Kirriemuir, sometimes called Kirrie, is a burgh in Angus, Scotland. Its history reaches back to earliest recorded times, when it is thought to have been a major ecclesiastical centre, it was identified with witchcraft, some older houses still feature a "witches stane" to ward off evil. In the 19th century, it was an important centre of the jute trade; the playwright J. M. Barrie was born and buried here, a statue of Peter Pan stands in the town square; the history of Kirriemuir extends to the early historical period and it appears to have been a centre of some ecclesiastical importance. The Kirriemuir Sculptured Stones, a series of late Pictish cross slabs, are now on display at the Meffan Institute in Forfar and the Gateway to the Glens Museum in Kirriemuir. Kirriemuir has a history of accused witches back in the 16th century. Many of the older buildings have a witches stane built in to ward off evil; this is a hard grey stone set into the local red sandstone. A pond on the outskirts of town, known as the Witch Pool, was where the supposed witches were thought to have been drowned, but in fact it was a mill pond for the 19th-century Meikle Mill.
Local amateur historians tend to think this referred to a "mickle" mill, but the reference is to one of John Meikle's patented chaff-separating machines, based on ideas he picked up in the Netherlands. The adjacent "Court Hillock" was shown, during excavation to make way for a housing development, to be no more than a spoil heap left from the excavation and cleaning of the pond. Though its importance as a market town has diminished, its former jute factories echo its importance in the 19th century as the centre of a home-based weaving industry. Historic features near Kirriemuir include a carved Pictish stone known as the Eassie Stone, found in the bed of a burn near the village of Eassie. Kirriemuir claims the narrowest public footpath in Western Europe, it is a mere 40 centimetres wide. The family estate of Sir Hugh Munro, who created Munro's Tables of Scottish mountains over 3,000 ft in elevation, is located near the town, as is Kinnordy House, the seat of the Lyells. Kirriemuir is represented within Angus Council by the Kirriemuir and Dean ward, from which three councillors are elected.
As of 2012 these were: Ronnie Proctor and Jeanette Gaul. The town has three museums, the Gateway to the Glens Museum, Barrie's Birthplace and the Tayside Police Museum. There was once a museum of aviation, whose artifacts are now in the Richard Moss Memorial Collection at the Montrose Air Station Heritage Centre. There is a camera obscura, donated by Barrie, on the Hill, offering views to the south and south-west and of the higher hills to the north. On the Hill and offering views from its southern slopes is the town cemetery, where Barrie is buried in the family grave. There is a silver granite war memorial in the centre of the cemetery, a column surmounted by a kilted soldier looking down across the town and over the broad fields of Strathmore to the Sidlaws; every August, a local music organisation holds a music festival, Live In The Den, featuring local guitar bands. In 2011 the festival was not held due to severe flooding. Kirriemuir sits looking south towards Glamis and the Sidlaws over Strathmore.
Its position at the base of the Angus glens makes it an attractive centre for hill-walking on nearby Munros, partridge and grouse shooting and deer-stalking. There is an 18-hole golf course with views north to Glen Clova and Glen Doll; the town consists of two areas – Northmuir and Southmuir. Webster's High School is situated in Southmuir, while two primary schools are located in Northmuir and Southmuir respectively. Northmuir Primary School replaced Reform Street Primary School, in the town centre, was demolished for the building of the Lyell Court Sheltered Housing complex. Southmuir Primary School moved to new premises in 2002, built as part of an extension to Webster's High School; the earlier Southmuir Primary School building was destroyed by fire on Sunday 29 October 2006 and has since been demolished. The town has two main parks, one of which lies in the Gairie Burn glen and the other at the top of Kirriemuir Hill; the Den can be split into two parts. The east Den lies to the east of Bellies Brae and the west Den lies to the west of Bellies Brae.
