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German Aerospace Center

The German Aerospace Center, abbreviated DLR, is the national center for aerospace and transportation research of Germany. Its headquarters are located in Cologne and it has multiple other locations throughout Germany; the DLR is engaged in a wide range of research and development projects in national and international partnerships. In addition to conducting its own research projects, DLR acts as the German space agency; as such, it is responsible for planning and implementing the German space programme on behalf of the German federal government. As a project management agency, DLR coordinates and answers the technical and organisational implementation of projects funded by a number of German federal ministries. DLR has 8,200 employees at 20 locations in Germany, its institutes and facilities are spread over 13 sites, as well as offices in Brussels and Washington, D. C. DLR has a budget of €1 billion to cover its own research and operations. 49% of this sum comes from competitively allocated third-party funds.

In addition to this, DLR administers around €860 million in German funds for the European Space Agency. In its capacity as project management agency, it manages €1.279 billion in research on behalf of German federal ministries. DLR is a full member of the Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems and a member of the Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres. In the context of DLR's initiatives to promote young research talent, ten DLR School Labs were set up at Technische Universität Darmstadt, Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg, RWTH Aachen, Technische Universität Dresden and in Berlin-Adlershof, Bremen, Cologne-Porz, Dortmund, Göttingen, Lampoldshausen/Stuttgart and Oberpfaffenhofen over the past years. In the DLR School Labs, school pupils can become acquainted with the practical aspects of natural and engineering sciences by conducting interesting experiments; the members of the DLR Executive Board are: Pascale Ehrenfreund since August 2015 Klaus Hamacher since April 2006 Hansjörg Dittus since October 2011.

Rolf Henke since November 2010 Karsten Lemmer since March 2017 Gerd Gruppe since April 2011On 18 June 2015, Pascale Ehrenfreund was named chair of the DLR Executive Board, following the departure of Johann-Dietrich Wörner, appointed Director General of the European Space Agency. The modern DLR was created in 1997, but was the culmination of over half a dozen space and research institutes from across the 20th century; the oldest predecessor organization of DLR was established by Ludwig Prandtl in Göttingen in 1907. This Modellversuchsanstalt der Motorluftschiff-Studiengesellschaft became the Aerodynamische Versuchsanstalt. In the 1940s the DVL funded Konrad Zuse's work on the Z4 computers. Another German aviation technology research facility, the 1935-founded, top-secret Luftfahrtforschungsanstalt at Völkenrode which conducted research – much of it for military aviation to suit the Luftwaffe's needs – in parallel to the then-existing forerunners of the DLR of today, would not be discovered by the Allies until after the war's end.

In 1947 the Arbeitsgemeinschaft Weltraumfahrt was formed, leading to the Gesellschaft für Weltraumforschung being formed in 1948. In 1954, the Research Institute of Jet Propulsion Physics was established at the Stuttgart airport. What was called the DLR was formed in 1969 as the Deutsche Forschungs- und Versuchsanstalt für Luft- und Raumfahrt through the merger of several institutions; these were the Aerodynamische Versuchsanstalt, the Deutsche Versuchsanstalt für Luftfahrt, the Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für Luftfahrt and the Gesellschaft für Weltraumforschung. In 1989, the DFVLR was renamed Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für Luft- und Raumfahrt. In 1989, the Deutsche Agentur für Raumfahrtangelegenheiten was created. Following the merger with the Deutsche Agentur für Raumfahrtangelegenheiten on 1 October 1997, the name was changed to "Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt" "German Center for Aviation and Space Flight"; the shorter translation "German Aerospace Center" is used in English-language publications.

Other German space organizations include the Institut für Raumfahrtsysteme, founded in 1970. This should not be confused with DLR's Institut für Raumfahrtsysteme located in Bremen. Significant contributions are made to the European Space Organization. DLR's mission comprises the exploration of the Earth and the solar system, as well as research aimed at protecting the environment and developing environmentally compatible technologies, at promoting mobility and security. DLR's research portfolio, which covers the four focus areas Aeronautics, Space and Energy, ranges from basic research to innovative applications. DLR operates large-scale research cen

Giorgio Faletti

Giorgio Faletti was an Italian writer, actor and singer-songwriter. Born in Asti, Piedmont, he lived on Elba Island, his books have been translated into 25 languages and published with great success in Europe, South America, Japan and United States. After graduating from law school, Faletti began his career as a comedian during the 1970s at the Milanese Club "Derby". During the same period he shared the stage with the local circle of actors: Diego Abatantuono, Teo Teocoli, Massimo Boldi, Paolo Rossi and Francesco Salvi. In 1983, he appeared alongside Raffaella Carrà in Pronto Raffaella. In 1985, he was cast. Other television successes followed, on variety shows such as Emilio and Stasera mi butto... E tre!. Approaching in the meantime the world of music, in 1988 he released the mini-album Colletti bianchi, the soundtrack of the TV series of the same name in which he was one of the main actors. In 1991 he released his second album, Disperato ma non serio, launched by the single Ulula, he composed the song "Traditore", included in Mina's album Caterpillar.

