Lincoln Continental Mark V
The Continental Mark V is a personal luxury coupe, marketed by the Lincoln division of Ford Motor Company from the 1977 to 1979 model years in North America. The fourth generation Mark series, the Mark V was derived from its Continental Mark IV predecessor, bringing an extensive update to the interior and exterior design. While only sold for three years, the Mark V is the best-selling generation of the Mark series, with 228,262 examples produced. At 230 inches long, the Mark V is the largest two-door coupe sold by Ford Motor Company, with the 233-inch long two-door and four-door Lincoln Continental sedans as the only longer vehicle marketed by Ford. Distinguished by its sharp-edged exterior design, design themes of the Mark V would be adapted onto Lincoln vehicles throughout the 1980s. For 1980, the Mark V was replaced by the Continental Mark VI; as the Mark series underwent downsizing in the interest of fuel economy, the Mark VI saw significant reductions in exterior dimensions. All Continental Mark Vs were assembled alongside the Lincoln Continental at the now-closed Wixom Assembly Plant in Wixom, Michigan.
While the Mark IV would prove successful in the marketplace, Ford Motor Company was financially unable to justify a clean-sheet design for the Mark V, necessitating the chassis of the Mark V be derived from its predecessor. In what would be a key move for the future of the Mark series, for 1977, Ford split the Mark and Ford Thunderbird to reduce internal competition. To give Ford a stronger offering against the Chrysler Cordoba, Dodge Charger and the General Motors quartet of the Buick Regal, Chevrolet Monte Carlo, Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme, Pontiac Grand Prix, the Thunderbird became the counterpart of the Mercury Cougar XR7, replacing the slow-selling Ford Elite; the Continental Mark V shares its chassis architecture with its predecessor, the Continental Mark IV. During the development of the Mark V, Ford was unable to justify the expense of designing an all-new platform for the vehicle. However, following the successful launch of the Mark IV, a significant design departure would be considered risky.
Although sharing many underpinnings with the Mark IV, in the interest of fuel economy, many updates were performed by Ford engineers. Four-hundred pounds of curb weight was cut bringing the Mark V down to 4600 pounds from the Mark IVs 5000 pounds. In the interest of fuel economy, the 1977 Continental Mark V was equipped with the smallest-displacement engine fitted in a Lincoln or Continental since 1957. Shared with the Ford Thunderbird/Mercury Cougar and Ford LTD/Mercury Marquis, the standard engine for the Mark V was a 400 cubic-inch V8. Outside of California, the 460 V8 remained available as an option. In 1979, the dual-exhaust version of the 400 was discontinued. Paired with both engines, the Ford C6 three-speed automatic was the sole transmission offering. Marketed as the flagship vehicle of the Lincoln-Mercury Division, the Continental Mark V showcased a new design theme for the Lincoln brand, with styling features from the Mark V appearing on various Lincoln vehicles throughout the 1980s.
The exterior design of the Mark V began life in the late 1960s, as an alternative design proposal for what would become the Continental Mark IV. During the development of the Mark V, chassis designers intended for the vehicle to use specially-designed Michelin tires, leading to flared wheel openings in the design. Alongside the Lincoln Continental, the Mark V was styled with sharp-edged fender lines. In contrast to Lincoln design precedents, the Mark V shifted towards horizontal edges, with a nearly flat roofline. To increase visibility, the rear window and quarter windows were enlarged. In Mark-series tradition, the Mark V retained the Continental "spare tire" decklid, oval opera windows, hidden headlights, a radiator-style grille. In a style similar to the Mark III, the Mark V was designed with vertical dual taillamps. During its development, stylists designed taillamps that curved into top of the rear fender blades. While technically considered a $187 option, all Mark Vs were fitted with a vinyl roof unless ordered without one.
For 1979, the vinyl roof could no longer be deleted. Standard issue on Marks III and IV, Ford's 7.5-liter V8 was optional for 1977, as a smaller 6.6 L V8 became standard. The 7.5 L V8 was not available at all on Mark V in the state of California, as the powerplant was unable to meet that state's tougher EPA certification standards. Lincoln felt so bad about this, that for 1977 only, California-bound Mark Vs were offered with the newly optional turbine-style aluminum wheels as standard equipment, to compensate for their 460-less Californian clientele. 1977 was the first year since 1960 that a Mark-series model came with an all-metal, body-color painted roof as standard equipment. The full-vinyl roof – standard on Mark IV - was now optional, as was the rear-quarter Landau roof; the Givenchy Designer Series had exclusive use of a new, forward-placed, front-vinyl roof in all three years of the Mark V's production. Mark IV's successful Designer Series Editions continued with revised color combinations on the new Mark V, as well as revised Luxury Group Option color trim packages.
