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Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon

Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon was a French naturalist, mathematician and encyclopédiste. His works influenced the next two generations of naturalists, including Jean-Baptiste Lamarck and Georges Cuvier. Buffon published thirty-six quarto volumes of his Histoire Naturelle during his lifetime. Ernst Mayr wrote that "Truly, Buffon was the father of all thought in natural history in the second half of the 18th century". Buffon held the position of intendant at the Jardin du Roi, now called the Jardin des Plantes. Georges Louis Leclerc was born at Montbard, in the Province of Burgundy to Benjamin Francois Leclerc, a minor local official in charge of the salt tax and Anne-Christine Marlin from a family of civil servants. Georges was named after his mother's uncle Georges Blaisot, the tax-farmer of the Duke of Savoy for all of Sicily. In 1714 Blaisot died childless. Benjamin Leclerc purchased an estate containing the nearby village of Buffon and moved the family to Dijon acquiring various offices there as well as a seat in the Dijon Parlement.

Georges attended the Jesuit College of Godrans in Dijon from the age of ten onwards. From 1723–1726 he studied law in Dijon, the prerequisite for continuing the family tradition in civil service. In 1728 Georges left Dijon to study mathematics and medicine at the University of Angers in France. At Angers in 1730 he made the acquaintance of the young English Duke of Kingston, on his grand tour of Europe, traveled with him on a large and expensive entourage for a year and a half through southern France and parts of Italy. There are persistent but undocumented rumors from this period about duels and secret trips to England. In 1732 after the death of his mother and before the impending remarriage of his father, Georges left Kingston and returned to Dijon to secure his inheritance. Having added'de Buffon' to his name while traveling with the Duke, he repurchased the village of Buffon, which his father had meanwhile sold off. With a fortune of about 80 000 livres Buffon set himself up in Paris to pursue science, at first mathematics and mechanics, the increase of his fortune.

In 1732 he moved to Paris, where he made the acquaintance of other intellectuals. He first made his mark in the field of mathematics and, in his Sur le jeu de franc-carreau, introduced differential and integral calculus into probability theory. In 1734 he was admitted to the French Academy of Sciences. During this period he corresponded with the Swiss mathematician Gabriel Cramer, his protector Maurepas had asked the Academy of Sciences to do research on wood for the construction of ships in 1733. Soon afterward, Buffon began a long-term study, performing some of the most comprehensive tests to date on the mechanical properties of wood. Included were a series of tests to compare the properties of small specimens with those of large members. After testing more than a thousand small specimens without knots or other defects, Buffon concluded that it was not possible to extrapolate to the properties of full-size timbers, he began a series of tests on full-size structural members. In 1739 he was appointed head of the Parisian Jardin du Roi with the help of Maurepas.

Buffon was instrumental in transforming the Jardin du Roi into museum. He enlarged it, arranging the purchase of adjoining plots of land and acquiring new botanical and zoological specimens from all over the world. Thanks to his talent as a writer, he was invited to join Paris's second great academy, the Académie française in 1753. In his Discours sur le style, pronounced before the Académie française, he said, "Writing well consists of thinking and expressing well, of clarity of mind and taste... The style is the man himself". For him, Buffon's reputation as a literary stylist gave ammunition to his detractors: The mathematician Jean le Rond D'Alembert, for example, called him "the great phrase-monger". In 1752 Buffon married Marie-Françoise de Saint-Belin-Malain, the daughter of an impoverished noble family from Burgundy, enrolled in the convent school run by his sister. Madame de Buffon's second child, a son born in 1764, survived childhood; when in 1772 Buffon became ill and the promise that his son should succeed him as director of the Jardin became impracticable and was withdrawn, the King raised Buffon's estates in Burgundy to the status of a county – and thus Buffon became a Count.

He was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1782. Buffon died in Paris in 1788, he was buried in a chapel adjacent to the church of Sainte-Urse Montbard. His heart was saved, as it was guarded by Suzanne Necker, but was lost. Today, only Buffon's cerebellum remains, as it is kept in the base of the statue by Pajou that Louis XVI had commissioned in his honor in 1776, located at the Museum of Natural History in Paris. Buffon's Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière was intended to cover all three "kingdoms" of n

Michael Pierce (cricketer)

Michael Pierce was an Australian cricketer. He played eight first-class matches for New South Wales and Queensland between 1892/93 and 1894/95. Short, thick-set and muscular, Mick Pierce was a slow leg-break bowler who could spin the ball even on the hardest pitch. On his first-class debut in December 1892, the first-ever Sheffield Shield match, Pierce opened the bowling for New South Wales and took 8 for 111 and 5 for 154, but South Australia won by 57 runs. A week in the second Sheffield Shield match, he took 6 for 100 and 1 for 63 against Victoria, but again he was on the losing side. Despite this brilliant beginning to his career he faded from the first-class scene through lack of ambition, he died after a long illness. List of New South Wales representative cricketers Michael Pierce at ESPNcricinfo

Greg Classen

Gregory Classen is a Canadian-German former professional ice hockey centre. Classen went undrafted, he spent his first five pro seasons in the Nashville Predators organization, splitting time between the parent club and the Milwaukee Admirals. In 2004 Classen signed with Finland's SM-liiga club Ässät. Returning to the Admirals for 2005–6, he played the following season in Germany with DEL club, the Hamburg Freezers. On July 3, 2007, it was announced, he was reassigned by the Canucks, played with their American Hockey League affiliate, the Manitoba Moose. He moved to fellow AHL team Providence Bruins the following season and after 1 game moved onto the San Antonio Rampage before leaving for German team, Iserlohn Roosters, where he spent the remainder of the 2008-09 campaign, he started the 2009-10 season with the Rapperswil-Jona Lakers of the Swiss top flight, before transferring to second-division side EHC Basel Sharks during the season. In January 2010, he moved on to HC Sierre-Anniviers. On July 18, 2010, Classen returned to the German DEL and signed a two-year contract with Kölner Haie.

After three seasons with Haie, Classen left as a free agent to sign with ERC Ingolstadt. In 2014, he joined German second-division side Lausitzer Füchse on a two-year deal. On March 14, 2015, he was attacked with a knife and injured, he was hospitalized for a month and returned to game action in September 2015. Classen left the Füchse squad upon the conclusion of the 2015-16 campaign and was signed by fellow DEL2 side Starbulls Rosenheim on August 27, 2016. Greg Classen career statistics at The Internet Hockey Database