Bray Studios (UK)
Bray Studios was a film and television facility at Bray, near Maidenhead, England. The model and miniature filming for the film Alien was shot there, as well as The Rocky Horror Picture Show, it is best known for its association with Hammer Film Productions and contained four stages, plus offices and workshops. Hammer leased country houses in which to shoot films, until the company purchased Down Place on the banks of the Thames near Bray. After using every room and angle in its films, it enlarged the house into the Bray Studios complex; the last Hammer production made at Bray was The Mummy's Shroud, which wrapped on 21 October 1966. Hammer sold the studio in November 1970. Bray Studios continued to host television, film work and band rehearsals until around 2012; the site of Bray Studios is now undergoing a programme of redevelopment into a residential area under the current owner of the studio, who claimed for several years that there was no call for the studio any more, despite having refused a number of applications by productions to use the facilities.
Following several planning applications, work began in late 2017. A day at Bray Article on Hammer and Bray Hammer at the BBC's Hitch Hiker's guide David L Rattigan's Bray Studios information Save Bray Studios Campaign Christopher Lee Peter Cushing Actor John Cater at Bray
Albert Sidney Fleischman, or Sid Fleischman, was an American author of children's books, novels for adults, nonfiction books about stage magic. His works for children are known for their humor, zesty plotting, exploration of the byways of American history, he won the Newbery Medal in 1987 for The Whipping Boy and the Boston Globe–Horn Book Award in 1979 for Humbug Mountain. For his career contribution as a children's writer he was U. S. nominee for the biennial, international Hans Christian Andersen Award in 1994. In 2003, the Society of Children's Book Writers and Illustrators inaugurated the Sid Fleischman Humor Award in his honor, made him the first recipient; the Award annually recognizes a writer of humorous fiction for young adults. He told his own tale in The Abracadabra Kid: A Writer's Life. Fleischman was born Avron Zalmon Fleischman in Brooklyn, New York in 1920, his parents were of Russian Jewish extraction and moved the family to San Diego, California when Fleischman was two years old.
As a youngster, he beheld his first stage magic performance, launching a lifelong fascination that would find a place in many of his books. He learned magic from library books and the local fraternity of magicians, inventing new tricks along the way, he began performing professionally while still in high school, touring California with his friend Buddy Ryan, performing in nightclubs, traveling the country with the Francisco Spook Show during the last days of vaudeville. At 19, Fleischman published his first book, Between Cocktails, a collection of magic tricks using paper matches, his college career at San Diego State College was interrupted by World War II, during which he served on a destroyer escort in the Pacific. After graduating with a degree in English, he worked as a reporter for the short-lived The San Diego Daily Journal, covering everything from crime scenes to the political beat. After the newspaper folded, he turned to fiction. Drawing on his reporting experiences, his knowledge of magic, his tour of the Pacific, he produced a series of novels of intrigue and adventure over the next 15 years, many set in the Far East.
Nearly all have been reprinted in two-books-in-one format by Stark House Press. When one of them--Blood Alley—caught the eye of director William Wellman, he hired Fleischman to adapt it to the screen; this both led to a move to Santa Monica, where Fleischman lived the rest of his life, began a decades-long involvement with Hollywood. After Blood Alley was filmed, starring John Wayne and Lauren Bacall, Wellman used Fleischman on several other projects, including Lafayette Escadrille, based on Wellman's own experiences as a World War I pilot. Fleischman adapted his own novel Yellowleg for the screen, released as The Deadly Companions, the director Sam Peckinpah's first feature. Fleischman worked on several projects with Kirk Douglas, including Scalawag. For children, he wrote teleplays for "The Bloodhound Gang" segments of the educational 3–2–1 Contact series, as well as the screenplay of The Whipping Boy. Using his three children as an audience for the first time, Fleischman wrote Mr. Mysterious & Company, the adventures of a traveling magician's family in the old West.