First available in mid-1975, as the "Versailles Option", a renamed-for-1977 "Majestic Velour Luxury Group" carried over to the Mark V - for 1
Fifth Avenue is a major thoroughfare in the borough of Manhattan in New York City. It stretches north from Washington Square Park in Greenwich Village to West 143rd Street in Harlem, it is considered one of the most elegant streets in the world. A narrower thoroughfare, much of Fifth Avenue south of Central Park was widened in 1908, sacrificing its wide sidewalks to accommodate the increasing traffic; the midtown blocks, now famously commercial, were a residential district until the start of the 20th century. The first commercial building on Fifth Avenue was erected by Benjamin Altman who bought the corner lot on the northeast corner of 34th Street in 1896, demolished the "Marble Palace" of his arch-rival, A. T. Stewart. In 1906 his department store, B. Altman and Company, occupied the whole of its block front; the result was the creation of a high-end shopping district that attracted fashionable women and the upscale stores that wished to serve them. Lord & Taylor's flagship store was once located on Fifth Avenue near the Empire State Building and the New York Public Library, but has since closed.
In the 1920s, traffic towers controlled important intersections from 14th to 59th Streets. Fifth Avenue originates at Washington Square Park in Greenwich Village and runs northwards through the heart of Midtown, along the eastern side of Central Park, where it forms the boundary of the Upper East Side and through Harlem, where it terminates at the Harlem River at 142nd Street. Traffic crosses the river on the Madison Avenue Bridge. Fifth Avenue serves as the dividing line for house numbering and west-east streets in Manhattan, just as Jerome Avenue does in the Bronx, it separates, for example, East 59th Street from West 59th Street. From this zero point for street addresses, numbers increase in both directions as one moves away from Fifth Avenue, The building lot numbering system worked on the East Side as well, before Madison & Lexington Aves. were retrofitted into the street grid, confusing the building numbers. Confusingly, an address on a cross street cannot be predicted at the intersection of Madison Ave. or Lexington Ave. as these were added decades after the building numbers.
It's. The "most expensive street in the world" moniker changes depending on currency fluctuations and local economic conditions from year to year. For several years starting in the mid-1990s, the shopping district between 49th and 57th Streets was ranked as having the world's most expensive retail spaces on a cost per square foot basis. In 2008, Forbes magazine ranked Fifth Avenue as being the most expensive street in the world; some of the most coveted real estate on Fifth Avenue are the penthouses perched atop the buildings. The American Planning Association compiled a list of "2012 Great Places in America" and declared Fifth Avenue to be one of the greatest streets to visit in America; this historic street has many world-renowned museums and stores, luxury apartments, historical landmarks that are reminiscent of its history and vision for the future. By 2018 portions of Fifth Avenue had large numbers of vacant store fronts for long periods, part of a citywide trend of vacant store fronts attributed to high rental costs.
Fifth Avenue from 142nd Street to 135th Street carries two-way traffic. Fifth Avenue carries one-way traffic southbound from 135th Street to Washington Square North; the changeover to one-way traffic south of 135th Street took place on January 14, 1966, at which time Madison Avenue was changed to one way uptown. From 124th Street to 120th Street, Fifth Avenue is cut off by Marcus Garvey Park, with southbound traffic diverted around the park via Mount Morris Park West. Fifth Avenue is the traditional route for many celebratory parades in New York City; the longest running parade is the annual St. Patrick's Day Parade. Parades held are distinct from the ticker-tape parades held on the "Canyon of Heroes" on lower Broadway, the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade held on Broadway from the Upper West Side downtown to Herald Square. Fifth Avenue parades proceed from south to north, with the exception of the LGBT Pride March, which goes north to south to end in Greenwich Village; the Latino literary classic by New Yorker Giannina Braschi, entitled "Empire of Dreams," takes place on the Puerto Rican Day Parade on Fifth Avenue.
