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Gil Álvarez Carrillo de Albornoz

Gil Álvarez Carrillo de Albornoz more Gil de Albornoz, was a Spanish cardinal, Chancellor of Toledo and ecclesiastical leader. He was a descendant of the kings of León and Aragón and founder of the Collegio di Spagna, an academic institution of Bologna. Albornoz was born at Carrascosa del Campo, early in the 14th century, he was the son of Gil Állvarez de Albornoz and of Doña Teresa de Luna, sister of Jimeno de Luna, archbishop of Toledo and a member of the prominent Carrillo family. He was educated at Zaragoza, while his uncle was bishop of that see, studied law at Toulouse; the powerful influence of his family opened him a public career early in life. He was made archdeacon of Calatrava, became a member of the king's council while young. In 1338 he was chosen archbishop of Toledo in succession to his uncle by the favour of the king, Alfonso XI of Castile. At the battle of Rio Salado he fought against a Marinid invasion from Morocco in 1340, at the taking of Algeciras in 1344 he led the armed levy of his archbishopric.

As Archbishop of Toledo he held two reform synods. In 1343 he had been sent to Pope Clement VI at Avignon to negotiate a grant of a tax on the revenues of the Church for the Crusade. Albornoz left Spain on the death of the king Alfonso XI in March 1350, never returned, it not on contemporary evidence, that he fled from fear of Pedro of Castile. His military and diplomatic ability became known to the pope, who made him a cardinal-priest of S. Clemente in December of that year, at which point he resigned the archbishopric of Toledo, he was appointed grand penitentiary shortly after election of Pope Innocent VI in December 1352 and given the epithet "Angel of Peace", a title which became an ironic misnomer given his future campaigns in the Papal States. In 1353 Innocent VI sent him as a legate into Italy, with a view to the restoration of the papal authority in the states of the Church, at the head of a small mercenary army. After receiving the support of the archbishop of Milan, Giovanni Visconti, of those of Pisa and Siena, he started a campaign against Giovanni di Vico, lord of Viterbo, who had usurped much of the Papal territories in the Latium and Umbria.

Giovanni signed a treaty of submission. Albornoz moved to the Marche and Romagna against the Malatesta of Rimini and the Ordelaffi of Forlì; the Papal commander Rodolfo II da Varano, lord of Camerino, defeated Galeotto Malatesta, forcing his family to become a loyal ally of the Pope. This was followed by the submission of the Montefeltro of Urbino and the da Polenta of Ravenna, of the cities of Senigallia and Ancona. Towards the end of 1356 Albornoz was appointed as bishop of Sabina. Only Giovanni Manfredi of Faenza and Francesco II Ordelaffi of Forlì were at that point resisting the Papal reconquest. Albornoz had managed to submit only the former when he was being recalled in 1357, being replaced by Androin de la Roche, abbot of Cluny. Before leaving, in a meeting with all the Papal vicars held on 29 April 1357, Albornoz issued the Constitutiones Sanctæ Matris Ecclesiæ, which regulated all the matters of the Papal States and its division into provinces, they remained effective until 1816. The Cardinal was honoured as Pater Ecclesiæ at his arrival in Avignon.

His sojourn there was to be short, however, as Giovanni di Vico and Francesco Ordelaffi were menacing the fragile balance of his last conquests. Returned to Italy, Albornoz found an agreement with Landau, forcing Ordelaffi to surrender on 4 July 1359. Albornoz missed only Bologna to complete his rebuilding of the Papal States; when that city was attacked by Bernabò Visconti of Milan, its ruler, Giovanni d'Oleggio, decided to hand it over to Albornoz. In the meantime, Innocent died: the Spanish cardinal refused the tiara, Urban V was elected. Under him Albornoz started the military campaign against Visconti and, when all attacks failed, Urban proclaimed a crusade against him; as Urban's greatest desire was that of a crusade against the Turks, the two parts signed a hasty peace, favourable to Visconti. The relentless work of Albornoz ushered in a decade of warfare and atrocity culminating in the massacre of Cesena, a town faithful to the Papal cause whose entire population was executed by the Papal forces while paving the way of Urban V to Rome.