It was the first of many children's books that would draw on his background in magic and his interest in history. By the Great Horn Spoon! Mined the California Gold Rush and was turned into the movie The Adventures of Bullwhip Griffin; the Ghost in the Noonday Sun and the Grand Rascal, Jingo Django, Humbug Mountain spun fiction from the facts of East Coast pirates, Ohio River rafting, American Gypsies, traveling printers. His series of books about Josh McBroom and his family's amazing one-acre farm made use of American tall tales. Works looked farther afield, from England to Asia to Mexico. Finding nonfiction to his liking after completing his autobiography, The Abracadabra Kid: A Writer's Life, Fleischman went on to produce biographies of Harry Houdini, Mark Twain, Charlie Chaplin. Fleischman and his wife Betty, who died in 1993, had three children, his son Paul Fleischman followed him into the world of children's books. They are the only parent and child who've both won the Newbery Medal, the venerable American Library Association award that annually recognizes the "most distinguished contribution to American literature for children".
Fleischman maintained an interest in magic all his life, hosting monthly meetings of Los Angeles magicians at his home, publishing occasional articles in magic journals, summing up what he had learned in The Charlatan's Handbook. For young magicians, he wrote Mr. Mysterious's Secrets of Magic. Fleischman's other interests included gardening, hand-printing and classical guitar; the Adventures of Bullwhip Griffin is an adaptation of Fleischman's western novelBy the Great Horn Spoon!, starring Roddy McDowell as Bullwhip Griffin. Ghost in the Noonday Sun is a loose adaptation of Fleischman's novel. Official website Sid Fleischman Honored by SDSU, Santa Monica Mirror, Mar 17–23, 2004 Sid Fleischman's obituary Sid Fleischman on IMDb Sid Fleischman at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database Sid Fleischman at Library of Congress Authorities, with 70 catalog records
Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon
Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon, was the younger daughter of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth and the only sibling of Queen Elizabeth II. Margaret spent much of her childhood with her parents and sister, her life changed in 1936, when her paternal uncle, King Edward VIII, abdicated to marry a divorcée, Wallis Simpson. Margaret's father became king, her sister became heir presumptive, with Margaret second in line to the throne. During the Second World War, the two sisters stayed at Windsor Castle, despite suggestions to evacuate them to Canada. During the war years, Margaret was considered too young to perform any official duties and instead continued her education. After the war, Margaret fell in love with Group Captain Peter Townsend. In 1952, Margaret's father died, her sister became queen, Townsend divorced his first wife. Early the following year, he proposed to Margaret. Many in the government believed he would be an unsuitable husband for the Queen's 22-year-old sister, the Church of England refused to countenance marriage to a divorced man.
Margaret abandoned her plans with him, in 1960 she married the photographer Antony Armstrong-Jones, created Earl of Snowdon by the Queen. The couple had two children: Sarah. Margaret was viewed as a controversial member of the British royal family, her divorce in 1978 earned her negative publicity, she was romantically associated with several men. Her health deteriorated in the final two decades of her life. A heavy smoker for most of her adult life, Margaret had a lung operation in 1985, a bout of pneumonia in 1993, at least three strokes between 1998 and 2001, she died at King Edward VII's Hospital on 9 February 2002. Margaret was born on 21 August 1930 at Glamis Castle in Scotland, her mother's ancestral home, was affectionately known as Margot within the royal family, she was delivered by the royal obstetrician. The Home Secretary, J. R. Clynes, was present to verify the birth; the registration of her birth was delayed for several days to avoid her being numbered 13 in the parish register. At the time of her birth, she was fourth in the line of succession to the British throne.
Her father was the Duke of the second son of King George V and Queen Mary. Her mother was the Duchess of York, the youngest daughter of the 14th Earl and the Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne; the Duchess of York wanted to name her second daughter Ann Margaret, as she explained to Queen Mary in a letter: "I am anxious to call her Ann Margaret, as I think Ann of York sounds pretty, & Elizabeth and Ann go so well together." King George V disliked the name Ann but approved of the alternative "Margaret Rose". Margaret was baptised in the private chapel of Buckingham Palace on 30 October 1930 by Cosmo Lang, the Archbishop of Canterbury. Margaret's early life was spent at the Yorks' residences at 145 Piccadilly and Royal Lodge in Windsor; the Yorks were perceived by the public as an ideal family: father and children, but unfounded rumours that Margaret was deaf and mute were not dispelled until Margaret's first main public appearance at her uncle Prince George's wedding in 1934. She was educated alongside her sister, Princess Elizabeth, by their Scottish governess Marion Crawford.
