The German colonial empire constituted the overseas colonies and territories of Imperial Germany. Unified in the early 1870s, the chancellor of this time period was Otto von Bismarck. Short-lived attempts of colonization by individual German states had occurred in preceding centuries, but crucial colonial efforts only began in 1884 with the Scramble for Africa. Claiming much of the left-over uncolonized areas in the Scramble for Africa, Germany managed to build the third-largest colonial empire at the time, after the British and French. Germany lost control of its colonial empire when the First World War began in 1914 and some of its colonies were seized by the Allies during the first weeks of the war. However, some colonial military units held out for a while longer: German South West Africa surrendered in 1915, Kamerun in 1916 and German East Africa in 1918. In the case of German East Africa, the defenders under the command of Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, had engaged a guerrilla war against British colonial and Portuguese forces and did not surrender until after the end of the war.
Germany's colonial empire was confiscated with the Treaty of Versailles after Germany's defeat in the war and each colony became a League of Nations mandate under the supervision of one of the victorious powers. The German colonial empire ceased to exist in 1919. Plans to regain their lost colonial possessions persisted through the Second World War, with many at the time suspecting that this was a goal of the Third Reich all along. Despite having a short existence compared to other colonial empires, Germany's colonial ventures changed the places and people they came into contact with, as rebellions were summarily suppressed and the Germans orchestrated genocide as a method of collective punishment; until their 1871 unification, the German states had not concentrated on the development of a navy, this had precluded German participation in earlier imperialist scrambles for remote colonial territory – the so-called "place in the sun". Germany seemed destined to play catch-up; the German states prior to 1870 had retained separate political structures and goals, German foreign policy up to and including the age of Otto von Bismarck concentrated on resolving the "German question" in Europe and securing German interests on the continent.
However, by 1891 they were united under Prussian rule. They sought a more clear cut "German" state, saw colonies as a good way to achieve that. Many Germans in the late 19th century viewed colonial acquisitions as a true indication of having achieved nationhood. Public opinion arrived at an understanding that prestigious African and Pacific colonies went hand-in-hand with dreams of a High Seas Fleet. Both aspirations would become reality, nurtured by a press replete with Kolonialfreunde and by a myriad of geographical associations and colonial societies. Bismarck and many deputies in the Reichstag had no interest in colonial conquests to acquire square miles of territory. In 1844 Rhenish Aristocrats attempted to set up a German colony in the independent state of Texas. About 7400 settlers were involved. Around half of them died, the venture was a complete failure. A constant lack of supplies and land didn't help, the next year Texas joined the United States. In essence, Bismarck's colonial motives were obscure as he had said "...
I am no man for colonies" and "remained as contemptuous of all colonial dreams as ever." However, in 1884 he consented to the acquisition of colonies by the German Empire, in order to protect trade, safeguard raw materials and export markets and take advantage of opportunities for capital investment, among other reasons. In the next year Bismarck shed personal involvement when "he abandoned his colonial drive as and casually as he had started it" as if he had committed an error in judgment that could confuse the substance of his more significant policies. "Indeed, in 1889, tried to give German South-West Africa away to the British. It was, he said, a burden and an expense, he would like to saddle someone else with it."Before this, Germans had traditions of foreign sea-borne trade dating back to the Hanseatic League. The Hanseatic republics of Hamburg and Bremen sent traders across the globe; these trading houses conducted themselves as successful Privatkolonisatoren and concluded treaties and land purchases in Africa and the Pacific with chiefs and or other tribal leaders.