As legate, Albornoz showed himself to be an astute manager of effective fighter. He began by making use of Cola di Rienzo. After the murder of the tribune in 1354 Albornoz pursued his task of restoring the pope's authority by intrigue and force with remarkable success. However, the ten years of bloody warfare conducted by Albornoz accomplished little to secure the pacification of Italy for now four mercenary companies roved through Italy spreading further bloodshed and strife; the Papal State was itself far from pacified. Despite all and as a mark of gratitude the pope appointed him legate at Bologna in 1367, but he died at Viterbo the same year. According to his own desire his remains were carried to Toledo, where Henry of Castile had them entombed with royal honours; the college of Saint Clement at Bologna was founded by Albornoz for the benefit Castilian and Portuguese students, in 1364. Testamentum. Bologna: Girolamo Benedetti. 1533. S


Oban is a resort town within the Argyll and Bute council area of Scotland. Despite its small size, it is the largest town between Fort William. During the tourist season, the town can play host to up to 25,000 people. Oban occupies a setting in the Firth of Lorn; the bay is a near perfect horseshoe, protected by the island of Kerrera. To the north is the long low island of Lismore and the mountains of Morvern and Ardgour; the site where Oban now stands has been used by humans since at least mesolithic times, as evidenced by archaeological remains of cave dwellers found in the town. Just outside the town stands Dunollie Castle, on a site that overlooks the main entrance to the bay and has been fortified since the Bronze age. Prior to the 19th century, the town itself supported few households, sustaining only minor fishing, trading and quarrying industries, a few hardy tourists; the Renfrew trading company established a storehouse there in about 1714 as a local outlet for its merchandise, but a Custom-house was not deemed necessary until 1736 when "Oban being reckoned a proper place for clearing out vessels for the herring fishery".

The modern town of Oban grew up around the distillery, founded there in 1794. The town was raised to a burgh of barony in 1811 by royal charter. Sir Walter Scott visited the area in 1814, the year in which he published his poem The Lord of the Isles; the town was made a Parliamentary Burgh in 1833. A rail link - the Callander and Oban Railway - was authorised in 1864 but took years to reach the town; the final stretch of track to Oban opened on 30 June 1880. This brought further prosperity, giving new energy to tourism. At this time work on the ill-fated Oban Hydro was commenced but abandoned, left to fall into disrepair, after 1882 when Dr Orr, the schemes originator, realised he had grossly underestimated its cost. Work on McCaig's Tower, a prominent local landmark, started in 1895, it was paid for by John Stewart McCaig and was constructed, in hard times, to give work for local stone masons. However, its construction ceased in 1902 on the death of its benefactor. During World War II, Oban was used by Merchant and Royal Navy ships and was an important base in the Battle of the Atlantic.

The Royal Navy had a signal station near Ganavan, an anti-submarine indicator loop station, which detected any surface or submarine vessels between Oban and Lismore. There was a controlled minefield in the Sound of Kerrera, operated from a building near the caravan site at Gallanach. There was a Royal Air Force flying boat base at Ganavan and on Kerrera, an airfield at North Connel built by the Royal Air Force. A Sector Operations Room was built near the airfield. Oban was important during the Cold War because the first Transatlantic Telephone Cable came ashore at Gallanach Bay; this carried the Hot Line between the US Presidents and USSR General Secretaries. At North Connel, next to the airfield/airport was the NRC of the Royal Observer Corps. Since the 1950s, the principal industry has remained tourism, though the town is an important ferry port, acting as the hub for Caledonian MacBrayne ferries to many of the islands of the Inner and Outer Hebrides; as with the rest of the British Isles, Oban experiences a maritime climate with cool summers and mild winters.

The nearest official Met Office weather station for which online records are available is at Dunstaffnage, about 2.7 miles north-north-east of Oban town centre. Rainfall is high, but thanks to the Gulf Stream, the temperature falls below 0 °C; the local culture is Gaelic. In 2011, 8.2% of the town's population over age 3 could speak Gaelic and 11.3% had some facility in the language. Oban is considered the home of the Royal National Mòd, since it was first held there in 1892, with ten competitors on a Saturday afternoon; the town hosted the centenary Mod in 1992 and in 2003 the 100th Mod, the two events attracting thousands of competitors and visitors. The Mod is held in Oban every 6–8 years, has last been held in October 2015. An annual Highland Games, known as the Argyllshire Gathering, is held in the town; the Corran Halls theatre acts as a venue for community events and touring entertainers, touring companies such as Scottish Opera. The town had a two-screen cinema, which closed in early 2010.

