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George Wallace

George Corley Wallace Jr. was an American politician who served as the 45th Governor of Alabama for four terms. During his tenure, he promoted "low-grade industrial development, low taxes, trade schools", he sought the United States presidency as a Democrat three times, once as an American Independent Party candidate, unsuccessfully each time. He is best remembered for populist views. Wallace notoriously opposed desegregation and supported the policies of "Jim Crow" during the Civil Rights Movement, declaring in his 1963 inaugural address that he stood for "segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever". In 1965, Martin Luther King Jr. called Wallace "perhaps the most dangerous racist in America today". Born in Clio, Wallace attended the University of Alabama School of Law and served in United States Army Air Corps during World War II. After the war, he served as a state judge. Wallace first sought the Democratic nomination in the 1958 Alabama gubernatorial election. A moderate on racial issues, Wallace adopted a hard-line segregationist stance after losing the 1958 nomination.

Wallace ran for governor again in 1962, won the race. Seeking to stop the racial integration of the University of Alabama, Wallace earned national notoriety by standing in front of the entrance of the University of Alabama, blocking the path of black students. Wallace left office after one term due to term limits, but his wife, Lurleen Wallace, won the next election and succeeded him, though he was the de facto governor. Wallace challenged sitting President Lyndon B. Johnson in the 1964 Democratic presidential primaries, but Johnson prevailed in the race. In the 1968 presidential election, Wallace ran a third party campaign in an attempt to force a contingent election in the United States House of Representatives, thereby enhancing the political clout of segregationist Southern leaders. Wallace failed to force a contingent election; as of 2019 he remains the most recent third-party candidate to receive pledged electoral college votes from any state. Wallace won election to another term as Governor of Alabama in 1970 and ran in the 1972 Democratic presidential primaries, once again campaigning for segregation.

His campaign ended when he was shot in Maryland by Arthur Bremer, Wallace remained paralyzed below the waist for the rest of his life. Bremer was sentenced to 63 years in prison for the shooting, reduced to 53 years following an appeal. Wallace won re-election as governor in 1974, he once again unsuccessfully sought the Democratic presidential nomination in the 1976 Democratic presidential primaries. In the late 1970s, Wallace announced that he became a born-again Christian and moderated his views on race, renouncing his past support for segregation. Wallace left office in 1979 but reentered politics and won election to a fourth and final term as governor in 1982. Wallace is the fourth longest serving governor in US history having served 16 years and 1 day in office. Describing his impact on national politics despite his lack of success in presidential races, two biographers termed Wallace "the most influential loser" of 20th-century American politics. Wallace, the first of four children, was born in Clio in Barbour County in southeastern Alabama, to George Corley Wallace and his wife, Mozelle.

He was the third of five generations to bear the name "George Wallace". Since his parents disliked the designation "Junior", he was called "George C." to distinguish him from his father and his grandfather, a physician. Wallace's father left college to pursue a life of farming when food prices were high during World War I; when his father died in 1937, his mother had to sell their farmland to pay existing mortgages. George Wallace was raised a Methodist by his parents. From age ten, Wallace was fascinated with politics. In 1935, he won a contest to serve as a page in the Alabama Senate and confidently predicted that he would one day be governor. Wallace became a regionally successful boxer in high school went directly to law school in 1937 at the University of Alabama School of Law in Tuscaloosa, he was a member of the Delta Chi fraternity. It was at the University of Alabama that he crossed paths with Frank M. Johnson Jr., a much more liberal politician in relation to social issues and issues of race.

Wallace knew George Sparks, who became a conservative governor. These men had an effect on his personal politics reflecting ideologies of both leaders during his time in office, he received a Bachelor of Laws degree in 1942. Early in 1943, Wallace was accepted for pilot training by the United States Army Air Forces. Soon afterwards Wallace contracted life-threatening spinal meningitis, but prompt medical attention with sulfa drugs saved his life. Left with partial hearing loss and permanent nerve damage, he was instead trained as a flight engineer. During 1945, as a member of a B-29 crew with 468th Bombardment Group, stationed in the Mariana Islands as part of the Twentieth Air Force, Wallace took part in air raids on Japan and reached the rank of staff sergeant. In mid-1945, Wallace received an early discharge on medical grounds, due to "severe anxiety", a 10% disability pension for "psychoneurosis".. In 1938, at age 19, Wallace contributed to his grandfather's successful campaign for probate judge.

