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Gethsemane was a garden at the foot of the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem where, according to the four Gospels of the New Testament, Jesus underwent the agony in the garden and was arrested the night before his crucifixion. It is a place of great resonance in Christianity. There are several small olive groves in church property, all adjacent to each other and identified with biblical Gethsemane. Gethsemane appears in the Greek original of the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of Mark as Γεθσημανή; the name is derived from the Aramaic ܓܕܣܡܢ, meaning "oil press". Matthew 26:36 and Mark 14:32 call it χωρἰον, meaning a estate; the Gospel of John says. According to the New Testament it was a place that Jesus and his disciples customarily visited, which allowed Judas to find him on the night of his arrest. There are four locations, all of them at or near the western foot of the Mount of Olives claimed by different denominations to be the place where Jesus prayed on the night he was betrayed; the garden at the Catholic Church of All Nations, built over the "Rock of the Agony".

The location near the Tomb of the Virgin Mary to the north. The Greek Orthodox location to the east; the Russian Orthodox orchard, next to the Church of Mary Magdalene. William McClure Thomson, author of The Land and the Book, first published in 1880, wrote: "When I first came to Jerusalem, for many years afterward, this plot of ground was open to all whenever they chose to come and meditate beneath its old olive trees; the Latins, have within the last few years succeeded in gaining sole possession, have built a high wall around it. The Greeks have invented another site a little to the north of it. My own impression is; the position is too near the city, so close to what must have always been the great thoroughfare eastward, that our Lord would scarcely have selected it for retirement on that dangerous and dismal night. I am inclined to place the garden in the secluded vale several hundred yards to the north-east of the present Gethsemane."All of the foregoing is based on long-held tradition and the conflating of the synoptic accounts of Mark and Matthew with the Johannine account.

Mark and Matthew record that Jesus went to "a place called the oil press" and John states he went to a garden near the Kidron Valley. Modern scholarship acknowledges. According to Luke 22:43–44, Jesus' anguish on the Mount of Olives was so deep that "his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground." According to the Eastern Orthodox Church tradition, Gethsemane is the garden where the Virgin Mary was buried and was assumed into heaven after her dormition on Mount Zion. The Garden of Gethsemane became a focal site for early Christian pilgrims, it was visited in 333 by the anonymous "Pilgrim of Bordeaux", whose Itinerarium Burdigalense is the earliest description left by a Christian traveler in the Holy Land. In his Onomasticon, Eusebius of Caesarea notes the site of Gethsemane located "at the foot of the Mount of Olives", he adds that "the faithful were accustomed to go there to pray". Eight ancient olive trees growing in the Latin site of the garden may be 900 years old.

In 1681 Croatian knights of the Holy Order of Jerusalem, Paul and James bought the Gethsemane Garden and donated it to the Franciscan community, which owns it to this day. A three-dimensional plate on the right side next to the entrance to the garden describes the aforementioned gift to the community. A study conducted by the National Research Council of Italy in 2012 found that several olive trees in the garden are amongst the oldest known to science. Dates of 1092, 1166 and 1198 AD were obtained by carbon dating from older parts of the trunks of three trees. DNA tests show that the trees were planted from the same parent plant; this could indicate an attempt to keep the lineage of an older species intact. Again, the three trees tested could have been sprouts reviving from the older roots. "The results of tests on trees in the Garden of Gethsemane have not settled the question of whether the gnarled trees are the same which sheltered Jesus because olive trees can grow back from roots after being cut down", researchers said.

