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Give Peace a Chance

"Give Peace a Chance" is an anti-war song written by John Lennon, performed with Yoko Ono in Montreal, Canada. Released as a single in July 1969 by the Plastic Ono Band on Apple Records, it is the first solo single issued by Lennon, released when he was still a member of the Beatles, became an anthem of the American anti-war movement during the 1970s, it peaked at number 14 on number 2 on the British singles chart. The song was written during Lennon and Ono's "Bed-In" honeymoon in Montreal, Canada; when asked by a reporter what he was trying to achieve by staying in bed, Lennon answered spontaneously "Just give peace a chance". He went on to say this several times during the Bed-In. Lennon asked his press officer. On 1 June 1969, in Room 1742 at the Queen Elizabeth Hotel in Montreal, André Perry, owner of a local recording studio in Montreal and used a simple setup of four microphones and a four-track tape recorder he brought with him; the recording session was attended by dozens of journalists and various celebrities, including Timothy Leary, Rabbi Abraham Feinberg, Joseph Schwartz, Rosemary Woodruff Leary, Petula Clark, Dick Gregory, Allen Ginsberg, Roger Scott, Murray the K and Derek Taylor, many of whom are mentioned in the lyrics.

Lennon played acoustic guitar and was joined by Tommy Smothers of the Smothers Brothers on acoustic guitar. Some years André Perry recalled the occasion, spoke about the challenges of getting a good sound out of the recording; because of the room's poor acoustics, he said, the raw recording could not have been released without help: Originally there were no intentions to have any over-dubs done. But when I left John, he looked at me and I said,'Well, I'll go back to the studio and listen to this and see what it's like.' And I decided that the background was a bit too noisy and needed a little'sweeping.' By this I mean, we kept all the original stuff, we just improved it a bit by adding if you like, some voices. So we called a bunch of people in the studio that night, I did, my decision, and that's why John gave me such a credit on the single. And since it was multi-track I dubbed the original 4-track to an 8-track machine and used the other 4-track to overdub some voices; the next day I went back to John.

They moved everybody out of the room and it was just the three of us, with Yoko, I played it for him and he thought it was wonderful. Kept it'as is.' There's a story going around about overdubbing in England. Nothing was overdubbed in England; the only thing, overdubbed, like I said, is some of these people, the reason why I did it, is I wanted to give him some kind of option. You see the point of the matter, it's not that we wanted to cheat anything, it was a question of like, not usable, the condition was terrible; the original stuff, there, added a few voices in a cleaner recording environment. When released in 1969, the song was credited to Lennon–McCartney. On some releases, only Lennon is credited. S. vs. John Lennon, the 1997 compilation album Lennon Legend: The Very Best of John Lennon and its DVD version six years later. Lennon stated his regrets about being "guilty enough to give McCartney credit as co-writer on my first independent single instead of giving it to Yoko, who had written it with me."According to author Ian MacDonald, the credit was Lennon's way of thanking McCartney for helping him record "The Ballad of John and Yoko" at short notice.

The original last verse of the song refers to: "John and Yoko, Timmy Leary, Tommy Smothers, Bobby Dylan, Tommy Cooper, Derek Taylor, Norman Mailer, Allen Ginsberg, Hare Krishna". In the performance of "Give Peace a Chance" included on the Live Peace in Toronto 1969 album, Lennon stated that he could not remember all of the words and improvised with the names of the band members sharing the stage with him and anything that came to mind: "John and Yoko, Eric Clapton, Klaus Voormann, Penny Lane, Nixon, Tommy Jones and Tommy Cooper, somebody." The third verse contains a reference to masturbation, but Lennon changed this to "mastication" on the official lyric sheet. He admitted this was a "cop out" but wanted to avoid unnecessary controversy. "Give Peace a Chance", backed with Ono's "Remember Love" as the B-side, was released on 4 July 1969 in the UK, a few days on 7 July 1969 in the US. The song reached number 2 in the UK Singles Chart, number 14 on the Billboard Hot 100 in the US; the song became the anthem of the anti Vietnam-war and counterculture movements, was sung by half a million demonstrators in Washington, D.

