Edwin Erle Sparks
Edwin Erle Sparks was the eighth president of the Pennsylvania State University, serving from 1908 until 1920. Sparks was born in Newark, Ohio on July 16, 1860. After high school, he attended Ohio Wesleyan University for two years and the Ohio State University, Class of 1884, he was a Phi Beta Kappa, received his M. A. from Harvard University, his Ph. D. from the University of Chicago and his LL. D. from Lehigh University. He married Katherine Bullard Cotton on January 1, 1890. Sparks became a member of the Chi Phi Fraternity at Ohio Weslayen and a founder and charter member of the Iota chapter at the Ohio State University, he served as the Grand Gamma of the Fraternity and was instrumental in bringing Chi Phi to Penn State just before his death in 1924. In his memory, Chi Phi established the Sparks Memorial Medal, presented to the undergraduate member in each chapter who had, during the preceding year, the highest grade point average. Penn State Presidents and their achievements The Chronicles of Chi Phi, 1976 Works by Edwin Erle Sparks at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Edwin Erle Sparks at Internet Archive
James Y. McKee
James Y. McKee was acting President of the Pennsylvania State University, serving from the resignation of Joseph Shortlidge in 1881 until 1882. Penn State Presidents and their achievements
Boxford is a town in Essex County, United States. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the town's population in 2016 was 8,277; the original town center of Boxford, was East Boxford and other areas in the eastern part of the town, comprise the census-designated place of Boxford. White colonists first settled in Boxford in 1646 as a part of Rowley Village by Abraham Redington; when Boxford was incorporated in 1685, about forty families resided there. Farming was the primary occupation of the early settlers, although townspeople counted craftsmen among their ranks; the original structure of Boxford's First Church was constructed in 1701 in East Boxford Village. As the population of West Boxford expanded, the legislature designated this section of town as precinct 2 in 1735. Town meetings alternated between East and West parishes; the first West Boxford church building was erected in 1774. The town's largest industry --- a match factory located on Lawrence Road --- opened its doors just after the end of the American Civil War, operated from 1866 to 1905.
As part of the American Bicentennial celebrations which took place during the mid-1970s, residents of Boxford, visited three villages named Boxford in England in 1975. The aim of their trip was to search for the source of their town's name deciding that the village of Boxford in the Babergh district of Suffolk, was the original source. Villagers from Boxford, were invited to Boxford, the following summer for two-week homestays with local host families; this second transatlantic exchange, which began in late July 1976, generated media attention from both Evening Standard and the BBC's Nationwide program. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 24.4 square miles, of which 23.6 square miles is land and 0.85 square miles, or 3.46%, is water. Boxford is divided into Boxford Village and West Boxford Village, corresponding to the respective East and West Boxford centers, it is forested and criss-crossed by various streams and brooks, many of which empty into the Ipswich River on Boxford's southern border.
A number of ponds dot town as well, among them Stiles Pond, Cedar Pond, Spofford Pond, Lowe Pond, Four Mile Pond and Baldpate Pond. Throughout Boxford there are a number of scenic hiking trails; the highest natural point in Boxford is Bald Hill, at an elevation of 243 feet. It sits in a corner of the Boxford State Forest, near Interstate 95 and the town's border with Middleton. Small farms are interspersed throughout Boxford. Stone walls, remnants of old farming land boundaries, meander through the area. One major farm located in Boxford is Small Oxx farm, a branch of the main farm, Smolak's, located in North Andover. Boxford is located near the geographic center of Essex County, with Boxford Center about 10 miles southeast of Lawrence and 24 miles north of Boston; the town is bordered by Haverhill to the north, Groveland to the northeast and Rowley to the east and Topsfield to the southeast, Middleton to the southwest, North Andover to the west. The eastern end of Boxford is crossed with three exits lying within the town.
