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Giant panda

The giant panda known as the panda bear or the panda, is a bear native to south central China. It is characterised by large, black patches around its eyes, over the ears, across its round body; the name "giant panda" is sometimes used to distinguish it from the red panda, a neighboring musteloid. Though it belongs to the order Carnivora, the giant panda is a folivore, with bamboo shoots and leaves making up more than 99% of its diet. Giant pandas in the wild will eat other grasses, wild tubers, or meat in the form of birds, rodents, or carrion. In captivity, they may receive honey, fish, shrub leaves, oranges, or bananas along with specially prepared food; the giant panda lives in a few mountain ranges in central China in Sichuan, but in neighbouring Shaanxi and Gansu. As a result of farming and other development, the giant panda has been driven out of the lowland areas where it once lived, it is a conservation-reliant vulnerable species. A 2007 report showed 239 pandas living in another 27 outside the country.

As of December 2014, 49 giant pandas lived in captivity outside China, living in 18 zoos in 13 different countries. Wild population estimates vary; some reports show that the number of giant pandas in the wild is on the rise. In March 2015, conservation news site Mongabay stated that the wild giant panda population had increased by 268, or 16.8%, to 1,864. In 2016, the IUCN reclassified the species from "endangered" to "vulnerable". While the dragon has served as China's national symbol, internationally the giant panda has filled this role; as such, it is becoming used within China in international contexts, for example, appearing since 1982 on gold panda bullion coins and as one of the five Fuwa mascots of the Beijing Olympics. For many decades, the precise taxonomic classification of the giant panda was under debate because it shares characteristics with both bears and raccoons. However, molecular studies indicate the giant panda is part of the family Ursidae; these studies show. The giant panda has been referred to as a living fossil.

Despite the shared name, habitat type, diet, as well as a unique enlarged bone called the pseudo thumb the giant panda and red panda are only distantly related. The word panda was borrowed into English from French, but no conclusive explanation of the origin of the French word panda has been found; the closest candidate is the Nepali word ponya referring to the adapted wrist bone of the red panda, native to Nepal. The Western world applied this name to the red panda. In many older sources, the name "panda" or "common panda" refers to the lesser-known red panda, thus necessitating the inclusion of "giant" and "lesser/red" prefixes in front of the names. In 2013, the Encyclopædia Britannica still used "giant panda" or "panda bear" for the bear, "panda" for the red panda, despite the popular usage of the word "panda" to refer to giant pandas. Since the earliest collection of Chinese writings, the Chinese language has given the bear 20 different names, such as huāxióng and zhúxióng; the most popular names in China today is dàxióngmāo, or xióngmāo.

The name xióngmāo was used to describe the red panda, but since the giant panda was thought to be related to the red panda, dàxióngmāo was named relatively. In Taiwan, another popular name for panda is the inverted dàmāoxióng, though many encyclopediae and dictionaries in Taiwan still use the "bear cat" form as the correct name; some linguists argue, in this construction, "bear" instead of "cat" is the base noun, making this name more grammatically and logically correct, which may have led to the popular choice despite official writings. This name did not gain its popularity until 1988, when a private zoo in Tainan painted a sun bear black and white and created the Tainan fake panda incident. Two subspecies of giant panda have been recognized on the basis of distinct cranial measurements, colour patterns, population genetics; the nominate subspecies, A. m. melanoleuca, consists of most extant populations of the giant panda. These animals are principally found in Sichuan and display the typical stark black and white contrasting colours.

The Qinling panda, A. m. qinlingensis, is restricted to the Qinling Mountains in Shaanxi at elevations of 1,300–3,000 m. The typical black and white pattern of Sichuan giant pandas is replaced with a light brown and white pattern; the skull of A. m. qinlingensis is smaller than its relatives, it has larger molars. A detailed study of the giant panda's genetic history from 2012 confirms that the separation of the Qinlin population occurred about 300,000 years ago, reveals that the non-Qinlin population further diverged into two groups, named the Minshan and the Qionglai-Daxiangling-Xiaoxiangling-Liangshan group about 2,800 years ago; the giant panda has luxuriant black-and-white fur. Adults measure around 1.2 to 1.9 m long, including a tail of about 10–15 cm, 60 to 90 cm tall at the shoulder. Males can weigh up to 160 kg. Females can weigh as littl