Thanks to a local community initiative supported by a number of famous names, it reopened in August 2012 as the Phoenix Cinema. Oban has itself been used as a backdrop to several films, including Ring of Bright Water and Morvern Callar; the Oban War and Peace Museum advances the education of present and future generations by collecting, maintaining and exhibiting items of historical and cultural interest relating to the Oban area in peacetime and during the war years. A museum operates within Oban Distillery, just behind the main seafront; the distillation of whisky in Oban predates the town: whisky has been produced on the site since 1794. The Hope MacDougall collection is a unique record of the working and domestic lives of people in Scotland. Music is central to Gaelic culture, there is lively interest in the town. In the 2010 pipe band season, the local Oban High School Pipe Band, led by Angus MacColl, was successful in winning the World Pipe Band Championships in Glasgow, the Cowal Gam

1986 Soviet Second League

1986 Soviet Second League was a Soviet competition in the Soviet Second League. 1. Krasnaya Presnya Moskva 30 19 7 4 62-19 45 -------------------------------------------------------- 2. Arsenal Tula 30 17 7 6 39-19 41 3. Zarya Kaluga 30 16 8 6 51-24 40 4. Znamya Truda Orekhovo-Zuyevo 30 17 5 8 52-30 39 5. Zorkiy Krasnogorsk 30 17 5 8 51-34 39 6. Textilshchik Ivanovo 30 15 9 6 41-23 39 7. Spartak Kostroma 30 13 10 7 45-34 36 8. Dinamo Vologda 30 11 9 10 35-32 31 9. Volzhanin Kineshma 30 11 8 11 35-33 30 10. FSM Moskva 30 11 3 16 34-49 25 11. Saturn Rybinsk 30 8 8 14 22-38 24 12. Torpedo Vladimir 30 7 9 14 30-39 23 13. Volga Kalinin 30 6 10 14 22-34 22 14. Spartak Ryazan 30 8 4 18 23-45 20 15. CSKA-2 Moskva 30 4 7 19 24-53 15 16. Dinamo-2 Moskva 30 4 3 23 14-74 11 1. Krylya Sovetov Kuibyshev 32 21 4 7 55-27 46 2. Zenit Izhevsk 32 18 10 4 49-22 46 3. Zvezda Perm 32 17 8 7 47-23 42 4. UralMash Sverdlovsk 32 15 11 6 55-38 41 5. Rubin Kazan 32 16 8 8 50-33 40 6. Khimik Dzerzhinsk 32 15 10 7 36-22 40 7. Torpedo Togliatti 32 14 4 14 43-43 32 8.

Dinamo Kirov 32 9 12 11 37-39 30 9. Torpedo Kurgan 32 11 6 15 20-32 28 10. Uralets Nizhniy Tagil 32 9 10 13 34-43 28 11. Metallurg Magnitogorsk 32 11 5 16 41-50 27 12. Svetotekhnika Saransk 32 11 5 16 30-44 27 13. Stal Cheboksary 32 8 10 14 31-44 26 14. Lokomotiv Chelyabinsk 32 8 9 15 31-43 25 15. Gastello Ufa 32 7 11 14 28-37 25 16. Turbina Naberezhnyye Chelny 32 8 6 18 27-45 22 17. Druzhba Yoshkar-Ola 32 6 7 19 28-57 19 Match for 1st place Krylya Sovetov Kuibyshev 0-0 Zenit Izhevsk 1. Sokol Saratov 32 20 8 4 67-28 48 -------------------------------------------------------- 2. Druzhba Maykop 32 20 3 9 59-36 43 3. Uralan Elista 32 19 4 9 51-36 42 4. Atommash Volgodonsk 32 19 3 10 83-43 41 5. Terek Grozny 32 17 6 9 49-21 40 6. Torpedo Taganrog 32 18 3 11 54-33 39 7. Spartak Nalchik 32 15 8 9 44-27 38 8. Lokomotiv Mineralnyye Vody 32 14 8 10 41-45 36 9. Mashuk Pyatigorsk 32 14 5 13 59-45 33 10. Cement Novorossiysk 32 11 10 11 38-41 32 11. Nart Cherkessk 32 11 10 11 51-49 32 12. Torpedo Volzhskiy 32 11 6 15 39-44 28 13.