Route 133 crosses through the northern part of town, from North Andover to Georgetown, Route 97 crosses through the eastern part of town, from Topsfield to Georgetown. The town does not have any means of mass transportation; the Newburyport/Rockport Line of the MBTA Commuter Rail passes through neighboring Rowley and Ipswich to the east, the Haverhill/Reading Line passes to the north. The nearest small airport is Lawrence Municipal Airport, located in North Andover, the nearest domestic and international air service is Logan International Airport; as of the census of 2000, there were 7,921 people, 2,568 households, 2,254 families residing in the town. The population density was 330.4 people per square mile. There were 2,610 housing units at an average density of 42.0 persons/km². The racial makeup of the town was 97.37% White, 0.34% African American, 0.11% Native American, 1.21% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, 0.64% from two or more races. 0.85% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,568 households out of which 48.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 80.0% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 12.2% were non-families. 9.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.08 and the average family size was 3.32. In the town, the population was spread out with 32.2% under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 28.5% from 45 to 64, 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.8 males. The median income for a household in the town was $113,212, the median income for a family was $119,491. Males had a median income of $90,397 versus $48,042 for females; the per capita income for the town was $48,846. 1.4% of the population and 0.8% of families were below the poverty line.
Out of the total people living in poverty, 0.8% are under the age of 18 and 3.1% are 65 or older Boxford employs the open town meeting form of government, is led by a board of selectmen and a town executive secretary. Boxford has a police department, a fire department with two branches in the main villages, two post offices, a public works department and a library, located within the town hall. A second library was located in West Boxf
Eric J. Barron
Eric James Barron is an American academic and university administrator who serves as the 18th president of the Pennsylvania State University. He served as the 14th president of Florida State University and director of the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado. Barron was born on October 1951, in Lafayette, Indiana, he graduated with a Bachelor of Science in geology from Florida State University in 1972. He obtained two postgraduate degrees in oceanography, a Master of Science in 1976 and a Ph. D. in 1980, both from the University of Miami. From 1980 to 1985, Barron was employed by the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado, as a post-doctoral research fellow and scientist, he subsequently was an associate professor at the University of Miami from 1985 to 1986. Beginning in 1986, Barron served as a faculty member at the Pennsylvania State University in the College of Earth and Mineral Sciences, becoming the dean until leaving Penn State in 2006, to become dean of the Jackson School of Geosciences at the University of Texas at Austin.
There, he held the Jackson chair in earth system science. In 2008, Barron left the University of Texas to become director of the National Center for Atmospheric Sciences, where he served until being named president of Florida State University, in December 2009. Barron served as the 14th president of FSU from February 1, 2010, until stepping down on April 2, 2014, after being named the president-elect of the Pennsylvania State University in February 2014. Following the departure of Rodney Erickson on May 12, 2014, Barron became the 18th president of Penn State. Barron is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and has served as chair of numerous National Science Foundation, NASA, United States National Research Council committees and panels, including the NRC climate research committee, the NRC board on atmospheric sciences and climate, NASA's earth observing system science executive committee. Eric Barron interviewed on Conversations from Penn State
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey referred to as Rutgers University, Rutgers, or RU, is a public research university in New Jersey. It is the largest institution of higher education in New Jersey. Rutgers was chartered as Queen's College on November 10, 1766, it is the eighth-oldest college in the United States and one of the nine colonial colleges chartered before the American Revolution. The college was renamed Rutgers College in 1825 in honor of Colonel Henry Rutgers. For most of its existence, Rutgers was a private liberal arts college but it evolved into a coeducational public research university after being designated "The State University of New Jersey" by the New Jersey Legislature in laws enacted in 1945 and 1956. Rutgers has three campuses located throughout New Jersey: New Brunswick campus in New Brunswick and adjacent Piscataway, the Newark campus, the Camden campus; the university has additional facilities elsewhere in the state. Instruction is offered by 9,000 faculty members in 175 academic departments to over 45,000 undergraduate students and more than 20,000 graduate and professional students.