In 1992, he participated, for the first time, at the Sanremo Music Festival in tandem with Orietta Berti with the song "Rumba di Tango". In 1994, Faletti got his main success as a singer-songwriter with the song "Signor Tenente", inspired by massacres of Capaci and Via D'Amelio, ranking second at the Sanremo Music Festival and winning the Critics' Award; the subsequent album, Come un cartone animato, was a platinum album. In 1995, at the Sanremo Festival he sang "L'assurdo mestiere", a sort of prayer-thanks to the Lord, revealing a melancholic and reflective side. In the same festival, as part-author of the song sung by Gigliola Cinquetti, "Giovane vecchio cuore", he has written songs for Fiordaliso, as well as two songs from the album Cammina and the whole album Il dito e la luna, both by Angelo Branduardi. In 2000, he released his sixth and last album. In 2007, Faletti back at the Sanremo Festival, as author of the song "The Show Must Go On", sung by Milva, ranking tenth position; the song was part of the album in Territorio nemico written by Faletti.

In 2009 he composed the song "Gli anni che non hai", included in Marco Masini's album L'Italia... E altre storie. Faletti was a motorracing enthusiast. In the early 1990s he wrote a column about Rally and Formula One for the Italian weekly magazine Autosprint. Faletti's debut as an author was the 1994 humorous book Porco il mondo che ciò sotto i piedi!, published by Baldini & Castoldi, which recounts the exploits of his most famous character, Vito Catozzo, whom he had launched in Drive In. In 2002, Faletti surprised critics and audience with his first thriller novel, I Kill, which sold more than four million copies. At the end of 2002 he suffered a minor stroke. In 2004, his second novel, The Killer In My Eyes, sold three million and a half copies. Jeffery Deaver said of Faletti: "In my neck of the woods, people like Faletti are called larger than life, living legends." In November 2005, Giorgio Faletti received from the President of the Italian Republic the De Sica Prize for Literature. In 2006, Faletti released his novel "Outside Of An Evident Destiny"Fuori da un evidente destino.

He appeared in the sequel, Notte prima degli esami - Oggi. In 2007, he played the villain in Cemento armato. In 2008, Faletti published his first collection of short stories, entitled A few useless hiding places Pochi inutili nascondigli, followed by the novels I Am God, Appunti di un venditore di donne, Tre atti e due tempi, his commitment and his achievements in the field of literature led him to be appointed president of the Astense Library in September 2012. He was a supporter of Juventus FC. Faletti died of lung cancer on 4 July 2014, aged 63, he received the America Award in memory, from the Italy-USA Foundation in 2019. Claudio Colucci. Giorgio Faletti. Una vita di battute. Aliberti, 2008. ISBN 8874241836. Giuseppe Granieri. Giorgio Faletti e la riscoperta del noir in Italia: storia di un fenomeno editoriale. A. Sacco, 2009. ISBN 8863540373. Official website Giorgio Faletti on IMDb

Parachromis friedrichsthalii

Parachromis friedrichsthalii, the Yellowjacket cichlid, is a species of cichlid native to Central America where it is found along the Atlantic Slope in Mexico, Belize and Guatemala. This species grows to a length of 28 centimetres SL; this species is popular with anglers as a gamefish and can be found in the aquarium trade. The specific name honours the Austrian explorer and archaeologist Emanuel von Friedrichsthal, who sent many specimens to Vienna from Central America, including the type of this fish. P. Friedrichsthalii has an unusual hunting mechanism; the species has been observed to lie immobile near the feining death. When smaller fish approach and attempt to pick at the dead fish, P. friedrichsthalii ambush the smaller fish. Similar behaviour has been observed in some species of Lake Malawi cichlids from the genus Nimbochromis. Physically similar to other members of the genus P. managuensis and P. motaguensis, P. freidrichsthalii holds the broken band which runs horizontally through the flaml of the fish.