C. at the Vietnam Moratorium Day, on 15 November 1969. They were led by Pete Seeger, who interspersed phrases like, "Are you listening, Nixon?" and "Are you listening, Agnew?", between the choruses of protesters singing, "All we are saying... is give peace a chance". A live concert performance of the song is included on Live Peace in Toronto 1969. John and the Elephant's Memory performed the song on the Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon in September 1972; the British group Yes paid tribute to Lennon's words on their 1971 release The Yes Album, in "Your Move". After being issued as a single, it appeared on album in a truncated form for the singles compilation Shaved Fish in 1975; the track's first full-length album appearance was on the compilation The John Lennon Collection. Although technically the first "solo" single released by a

Jasper N. Wilkinson

Jasper Newton Wilkinson was an American educator and businessman, most notable for serving as the Kansas State Normal School's sixth president in Emporia, Kansas. Wilkinson, born September 19, 1851, to Jackson and Mary, began his career in education at sixteen. In 1874, Wilkinson graduated from Illinois Normal School. After graduating from college, Wilkinson was the principal of the Buda, Illinois school district until 1879. Wilkinson moved to Emporia, Kansas in 1884 to become a professor at the Normal school and became vice-president. Wilkinson took over as the Kansas State Normal School's sixth president on June 7, 1901, following Albert R. Taylor's resignation. Shortly after becoming president, Wilkinson decided that students who were failing would not continue at the Normal school and only those who completed a four-year program would graduate. In 1901, the school's first men's basketball event was played in Emporia. In 1903, a library opened, along with new bleachers for the football fields in 1905.

After resigning in June 1906 from the Normal School, Wilkinson bought and became the president of the Citizens Bank in Oklahoma until 1910. In January 1911, Wilkinson died. Works by or about Jasper N. Wilkinson at Internet Archive

Martin Webb

Martin Webb is a British born entrepreneur, television presenter and a property developer He presented the series Risking It All aired on Channel 4 in 2005. He wrote regular articles for the business supplement of the Sunday Telegraph He attended Queen Elizabeths' Grammar School and Brighton Polytechnic, he was awarded an honorary doctorate in Law by Brighton University in 2008. Prior to his business success he briefly joined both the Royal Navy and the Metropolitan police. In 2004, Martin Webb set up Britain's first charity pub; the profits from The Robin Hood pub in Brighton go to local charities. Martin co-founded the C-Side Leisure group with, the former Conservative MP for Brighton Kemptown, Simon Kirby, whose portfolio grew to include many pubs and restaurants in and around Brighton. Martin himself is a keen Labour supporter, his first venture was a design company, founded with business partner Simon Kirby, but it went bust within three years. Other ventures have included Dekoart, a web-based fine art digital printing company, another pub company, Medicine Group, which had sites in Islington and the ever-fashionable Shoreditch in London.

On 3 September 2016, he shut down The Dyke Pub and the following day reopened it as a second hand furniture shop. This was done as permitted development, a planning loophole which allows owners to change the use of a business from A4 to A1 without the need to submit a planning application. Martin plans to reopen the Dyke as a smaller bar in the darker half of the building, whilst developing private accommodation above and in the garden

Battle of Turaida (1211)

Battle of Turaida was one of the biggest battles of Livonian crusade between Estonian tribes and Livonian Brothers of the Sword. The battle took place around Latvia. By summer of 1211, a larger military plan had been made by Estonian counties whose objective was to capture the stronghold held by Caupo of Turaida and thereafter attack Riga. Estonian troops from the mainland and the Oeselian fleet arrived accordingly on an appointed date at the stronghold of Turaida; the stronghold was surrounded and the attack began. The besiegers promised to keep attacking until they either took the stronghold or the Livs inside agreed to join the Estonians for the attack on Riga. Soon after, a large Crusader reinforcement army arrived from Riga with; the Livonian and German crossbowmen from the stronghold charged out to join the attack. The Estonian forces were caught between two enemy forces, they regrouped on a hill between the Gauja river. The battle lasted from morning to night, the Estonians were forced to surrender and agree to being baptized.

At night, they secretly tried to escape to the sea along the Gauja using their ships. For them, the Germans had built a bridge with towers on the river, where they fired upon the fleeing Estonians with spears and arrows; the next night the Oeselians broke away using the roads on the mainland. The Estonian losses were heavy, further elaborated in the Chronicle of Livonia. 2,000 were killed with nearly the same amount of captured horses and over 300 ships captured as well. These are most exaggerations. Battle of Turaida

A Mere Interlude

"A Mere Interlude" is a short story by Thomas Hardy. It was first published in The Bolton Weekly Journal in October 1885; the story was reprinted in Other Tales. Baptista Trewthen is the daughter of a small farmer in one of the Isles of Lyonesse, she works as a schoolmistress in a village near Tor-upon-Sea. During the Easter holidays she accepts a marriage proposal by Mr David Heddegan, a rich man from Giant's Town, at least 20 years older than herself. On a Saturday at the end of July, four days before her wedding, she misses the steamboat from Pen-zephyr to St Mary's, the next boat is only on Tuesday, she meets her former boyfriend. He persuades her to marry him; the ceremony takes place on Tuesday morning in Trufal. Back in Pen-zephyr Charles drowns. One day Baptista marries Mr Heddegan as planned, without telling anyone about the brief interlude on the mainland, they spend their wedding night at an inn in Pen-zephyr, accidentally the same place where Charles' corpse is kept. After less than a month a decayed glazier, who witnessed Baptista's first wedding, starts blackmailing her.