The university is accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools and is a member of the Big Ten Academic Alliance, the Association of American Universities and the Universities Research Association. The New Brunswick campus was categorized by Howard and Matthew Green in their book titled The Public Ivies: America's Flagship Public Universities as a Public Ivy. Two decades after the College of New Jersey was established in 1746 by the New Light Presbyterians, ministers of the Dutch Reformed Church, seeking autonomy in ecclesiastical affairs in the American colonies, sought to establish a college to train those who wanted to become ministers within the church. Through several years of effort by the Rev. Theodorus Jacobus Frelinghuysen and Rev. Jacob Rutsen Hardenbergh the college's first president, Queen's College received its charter on November 10, 1766 from New Jersey's last Royal Governor, William Franklin, the illegitimate son of Founding Father Benjamin Franklin; the original charter established the college under the corporate name the trustees of Queen's College, in New-Jersey, named in honor of King George III's Queen consort, Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, created both the college and the Queen's College Grammar School, intended to be a preparatory school affiliated and governed by the college.
The Grammar School, today the private Rutgers Preparatory School, was a part of the college community until 1959. New Brunswick was chosen as the location over Hackensack because the New Brunswick Dutch had the support of the Anglican population, making the royal charter easier to obtain; the original purpose of Queen's College was to "educate the youth in language, the divinity, useful arts and sciences" and for the training of future ministers for the Dutch Reformed Church The college admitted its first students in 1771—a single sophomore and a handful of first-year students taught by a lone instructor—and granted its first degree in 1774, to Matthew Leydt. Despite the religious nature of the early college, the first classes were held at a tavern called the Sign of the Red Lion; when the Revolutionary War broke out and taverns were suspected by the British as being hotbeds of rebel activity, the college abandoned the tavern and held classes in private homes. According to research from Scarlet and Black, "Rutgers depended on slaves to build its campuses and serve its students and faculty.
In its early years, due to a lack of funds, Queen's College was closed for two extended periods. Early trustees considered merging the college with the College of New Jersey, in Princeton and considered relocating to New York City. In 1808, after raising $12,000, the college was temporarily reopened and broke ground on a building of its own, called "Old Queens", designed by architect John McComb, Jr; the college's third president, the Rev. Ira Condict, laid the cornerstone on April 27, 1809. Shortly after, the New Brunswick Theological Seminary, founded in 1784, relocated from Brooklyn, New York, to New Brunswick, shared facilities with Queen's College. During those formative years, all three institutions fit into Old Queens. In 1830, the Queen's College Grammar School moved across the street, in 1856, the Seminary relocated to a seven-acre tract less than one-half miles away. After several years of closure resulting from an economic depression after the War of 1812, Queen's College reopened in 1825 and was renamed "Rutgers College" in honor of American Revolutionary War hero Colonel Henry Rutgers.
According to the Board of Trustees, Colonel Rutgers was honored because he epitomized Christian values. A year after the school was renamed, it received two donations from its namesake: a $200 bell still hanging from the cupola of Old Queen's and a $5,000 bond which placed the college on sound financial footing. Rutgers College became the land-grant college of New Jersey in 1864 under the Morrill Act of 1862, resulting in the establishment of the Rutgers Scientific School, featuring departments of agriculture and chemistry; the Rutgers Scientific School would expand over the years to grow into the New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station and divide into the College of Engineering and the College of Agriculture. Rutgers created the New Jersey College for Women in 1918, the School of Education in 1
Beaver Stadium is an outdoor college football stadium in University Park, United States, on the campus of Pennsylvania State University. It is home to the Penn State Nittany Lions of the Big Ten Conference since 1960, though some parts of the stadium date back to 1909; the stadium, as well as its predecessors, is named after James A. Beaver, a former governor of Pennsylvania and president of the university's board of trustees. Beaver Stadium has an official seating capacity of 106,572, making it the second largest stadium in the Western Hemisphere and the third largest in the world. Beaver Stadium is known as one of the toughest venues for opposing teams in collegiate athletics. In 2008, Beaver Stadium was recognized as having the best student section in the country for the second consecutive year. In 2016, it was voted the number-one football stadium in college football in a USA Today poll, garnering over 41 percent of the voteThe stadium is the first to have its interior included in Google Street View.