The most distinct characteristic which enables the correct identification of this fish, is the golden-yellow colouration, more prominent in this fish than the others. However, P. loiselli possesses such gold and yellow colouration. A distinct characteristic which enables these two fish to be separated is the distinctly un-broken dark band seen on P. friedrichsthalii. The dark spots, found on P. loiselli ıs so grouped that it appears to be a single solid band. P. loiselli can be identified by its main colouration. Unlike all other members ın the genus, P. loiselli's main color is a solid yellow colouration. Photograph

DBA (airline)

DBA Luftfahrtgesellschaft mbH, founded as Delta Air and branded as Deutsche BA, was a low-cost airline headquartered on the grounds of Munich Airport in a building within the municipality of Hallbergmoos, Germany. It operated scheduled domestic and international services and operated charter flights for tour operators in Europe and North Africa, it was acquired by Air Berlin in August 2006 when operating as dba, but continued to operate independently, marketed as Air Berlin until being dissolved by its parent company Air Berlin on 30 November 2008. The airline was established in March 1992 and started operations in June 1992, it was founded when British Airways acquired a 49% stake in Delta Air, a regional airline based at Friedrichshafen, renamed it Deutsche BA. In April 1997, after liberalisation of the European air traffic market, BA acquired the remaining shares. Carl Michel was made CEO and he streamlined the fleet to consist of 18 Boeing 737-300 aircraft, dropping secondary routes including those services operated with Saab 2000 as well as other turboprop aircraft types and focusing on internal German routes, feeder services to Gatwick and links to other oneworld partners, notably Iberia Airlines and Finnair.

Rod Eddington replaced Bob Ayling as British Airways Chief Executive in May 2000, starting major reviews of the airline's operations. First indications of a BA review of its German arm came in 2001 at which time Deutsche BA had amassed losses of over £15m. On 3 May 2002 EasyJet announced. EasyJet followed with an announcement on 8 May 2002 that it had signed an exclusive agreement with British Airways giving it the option to purchase Deutsche BA. EasyJet had with an extension until 3 July 2003, to purchase the airline. During this time Deutsche BA would remain under BA control. However, EasyJet had several commitments: send three managers to the German operation, contribute £3m for capital expenditure and pay BA £366,000 per month until it exercised its option. In March 2003 EasyJet announced it had abandoned its plans to acquire Deutsche BA, citing the economic climate and employment laws in Germany. In June 2003, BA announced plans to sell Deutsche BA to Intro Verwaltungsgesellschaft for a token sum of 1 Euro.

In addition BA would invest £25m into the airline and guarantee its fleet of 16 Boeing 737s for a year. In return BA would receive 25% of any profits or proceeds from a sale until June 2006, it was rebranded as dba. In March 2005 dba announced its intention to acquire rival airline Germania Express which would create Germany's third largest airline after Lufthansa and Air Berlin; the gexx brand was phased out on the former airline's services, along with its Fokker 100 aircraft which dba has assumed the lease of. Dba submitted a binding bid for ailing Greek national airline Olympic Airlines in April 2005, but withdrew that bid. In the fiscal year ending 31 March 2005, dba announced its first profit since creation in 1992, of'between €1m and €2m on sales of around €265m. 3 million passengers flew on dba aircraft in the year ending March 2005. The airline was owned by Intro Verwaltungsgesellschaft and Martin Gauss and Peter Wojahn, had 660 employees. On 17 February 2006, dba announced the purchase of 60% of LTU.

Hans-Rudolf Wöhrl, the majority owner of dba, planned to link the operations of LTU and dba, with dba flying inside Germany and LTU serving international destinations. It would allow LTU to increase its longhaul services by providing feeder services to Munich and Düsseldorf. LTU managing director Jürgen Marbach took a 24% stake in the carrier. In February 2006 Lutz Helmig acquired a 25.1% stake in the airline through the Aton company. On August 17, 2006 it was announced; the two airlines would operate under their current identities, with dba continuing to operate as an independent company under the Air Berlin umbrella, but in future would be marketed as Air Berlin. It had 700 employees; the winter 2006 flight schedules were harmonised and a joint schedule will be in place for the summer 2007 season. On 6 September 2006, the German Federal Cartel Office cleared the acquisition of 100% of the shares of dba by Air Berlin without restrictions to allow finalisation of the takeover. On 30 November 2008 the parent company Air Berlin dissolved the company dba and integrated its planes into the Air Berlin fleet.