This park has a paddling pool. The Den is prone to flooding; this last happened in December 2012. In the far west Den, there is the Cuttle Well; the Hill or Peter Pan Park as it is called by locals, is located in Northmuir. A popular play park was built in November 2010. Smaller parks include Davidson Park in the Southmuir and Martin Park, off Slade Road. Kirriemuir is home to the junior football club Kirriemuir Thistle. Kirriemuir has a wheeled sports area in Martin Park and an all-weather sports pitch at Webster's Leisure Centre adjoining Webster's High School. J. M. Barrie, creator of Peter Pan and Rector of the University of St Andrews, was born in Kirriemuir, he wrote of this "wee red toonie" as "Thrums" in his novels Auld Licht Idylls, A Window in Thrums, The Little Minister. "Red" refers to the reddish sandstone. The town became a minor Victorian tourism destination in response to Barrie's novels, his birthplace on the Brechin road is now a museum owned by the National Trust of Sc
Scottish Ambulance Service
The Scottish Ambulance Service is the NHS Ambulance Services Trust, part of NHS Scotland, which serves all of Scotland's population. Uniquely, the Scottish Ambulance Service is considered a special health board and is funded directly by the Health and Social Care Directorates of the Scottish Government, it is the sole public emergency medical service covering Scotland's mainland and islands. In 1948, the newly formed National Health Service contracted two voluntary organisations, the St Andrew's Ambulance Association and the British Red Cross, to jointly provide a national ambulance provision for Scotland, known as the St Andrew's and Red Cross Scottish Ambulance Service; the British Red Cross withdrew from the service in 1967. In 1974, with the reorganisation of the National Health Service, ambulance provision in Scotland was taken over by the NHS, with the organisational title being shortened to the now-current Scottish Ambulance Service. St. Andrew's First Aid, the trading name of St. Andrew's Ambulance Association, continues as a voluntary organisation and provides first aid training and provision in a private capacity.
The Scottish Ambulance Service now continues in its current form as one of the largest emergency medical providers in the UK, employing more than 4,000 staff in a variety of roles and responding to 740,631 emergency incidents in 2015/2016 alone. The service, like the rest of the National Health Service is free at point of access and is utilised by the public and healthcare professionals alike. Employing 1,300 paramedic staff, a further 1,200 technicians, the accident and emergency service is accessed through the public 999 system. Ambulance responses are now prioritised on patient requirement; the Scottish Ambulance Service maintains three command and control centres in Scotland, which facilitate handling of 999 calls and dispatch of ambulances. These three centres have handle over 800,000 calls per year; the AMPDS system is used for call prioritisation, provides post-dispatch instructions to callers allowing for medical advice to be given over the phone, prior to ambulance arrival. Clinical staff are present to provide tertiary triage.
Co-located with the Ambulance Control Centres are patient transport booking and control services, which handle 1 million patient journeys per year. The Scottish Ambulance Service maintains a varied fleet of around 1,500 vehicles; this includes Accident and Emergency ambulances single-response vehicles such as cars and small vans for paramedics, patient-transport ambulances which come in the form of adapted minibuses and support vehicles for major incidents and events, specialist vehicles such as 4x4s and tracked vehicles for difficult access. The unique geography of Scotland, which includes urban centres such as Edinburgh and Glasgow, areas of low-population such as Grampian and the Highlands, the Island communities mean that fleet provision has to be flexible and include different approaches to vehicle construction. In the past, 4x4-build ambulances on van chassis have been used in more rural areas, traditional van-conversions in more urban. With a large fleet upgrade project being commissioned in 2016, the business case was made to move to a box-body on chassis build, to provide some flexibility and more resilient parts procurement.