Until 1893, Penn State teams participated in sporting events on Old Main lawn, a large grassy area in front of the primary classroom building of the time. Beaver Field, a 500-seat structure located behind the current site of the Osmond Building, was the first permanent home for Penn State's football team, the first game played there was a Penn State victory over Western University of Pennsylvania on November 6, 1893. In 1909, New Beaver Field opened just northeast of Rec Hall in the current location of the Nittany Parking deck, it served as Penn State's stadium until 1960, when the entire 30,000 seat stadium was dismantled and moved to the east end of campus and expanded to 46,284 seats—the lower half of the current facility—and dubbed Beaver Stadium. The stadium has been expanded six times, reflecting Penn State's rise to national prominence under Joe Paterno—more than doubling in size in the process. Expansions in 1972 brought capacity to 57,538. Another expansion in 1976 increased capacity to 60,203.
In 1978, 16,000 seats were added when the stadium was cut into sections and raised on hydraulic lifts, allowing the insertion of seating along the inner ring of the stadium where the track had been located, raising capacity to 76,639. In 1980, maximum capacity increased to 83,770. In 1985, walkways were added around the tops of the end zones and entry ramps at the stadium's corners resulted in lowering the capacity to 83,370. An expansion was completed for the 1991 football season, placing an upper deck addition over the north end zone and raising capacity to 93,967. A major and somewhat controversial construction project took place in 2001, raising the stadium's total capacity to 107,282. An upper deck was added to the south end of the stadium, blocking the view of neighboring Nittany Mountain, but making Beaver Stadium the second largest stadium in the nation, behind Michigan Stadium in Ann Arbor, MI. In 2006, the stadium underwent major aesthetic upgrades. Old steel beams supporting the upper seats in the east and west were replaced and strengthened, new railing was installed, stronger than the old railing which collapsed following the 2005 Ohio State game.
In 2007, over 22,000 student tickets sold out in 59 minutes. In 2008, when tickets were sold by grade, tickets allotted for junior students sold out in 90 seconds, those for sophomores and freshmen sold out in under three minutes each. In 2011, the stadium capacity was reduced from 107,282 seats to 106,572 to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act; the appearance of the stadium has been enhanced with the addition of large blue letters spelling out "The Pennsylvania State University" on the west-facing suites, a list of Penn State's undefeated, national championship, Big Ten championship years underneath. 2012 is the exception, added to this list during the November 24, 2012 game against Wisconsin to honor the team that played after sanctions were passed down during the aftermath of the Jerry Sandusky scandal. On the opposite side of the stadium, letters spelling, "Penn State Nittany Lions" have been added to the press box, with "Beaver Stadium" running below. Nine markers depicting the various traditions of Beaver Stadium, including the Blue Band, the student section, the blue buses which bring the team to the stadium, have been placed around the stadium as well.
In late October, the walls surrounding the field were refaced with Pennsylvania limestone. An iron gate has replaced the old chain-link face at the players' entrance into the stadium. On the new gate the words "PENN STATE" appear in blue; the Penn State Office of Physical Plant and Athletic Department expanded the North and South Video Boards to make them high definition and because parts were no longer available for the old boards. The area of the new video screens dedicated to game replays and game-related video is much larger than the screens they replaced; the two video boards together are some of the largest in college football. The renovation expanded the size of the video boards by eliminating the current game clock and lamp matrix display; the boards are only the second of their kind made and are 4k UHD. The project was completed prior to the first home game of the 2014 season; the boards cost approx. $10 million. On the back of both boards is a nittany lion logo that lights up at night and was added to promote the "Penn State Brand".