Bicycling on Fifth Avenue ranges from segregated with a bike lane south of 23rd Street, to scenic along Central Park, to dangerous through Midtown with heavy traffic during rush hours. There is no dedicated bike lane along Fifth Avenue. In July 1987 New York City Mayor Edward Koch proposed banning bicycling on Fifth and Madison Avenues during weekdays, but many bicyclists protested and had the ban overturned; when the trial was started on Monday, August 24, 1987 for 90 days to ban bicyclists from these three avenues from 31st Street to 59th Street between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. on weekdays, mopeds would not be banned. On Monday, August 31, 1987, a state appeals court judge halted the ban for at least a week pending a ruling after opponents against the ban brought a lawsuit. Fifth Avenue is one of the few major streets in Manhattan along. Instead, Fifth Avenue Coach offered a service more to the taste of fashionable gentlefolk, at twice the fare. Double-decker buses were operated by the Fifth Avenue Coach Company until 1953, again by MTA Regional Bus Operations from 1976 to 1978.
Today, local bus service along Fifth Avenue is provided by the MTA's M1, M2, M3, M4 buses. The M5 and Q32 run on Fifth Avenue in Midtown, while the M55 runs on Fifth Avenue south of 44th Street
Haute couture is the creation of exclusive custom-fitted clothing. Haute couture is high-end fashion, constructed by hand from start to finish, made from high-quality, expensive unusual fabric and sewn with extreme attention to detail and finished by the most experienced and capable sewers - using time-consuming, hand-executed techniques. Couture translates from French as "dressmaking" but may refer to fashion, sewing, or needlework and is used as a common abbreviation of haute couture and refers to the same thing in spirit. Haute translates to "high". A haute couture garment is always made for an individual client, tailored for the wearer's measurements and body stance. Considering the amount of time and skill allotted to each completed piece, haute couture garments are described as having no price tag: budget is not relevant; the term referred to Englishman Charles Frederick Worth's work, produced in Paris in the mid-nineteenth century. The Dapifer notes that Worth would allow his clients to select colors and other details before beginning his design process, unheard of at the time.
In modern France, haute couture is a protected name that may not be used except by firms that meet certain well-defined standards. However, the term is used loosely to describe all high-fashion custom-fitted clothing whether it is produced in Paris or in other fashion capitals such as London, New York City or Tokyo. In either case, the term can refer to the fashion houses or fashion designers that create exclusive and trend-setting fashions or to the fashions created. In France, the term haute couture is protected by law and is defined by the Chambre de commerce et d'industrie de Paris based in Paris; the chambre syndicale de la haute couture is defined as "the regulating commission that determines which fashion houses are eligible to be true haute couture houses". Their rules state that only "those companies mentioned on the list drawn up each year by a commission domiciled at the Ministry for Industry are entitled to avail themselves" of the label haute couture; the Chambre Syndicale de la Couture Parisienne is an association of Parisian couturiers founded in 1868 as an outgrowth of medieval guilds that regulate its members in regard to counterfeiting of styles, dates of openings for collections, number of models presented, relations with press, questions of law and taxes, promotional activities.
Formation of the organization was brought about by Charles Frederick Worth. An affiliated school was organized in 1930 called L'Ecole de la Chambre Syndicale de la Couture; the school helps bring new designers to help the "couture" houses. Since 1975, this organization has worked within the Federation Francaise, de couture, du Prêt-à-Porter des Couturiers et des Createurs de Mode. More rigorous criteria for haute couture were established in 1945. To earn the right to call itself a couture house and to use the term haute couture in its advertising and any other way, members of the Chambre Syndicale de la Haute Couture must follow specific rules: design made-to-order for private clients, with one or more fittings; the term "haute couture" has taken on further popular meanings referring to non-dressmaking activities, such as production of fine art, etc. Haute couture can be referenced back as early as the 17th Century. Rose Bertin, the French fashion designer to Queen Marie Antoinette, can be credited for bringing fashion and haute couture to French culture.
Visitors to Paris brought back clothing, copied by local dressmakers. Stylish women ordered dresses in the latest Parisian fashion to serve as models; as railroads and steamships made European travel easier, it was common for wealthy women to travel to Paris to shop for clothing and accessories. French fitters and dressmakers were thought to be the best in Europe, real Parisian garments were considered better than local imitations. A couturier is an establishment or person involved in the clothing fashion industry who makes original garments to order for private clients. A couturier may make; such a person hires patternmakers and machinists for garment production, is either employed by exclusive boutiques or is self-employed. The couturier Charles Frederick Worth, is considered the father of haute couture as it is known today. Although born in Bourne, England, Worth made his mark in the French fashion industry. Revolutionizing how dressmaking had been perceived, Worth made it so the dressmaker became the artist of garnishment: a fashion designer.