Most of these replacement ambulances have been based on either Mercedes or Volkswagen chassis, with a mixture of automatic or manual transmissions. The equipment used on board Scottish Ambulance Service vehicles broadly falls in line with NHS Scotland and allows for intraoperability in most cases. Equipment is replaced at regular service intervals; the uniform falls in line with the NHS Scotland National Uniform standard, in keeping with the uniform standard described by the National Ambulance Uniform Procurement group in 2016. Amongst cost and comfort considerations, all Scottish Ambulance Service Staff now wear the national uniform which comprises a dark green trouser / shirt combination. Personal Protective Equipment are issued to all staff and denote rank / clinical rank by way of epaulette and helmet markings; the national headquarters are in west side of Edinburgh and there are five divisions within the Service, namely: The Patient Transport Service carries over 1.3 million patients every year.
This service is provided to patients who are physically or medically unfit to travel to hospital out-patient appointments by any other means can still make their appointments. The service handles non-emergency admissions, transport of palliative care patients and a variety of other specialised roles. Patient Transport Vehicles come in a variety of forms and are staffed by Ambulance Care Assistants, whom work
A parlour is a reception room or public space. In medieval Christian Europe, the "outer parlour" was the room where the monks or nuns conducted business with those outside the monastery and the "inner parlour" was used for necessary conversation between resident members. In the English-speaking world of the 18th and 19th century, having a parlour room was evidence of social status. Parlour derives from the Old French word parloir or parler, entered English around the turn of the 16th century. In its original usage it denoted a place set aside for debating people, an "audience chamber"; the first known use of the word to denote a room was in medieval Christian Europe, when it designated the two rooms in a monastery where clergy, constrained by vow or regulation from speaking otherwise in the cloister, were allowed to converse without disturbing their fellows. The "outer parlour" was the room where the monks or nuns conducted business with those outside the monastery, it was located in the west range of the buildings of the cloister, close to the main entrance.
The "inner parlour" was located off the cloister next to the chapter house in the east range of the monastery and was used for necessary conversation between resident members. It was the function of the "outer parlour" as the public antechamber of the monastery, adapted into domestic architecture. In the early modern period homes became larger and concepts of privacy evolved as material prosperity was more shared. Rooms were set aside for the reception of guests and other visitors, screening them from the rest of the home. Although aristocratic homes might have state rooms, the frequent name for this reception room among the emerging middle classes was the "parlour". In the English-speaking world of the 18th and 19th century, having a parlour room was evidence of social status, it was proof that one had risen above those who lived in two rooms. As the parlour was the room in which the larger world encountered the private sphere of middle class life it was invariably the best room in the home.
The parlour displayed a family's best furnishings, works of art and other status symbols. The parlour was used for receptions around formal family occasions such as weddings and funerals; some tradespeople used the parlour of their houses in the service of their businesses. Hence, funeral parlours, beauty parlours, the like. In the 20th century, the widespread use of the telephone and automobiles, the increasing casualness of society led to the decline of formal reception rooms in domestic architecture in English-speaking countries; the secondary functions of the parlour for entertaining and display were taken up by various kinds of sitting rooms, such as the living room, or the drawing room. Despite its decline in domestic architecture, the term parlour continues to have an afterlife in its second meaning as nomenclature for various commercial enterprises. In addition to "funeral parlour" and "beauty parlour", it is common to say "betting parlour", "billiard parlour", "ice cream parlour", "pizza parlour", "massage parlour" and "tattoo parlour".
Less common uses include "beer parlour", "wine parlour", "spaghetti parlour", "coffee parlour". The dialect-specific usage of this English term instead of another varies by region. Family room Massage parlour Recreation room
Forfar is the county town of Angus and the administrative centre for Angus Council. It has a population of 14,048. Forfar dates back to the temporary Roman occupation of the area, was subsequently held by the Picts and the Kingdom of Scotland, it was occupied by the English before being recaptured by the Scots and presented to Robert the Bruce during the Scottish Wars of Independence. Forfar has been both a major manufacturing centre for linen and jute. Today the main activities are tourism around scenic Strathmore; the local glens are visited by hill-walkers, there are ski-slopes in the mountains. The town has a League One football club, Forfar Athletic and a National League rugby team, the Strathmore Silverbacks; the Forfar bridie, a Scottish meat pastry snack, is traditionally identified with the town. During one of the Roman invasions of modern-day Scotland, the Romans established a major camp at Battledykes 3 miles north of Forfar. From Battledykes northward the Romans established a succession of camps including Stracathro and Normandykes.