Late in 1945, he was appointed as one of the assistant attorneys general of Alabama, in May 1946, he won his first election as a member to the Alabama Hou

Andravida horse

The Andravida or Eleia Horse is a light draft breed found in the region of Ilia in Greece. It owes its development to the crossing of Anglo-Norman with local breeds with additional crosses of Nonius stallions after 1920; the breed is close to extinction and its stud book was only established in 1995. The members of the breed are predominantly brown, chestnut, red roan and grey, this tends to be a rare phenomenon; the head is rectangular in shape - quite unremarkable and plain with long ears and a straight profile. The chest is heavy-set with thick muscles; the horse's legs should be free of excess hair strong and thick with good bone. The breed's temperament is described strong; the breed is of moderate height ranging between 14 to 16 hands high with the average being at around 15 hands. The breed is believed to trace to the cavalry horses of Ancient Greece. In peace times, the breed was used to transport goods for riding. Beginning in the 13th century, Arabian blood was introduced to create the lighter strain of this breed.

In the 20th century, Anglo-Norman blood was added. The breed was saved from extinction in the early 1990s, when Andravida's Selle Francais stallion Calin de Nanteuil, renamed Pegasus, covered some mares, resulting in 50 healthy foals that went to breeders throughout western Greece. Despite this, the breed's numbers are still low, they are if at all, found outside of Ilia, where they are bred exclusively. Abstract of Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics article PDF of a conference on rare breeds in Greece Abstract of an Italian Journal of Zoology article Forumish post at

Natural Area Code

This article is about a non-used geocode system. The Natural Area Code is a proprietary geocode system for identifying an area anywhere on the Earth, or a volume of space anywhere around the Earth; the use of thirty alphanumeric characters instead of only ten digits makes a NAC shorter than its numerical latitude/longitude equivalent. Instead of numerical longitudes and latitudes, a grid with 30 rows and 30 columns - each cell denoted by the numbers 0-9 and the twenty consonants of the Latin alphabet - is laid over the flattened globe. A NAC cell can be subdivided into smaller NAC grids to yield an arbitrarily small area, subject to the ±1 m limitations of the World Geodetic System data of 1984. A NAC represents an area on the earth—the longer the NAC, the smaller the area represented. A ten-character NAC can uniquely specify house, or fixed object in the world. An eight-character NAC specifies an area no larger than 25 metres by 50 metres, while a ten-character NAC cell is no larger than 0.8 metres by 1.6 metres.

Using a base 30 positional numeral system, NAC uses an alternate method which excludes vowels and avoids potential confusion between "0" and "O", "1" and "I": For example, the ten-character NAC for the centre of the city of Brussels is HBV6R RG77T. The full NAC system provides a third coordinate: altitude; this coordinate is the arctangent of the altitude, relative to the Earth's radius, scaled so that the zero point is at the centre of the Earth, the midpoint is the local radius of the geoid, i.e. the Earth's surface, the endpoint is at infinity. For example, the three-dimensional NAC for the centre of Brussels, at ground level, is HBV6R RG77T H0000; the NAC system is IP encumbered. The company claims copyright on the rudimentary divide-by-30 algorithm and base-30 alphabet used to convert from latitude/longitude to NAC; this is unusual for such a straightforward algorithm. From the company's "Legal and Licensing": "The Natural Area Coding System is a proprietory standard that requires licenses to use in any applications except endusers.

