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March 12 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

March 11 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - March 13 All fixed commemorations below are observed on March 25 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar. For March 12th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on February 27. Righteous Aaron the High Priest, brother of Prophet Moses the God-seer Righteous Phineas, grandson of Aaron Holy Nine Martyrs in the Persian Empire. Saint Cyrus, monk of Alexandria Saint Gregory the Dialogist, Pope of Rome Venerable Theophanes the Confessor of Sigriane Venerable Saints Symeon the New Theologian, his elder, Symeon the Studite, of the Studion Martyr Mamilian, in Rome. Martyr Maximilian of Tebessa, in Thebeste in Numidia, for refusing military service Saint Paul Aurelian, Bishop of Léon in Brittany, Confessor Saint Peter the Deacon, disciple and companion of St Gregory the Great, patron-saint of Salussola in Italy Saint Mura McFeredach, Abbot of Fahan in County Donegal, patron-saint of Fahan where his cross still stands Saint Alphege, Bishop of Winchester, England Saint Nicodemus of Mammola in Calabria Venerable Lawrence the Martyr, one of the "300 Allemagne Saints" in Cyprus Martyr Demetrius the Devoted, King of Georgia Saint Stephen Dragutin of Serbia, Saint Alexander Derzhavin, Confessor New Hieromartyr Vladimir, Archimandrite of Islavskoe New Hieromartyr John Plekhanov, Priest New Hieromartyr Sergius Skvortsov, Priest Icon of the Most Holy Theotokos "Not-Made-by-Hands" at Lydda.

Repose of Schema-monk Anthony the Gorge-dweller, of Zelenchug Monastery in Kuban Restoration of the Autocephaly of the Georgian Orthodox and Apostolic Church March 12/March 25. Orthodox Calendar. March 25 / March 12. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH. March 12. OCA - The Lives of the Saints; the Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas. St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press. P. 21. March 12. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome. Rev. Richard Stanton. A Menology of England and Wales, or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries. London: Burns & Oates, 1892. Pp. 112–116. The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. Pp. 73–74. Greek Sources Great Synaxaristes: 12 ΜΑΡΤΙΟΥ.

ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ. Συναξαριστής. 12 Μαρτίου. ECCLESIA. GR.. Russian Sources 25 марта. Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла.. 12 марта 25 марта 2013. Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей

Spaniards in Mexico

Spanish Mexicans are citizens or residents of Mexico who identify as Spanish as a result of nationality or recent ancestry. Spanish immigration to Mexico began in the early spans to the present day; the vast majority of Mexicans have at least partial Spanish ancestry. There are three recognized large-scale Spanish immigration waves to the territory, now Mexico: the first arrived during the colonial period, the second during the Porfiriato, the third after the Spanish Civil War, the fourth after the financial crisis of 2007–2008; the first Spanish colonial settlement was established in February 1519 by Hernán Cortés in the Yucatan Peninsula, accompanied by about 11 ships, 500 men, 13 horses and a small number of cannons. In March 1519, Cortés formally claimed the land for the Spanish crown, by 1521 had conquered the Aztec Empire; the social composition of late sixteenth century Spanish immigration included both common people and aristocrats with titles of counts and marquises, all of which dispersed over the territory.

The enslavement of native populations and Africans, along with the discovery of new deposits of various minerals in the central and northern areas created enormous wealth for the metropole in the extraction of silver. The exploitation of mining wealth from the indigenous populations through the mechanism of colonialism allowed the Spanish to develop manufacturing and agriculture that turned the Bajío regions and the valleys of Mexico and Puebla into prosperous agricultural areas with incipient industrial activity for the colonists, but indigenous populations were decimated by European diseases and mistreatment from the Spanish as a direct result of this. In the 16th century, following the colonization of most of the new continents 240,000 Spaniards entered ports in the Americas, they were joined by 450,000 in the next century. Since the conquest of Mexico, this region became the principal destination of Spanish colonial settlers in the 16th century; the first Spaniards who arrived in Mexico were soldiers and sailors from Extremadura, Andalucía and La Mancha after the conquest of the Americas.

At the end of the 16th century both commoner and aristocrat from Spain were migrating to Mexico. A few Canarian families colonized parts of Mexico in the 17th century and when the Spanish crown encouraged Canarian colonization of the Americas through the Tributo de sangre in the 18th century, many of them settled in Yucatán, where by the 18th century they controlled the trade network that distributed goods throughout the peninsula. During the 20th century, another group of Canarians settled in Mexico in the early 1930s, as with Galician and other Spanish immigrants of the time, there were high rates of illiteracy and impoverishment among them, but they adapted quickly. After the independence of Mexico and centuries of brutal colonial rule, an animosity emerged against Spanish people in the new nation; the state government, influenced by English masons or Yorkers, based on the Plan of Iguala and Treaty of Córdoba, liberated the state by stripping Spaniards of their haciendas, farms and properties.

On December 20, 1827, state deputies repealed the Spanish expulsion law, many Creole families returned to their farms and ranches protected by state congressional deputies. In the constitution of 1857, the ambiguities about Mexican citizens are removed, the Spaniards were recognized foreign people. In the period 1850-1950, 3.5 million Spanish left for the Americas, Mexico became one of the chief destinations, in 1876 Mexico establishes relationships with Spain. In 1910, there were 30,000 Spaniards in Mexico, they participated in economic activities as agricultural labors and trade in urban areas, they could not influence the country's political life. Most recent migrants came during the Spanish Civil War. More than 25,000 Spanish refugees settled in Mexico between 1939 and 1942 during the administration of President Lazaro Cardenas del Río; some of the migrants returned to Spain after the civil war. The Children of Morelia was formed in 1937 by 456 Spanish children, Republican's sons, which were brought from Spain in the vapor ship with French flag named Mexique, at the request of the Mexican Assistance Committee by Pueblo Spanish, based in Barcelona city.

This children were received by Mexican President Lázaro Cardenas del Río. Of these refugees is named as soon as "intellectual immigration" or "elite" was made up of 25% of the total, it notes that came in greater numbers "factory workers and peasants" as well as soldiers and pilots, statesmen and businessmen, all linked to the Republican government defeated in war. Due to the financial crisis of 2007–2008 and the resulting economic decline and high unemployment in Spain, many Spaniards emigrated to Mexico to seek new opportunities. For example, during the last quarter of 2012, 7,630 work permits were granted to Spaniards; the actual Spanish community in Mexico is integrated principally by business men, business women, actresses, academics and professional students, Mexico is now an important country by inversions in Latin America, when last time was poor people named gachupines or refugiados (war refu