During the Middle Ages, a "claimant" to the throne, the daughter of the leader of the Meic Uilleim, who were descendants of King Duncan II, had her brains dashed out on Forfar market cross in 1230 while still an infant. During the First War of Scottish Independence, the castle of Forfar was held by the English. After Robert the Bruce's victory over the Earl of Buchan, the Forester of Platane, together with some of his friends raised ladders against the wall and, climbing over, surprised the garrison and slew them, he yielded the castle to Bruce, who rewarded him and gave instructions for its demolition. The Meffan Museum is in the heart of the town, it was built by a daughter of the Provost Meffan as a bequest in 1898. It is home of the Forfar story, it is an art gallery and a meeting place for local speakers, summer clubs for children and groups. The story of Forfar takes you from the history of the little cobbler shops to the burning of the witch Helen Guthrie. There is a good selection of Pictish stones found in and around Forfar and Kirriemuir.
The Large Class I Pictish stone, with a rare carving of a flower, is called the Dunnichen Stone. It was found in the early 19th century, it was displayed at a church in the vicinity at Dunnichen House. In 1966 it was relocated at St Vigeans and moved to Dundee museum in 1972. After the Meffan Institute had been renovated it was brought to Forfar on a long term loan where it is displayed alongside the Kirriemuir Sculptured Stones. There is a canoe, excavated from Forfar Loch, that dates back to the 11th century. Like other parts of Angus, Forfar was home to a successful textile industry during and after the Industrial Revolution. In the late 18th century the firm of William Don & Co. was founded in the town. The firm bought and sold webs of linen which were woven in local cottages, although it operated a small weaving shed. In 1865 the firm merged with A J Buist, a Dundee based firm, began construction of St James Works in Forfar; the partnership operated mills in Dundee and built Station Works in Forfar, which contained some 300 looms.
Workers housing was built by the firm in Forfar. Don Brothers, Buist & Company Ltd, as the firm was known from 1904, built another works in Forfar, at Strang Street, in 1929. In 1960 it merged with another Dundee firm, Low Brothers & Co Ltd becoming Don & Low Ltd. By the 1980s the Don & Low group was the United Kingdom's biggest polypropylene textile extrusion and weaving unit; the firm retains premises in Forfar producing woven and non-woven polypropylene industrial textile products and plastic food packaging. In 1958 Don Brothers, Buist & Co Ltd acquired a controlling interest in another Forfar based-textile firm, Moffat & Son Ltd, who operated Haugh Works in South Street. Another important Forfar textile firm was J & A Craik & Company and Jute Manufacturers, based at the Manor Works. Craiks was started in 1863 when James Craik obtained land in Forfar to build the Manor Works and the company survived until 1981, the year in which it became part of the Low and Bonar group. Craiks owned Forfar Fabrics Ltd, incorporated in 1965, which amalgamated with Low & Bonar Textiles Limited in 1981.
The jute manufacturers, John Lowson, Jnr & Co Ltd operated in Forfar, operating out of Victoria Works. In 1911 more than 20% of workers in Forfar were employed in the jute industry. Employment levels in this industry dramatically declined in other parts of Angus, including Dundee, during the next four decades. Notably in Dundee, the centre of the British jute industry, more than 40.4% of the working population had worked in the jute industry in 1911, but by 1951 this had fallen to just 18.5%. In Forfar, however this trend was not followed as percentage of the workforce employed in the jute industry had risen to 24.4% by 1951. In the town there is a metal plaque to General Sikorski and the Polish troops commemorating the visit of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth to the town on 7 March 1941; the metal plaque is located on a wall on Market Street below the Sheriff Court building. It was here on 7 March 1941 that the Royal couple, along with General Sikorski, took the salute in the march past of the Polish troops.