Any uses of the Natural Area Coding System or any of its derived systems including any maps with NAC grids and any intelligent devices such as computers, GPS receivers, mail sorting equipment in either hardware or software that have the capability to input, retrieve, store, or process the Natural Area Coding System or any of its derived systems require licenses from NAC Geographic Products Inc."This means that without a license, user cannot write software to convert between NAC and other systems such as latitude/longitude. These terms may impose a serious limit on the claimed widespread acceptance of NAC. Military Grid Reference System Universal Transverse Mercator coordinate system Quadtree NAC Geographic Products Use the Global Postal Code System Now

San Fernando Valley (film)

San Fernando Valley is a 1944 American western film directed by John English and starring Roy Rogers, Dale Evans and Jean Porter. The film was part of the long-running series of Roy Rogers films produced by Republic Pictures, it was filmed at Deerwood Stock Farm and Hidden Valley in Thousand Oaks, with some car chase scenes filmed at nearby Iverson Ranch in the Simi Hills. Rancher Cyclone Kenyon lives with his two granddaughters - Dale, a responsible adult who runs things; the ranch-hands would rather perform songs with Betty Lou than punch cattle, so Cyclone lets them go. Not that this improves things, because now there's the matter of replacing them. Dale does so -- by hiring female ranch-hands; the women prove capable and lively, all is well, notwithstanding Betty Lou who now has no one to flirt with -- that is, until Roy and his sidekick Keno show up, begging for jobs. Cyclone hires them as cooks, which results in amateur-chef Roy giving everyone a case of Montezuma's Revenge. So that pretty much takes care of that.

But soon Roy is in everyone's good stead, proving his worth as a two-fisted, cattle-ropin', ballad-singin' genius. Betty Lou goes gaga for him, but it's Dale who falls in love. A subplot is thrown in involving a foreman who skulks around the countryside, bilking people out of their money. At one point, he manages to frame Roy in the process, but Trigger gallops to the rescue, hooves flying trampling the thief. The stolen horses are retrieved and Roy's name is cleared. Cyclone agrees to hire back the male ranch-hands he fired, but only after pairing them off with one female ranch hand each: otherwise, that oversexed vixen Betty Lou would never leave them alone. Roy Rogers as Himself Trigger as Himself Dale Evans as Dale Kenyon Jean Porter as Betty Lou Kenyon Andrew Tombes as Cyclone Kenyon Charles Smith as Oliver Griffith Edward Gargan as Keno Dot Farley as Hattie O'Toole LeRoy Mason as Matt Vernon and Draper as Dance Act Morrell Trio as Skating Act Bob Nolan as Bob Sons of the Pioneers as Ranch Hands Doodles Weaver as Hot-Dog Vendor Hurst, Richard M. Republic Studios: Beyond Poverty Row and the Majors.

Scarecrow Press, 2007. San Fernando Valley on IMDb

Leandro Fernández de Moratín

Leandro Fernández de Moratín, ORE was a Spanish dramatist and neoclassical poet. Moratín was born in Madrid the son of Nicolás Fernández de Moratín, a major literary reformer in Spain from 1762 until his death in 1828. Distrusting the teaching offered in Spain's universities at the time, Leandro grew up in the rich literary environment of his father and became an admirer of Enlightenment thought. In addition to translating works of Molière and William Shakespeare into Spanish, he himself was a major poet and man of letters whose writings promoted the reformist ideas associated with the Spanish Enlightenment. Early in his career, he was supported by statesman and author Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos, who, in 1787, arranged for him to study for a year in Paris. In 1792, the Spanish government provided the funds for him to travel to England in order to extend his education. In 1790 he published his first comedy El viejo y la niña, a sombre work which attacked the consequences of arranged marriages between people of differing ages.