Margaret's education was supervised by her mother, who in the words of Randolph Churchill "never aimed at bringing her daughters up to be more than nicely behaved young ladies". When Queen Mary insisted upon the importance of education, the Duchess of York commented, "I don't know what she meant. After all I and my sisters only had governesses and we all married well—one of us well". Margaret was resentful about her limited education in years, aimed criticism at her mother. However, Margaret's mother told a friend that she "regretted" that her daughters did not go to school like other children, the employment of a governess rather than sending the girls to school may have been done only at the insistence of King George V. Margaret's grandfather, George V, died when she was five, her uncle acceded as King Edward VIII. Less than a year on 11 December 1936, Edward abdicated to marry Wallis Simpson, a twice-divorced American, whom neither the Church of England nor the Dominion governments would accept as queen.
The Church would not recognise the marriage of a divorced woman with a living ex-husband as valid. Edward's abdication left a reluctant Duke of York in his place as King George VI, Margaret unexpectedly became second in line to the throne, with the title The Princess Margaret to indicate her status as a child of the sovereign; the family moved into Buckingham Palace. Margaret was a Brownie in the 1st Buckingham Palace Brownie Pack, formed in 1937, she was a Girl Guide and a Sea Ranger. She served as President of Girlguiding UK from 1965 until her death in 2002. At the outbreak of World War II, Margaret and her sister were at Birkhall, on the Balmoral Castle estate, where they stayed until Christmas 1939, enduring nights so cold that drinking water in carafes by their bedside froze, they spent Christmas at Sandringham House before moving to Windsor Castle, just outside London, for much of the remainder of the war. Viscount Hailsham wrote to Prime Minister Winston Churchill to advise the evacuation of the princesses to the greater safety of Canada, to which their mother famously replied, "The children won't go without me.
I won't leave without the King. And the King will never leave."Unlike other members of the royal family, Margaret was not expected to undertake any public or official duties dur
Liza May Minnelli is an American actress and singer. Best known for her Academy Award-winning performance in Cabaret, she is known for her energetic stage presence and her powerful mezzo-soprano singing voice, she is the daughter of Vincente Minnelli. She is of Italian and mixed European descent. Seeking theatrical work, Minnelli moved to New York City in 1961, where she began her career as a musical theatre actress, nightclub performer and traditional pop music artist, she made her professional stage debut in the 1963 Off-Broadway revival of Best Foot Forward and won a Tony Award for starring in Flora the Red Menace in 1965, which marked the start of her lifelong collaboration with John Kander and Fred Ebb. They wrote, produced or directed many of Minnelli's future stage acts and TV shows and helped create her stage persona of a stylized survivalist, including her career-defining performances of anthems of survival. Along with her roles on stage and screen, this persona and her style of performance added to Minnelli's status as an enduring gay icon.
Critically lauded for her early non-musical screen performances—especially The Sterile Cuckoo —Minnelli rose to international stardom, starring in Cabaret and the Emmy Award-winning TV special Liza with a Z. Most of her following films — including Lucky Lady, New York, New York, Rent-a-Cop and Stepping Out —were panned by the critics and bombed at the box office, she had no more major movie hits except Arthur, she returned to Broadway on a number of occasions, including The Act, The Rink and Liza's at The Palace.... Worked on various television formats and has predominantly focused on music hall and nightclub performances since the late 1970s, her concert performances at Carnegie Hall in 1979 and 1987, at Radio City Music Hall in 1991 and 1992 are recognized among her most successful. From 1988 to 1990, she toured with Frank Sinatra and Sammy Davis Jr. in Frank, Liza & Sammy: The Ultimate Event. Best known for her renditions of pop standards, Minnelli's early 1960s pop singles were produced to attract a young audience, her albums from 1968 to 1977 contained much of the contemporary singer-songwriter material.
In 1989, she ventured into the contemporary pop scene by collaborating with the Pet Shop Boys on the album Results. After a hiatus due to serious health problems, Minnelli returned to the concert stage in 2002 with Liza's Back and was an acclaimed guest star in the sitcom Arrested Development between 2003 and 2013. Since the 2010s, she has avoided huge concert tours in favor of small retrospective performances. Minnelli was born on March 12, 1946 in Hollywood, California to Vincente Minnelli. In 1961 she moved to New York City, attending High School of Performing Arts and Chadwick School, her first performing experience on film was at age three appearing in the final scene of the musical In the Good Old Summertime. Minnelli has a half-sister and half-brother, from Garland's marriage to Sid Luft, she has Christiane Nina Minnelli, from her father's second marriage. Minnelli's godparents were her husband William Spier, her parents named her after Ira Gershwin's song "Liza". During 1961, Minnelli was an apprentice at the Cape Cod Melody Tent in Massachusetts.