Forfar is a parish and former royal burgh. It is the county town of Angus, known as Forfarshire from the 18th century until 1929; the town is rep
The broad definition of regicide is the deliberate killing of a monarch, or the person responsible for the killing of a person of royalty. In the British tradition, it refers to the judicial execution of a king after a trial, reflecting the historical precedent of the trial and execution of Charles I of England. More broadly, it can refer to the killing of an emperor or any other reigning sovereign. Before the Tudor period, English kings had been murdered while imprisoned or killed in battle by their subjects, but none of these deaths are referred to as regicide; the word regicide seems to have come into popular use among foreign Catholics when Pope Sixtus V renewed the papal bull of excommunication against the "crowned regicide" Queen Elizabeth I, for—among other things—executing Mary, Queen of Scots, in 1587. Elizabeth had been excommunicated by Pope Pius V, in Regnans in Excelsis, for converting England to Protestantism after the reign of Mary I of England; the defeat of the Spanish Armada and the "Protestant Wind" convinced most English people that God approved of Elizabeth's action.
After the First English Civil War, King Charles I was a prisoner of the Parliamentarians. They tried to negotiate a compromise with him, but he stuck steadfastly to his view that he was King by Divine Right and attempted in secret to raise an army to fight against them, it became obvious to the leaders of the Parliamentarians that they could not negotiate a settlement with him and they could not trust him to refrain from raising an army against them. On 13 December 1648, the House of Commons broke off negotiations with the King. Two days the Council of Officers of the New Model Army voted that the King be moved from the Isle of Wight, where he was prisoner, to Windsor "in order to the bringing of him speedily to justice". In the middle of December, the King was moved from Windsor to London; the House of Commons of the Rump Parliament passed a Bill setting up a High Court of Justice in order to try Charles I for high treason in the name of the people of England. From a Royalist and post-restoration perspective this Bill was not lawful, since the House of Lords refused to pass it and it failed to receive Royal Assent.
However, the Parliamentary leaders and the Army pressed on with the trial anyway. At his trial in front of The High Court of Justice on Saturday 20 January 1649 in Westminster Hall, Charles asked "I would know by what power I am called hither. I would know by what authority, I mean lawful". In view of the historic issues involved, both sides based themselves on technical legal grounds. Charles did not dispute that Parliament as a whole did have some judicial powers, but he maintained that the House of Commons on its own could not try anybody, so he refused to plead. At that time under English law if a prisoner refused to plead this was treated as a plea of guilty, he was found guilty on Saturday 27 January 1649, his death warrant was signed by 59 Commissioners. To show their agreement with the sentence of death, all of the Commissioners who were present rose to their feet. On the day of his execution, 30 January 1649, Charles dressed in two shirts so that he would not shiver from the cold, lest it be said that he was shivering from fear.
His execution was delayed by several hours so that the House of Commons could pass an emergency bill to make it an offence to proclaim a new King, to declare the representatives of the people, the House of Commons, as the source of all just power. Charles was escorted through the Banqueting House in the Palace of Whitehall to a scaffold where he would be beheaded, he forgave those who had passed sentence on him and gave instructions to his enemies that they should learn to "know their duty to God, the King - that is, my successors - and the people". He gave a brief speech outlining his unchanged views of the relationship between the monarchy and the monarch's subjects, ending with the words "I am the martyr of the people", his head was severed from his body with one blow. One week the Rump, sitting in the House of Commons, passed a bill abolishing the monarchy. Ardent Royalists refused to accept it on the basis. Others refused because, as the bill had not passed the House of Lords and did not have Royal Assent, it could not become an Act of Parliament.