Volgar Astrakhan 32 7 9 16 37-59 23 14. Dinamo Makhachkala 32 9 4 19 36-74 22 15. Salyut Belgorod 32 5 9 18 28-61 19 16. Start Ulyanovsk 32 2 11 19 22-66 15 17. Atom Novovoronezh 32 5 3 24 18-68 13 1. Geolog Tyumen 26 16 9 1 47-20 41 -------------------------------------------------------- 2. Irtysh Omsk 26 16 8 2 51-20 40 3. Dinamo Barnaul 26 14 6 6 53-26 34 4. Zvezda Irkutsk 26 13 5 8 39-31 31 5. Okean Nakhodka 26 8 11 7 23-21 27 6. Amur Blagoveshchensk 26 8 9 9 16-20 25 7. Torpedo Rubtsovsk 26 8 8 10 31-38 24 8. Metallurg Novokuznetsk 26 10 3 13 32-39 23 9. Lokomotiv Chita 26 6 10 10 16-29 22 10. Selenga Ulan-Ude 26 8 5 13 22-34 21 11. Amur Komsomolsk-na-Amure 26 6 8 12 29-38 20 12. Manometr Tomsk 26 6 7 13 20-27 19 13. Luch Vladivostok 26 4 11 11 15-32 19 14. Avtomobilist Krasnoyarsk 26 5 8 13 21-40 18 1. Metallurg Lipetsk 30 19 5 6 48-19 43 -------------------------------------------------------- 2. Textilshchik Tiraspol 30 17 5 8 47-29 39 3. Avangard Kursk 30 16 7 7 36-29 39 4. Spartak Tambov 30 15 7 8 41-28 37 5.

Dnepr Mogilyov 30 15 5 10 56-31 35 6. Khimik Grodno 30 14 7 9 37-30 35 7. Dinamo Brest 30 15 3 12 41-31 33 8. GomSelMash Gomel 30 11 9 10 36-39 31 9. Spartak Oryol 30 11 8 11 32-32 30 10. Sport Tallinn 30 10 9 11 33-32 29 11. Zvejnieks Liepaja 30 7 14 9 42-46 28 12. Dinamo Bryansk 30 8 9 13 37-43 25 13. Baltika Kaliningrad 30 9 6 15 34-45 24 14. Zarya Beltsy 30 7 10 13 20-35 24 15. Dinamo Leningrad 30 7 4 19 26-59 18 16. Vityaz Vitebsk 30 2 6 22 19-57 10 Note: Avtomobilist Tiraspol changed name to Textilshchik. For places 1-14 1. Zarya Voroshilovgrad 40 25 10 5 69-35 60

Thrissur Ayurveda Cluster

Thrissur Ayurveda cluster is an Ayurveda cluster situated in KINFRA Park in Koratty in Thrissur District. The cluster is meant for a comprehensive development of Kerala brand of Ayurvedic products and train the manufacturers of Ayurveda products on the importance of safety and efficacy; the cluster have facilities for testing and analysis, process product validation, safety study and manufacture. The cluster is approved by the Department of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani and Homoeopathy; the Government of India in 2005 sanctioned Rs 29 crore for setting up an Ayurveda cluster in Thrissur District to develop Ayurvedic products so as to compete in the international markets. The cluster is implemented by a consortium of 62 Ayurveda products manufacturers in Kerala known as Confederation for Ayurvedic Renaissance Keralam Ltd, Kerala Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation and Kerala Industrial Development Corporation; the cluster unit was set up on 5 acres of land at the Kinfra Park and started working in 2010.

The cluster includes five buildings, one godown, one museum, one analytical laboratory, one process validation lab, one toxicology lab and one common production centre. The area of the buildings comes around 60,000 square feet. In the second phase of development, the production area will be increased; the Government of India and Department of Ayush, under Ministry of Health has set up a Rs 20-crore quality testing facility in the cluster for exporters of Ayurveda medicine. The cluster can be increased. About 20,000 direct job opportunities would be generated in phases

Fred McKee

Frederick "Fred" William McKee was an Irish association football goalkeeper who played for, among others, Belfast-based clubs Cliftonville and Linfield, the national team of Ireland. At club level, McKee celebrated five Irish Cups. In 1914, he was a member of the Ireland team that won the British Home Championship - the only edition at which Ireland became the unshared winners of the Championship. Fred McKee made his debut for Ireland at the 1906 British Home Championship on 17 March, in a 0–1 defeat to Scotland at Dalymount Park, his team mates that day included Jack Kirwan. In spite of holding Wales at a 4–4 draw in his second international, Ireland ended last. Much more memorable was his participation at the 1914 British Home Championship, he played all three matches, with a clean sheet against England and only two goals conceded in his other appearances, McKee contributed to the unique victory at the British Home Championship. While the Irish team in 1903 still shared their victory with England and Scotland, this was the only occasion at which the team of Ireland became sole winners.