Egyō was a Japanese waka poet of the mid-Heian period. One of his poems was included in the Ogura Hyakunin Isshu, he produced a private collection, the Egyō-hōshi-shū, was listed as one of the Late Classical Thirty-Six Immortals of Poetry. Although his exact birth and death dates are unknown, he flourished in the Kanna era in the mid-980s, His name is sometimes read as Ekei. Fifty-six of his poems were included in imperial anthologies from the Shūi Wakashū on, he was included in the Late Classical Thirty-Six Immortals of Poetry. Along with Anpō, he was a central figure of the Kawara-no-in poetry circle of his day, associated with the poets Ōnakatomi no Yoshinobu, Ki no Tokifumi and Taira no Kanemori; the following poem by him was included as No. 47 in Fujiwara no Teika's Ogura Hyakunin Isshu: He left a private collection, the Egyō-hōshi-shū. He is supposed to have delivered sermons on the Buddhist sutras at the Kokubun-ji in Harima Province. Keene, Donald. A History of Japanese Literature, Vol. 1: Seeds in the Heart — Japanese Literature from Earliest Times to the Late Sixteenth Century.

New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-11441-7. McMillan, Peter. 2010. One Hundred Poets, One Poem Each. New York: Columbia University Press. Suzuki Hideo, Yamaguchi Shin'ichi, Yoda Yasushi. 2009. Genshoku: Ogura Hyakunin Isshu. Tokyo: Bun'eidō. List of Egyō's poems in the International Research Center for Japanese Studies's online waka database. Egyō-hōshi-shū in the same database. Egyō on Kotobank

David Nelson (software developer)

David Nelson is an American software developer and CEO of Motion AI, an Artificial Intelligence software company. In 2009, at age 15, following a report by CNN Nelson gained attention in the media for developing the Muziic streaming music application; the service garnered over 250 million listens worldwide. Muziic was controversial to some in the music industry because it allowed access to streaming music videos, through YouTube, but aggregated and displayed the songs in a way geared toward listening and building playlists; because this occurred prior to services like Spotify coming to the United States, free applications like this were rare and illegal. David went on to found FanRx in 2012, a social media software company for musicians and brands; the service gained over 225,000 subscribers and entered the Top 5 most popular music applications on Facebook. In 2013, Nelson launched Mass Threat, a game development subsidiary of FanRx, catering to the music industry. Mass Threat has worked with Train, Fall Out Boy, Panic! at the Disco and Sia, among others, to develop and launch games geared toward their fans.

Mass Threat games collectively have been downloaded over 5 million times, according to the company's website. In November 2015, Nelson unveiled Motion AI on Product Hunt, where it was number one for the day and earned a top spot in the all-time rankings; the company aims to bring Artificial Intelligence technologies to the masses by building a "UI for AI". In one of the fastest funding rounds in Chicago area history, Motion AI subsequently raised $700,000 in seed funding to expand the team and build out the product, as reported in the Chicago Tribune. Motion AI was named one of Chicago's "50 Startups to Watch" in 2016. In 2015, Nelson proposed to his girlfriend Chelsea on stage at a Train show in the Bahamas, following an introduction from Pat Monahan. Motion AI Muziic FanRx Mass Threat Twitter Page Website

Thom conjecture

In mathematics, a smooth algebraic curve C in the complex projective plane, of degree d, has genus given by the genus–degree formula g = / 2. The Thom conjecture, named after French mathematician René Thom, states that if Σ is any smoothly embedded connected curve representing the same class in homology as C the genus g of Σ satisfies the inequality g ≥ / 2. In particular, C is known as a genus minimizing representative of its homology class, it was first proved by Peter Kronheimer and Tomasz Mrowka in October 1994, using the then-new Seiberg–Witten invariants. Assuming that Σ has nonnegative self intersection number this was generalized to Kähler manifolds by John Morgan, Zoltán Szabó, Clifford Taubes using the Seiberg–Witten invariants. There is at least one generalization of this conjecture, known as the symplectic Thom conjecture, it states that a symplectic surface of a symplectic 4-manifold is genus minimizing within its homology class. This would imply the previous result because algebraic curves are symplectic surfaces within the complex projective plane, a symplectic 4-manifold.

Adjunction formula

Aiden Flowers

Aiden James Flowers is a professional American actor from Mississippi. He is best known for his recurring role of Young Klaus Mikaelson in the CW network series The Originals, he appeared in the films The Big Short, Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children, Nate Parker's The Birth of a Nation. Flowers was born on December 13, 2004 in Gulfport, the son of Anthony Flowers, a software migration specialist, Mandye Self Flowers, a hospital administrator, he has younger twin sisters and Carsen Flowers, born May 26, 2006. When Flowers was asked what he wanted to be, without hesitation, he always responded, "I want to be an actor." Flowers moved with his parents and twin sisters from Gulfport, MS to Brandon, MS in 2006. He and his sisters were discovered by a New Orleans talent agent at a Jackson, MS, talent showcase in 2011. In August 2012, Flowers began acting when he was cast in the supporting role of Peter Pinkerton in the musical adaptation of Victoria Kann's, Pinkalicious, a role for which he would win, "Best Supporting Youth Actor," for the 2012 Actor's Playhouse season.