She played the part of Muriel in Take Me Along. Minnelli began performing professionally at age 17, in 1963, in an Off-Broadway revival of the musical Best Foot Forward, for which she received the Theatre World Award; the next year, her mother invited Liza to perform with her in concert at the London Palladium. Both concerts were released as an album, she attended Scarsdale High School for one year, starring in a production of The Diary of Anne Frank which went to Israel on tour. She turned to Broadway at 19, won her first Tony Award as a leading actress for Flora the Red Menace, it was the first time she worked with the musical duo John Fred Ebb. Minnelli began as a nightclub singer as an adolescent, making her professional nightclub debut at the age of 19 at the Shoreham Hotel in Washington, D. C; that same year she began appearing in other clubs and on stage in Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Chicago and New York City. Her success as a live performer led to her recording several albums for Capitol Records: Liza!
Liza!, It Amazes Me, There Is a Time. In her early years, she recorded traditional pop standards as well as show tunes from various musicals in which she starred; because of this fact, William Ruhlmann named her "Barbra Streisand's little sister". The Capitol albums Liza! Liza!, It Amazes Me, There Is A Time were reissued on the two-CD compilation The Capitol Years in 2001, in their entirety. From 1968 to the 1970s, she recorded her albums Liza Minnelli, Come Saturday Morning and New Feelin' for A&M Records, she released Tropical Nights on Columbia Records. In 1989, Minnelli collaborated with the Pet Shop Boys on an electronic dance-style album; the release hit the top 10 in the UK and charted in the U. S. spawning four singles: "Losing My Mind". That year, she performed "Losing My Mind" live at the Grammys ceremony before receiving a Grammy Legend Award. With this award, she became one of only 16 people – in a list that includes composer Richard Rodgers, Whoopi Go
The Ruling Class (film)
The Ruling Class is a 1972 British black comedy film. It is an adaptation of Peter Barnes' satirical stage play The Ruling Class which tells the story of a paranoid schizophrenic British nobleman who inherits a peerage; the film co-stars Alastair Sim, William Mervyn, Coral Browne, Harry Andrews, Carolyn Seymour, James Villiers and Arthur Lowe. It was directed by Peter Medak; the film has been described as a "commercial failure... has since become a cult classic". Following the death from accidental asphyxiation of Ralph Gurney, the 13th Earl of Gurney, Jack Gurney becomes the 14th Earl of Gurney. Jack, a paranoid schizophrenic, thinks he is Jesus Christ and shocks his family and friends with his talk of returning to the world to bring it love and charity, not to mention his penchant for breaking out into song and dance routines and sleeping upright on a cross; when faced with unpalatable facts, Jack puts them in his "galvanized pressure cooker" and they disappear. His unscrupulous uncle, Sir Charles, marries him to his mistress, Grace, in hopes of producing an heir and putting his nephew in an institution.
Jack gains another ally in Sir Charles' wife, Lady Claire, who hates her husband and befriends Jack just to spite him. She begins sleeping with Jack's psychiatrist, Dr. Herder, to persuade him to cure Jack quickly. Herder attempts to cure him to no avail; the night his wife goes into labour, Herder makes a last effort at curing Jack. The plan works, as Grace is delivered of a healthy baby boy, Jack proclaims "I'm Jack, I'm Jack", his family takes this to mean that he has returned to his senses, but in reality he now believes himself to be Jack the Ripper. Sir Charles sends for a court-appointed psychiatrist to evaluate Jack, confident that his nephew will be sent to an asylum for life, he is once again thwarted when the psychiatrist discovers that Jack was a fellow Old Etonian, bonds with him and declares him sane. Jack murders Lady Claire in a fit of rage, he frames the Communist family butler, for the murder. Sir Charles suffers a debilitating stroke shortly afterward, Dr. Herder has a nervous breakdown upon realizing what Jack has done.