Two years in 1792, he wrote the play La comedia nueva, a dramatic attack on the extravagant plots used by other contemporary playwrights. A supporter of Joseph Bonaparte, whose rule had allowed far more expression of liberal thinking than Spain's Bourbon monarch Carlos IV was willing to tolerate, Moratín was given the post of royal librarian. However, his 1805 comedy El sí de las niñas was denounced upon the reinstatement of the Inquisition when Ferdinand VII regained the throne after the fall of the Bonapartes, he had to abandon playwriting and was forced into exile in France. Moratín was buried there in the Père Lachaise Cemetery. However, at the turn of the 20th century, his remains were brought back to Spain for interment in Madrid's Panteón de Hombres Ilustres. Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "Leandro Fernandez de Moratín". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Works by Leandro Fernández de Moratín at Project Gutenberg Works by Leandro Fernández de Moratín at LibriVox


Busaca was a French-bred, British-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. Racing only as a three-year-old she won five of her eight races and was rated one of the best British fillies of her generation over middle and long distances. After winning three minor races in spring she finished second in the Ribblesdale Stakes and recorded her first major win when taking the Lancashire Oaks at Haydock Park in July. In the following month she moved up to the highest class to win the Yorkshire Oaks over a field which included The Oaks winner Dunfermline, she was retired from racing after finishing fourth in the Prix Vermeille but had no success as a broodmare. Busaca was a bay mare with no white markings bred in France by the County Kildare-based Dollanstown Stud, she was sired by Busted who won the Eclipse Stakes and King George VI & Queen Elizabeth Stakes in 1967, a year in which he was voted British Horse of the Year. As a breeding stallion he sired many major winners including Bustino and Erins Isle.

Busaca's dam Saraca was a top-class French racemare who won the Prix Vermeille and finished second in the Prix de Diane in 1969. She was a descendant of the influential broodmare Lost Soul, the ancestor of many leading turf performers including Hethersett and Neasham Belle. During her racing career, Busaca was owned by Marianne Esterhazy and trained by Peter Walwyn at Seven Barrows, near Lambourn in Berkshire. Busaca was unraced as a two-year-old and began her racing career in the spring of 1977 by finishing unplaced in a seven furlong maiden race, she recorded her first win in a maiden over ten furlongs at Sandown Park Racecourse and followed up in a minor event over one and a half miles at Salisbury Racecourse. She completed a hat-trick when winning a handicap race over one and a half miles at Kempton Park Racecourse on 21 May, before being moved up in class for the Group Two Ribblesdale Stakes at Royal Ascot; the race saw her matched against Triple First, a filly who had won the May Hill Stakes and the Musidora Stakes before finishing fourth to Dunfermline in The Oaks.

She proved the best of the British fillies, but was beaten four lengths into second place by the Irish-trained Nanticious. In July she faced four opponents in what appeared to be a weakly-contested race for the Group Three Lancashire Oaks at Haydock Park. Ridden by Pat Eddery, she started the 1/2 favourite, took the lead a quarter of a mile from the finish, won by four lengths from Olwyn; that month, the form of the race was boosted when Olwyn recorded an upset victory over Nanticious and six others in the Group One Irish Oaks. In August Busaca, with Eddery again in the saddle, started at odds of 5/1 for the Group One Yorkshire Oaks over one and a half miles on firm ground at York Racecourse, her opponents included Dunfermline, Triple First, Royal Hive and the leading Polish three-year-old Konstelacja. Busaca was always among the leaders in a slowly-run race before going to the front half a mile from the finish, she stayed on in the straight to win by a length from Royal Hive, with Dunfermline five lengths back in third.

Busaca was sent to France for the Group One Prix Vermeille over 2400 metres at Longchamp Racecourse on 18 September. The race was won by the locally trained Kamicia, with Busaca losing out in a three-way photo-finish for second against Royal Hive and Fabuleux Jane; the unplaced fillies included Trillion and Olwyn. In the official International Classification for 1977, Busaca was rated the sixth-best three-year-old filly in Europe behind Dunfermline, Trillion and Mrs McArdy; the independent Timeform organisation gave Busaca a rating of 122 in 1977, making her eleven pounds inferior to their top-rated three-year-old filly Dunfermline. In their annual Racehorses of 1977 they described her a strong filly, who would have done better if campaigned over longer distances. Busaca was retired from racing to become a broodmare at the Dollanstown Stud, she had little success, producing two confirmed foals, neither of whom appeared on the racecourse: Heeria, a bay filly, foaled in 1979, sired by Habitat. Unraced.

Elsaca, bay filly, 1983, by Ela-Mana-Mou. Unraced