When he keeps asking for more and more money she decides to tell the truth to her husband. He confesses he's father of four daughters. After this she begins to love her stepdaughters and husband. Of all Hardy's stories this is the one with the westernmost location; the Isles of Lyonesse are the Isles of Scilly. St Maria's is the largest island, St Mary's, Giant's Town its capital Hugh Town. Pen-zephyr is Penzance in Cornwall. Tor-upon-Sea is Torquay. A Mere Interlude public domain audiobook at LibriVox

Codeshare agreement

A codeshare agreement known as codeshare, is a business arrangement, common in the aviation industry, in which two or more airlines publish and market the same flight under their own airline designator and flight number as part of their published timetable or schedule. A flight is operated by one airline while seats are sold for the flight by all cooperating airlines using their own designator and flight number; the term "code" refers to the identifier used in flight schedule the two-character IATA airline designator code and flight number. Thus, XX124, might be sold by airline YY as YY456 and by ZZ as ZZ9876. Airlines YY and ZZ are in this case called "Marketing airlines". Most of the major airlines today have code sharing partnerships with other airlines, code sharing is a key feature of the major airline alliances. Code-sharing agreements are a part of the commercial agreements between airlines in the same airline alliances. In 1967, Richard A. Henson joined with US Airways predecessor Allegheny Airlines in the nation's first codeshare relationship.

The term "code sharing" or "codeshare" was coined in 1989 by Qantas and American Airlines, in 1990 the two firms provided their first codeshare flights between an array of Australian cities and U. S. domestic cities. Code sharing has become widespread in the airline industry since that time in the wake of the formation of large airline alliances; these alliances have extensive codesharing and networked frequent flyer programs. Under a code sharing agreement, the airline that administers the flight is called the operating carrier abbreviated OPE CXR though the IATA SSIM term "Administrating carrier" is more precise; the reason for this is that a third carrier may be involved in the case that the airline planning to operate the flight needs to hire a subcontractor to operate the flight on their behalf In this case, the airline carrying the passenger should be designated the operating carrier, since it is the one carrying the passengers/cargo. When a flight is sold under several designators and flight numbers as described above, the one published by the "Administrating carrier" is called a "prime flight".

Under a code sharing agreement, participating airlines can present a common flight number for several reasons, including: Connecting flights: This provides clearer routing for the customer, allowing a customer to book travel from point A to C through point B under one carrier's code, instead of a customer booking from point A to B under one code, from point B to C under another code. This is not only a superficial addition as cooperating airlines strive to synchronize their schedules. Flights from both airlines that fly the same route: this provides an apparent increase in the frequency of service on the route by one airline. Perceived service to unserviced markets: this provides a method for carriers who do not operate their own aircraft on a given route to gain exposure in the market through display of their flight numbers; when an airline sacrifices its capacity to other airlines as a code share partner, its operational cost will be reduced to zero. There are several types of code sharing arrangements: Block space codeshare: A commercial airline purchases a fixed number of seats from the administrating carrier.

A fixed price is paid, the seats are kept away from the administrating carrier's inventory. The marketing airline decides on its own. Free flow codeshare: The airlines' inventory and reservation systems communicate in real-time by messaging IATA AIRIMP/PADIS messaging. A booking class mapping is defined between the airlines. No seats are locked to any of the airlines, any airline can sell any number of seats. Capped free flow: Basically the same as above, but a capping are defined for each of the marketing airlines participating in the codeshare with the administrating carrier. Much competition in the airline industry revolves around ticket sales strategies. Criticism has been leveled against code sharing by consumer organizations and national departments of trade since it is claimed it is confusing and not transparent to passengers. There are code sharing arrangements between airlines and railway companies, formally known as air-rail alliances, marketed as "Rail & Fly" due to the popularity of the Deutsche Bahn codeshare with many airlines.

They involve some integration of both types of transport, e.g. in finding the fastest connection and allowing the transfer between plane and train using a single ticket. This allows passengers to book a whole journey at the same time for a discounted price compared to separate tickets. Change of gauge Interlining Snyder, Brett. "This isn't the airline I signed up for." CNN. July 11, 2011. Article on prospect of codesharing between North American rail and airline connections