Jack assumes his place in the House of Lords with a fiery speech in favour of capital and corporal punishment. His colleagues applaud wildly unaware the speech is the ranting of a lunatic; when seen through his eyes, his colleagues appear to be rotting corpses. Their enthusiasm contrasts with the unfavourable reaction; that night, he murders Grace for expressing her love for him. Her terrified scream is matched by the sound of a baby cooing "I'm Jack, I'm Jack", suggesting that their son has inherited Jack's madness. O'Toole held the rights to Barnes's play. According to Medak, the project got started one night that he and O'Toole were returning from the theatre, which "meant stopping at every pub between Soho and Hampstead, it didn't matter if it was after closing hour because he would knock on the door and just say'Peter's here,' and every door opened for him". On, at O'Toole's apartment, the inebriated actor phoned his manager and said, "I'm with the crazy Hungarian and I know I'm drunk but I give you 24 hours to set this movie up."
The next day, Medak received a call from United Artists and a deal was put together to shoot The Ruling Class. The screenplay was adapted by Peter Barnes with few major changes, it was filmed at the sprawling estate of Harlaxton Manor, with the interiors reconstructed on sound stages. It cost around $1.4 million, with O'Toole working for free. It was the official British entry at the 1972 Cannes Film Festival; the film divided critics. The New York Times described it as "fantastic fun" and Variety called it "brilliantly caustic", but the Los Angeles Times called it "snail-slow and gesticulating" and Newsweek said it was a "sledgehammer satire". Jay Cocks called the screenplay a "snarling and somewhat parochial satire on aristocracy and privileged morality". In contrast Cocks praised the performances by Lowe, Browne, Alastair Sim and James Villiers, but reserved most of his praise for O'Toole, saying his performance is of "such intensity that it may trouble sleep as as it will haunt memory. All actors can play insanity.
O'Toole begins where other actors stop, with the unfocused gaze, the abrupt bursts of frenzied high spirits and precipitous depressions. Funny, disturbing devastating, O'Toole finds his way into the workings of madness, revealing the anger and consuming anguish at the source."Despite mixed critical reaction to the film, O'Toole's performance was universally praised and garnered numerous prestigious awards and prizes, including an Academy Award nomination for Best Actor. When United Artists, its North American distributor, told p
Negatives (1968 film)
Negatives is a 1968 British drama film directed by Peter Medak. Based on the 1961 novel Negatives by Peter Everett, it features Peter McEnery and Glenda Jackson as Theo and Vivien, a couple who act out their erotic fantasies by dressing up as the Edwardian murderer Hawley Harvey Crippen and his lover Ethel le Neve. Diane Cilento plays a German photographer who becomes involved in their private world. Peter McEnery as Theo Diane Cilento as Reingard Glenda Jackson as Vivien Billy Russell as Old Man Norman Rossington as Auctioneer Stephen Lewis as The Dealer Maurice Denham as The Father In The New York Times, Vincent Canby found the film "so good in so many of its particulars that it is hard to believe that it goes so wrong with such a straight face... It is quite a good movie until it is taken over by the fantasies—and by the anxious hand of a young director who wants to make a meaningful film.'Negatives' is the first feature by Peter Medak and much of what he does is excellent. The movie has the careful tempo of a minuet.
It is beautifully photographed with the same tactile quality that may have been the only distinguishing feature of'Blow-Up.' and it is played by three performers who are always interesting to watch". Negatives on IMDb Negatives at Rotten Tomatoes
The Krays (film)
The Krays is a 1990 British drama film based on the lives and crimes of the English gangster twins Ronald and Reginald Kray referred to as The Krays. The film was directed by Peter Medak; the film charts the lives of the Kray twins from childhood to adult life. The plot focuses on the relationship between their doting mother. Ronald is the dominant one, influencing his brother Reginald to perform several acts of violence as they rise to power as the leaders of a powerful organised gang in 1960s London; the Krays holds a rating of 86% on Rotten Tomatoes based on 14 reviews. Nominee Best Supporting Actress - BAFTA Winner Best Film - Evening Standard British Film Awards Winner Most Promising Newcomer - Evening Standard British Film Awards Winner Best Actress - International Fantasy Film Awards Nominee Best Film - International Fantasy Film Awards Winner George Delerue Prize for Music - Ghent International Film Festival Legend The Krays on IMDb The Krays at Rotten Tomatoes The Krays at Box Office Mojo