While he created one-of-a-kind designs to please some of his titled or wealthy customers, he is best known for preparing a portfolio of designs that were shown on live models at the House of Worth. Clients selected one model, specified colors and fabrics, had a duplicate garment tailor-made in Worth's workshop. Worth combined individual tailoring with a standardization more characteristic of the ready-to-wear clothing industry, developing during this period. Following in Worth's footsteps were Callot Soeurs, Poiret, Fortuny, Chanel, Schiaparelli and Dior; some of these fashion houses still exist tod
France the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean, it is bordered by Belgium and Germany to the northeast and Italy to the east, Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic and Indian oceans; the country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Toulouse, Bordeaux and Nice. During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia.
The Treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into Middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia which became the Kingdom of France in 987 emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages following its victory in the Hundred Years' War. During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world; the 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Protestants. France became Europe's dominant cultural and military power in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French Revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy, established one of modern history's earliest republics, saw the drafting of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation's ideals to this day. In the 19th century, Napoleon established the First French Empire, his subsequent Napoleonic Wars shaped the course of continental Europe. Following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating with the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870.
France was a major participant in World War I, from which it emerged victorious, was one of the Allies in World War II, but came under occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. Following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and dissolved in the course of the Algerian War; the Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, remains today. Algeria and nearly all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s and retained close economic and military connections with France. France has long been a global centre of art and philosophy, it hosts the world's fourth-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving around 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country with the world's sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, tenth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, human development.
France is considered a great power in global affairs, being one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member state of the European Union and the Eurozone, a member of the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Trade Organization, La Francophonie. Applied to the whole Frankish Empire, the name "France" comes from the Latin "Francia", or "country of the Franks". Modern France is still named today "Francia" in Italian and Spanish, "Frankreich" in German and "Frankrijk" in Dutch, all of which have more or less the same historical meaning. There are various theories as to the origin of the name Frank. Following the precedents of Edward Gibbon and Jacob Grimm, the name of the Franks has been linked with the word frank in English, it has been suggested that the meaning of "free" was adopted because, after the conquest of Gaul, only Franks were free of taxation.
Another theory is that it is derived from the Proto-Germanic word frankon, which translates as javelin or lance as the throwing axe of the Franks was known as a francisca. However, it has been determined that these weapons were named because of their use by the Franks, not the other way around; the oldest traces of human life in what is now France date from 1.8 million years ago. Over the ensuing millennia, Humans were confronted by a harsh and variable climate, marked by several glacial eras. Early hominids led a nomadic hunter-gatherer life. France has a large number of decorated caves from the upper Palaeolithic era, including one of the most famous and best preserved, Lascaux. At the end of the last glacial period, the climate became milder. After strong demographic and agricultural development between the 4th and 3rd millennia, metallurgy appeared at the end of the 3rd millennium working gold and bronze, iron. France has numerous megalithic sites from the Neolithic period, including the exceptiona
Ozwald Boateng, OBE is a British fashion designer of Ghanaian descent, known for his trademark twist on classic British tailoring and bespoke style. Boateng, whose parents emigrated from Ghana in the 1950s, was born in 1967 in Muswell Hill, North London. Boateng was inspired by the immaculate suits his father wore, received his first suit from his mother aged eight: a double-breasted in purple mohair. At fourteen, he found a summer job sewing linings into suits. While studying computer science at Southgate College at age 16, he was introduced to cutting and designing by his girlfriend. Using his mother's old sewing machine, he started designing and selling to his fellow students, switched to graduate in fashion and design. Boateng helped a friend to make clothes for a fashion show, after receiving praise for his work, sold his first collection to a menswear shop in Covent Garden; some of his first pieces were sold in Academy, Newburgh Street, in about 1987. This enabled him to open his first studio in Portobello Road in 1991.