These early agreements with local entities formed the basis for annexation treaties, diplomatic support and military protection by the German government. The German Colonial empire got its start around 1884, in those years they acquired several territories: German East Africa, German South-West Africa and Togo in Africa. Germany was active in the Pacific, annexing a series of islands that would be called German New Guinea; the northeastern region of New Guinea was called Kaiser-Wilhelmsland, the Bismarck Archipelago to the islands east, this contained two larger islands named New Mecklenburg and New Pomerania, they acquired the Northern Solomon Islands. These islands were given the status of protectorate; the rise of German imperialism and colonialism coincided with the latter stages of the "Scramble for Africa" during which enterprising German individuals, rather than government entities, competed with other established colonies and colonialist entrepreneurs. With the Germans joining the race for the la
Template:2008–09 Big East Conference women's basketball standings The 2008–09 Pittsburgh Panthers women's basketball team represented the University of Pittsburgh in the 2008–09 NCAA Division I women's basketball season and advanced to the NCAA Tournament "Sweet 16". The Panthers were coached by Agnus Berenato; the Panthers are a member of the Big East Conference and played their home games at the Petersen Events Center in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The 2007-08 Pitt women's basketball went 24-10, tying a program record number of wins set the previous season. Pitt earned its first bid to the NCAA Women's Basketball Tournament advancing to the second round where it lost to eventual national champion Tennessee. Pitt finished the season ranked #16 in the Coaches' Poll, its highest finish in the polls for the women up until that point. Center Marcedes Walker and Guards Karlyle Lim and Mallorie Winn finish up their eligibility. Agnus Berenato is honored as the Dapper Dan Sportswomen of the Year for 2008-09.
Marcedes Walker earns a spot on the WNBA's Houston Comets's roster Pitt hired assistant coach Yolett McPhee-McCuin from the University of Portland to replace departed assistant coach Shea Ralph, who took a position at her alma mater Connecticut. The Pitt women's team took a preseason trip to Europe to play three exhibitions games Shavonte Zellous is named to the State Farm Wade Trophy "Watch List" Seven of the women's team's games are picked up for television, including two appearances on ESPN2 Former center Marcedes Walker's jersey is selected to hang in the "Ring of Honor" at the Women's Basketball Hall of Fame. Shavonte Zellous is named to the preseason All-American teams of the Sporting News. Agnus Berenato's contract is extended to coach the University of Pittsburgh through the 2015-16 season. Shavonte Zellous is a unanimous selection to the pre-season All-Big East team. Shavonte Zellous is named as one of 30 candidates for the John R. Wooden Award. Shavonte Zellous, alongside DeJuan Blair of the Pitt men's team, appears on one of six covers of the Sports Illustrated College Basketball Preview Issue.
*Injured during the first regular season game against Texas A&M and was redshirted. Pittsburgh Panthers women's basketball Pittsburgh Panthers men's basketball 2008–09 Pittsburgh Panthers men's basketball team Pittsburgh Panthers University of Pittsburgh Big East Conference Official Site
Willamette National Cemetery is a United States National Cemetery located about 10 miles southeast of the city of Portland, Oregon. Administered by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, it encompasses 269.4 acres straddling the county line between Multnomah and Clackamas Counties. As of 2014, there had been 164,000 interments, it is one of three national cemeteries in Oregon. Plans to create a military cemetery in the Portland area started as early as 1941, Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a bill to establish a national cemetery, but the necessary money to acquire the land was never allocated. In 1949 the state of Oregon donated 102 acres of land for the establishment of a National Cemetery. Construction was completed in 1950, Willamette National Cemetery was opened on December 14 that year; the first interment did not take place until 1951. In 1952, another 100 acres of land were donated to the cemetery. Willamette National Cemetery is a Blue Star Memorial Highway site. A Korean War Memorial, dedicated to the 283 people from Oregon who fought and died in that war.