However, Bernabei writes: "All the tree trunks are hollow inside so that the central, older wood is missing... In the end, only three from a total of eight olive trees could be dated; the dated ancient olive trees do, not allow any hypothesis to be made with regard to the age of the remaining five giant olive trees." Babcox said that the roots of the oldest trees are much older and points out the traditional claim that the trees are two thousand years old. In 2014, an archaeological survey of the site was conducted by Amit Re'em and David Yeger on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority. Abbey of Our Lady of Gethsemani Agony in the Garden Holy Hour Works cited Taylor, Joan E. "The Garden of Gethsemane", Biblical Archaeology Review 21/4 26–35: Catholic Encyclopedia on Gethsemane Paul’s Knowledge of the Garden of Gethsemane Narrative, by Christopher Price FotoTagger Annotated Galleries – Gethsemane in the art and reality Article on the history of the Russian monastery itself

Fred Crisman

Fred Lee Crisman was an author from Tacoma, Washington known for claims of paranormal events and 20th century conspiracies. In 1947, Crisman was involved in the Maury Island incident, what may have been an early UFO hoax. Crisman's "fellow UFO witness" Harold Dahl believed the 1960s TV series, The Invaders was based on Crisman's life. Prior to this, Crisman had written to Amazing Stories magazine claiming that he battled "mysterious and evil" underground creatures to free himself from a cave in Burma during World War II. In 1969, Crisman was subpoenaed by Jim Garrison to testify in the case against Clay Shaw in the John F. Kennedy assassination. A photocopied document circulated among Kennedy assassination buffs claimed that Crisman was one of the "three tramps" employed by a secret government agency. During this time, he hosted a radio talk show under the pseudonym "Jon Gold" and wrote a book, The Murder of a City, Tacoma published in 1970 through Transistor Publishing Company; the book was described by reviewer Michael Sullivan as a "weird, politically slanted rant" that manages to "tie corruption in Tacoma to everything from communist infiltrators to the Kennedy assassination".

In 1979, the House Select Committee on Assassinations reported that forensic anthropologists had analyzed and compared the photographs of the "tramps" with those of Crisman, as well as with photographs of Watergate figures E. Howard Hunt, Frank Sturgis, two other men. According to the Committee, only Crisman resembled any of the tramps. Conspiracy authors consider Crisman "a nexus point for a number of conspiracies and cover-ups from the late 1940s until death in 1975"


Plutodes is a genus of moths in the family Geometridae erected by Achille Guenée in 1857. It is similar to species of genus Lomographa. Differs from hairy palpi. Antennae uniseriate in both sexes to two-thirds of length. Plutodes argentilauta Prout, 1929 Buru, Borneo, Sumatra Plutodes costatus Butler, 1886 India, Nepal, China Plutodes cyclaria Guenée, 1857 Borneo, Peninsular Malaysia Plutodes discigera Butler, 1880 northern India - south-eastern China Plutodes evaginata Holloway, 1993 Borneo Plutodes exiguifascia Hampson, 1895 Sri Lanka Plutodes flavescens Butler, 1880 north-eastern Himalayas, Sumatra, Java Plutodes malaysiana Holloway, 1982 Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo Plutodes nilgirica Hampson, 1891 southern India Plutodes signifera Warren, 1896 Australia Plutodes transmutata Walker, 1861 India, Nepal in Sri Lanka Plutodes unidentata Holloway, 1976 Borneo, Java, Sulawesi Plutodes wandamannensis Joicey & Talbot, 1917 New Guinea Pitkin, Brian & Jenkins, Paul. "Search results Family: Geometridae".

Butterflies and Moths of the World. Natural History Museum, London

Annie Armitt

Annie Armitt was an English novelist, short story writer, essayist. She was one of the founders of a school in Eccles, England. Annie Maria Armitt was born in Salford, England, in 1850, the middle of three gifted daughters of William and Mary Ann Armitt; the sisters were all well educated, Armitt – who knew from an early age that she wanted to be a writer – studied English literature at Islington House Academy. This academy was in Salford and it trained people to teach along Pestalozzian principles, her older sister Sophie took to botany and would become a nature writer, her younger sister Mary Louisa excelled at music and natural history and wrote on topics ranging from ornithology to local history. Armitt travelled to Paris in 1866 with Sophie to study French, but the following year her father died unexpectedly and she returned to England. Armitt and her sisters established a school at Eccles in Lancashire. In 1877, married Stanford Harris, a physician, the couple went to live near Hawkshead.