Starting with the 2015 season fireworks are shot off from the top of each scoreboard when the team takes the field. In the fall semester of 2015, University Officials stated that they are seeking options to renovate or replace Beaver Stadium in the next 10 years. Officials state that there is a recognized need in an
Graham Basil Spanier is a South African-born American sociologist and college administrator who served as the 16th president of Pennsylvania State University, from September 1, 1995, to November 9, 2011, when he was forced to resign in the aftermath of the Penn State child sex abuse scandal. Spanier is president emeritus, university professor, professor of human development and family studies, he had a one-year post-presidential sabbatical leave following his resignation as president of Penn State in November 2011. He was convicted on March 24, 2017, of one misdemeanor charge of child endangerment. Graham Basil Spanier was born to Rosadele Lurie and Fritz Otto Spanier in Cape Town, South Africa and came to Chicago as an infant following his parents' decision to flee apartheid, his father had escaped Nazi Germany in 1936. The family moved to a working-class neighborhood on the south side of Chicago, living there until 1956. Spanier's father worked in a nuts and screws warehouse loading and unloading trucks.
The family moved to the suburb of Highland Park, where Spanier graduated from Highland Park High School in 1966. His father became postmaster of Highland Park in 1962 and retired from that position in 1975. Spanier has revealed, his sister Anita told The New York Times that Graham received the most violent beatings, leaving him with lifelong complications. "I've had to have four operations to correct serious deformities inside my head from beatings my father gave me," Spanier said. "They had to rebuild me from the inside out."As a teenager, Spanier supported himself financially, working part-time jobs at a radio station, a children's clothing store, a legal office, saving for college by mowing lawns and baby-sitting. He was president of J&A Radio Productions, a Junior Achievement company that produced a weekly show called "Variety" targeted to Chicago-area youth. Along with Brian Ross, he co-founded a radio news service that covered the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago, he attended Iowa State University, where he earned a bachelor's degree in sociology in three years and continued his education to earn a master's degree.
As a graduate student, he taught undergraduate classes in marriage and family sociology while on an assistantship. During college, Spanier served as a head resident in the residence halls and worked in radio and television at WEEF, KASI and WOI-TV, he had summer jobs as a radio announcer, news director, pizza maker, bank teller and public relations officer. He received numerous honors while a university student for his leadership in student government and campus activities, including the Gold Key of the Cardinal Key Honor Society. Iowa State honored him with the Distinguished Achievement Citation and an honorary doctorate. Following his graduation from Iowa State, Spanier attended Northwestern University, where he was a Woodrow Wilson Fellow, earned his Ph. D. in sociology in 1973. Prior to his tenure as president of Penn State, Spanier served as: Member of the Penn State faculty and served in three administrative positions in the College of Health and Human Development: professor of human development and family studies.
Vice provost for undergraduate studies at The State University of New York at Stony Brook Provost and vice president for academic affairs at Oregon State University Chancellor of the University of Nebraska-Lincoln During his presidency, Spanier set goals to make Penn State the "top student-centered research university in America" and for the university to lead the nation in "the integration of teaching and service."Spanier created the Penn State World Campus, the Schreyer Honors College, the Presidential Leadership Academy, the College of Information Sciences and Technology, the School of International Affairs, programs in forensic sciences and security and risk analysis. He oversaw the merger with the Dickinson School of Law, creating an accredited and acclaimed two-campus law school, he was recognized by the American Institute of Architects for "Outstanding Contribution to the Profession by a Non-Architect" and with the Elizabeth Holtzman Award for his improvements to campus landscaping, master planning, community relations.
During his tenure, applications exceeded 120,000 per year, enrollment grew to 97,000, the academic standing of dozens of programs rose in national and international rankings. As president, Spanier made a commitment to spend time with students, he performed with Penn State's Musical Theatre students and with Penn State's marching band, the Glee Club, the Chamber Orchestra. He and his racquetball partner are eleven-time, he hosted "To the Best of My Knowledge," a live call-in program on public television and radio, "Expert Opinion," a sports topic television program on the Big Ten Network. Spanier has served as a board member for the following national boards of directors/trustees: Association of American Universities, where he served as chair, 2007–08 Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges, where he served as chair, 2001–02 Big Ten Conference Council of Presidents/Chancellors, where he served as chair National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I, where he served as chair and was a member of the Association's Executive Committee, 1997–2001 Kellogg Commission on the Future of State and Land-Grant Universities for the Associat