When branded as Deutsche BA, the airline operated the following aircraft types in a livery similar to British Airways: Boeing 737-300 Boeing 737-400 Dornier 228 Fokker 100 Saab 2000 Saab 340A Media related to dba at Wikimedia Commons

Frankia alni

Frankia alni is a Gram-positive species of actinomycete filamentous bacterium that lives in symbiosis with actinorhizal plants in the genus Alnus. It is a nitrogen-fixing bacterium and forms nodules on the roots of alder trees. Frankia alni forms a symbiotic relationship with trees in the genus Alnus; these are distributed in temperate regions of the northern hemisphere. One species, Alnus glutinosa, is found in Africa and another, the Andean alder, Alnus acuminata, extends down the mountainous spine of Central and South America as far as Argentina. Evidence suggests that this alder may have been exploited by the Incas and used to increase soil fertility and stabilize terrace soils in their upland farming systems. Actinobacteria, like Frankia alni, need a flagellum to be mobile, but F. alni does not have one, is immobile. Alnus species grow in a wide range of habitats that include glacial till, sand hills, the banks of water courses, dry volcanic lava flows and ash alluvium; the first symptom of infection by Frankia alni is a branching and curling of the root hairs of the alder as the bacterium moves in.

The bacterium becomes encapsulated with a material derived from the plant cell wall and remains outside the host's cell membrane. The encapsulation membrane contains pectin and hemicellulose. Cell division is stimulated in the hypodermis and cortex, which leads to the formation of a "prenodule"; the bacterium migrates into the cortex of the root while the nodule continues to develop in the same way as a lateral root. Nodule lobe primordia develop in the pericycle, endodermis or cortex during the development of the prenodule and the bacterium enters the cells of these to infect the new nodule. In nitrogen-free culture and in symbiosis, Frankia alni bacteria surround themselves in "vesicles"; these are spherical cellular structures that measure two to six millimetres in diameter and have a laminated lipid envelope. The vesicles serve to limit the diffusion of oxygen, thus assisting the reduction process, catalysed by the enzyme nitrogenase; this enzyme bonds each atom of nitrogen to three hydrogen atoms.

The energy for the reaction is provided by the hydrolysis of Adenosine triphosphate. Two other enzymes are involved in the process, glutamine synthetase and glutamate synthase; the final product of the reactions is glutamate, thus the most abundant free amino acid in the cell cytoplasm. A by-product of the process is gaseous hydrogen, one molecule of, produced for every molecule of nitrogen reduced to ammonia, but the bacterium contains the enzyme hydrogenase, which serves to prevent some of this energy being wasted. In the process, ATP is recovered and oxygen molecules serve as the final electron acceptor in the reaction, leading to the lowering of ambient oxygen levels; this is to the benefit of the nitrogenases. As a result of their mutually beneficial relationship with Frankia, alder trees improve the fertility of the soils in which they grow and are considered to be a pioneer species, making the soil more fertile and thus enabling other successional species to become established. In culture and in some root nodules, multilocular sporangia containing many spores are produced.

The sporangia are non-motile but the spores can migrate to infect new host plants. A Swedish study found that root nodules developed on transplanted seedlings of the grey alder, Alnus incana, planted in meadow soil that had not grown actinorhizal plants for nearly sixty years. A similar experiment planting seedlings in deep layers of peat where the surface layer had been removed, did not produce nodulation; this seems to have been. No air-borne dispersal of Frankia alni was detected and it was thought that movement of water might account for the dispersal of the bacteria in peat soils. Frankia and actinorhizal plants Type strain of Frankia alni at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase

Boscarne Junction railway station

Boscarne Junction railway station is a railway station on the Bodmin and Wenford Railway in Cornwall, United Kingdom, is its current terminus of the railway although it has been projected that an extension to Wadebridge will be constructed. It was the original start point of the Camel Trail, a long-distance footpath and cycle trail. In earlier days it was the junction for lines to Bodmin and Padstow. Boscarne Junction was created in 1888 when the Great Western Railway built a line to connect from their Bodmin General railway station to the Bodmin and Wadebridge Railway. There was a loop on either side of the line, each straddling the junction, controlled by a signal box; the purpose of the GWR line was to take china clay from Wenford clay dries to the docks at Fowey, the traffic having been taken by the Bodmin and Wenford Railway to Wadebridge. From 15 June 1964 to 18 April 1966 a small halt was built at the junction to enable a separate shuttle service to operate along the Bodmin North branch to connect with trains between Padstow and Bodmin Road see Boscarne Exchange Platform for details.

The line to Wadebridge was truncated at the road just beyond the signal box in 1981, the line closed on 3 October 1983. Trains returned to Boscarne Junction in 1997 when the Bodmin and Wenford Railway built a platform and began operating trains from Bodmin General. Today the station consists of a platform with enclosed shelter, one of the former signal posts can still be seen in the small grass'triangle' area just beyond the end of the platform