The Declaration of Breda 11 years paved the way for the restoration of the monarchy in 1660. At the restoration, thirty-one of the fifty-nine Commissioners who had signed the death warrant were living. A general pardon was given by Charles II and Parliament to his opponents, but the regicides were excluded. A number fled the country. Some, such as Daniel Blagrave, fled to continental Europe, while others like John Dixwell, Edward Whalley, William Goffe fled to New Haven, Connecticut; those who were still available were put on trial. Six regicides were found guilty and suffered the fate of being hanged and quartered: Thomas Harrison, John Jones, Adrian Scrope, John Carew, Thomas Scot, Gregory Clement; the captain of the guard at the trial, Daniel Axtell who encouraged his men to barrack the King when he tried to speak in his own defence, an influential preacher Hugh Peters, the leading prosecutor at the trial John Cook were executed in a similar manner. Colonel Francis Hacker who signed the order to the executioner of the king and commanded the guard around the scaffold and at the trial was hanged.
Concern amongst the royal ministers over the negative impact on popular sen
Agriculture is the science and art of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities; the history of agriculture began thousands of years ago. After gathering wild grains beginning at least 105,000 years ago, nascent farmers began to plant them around 11,500 years ago. Pigs and cattle were domesticated over 10,000 years ago. Plants were independently cultivated in at least 11 regions of the world. Industrial agriculture based on large-scale monoculture in the twentieth century came to dominate agricultural output, though about 2 billion people still depended on subsistence agriculture into the twenty-first. Modern agronomy, plant breeding, agrochemicals such as pesticides and fertilizers, technological developments have increased yields, while causing widespread ecological and environmental damage. Selective breeding and modern practices in animal husbandry have increased the output of meat, but have raised concerns about animal welfare and environmental damage.
Environmental issues include contributions to global warming, depletion of aquifers, antibiotic resistance, growth hormones in industrial meat production. Genetically modified organisms are used, although some are banned in certain countries; the major agricultural products can be broadly grouped into foods, fibers and raw materials. Food classes include cereals, fruits, meat, milk and eggs. Over one-third of the world's workers are employed in agriculture, second only to the service sector, although the number of agricultural workers in developed countries has decreased over the centuries; the word agriculture is a late Middle English adaptation of Latin agricultūra, from ager, "field", which in its turn came from Greek αγρός, cultūra, "cultivation" or "growing". While agriculture refers to human activities, certain species of ant and ambrosia beetle cultivate crops. Agriculture is defined with varying scopes, in its broadest sense using natural resources to "produce commodities which maintain life, including food, forest products, horticultural crops, their related services".
Thus defined, it includes arable farming, animal husbandry and forestry, but horticulture and forestry are in practice excluded. The development of agriculture enabled the human population to grow many times larger than could be sustained by hunting and gathering. Agriculture began independently in different parts of the globe, included a diverse range of taxa, in at least 11 separate centres of origin. Wild grains were eaten from at least 105,000 years ago. From around 11,500 years ago, the eight Neolithic founder crops and einkorn wheat, hulled barley, lentils, bitter vetch, chick peas and flax were cultivated in the Levant. Rice was domesticated in China between 11,500 and 6,200 BC with the earliest known cultivation from 5,700 BC, followed by mung and azuki beans. Sheep were domesticated in Mesopotamia between 11,000 years ago. Cattle were domesticated from the wild aurochs in the areas of modern Turkey and Pakistan some 10,500 years ago. Pig production emerged in Eurasia, including Europe, East Asia and Southwest Asia, where wild boar were first domesticated about 10,500 years ago.
In the Andes of South America, the potato was domesticated between 10,000 and 7,000 years ago, along with beans, llamas and guinea pigs. Sugarcane and some root vegetables were domesticated in New Guinea around 9,000 years ago. Sorghum was domesticated in the Sahel region of Africa by 7,000 years ago. Cotton was domesticated in Peru by 5,600 years ago, was independently domesticated in Eurasia. In Mesoamerica, wild teosinte was bred into maize by 6,000 years ago. Scholars have offered multiple hypotheses to explain the historical origins of agriculture. Studies of the transition from hunter-gatherer to agricultural societies indicate an initial period of intensification and increasing sedentism. Wild stands, harvested started to be planted, came to be domesticated. In Eurasia, the Sumerians started to live in villages from about 8,000 BC, relying on the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and a canal system for irrigation. Ploughs appear in pictographs around 3,000 BC. Farmers grew wheat, vegetables such as lentils and onions, fruits including dates and figs.