In 1994, Boateng staged his first catwalk presentation during Paris Fashion Week, the first tailor to stage a catwalk show in Paris. Mentored by Tommy Nutter, the success of the Paris show in 1994 enabled Boateng to open his boutique on Vigo Street, the south end of Savile Row, in 1995. Boateng's contemporary approach to menswear design helped to forge a new appreciation for Savile Row, draw in a younger demographic. Boateng's moved into Savile Row in June 2002. In 2005, Boateng was honoured with a major 20-year retrospective event at the Victoria and Albert Museum; the exhibition recognised that he had by combining the highest standards of execution with a fresh, vibrant design philosophy captured the imagination of both the media and the public. In 2008, Boateng's new flagship store and headquarters are launched at No. 30 Savile Row, on the corner of Savile Row and Clifford Street. The signage and interiors were co-designed with British-Ghanaian Architect David Adjaye. In 2003, Boateng launched an original concept in fragrances for women.
Bespoke comprises two different vials of fragrance within an jewel-like bottle. Developed with the whole essence of "bespoke" in mind, women have the option of wearing each fragrance separately, or adopting the "bespoke" approach by layering and mixing the two synergistic fragrances together in differing proportions, to create an infinite variety of fragrances to suit their mood and personality. In 2007, Boateng merged the corporate headquarters of his company with his redesigned flagship store on Savile Row. Today, in addition to a bespoke service, Boateng produces two ready-to-wear collections a year, produced at the former Chester Barrie factory in Crewe, Cheshire. LVMH President Bernard Arnault appointed Boateng Creative Director of Menswear at French Fashion house Givenchy, his first collection was shown in July 2004 at Hotel de Ville. Boateng parted with Givenchy after the Spring 2007 collection. In 2004, Coutts approached Boateng to design a new Super-Premium credit card; the Coutts'World Credit Card' appears in Boateng's trademark imperial purple, designed to communicate a new modernity and supreme elegance.
In 2004, Boateng designed new amenity kits for Virgin Atlantic's Upper Class. Critically claimed to be the most stylish first class kits available to travellers on any airline, the design increased pick rate fivefold. Boateng was commissioned by John Agyekum Kufuor, President of the Republic of Ghana, to design and orchestrate a show at the 9th Annual African Union summit in 2007. Held in Accra, it coincided with 200 years since the cessation of the transatlantic slave trade, 50 years of independence for Ghana. In September 2018 British Airways PLC media centre confirmed that Ozwald Boateng OBE has been chosen as the designer for their new uniform, to be launched in 2019 as part of the organisation’s centenary celebrations; this appointment is a matter of controversy amongst customers of the airline and staff alike, who have come to believe that the new uniform would be designed in partnership with the iconic and historic British brand Burberry. Boateng has designed bespoke costumes for films including: Hannibal, Lock and Two Smoking Barrels, Tomorrow Never Dies and the City, Ugly Betty, Eastern Promises, Gangster Number One, Assault on Precinct 13, The Matrix, Miami Vice, Oceans 13, Rush Hour 3.
Director Varon Bonicos filmed Boateng between 1998 and 2010 for fly-on-the-wall feature documentary, A Man's Story, released in March 2012. On 22 June 2006, the Sundance Channel and Reveille LLC released an eight-part real life documentary series called House of Boateng, tracking the journey of Boateng as he embarks on the expansion of his brand in the United States; the series was produced by Ben Silverman. As well as design, Boateng has directed film projects of his own. 1994: Debut Show – his first venture into film alongside his Paris Catwalk show, a short movie dramatising the events and struggles leading up to the show. 2004: Arizona – First directorial debut, a short film entitled Catching Dreams, based in the Grand Canyon area. Shown at his debut show in Milan. 2004: Florence – A film released at the Pitti Imagine in Florence, chronicling the past 10 years of his life. 2004: Givenchy – a Japanese style manga style animation at his debut show as Creative Director for Givenchy. 2005: China – The short movie No Boundaries is filmed in the Guilin District of China.
Shown at second show for Givenchy. It premieres at the Tremblant Film Festival in 2006, comes second in the Short Film category. 2009: Why Style Matters – In collaboration with BBC4, a documentary on the significance of Savile Row in the 21st century and the renewed interest in Tailoring. Features Giorgio Armani. Divorced from
Suzy Parker was an American model and actress active from 1947 into the early 1960s. Her modeling career reached its zenith during the 1950s, when she appeared on the cover of dozens of magazines and in advertisements and movie and television roles, she appeared in several Revlon advertisements as well as in advertisements for many other cosmetic companies, including Solo Products, the largest hair care product company in the country at the time.. In 1956, at the height of her modelling career, she became the first model to earn $100,000 per year. A song that The Beatles wrote for her, though not released on record, appeared in their 1970 documentary film Let It Be, which won the Academy Award for Best Original Score. Suzy Parker was born Cecilia Ann Renee Parker in Long Island City, New York, to George and Elizabeth Parker, who married in 1916, she had three older sisters: Dorian and Georgiabell. Elizabeth believed she was undergoing menopause, but discovered she was several months pregnant with Cecilia/Suzy.