Neither of them were well and the marriage was not happy. Armitt published her first novel, The Garden at Monkholme, in 1878, it was critically well received, with The Westminster Review praising it as "a new departure in fiction" for its focus on characters who were unattractive and for Armitt's ability to make drama out of commonplace events. The Scottish Review admired it for Armitt's outstanding depiction of character, her 1885 novel In Shallow Waters was praised for its compelling depiction of the self-sacrificing protagonist, Henry Dilworth. An excerpt from this novel gives a sense of Armitt's dry, Austenian style at its best: "She did not admire clever girls, was never enthusiastic in her praise of good ones—those at least, who were specially marked out as such by their parochial visitations and love of week-day services... She was inclined to insinuate that any one who made a visible application of herself to heavenly things must be drawn thereto by a lack of earthly prosperity."Armitt published poems, short stories, essays, including a brief life of Mary Shelley.

The poet Robert Browning wrote. In 1882, Armitt's sisters came to live near Hawkshead in the town of Rydal, after being widowed, Armitt joined them there in 1894; the sisters lived together until Sophie and Louie died in 1908 and 1911. Armitt survived her sisters by two decades, dying in 1933; the Garden at Monkholme Man and His Relatives: A Question of Morality In Shallow Waters

Islandmagee witch trial

The Islandmagee witch trial took place in 1710–1711 on Islandmagee in what is today Northern Ireland. It is believed to have been the last witch trial to take place in Ireland. In March 1711, in Carrickfergus, County Antrim, eight women were put on trial and found guilty of witchcraft; the women were put in stocks and jailed for one year. The trial was the result of a claim by Mrs. James Haltridge that 18-year-old Mary Dunbar exhibited signs of demonic possession such as "shouting, blaspheming, throwing Bibles, going into fits every time a clergyman came near her and vomiting household items such as pins, nails and wool". Assisted by local authorities, Dunbar picked out eight women she claimed were witches that had attacked her in spectral form. According to Andrew Sneddon, history lecturer at University of Ulster, "Mary Dunbar was making up the whole thing". Sneddon wrote that "Mary Dunbar learned the part of a demoniac from accounts about Salem or Scotland, or someone told her about it. Remember, this was a time when people were pouring in from Scotland".

Records of what happened to Mary Dunbar or those convicted of witchcraft may have been lost when the Public Records Office in question was burned down during the Irish Civil War. A memorial to the eight women convicted was proposed by the author Martina Devlin; however the memorial was objected to by TUV councillor Jack McKee who believed the plaque could become a "shrine to paganism" and furthermore stated that he wasn't convinced the women weren't guilty and that he believed the proposal to be "anti-god". Florence Newton Summers, Montague. Geography of Witchcraft, 1927, pp. 96–98. Seymour, John D. Irish Witchcraft and Demonology, 1913, pp. 207–221. Islandmagee entry at

San Juan School District

San Juan School District is a school district headquartered in Blanding, Utah. The district has twelve schools; as of 2018 3,193 students were enrolled. As of 2017 teachers in communities of the southern part of the school district tend to have less experience than those in the northern part of the school district. 7-12 schools: Monticello High School - Monticello Monument Valley High School - Oljato–Monument Valley San Juan High School - Blanding Whitehorse High School - Unincorporated area adjacent to Montezuma CreekHigh schools: Navajo Mountain High School - Navajo Mountain Middle schools: Albert R. Lyman Middle School - BlandingK-6 schools: Montezuma Creek Elementary School - Aneth In 2017 the school offered to give salaries of $80,000 to teachers with many years of experience who are designated as lead teachers. Monticello Elementary School - Monticello Tsé'bii'nidzisgai Elementary School - Oljato–Monument Valley 1-5 schools: Blanding Elementary School - Blanding Bluff Elementary School - Bluff 1-3 schools: La Sal Elementary School - La Sal San Juan School District