CliftonvilleIrish League: 1905–06, 1909–10 Irish Cup: 1906–07, 1908–09 Belfast Charity Cup: 1906, 1908, 1909CelticIrish League: 1914–15 Irish Cup: 1917–18LinfieldIrish League: 1921–22, 1922–23 Irish Cup: 1921–22, 1922–23 County Antrim Shield: 1921–22, 1922–23 IrelandBritish Champions: 1914 Fred McKee at

Frederik Pohl

Frederik George Pohl Jr. was an American science-fiction writer and fan, with a career spanning more than 75 years—from his first published work, the 1937 poem "Elegy to a Dead Satellite: Luna", to the 2011 novel All the Lives He Led and articles and essays published in 2012. From about 1959 until 1969, Pohl edited Galaxy and its sister magazine If, his 1977 novel Gateway won four "year's best novel" awards: the Hugo voted by convention participants, the Locus voted by magazine subscribers, the Nebula voted by American science-fiction writers, the juried academic John W. Campbell Memorial Award, he won the Campbell Memorial Award again for the 1984 collection of novellas Years of the City, one of two repeat winners during the first 40 years. For his 1979 novel Jem, Pohl won a U. S. National Book Award in the one-year category Science Fiction, it was a finalist for three other year's best novel awards. He won four Hugo and three Nebula Awards, including receiving both for the 1977 novel Gateway.

The Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America named Pohl its 12th recipient of the Damon Knight Memorial Grand Master Award in 1993 and he was inducted by the Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame in 1998, its third class of two dead and two living writers. Pohl won the Hugo Award for Best Fan Writer in 2010, for his blog, "The Way the Future Blogs". Pohl was the son of Anna Jane Mason. Pohl Sr. held various jobs, the Pohls lived in such wide-flung locations as Texas, New Mexico, the Panama Canal Zone. The family settled in Brooklyn, he attended Brooklyn Technical High School, dropped out at 17. In 2009, he was awarded an honorary diploma from Brooklyn Tech. While a teenager, he co-founded the New York–based Futurians fan group, began lifelong friendships with Donald Wollheim, Isaac Asimov, others who would become important writers and editors. Pohl said that other "friends came and went and were gone, many of the ones I met through fandom were friends all their lives – Isaac, Damon Knight, Cyril Kornbluth, Dirk Wylie, Dick Wilson.

In fact, there are one or two – Jack Robins, Dave Kyle – whom I still count as friends, seventy-odd years later...." He published. During 1936, Pohl joined the Young Communist League because of its positions for unions and against racial prejudice, Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, he became president of the local Flatbush III Branch of the YCL in Brooklyn. Pohl has said that after the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact of 1939, the party line changed and he could no longer support it, at which point he left. Pohl served in the United States Army from April 1943 until November 1945, rising to sergeant as an air corps weatherman. After training in Illinois and Colorado, he was stationed in Italy with the 456th Bombardment Group. Pohl was married five times, his first wife, Leslie Perri, was another Futurian. He married Dorothy LesTina in Paris in August 1945 while both were serving in the military in Europe. During 1948, he married Judith Merril. Pohl and Merril divorced in 1952. In 1953, he married Carol M. Ulf Stanton, with whom he had three children and collaborated on several books.

From 1984 until his death, Pohl was married to science-fiction expert and academic Elizabeth Anne Hull. He fathered four children -- Frederik III, Frederik IV and Kathy. Grandchildren include chef Tobias Pohl-Weary. From 1984 on, he lived in a suburb of Chicago, he was a longtime resident of Middletown, New Jersey. Pohl began using pseudonyms for most of his early works, his first publication was the poem "Elegy to a Dead Satellite: Luna" under the name of Elton Andrews, in the October 1937 issue of Amazing Stories, edited by T. O'Conor Sloane, his first story, the collaboration with C. M. Kornbluth "Before the Universe", appeared in 1940 under the pseudonym S. D. Gottesman. Pohl started a career as a literary agent in 1937, but it was a sideline for him until after World War II, when he began doing it full-time, he ended up "representing more than half the successful writers in science fiction", but his agency did not succeed financially, he closed it down in the early 1950s. Pohl stopped being Asimov's agent—the only one the latter had—when he became editor from 1939 to 1943 of two pulp magazines, Astonishing Stories and Super Science Stories.

Stories by Pohl appeared in these science-fiction magazines, but never under his own name. Work written in collaboration with Cyril M. Kornbluth was credited to S. D. Gottesman or Scott Mariner. For Pohl's solo work, stories were credited to James MacCreigh Works by "Gottesman", "Lavond", "MacCreigh" continued to appear in various science-fiction pulp magazines throughout the 1940s. In his autobiography, Pohl said that he stopped editing the two magazines at the time of the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941. Pohl co-founded the Hydra Club, a loose collection of science-fiction professionals and fans who met during the late 1940s and 1950s. From the early 1960s until 1969, Pohl served as editor of G