Lieutenant Colonel Stanley T. Adams, for action in the Korean War Alexander G. Barry, United States Senator Carson Bigbee, Major League Baseball player First Lieutenant Arnold L. Bjorklund, for action in World War II Specialist Larry G. Dahl, for action in the Vietnam War Milt Davis, professional football player George Freese, Major League Baseball player Mark Hatfield, U. S. Senator and Governor of Oregon Sergeant First Class Loren R. Kaufman, for action in the Korean War Scott Leavitt, U. S. Representative from Montana Donald Malarkey, World War II veteran Thomas E. Martin, U. S. Representative and Senator from Iowa Kenneth L. Reusser, United States Marine Corps aviator Homer Norman Wallin, United States Navy admiral National Cemetery Administration Willamette National Cemetery Historic American Landscapes Survey No. OR-3, "Willamette National Cemetery, 11800 Southeast Mount Scott Boulevard, Multnomah County, OR", 37 photos, 4 photo caption pages U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Willamette National Cemetery Willamette National Cemetery at Find a Grave
Gingerdead Man vs. Evil Bong is a 2013 American crossover horror comedy film produced by Full Moon Features, about a battle between the namesake characters from two other film series, The Gingerdead Man and Evil Bong; the film was released October 29, 2013, on the Full Moon Features website as streaming video, with wider release November 12, 2013. The Gingerdead Man is on an island, being fanned by topless women, he plans to murder Sarah Leigh, & the scene switches to Larnell, running a store. Flashbacks from the previous Evil Bong movies are shown. Larnell goes to buy a cookie, & the film switches to Sarah Leigh flashing back to The first Gingerdead Man movie. Larnell walks in the bakery from the first Gingerdead Man film & asks Sarah Leigh if she could visit his store, they do just that; the Gingerdead Man kills 2 people working at searches for Sarah Leigh. The Gingerdead Man tracks down the lone survivor of Sarah Leigh, but his murderous plans are thwarted when Sarah meets Larnell, who has a problem of his own: the evil bong, has been unleashed once again.
Bodies begin to pile up. The only hope for Sarah and Larnell is to seek help from the dastardly Bong; the Gingerdead Man is seen at the end of the movie sitting on a rock, saying "And now that's the way the cookie crumbles." JoBlo praised the trailer, writing that it was "hilariously awful". Missoula Independent praised the film for its bringing together two of Full Moon's favorite series; the reviewer was disturbed by the film's first scenes but stated that the film got better as it progressed. Official website Gingerdead Man vs. Evil Bong at the Internet Movie Database
Oneirophanta mutabilis is a species of sea cucumbers in the family Deimatidae. It is the type species of the genus Oneirophanta, it is found on the seabed at abyssal depths. It was first described by the Swedish zoologist Hjalmar Théel in 1879, being one of the many deep sea animals discovered during the Challenger expedition of 1872–1876; the generic name is from Greek όνειρο,'dream', φαίνομαι,'to appear', the thing that appears as in a dream. The specific name is Latin mutabilis; this sea cucumber has an elongate body that can be 60 mm wide. The mouth is at the anterior end of the ventral surface and is surrounded by a ring of twenty tentacles of varying lengths, the tip of each of which has eight projections round the margin; the tube feet on the ventral surface vary in number and are in a single row or scattered irregularly. A further row of peg-like tube feet run along each side and the dorsal surface is dotted with papillae that vary from 2 to 50 mm in length, the longer ones resembling tentacles.
The skin is rough and somewhat transparent and the colour of preserved specimens is white, pale brown or dark brown. Oneirophanta mutabilis is found on the seabed at abyssal depths in most of the world's oceans. There is little current here and the temperature is permanently about 2 °C. In the nearly level Porcupine Abyssal Plain in the Atlantic Ocean there is a bed of sediment, accumulating for millennia and Oneirophanta mutabilis is one of a number of sea cucumbers that make up about 90% of the megafauna here. Oneirophanta mutabilis moves across the sediment on the seabed leaving a trail on the surface; as it progresses it ingests the sediment, processes it through its gut, removes the nutritive organic content and voids the indigestible remains. Little is known of the reproduction of this species; the eggs are smaller than 400 µm in diameter with little nutritive tissue present which suggests some form of abbreviated development. Whatever it is, it appears to be a successful breeding strategy because this species is abundant
Santee Town Center is a San Diego Trolley station in Santee, California. It began service on August 26, 1995 as the new terminus of the then-named East Line after the opening of the fourth segment of that line, it now marks the eastern terminus of Green Line, serves as a major park and ride station for the large suburb of Santee. The station is inside a shopping center on the northeast quadrant of the intersection of Mission Gorge Road and Cuyamaca Street. Prior to July 2005, all Orange Line trolleys used to end at this station. With the introduction of the Green Line service, the Orange Line's terminus was truncated to Gillespie Field and to El Cajon Transit Center. Since July 2005, all Green Line trolleys serve this station; this is because the path between Gillespie Field and Santee Town Center is single tracked, having two lines running on that route would cause operational issues. From the station's opening in 1995 until September 2005, Santee city law prohibited rail service after 9:00pm.