In November 2012, he was asked to audition at New Stage Theatre, the only Actor's Equity theater in Jackson, MS, for their Christmas production, was cast as the lead role of Buddy in Truman Capote's, A Christmas Memory, which ran November 29 - December 16 of 2012. Next, Flowers went on to the role of Billy in Stanley Yung's film, 2 Bedroom 1 Bath, before taking on the supporting role of Andrew Champagne in Anthony Burns' dark comedy, Home Sweet Hell, where he played the son of lead characters and Don Champagne, played by Katherine Heigl and Patrick Wilson. Flowers was featured in John Schneider's, where he acted alongside Horror legends, R. A. Mihailoff, Bill Moseley and Kane Hodder. In October 2013, he began filming, where he played a supporting role as the brother of Abigail Breslin, Carsen Flowers, the son of Arnold Schwarzenegger. Flowers was turned into an animated character as the face of, in 2013, a first for the young actor. In 2014, Flowers was chosen for the recurring role of Young Klaus Mikaelson, in the CW network television drama, The Originals, a spin-off series of the show, The Vampire Diariess.

Klaus Mikaelson, the lead character, first appeared in Season 2 of The Vampire Diaries and became a fan-favorite. Flowers first appeared in episode 1.16, Farewell to Storeyville, where he helped define Klaus's back story. His portrayal of Young Klaus has been lauded by both cast and fans, he is invited to fan events in Georgia and throughout the Southeast. Joseph Morgan, who portrays Klaus as an adult, said in interviews that it was a relief to be able to share some of the burden of defining the character of Klaus Mikaelson with such a skilled young performer. Flowers recurs as Young Klaus in flashbacks throughout the series. Next, Flowers filmed Race to Win, which he shared the lead alongside fellow Originals' actor, Danielle Campbell. In Race to Win and Campbell are siblings forced to face a tough decision after a family tragedy. Flowers made his national commercial debut in 2015 as the "ping pong kid" who beat Peyton Manning in a Nationwide Mutual Insurance commercial. Flowers filmed supporting roles in the Darren Lynn Bousman horror movie, in the film, Mind Puppets, during this time.

In April 2015, he was chosen to play 10-year-old Jacob Portman in Tim Burton's adaptation of Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children. Aiden died his hair black and wore blue contacts to match Asa Butterfiled, who played the lead role of Jacob Portman in the film. In between filming scenes for Miss Peregrine's, he was chosen to play the younger version of Christian Bale's character, Michael Burry, in The Big Short. Flowers traveled to Savannah, GA to film a supporting role in Nate Parker's The Birth of a Nation during this time. In 2016, Flowers will star as Bobby Joe Potrillo in the film, Craftique, a comedy based on the world of DIY crafting fairs, will share the lead with Kennedy Brice, in the film, Castle in the Woods. In his down-time Flowers enjoys participating in the award-winning Brio show choir and his church youth group, he enjoys hiking, dancing, playing piano, writing songs, creating his own stop-motion Lego movies, watching professional wrestling. His favorite color is blue and the actor he'd most like to work with is Sylvester Stallone

Abu Yahia al-Hamawi

Mohannad al-Masri, known by the alias Abu Yahia al-Hamawi, was the third leader of the Salafist Ahrar al-Sham during the Syrian Civil War. He served from 12 September 2015 until his term ended in November 2016. Al-Hamawi came from Qalaat al-Madiq, Syria, he studied at Tishreen University in Latakia. He was with Hadi Al Abdullah, a journalist during the civil war, he was an activist and an inmate of the "Islamist wing" of the Syrian government’s main political prison in Sednaya from 2007 to 2011. An article in the Toronto Star described him as a "political prisoner", he was released in 2011. He became leader of the Osama bin Zeid Company, a militia based around his hometown of Qalaat al-Madiq, rose through the ranks to become leader of Ahrar al-Sham in September 2015. According to Al-Monitor, the change is leadership is said to have made Ahrar Al-Sham "more palatable to the West" since al-Hamawi "is seen as someone who will fit the'moderate Salafist' image Ahrar al-Sham wants to have". According to The Daily Beast, al-Hamawi claimed that "Ahrar al-Sham was mainstream and aligned with Western interests."

In December 2015, al-Hamawi sent Labib al-Nahhas to Riyadh, Saudi Arabia in order to participate in the Saudi-led rebel conference that produced the High Negotiations Committee. Al-Hamawi has falsely claimed that Al-Nusra had withdrawn from the Army of Conquest, his term as leader could have been extended, but the Shura Council of Ahrar al-Sham appointed Ali al-Omar as leader in November 2016