Suzy's original names came from three of her mother's best friends. A teenaged Dorian advised her mother to arrange the names in the order, Cecilia Renee Ann Parker, so the initials of the names would spell the word "crap". Dorian claimed. Parker's father George disliked the name Cecilia and called her Susie, a name which Parker would retain throughout her life. A French Vogue photographer changed the spelling to "Suzy". Parker's family moved to Highland Park, New Jersey, to Florida; when Parker was 15, sister Dorian, herself one of the top models of the era, introduced her to Eileen Ford. Parker and two of her sisters were tall, all measuring between 5 ft 10 in and 6 ft 1 in. Sister Dorian was the sole exception. In 1944, Dorian worked as an advertising copy writer when a coworker encouraged her to go to the Conover Modeling Agency. Dorian was one of the top models in the world, arguably referred to as the "world's first supermodel"; when Parker was about age 15, Dorian telephoned Ford Modeling Agency and told Eileen and Jerry Ford that she would sign on with them if they took her younger sister, sight unseen.
Eager to represent Dorian, they agreed. Expecting to meet a petite thin, pale-faced, electric blue-eyed, raven-haired younger version of Dorian, they were shocked to meet Suzy for the first time. Parker was 5'10", big-boned, had carrot red hair, pale-green eyes, freckles, she would become more famous than Dorian. Suzy Parker's photo appeared in Life magazine when she was 15; that same year, one of her first magazine advertisements was for DeRosa Jewelry. Although she still lived with her parents in Florida, she stayed in New York City with Dorian when she had modeling assignments there. Dorian introduced Parker to her fashion-photographer friends, Irving Penn, Horst P. Horst, John Rawlings, a young Richard Avedon. Parker became Avedon's muse, she said years that "The only joy I got out of modeling was working with Dick Avedon." She became the so-called signature face of the Coco Chanel brand. Chanel herself became a close confidante, giving Parker advice on men and money as well as creating numerous Chanel outfits for her.
She was the first model to earn $100,000 per year. Vogue declared her one of the faces of the post-war American woman. By 1955, she owed income taxes on her modeling income from previous years, amounting to more than $60,000 in back taxes and accumulating penalties, an enormous amount at the time. Jerry Ford found her assignments, she worked non-stop for Vogue, Hertz, Max Factor, Bliss, DuPont, Simplicity and Ronson shavers, to name a few. She was on the covers of about 70 magazines around the world, including Vogue, Life, Redbook, Paris Match and McCall's. After being introduced to, taught photography by, war photographer Robert Capa, Parker was listed as a member of Magnum Photos, her first film role was in Kiss Them for Me. Soon after she accepted a cameo role in Funny Face, on screen for two minutes in a musical number described as "Pink Number", her other films include: Ten North Frederick, The Best of Everything, A Circle of Deception, Flight from Ashiya and Chamber of Horrors. She played dramatic roles in TV shows such as Burke's Law and The Twilight Zone plus appearances as herself on a number of quiz shows such as I've Got a Secret.
Parker's last role was in a 1970 episode of Night Gallery. She did, in a way, make one other film "appearance" in The Beatles' 1970 documentary film Let It Be, in which the band performed their song "Suzy Parker"; the song, one of the few credited as written by all four Beatles, was part of their Academy Award-winning score for the original songs they performed in the film. Parker was married three times. In 1950, she and her high-school sweetheart, Ronald Staton, drove to Georgia to secretly marry. Parker said that she married him in a bikini with a raincoat on top, adding, "He was good-looking, it was just a sheer disaster." The young couple drove back to Florida where she was still living with her parents who were upset because of her age and because Ronald was part Che
Dorian Elizabeth Leigh Parker, known professionally as Dorian Leigh, was an American model and one of the earliest modeling icons of the fashion industry. She is considered one of the first supermodels, was well known in the United States and Europe. Dorian Leigh Parker was born in San Texas, to George and Elizabeth Parker, her parents married when they were around 17 or 18 years old and Elizabeth promptly gave birth to three daughters in quick succession: Dorian and Georgiabell. Thirteen years after the birth of her third daughter, Elizabeth believed she was going through menopause and was shocked to discover that she was pregnant, she gave birth to her fourth daughter, who became known as model and actress Suzy Parker). The family moved to Jackson Heights, soon after Dorian's birth and to Metuchen, New Jersey. There, George Parker invented a new form of etching acid, the production of which gave him enough income to retire. Dorian graduated from Newton High School in Queens, New York, in 1935 and enrolled at Randolph-Macon Women's College in Lynchburg, Virginia.
