fuji Tsushinki. Power and social infrastructure Nuclear power-related equipment Solar power generation systems Fuel cells Energy management systems Smart meters Industrial infrastructure Transmission and distribution equipment — joint venture with Schneider Electric Industrial power supply equipment Industrial drive systems Heating and induction furnace equipment Plant control and measurement systems Radiation monitoring systems Power electronics Inverters/servo systems Transportation power electronics Uninterruptible power supply systems Power conditioners Power distribution and control equipment Electronic devices Power semiconductors Photoconductive drums Magnetic disks Food and beverage distribution Vending machines Retail distribution systems Currency handling equipment Freezing and refrigerated showcasesSource Fuji Electric Group List of Fuji Electric Systems Distributors "Company history books".
Shashi Interest Group. April 2016. Wiki collection of bibliographic works on Fuji Electric