In her autobiography, Dorian claimed that she was born in 1920, graduated from high school early, at the age of 15 in 1935, because she loved learning, she took many classes at once since the school was overcrowded. This was not true, she wrote that she was a 17-year-old college sophomore when she first married, when in fact, she was 20. At college, she met her first husband, Marshall Powell Hawkins, whom she married on a whim in North Carolina in 1937, they had two children: Marsha Hawkins. The couple separated in the 1940s. Dorian worked as a file clerk at a department store in Manhattan and as a tabulator, keeping track of radio program ratings. Dorian found that she had an aptitude for math, mechanical engineering, drawing, she began to go to night school at Rutgers and said she learned about mechanical engineering at New York University. According to her autobiography, she enrolled in the Stevens Institute of Technology in Hoboken, New Jersey, received a B. S. in mechanical engineering. This was.
Dorian worked at Bell Laboratories during World War II, was a tool designer at Eastern Air Lines. Dorian assisted in the design of airplane wings, beginning at 65 cents an hour and ending up with an hourly wage of $1.00. After failing to be promoted because she was a woman and because of a wartime freeze on positions, Dorian quit and took a job with Republic Pictures as an apprentice copywriter. While writing ad copy for the B movies Republic created and distributed to movie houses, she was encouraged by a Mrs. Wayburn to try modeling. Taking Mrs. Wayburn's advice, in 1944 Dorian went to the Harry Conover modeling agency. At 27, Dorian was not only old by modeling standards, but at 5'5", she was shorter than the other models at the agency. Conover sent her to see Diana Vreeland, the editor of Harper's Bazaar. Dorian met with Vreeland and fashion photographer Louise Dahl-Wolfe, who were intrigued by her zig-zagged eyebrows. Vreeland warned her, "Do not -- do not do anything to those eyebrows!" Vreeland asked Dorian to return the next day, to be photographed for the cover of the June 1944 issue of Harper's Bazaar, her first modeling assignment.
Conover told her to tell them she was 19-years-old. They were shocked to discover her real age, that she had two children. Dorian's parents thought modeling was not respectable, so Dorian used only her first and middle name during her career; when Dorian became an enormous success though, they thought it was acceptable that their youngest daughter Suzy use the Parker last name when she became a famous model. Their other daughter, Florian had modeling photos in Vogue and Harper's Bazaar, but quit when she married a man in the military, was living in Oahu when Pearl Harbor was bombed in 1941. Florian was considered the ultimate beauty among the Parker girls. Dorian became busy with modeling assignments, landing on the covers of major magazines such as Vogue, Harper's Bazaar, Paris Match, LIFE, Elle; because of her schedule, Dorian's two children were sent to live with her parents in Florida, while she was based in New York City and traveling to Europe. In 1946, Dorian appeared on the cover of six American Vogue magazines.
She worked with famous fashion photographers Irving Penn, John Rawlings, Cecil Beaton, Paul Radkai. She dated Irving Penn, who married another model Lisa Fonssagrives. On one assignment, she argued with Paul Radkai's wife Karen, who wanted to be a fashion photographer and wanted to take many extra, free photos of Dorian for her portfolio; when Dorian balked at having to pose for Karen without being paid, Karen warned Dorian she would "ruin her." Indeed, Vogue never used Dorian again, Karen became a Vogue photographer for many years. Dorian transitioned to working with Harper's Bazaar's new, young photographer, Richard Avedon. Avedon would become one of the most famous photographers in history. While living in her apartment in New York, a young author, Truman Capote visited a friend in an apartment near hers. Capote was fascinated by Dorian's lifestyle of non-stop men, coming-and-goings, having a store across the street handle her phone calls, he struck up a friendship with Dorian, called her "Happy-go-lucky."
Capote's character Holly Golightly in his famous 1958 novel Breakfast at Tiffany's is said to be l