Ancient Egyptian agriculture relied on its seasonal flooding. Farming started in the predynastic period at the end of the Paleolithic, after 10,000 BC. Staple food crops were grains such as wheat and barley, alongside industrial crops such as flax and papyrus. In India, wheat and jujube were domesticated by 9,000 BC, soon followed by sheep and goats. Cattle and goats were domesticated in Mehrgarh culture by 8,000–6,000 BC. Cotton was cultivated by the 5th-4th millennium BC. Archeological evidence indicates an animal-drawn plough from 2,500 BC in the Indus Valley Civilisation. In China, from the 5th century BC there was a nationwide granary system and widespread silk farming. Water-powered grain mills were in use followed by irrigation. By the late 2nd century, heavy ploughs had been developed with iron mouldboards; these spread westwards across Eurasia. Asian rice was domesticated 8,200–13,500 years ago – depending on the molecular clock estimate, used – on the Pearl River in southern China with a single genetic origin from the wild rice Oryza rufipogon
Lord Macbeth, the Thane of Glamis, is the title character and titular main protagonist turned primary antagonist of William Shakespeare's Macbeth. The character is based on the historical king Macbeth of Scotland, is derived from the account in Holinshed's Chronicles, a history of Britain. Macbeth is a valiant military man. After a supernatural prophecy, at the urging of his wife, Lady Macbeth, he commits regicide and becomes King of Scotland, he thereafter lives in fear, unable to rest or to trust his nobles. He leads a reign of terror; the throne is restored to the rightful heir, the murdered King Duncan's son, Malcolm. Shakespeare's version of Macbeth is based upon Macbeth of Scotland, as found in the narratives of the Kings Duff and Duncan in Holinshed's Chronicles; the tragedy begins amid a bloody civil war in Scotland, where Macbeth is first introduced a valorous and loyal general in with the title of Thane of Glamis serving under the elderly King Duncan, who gives a colourful and extensive exaltation of Macbeth's prowess and valor in battle.
When the battle is won due to Macbeth and his lieutenant Banquo, the Thane of Lochaber, Duncan honours his generals with high praise and sends the messenger Ross to deliver Macbeth his reward: the title of Thane of Cawdor, since its previous holder was to be executed for betraying Scotland and siding with the enemy. Macbeth and Banquo wander onto a heath following the conflict, where they encounter three witches who greet them with prophecies, they address Macbeth first, hailing him as Thane of Glamis and Cawdor, that he shall be King afterwards, while Banquo is hailed as a father to a line of kings, though he himself will never rule. As the witches disappear, Ross arrives and presents Macbeth with his new title, but it becomes apparent that Macbeth has begun to consider murdering Duncan and taking his place as king.. He states that the kingship will fall into his lap by luck alone and that he will not have to take any action to fulfil the witches' last prophecy: “If chance may have me king, why chance may crown me without my stir”.
Macbeth becomes fixated on the prophecy, ignoring Banquo's advice that “oftentimes to win us to our harm these instruments of darkness tell us truths…to betray us in deepest consequence”. When he returns home, Lady Macbeth tries to convince him to kill Duncan. Macbeth at first changes his mind when she accuses him of cowardice. Giving in to his ambition, he kills Duncan and plants evidence of the regicide on two guards, whom he kills, he hears voices. Macbeth does murder sleep", he acknowledges that only the innocent sleep and that sleep is "the balm of hurt minds". The king's sons and Donalbain, fear they will be blamed for Duncan's death and flee the country. Macbeth is crowned king. Macbeth becomes a tyrant, brutally stamping out perceived threats to his power, he believes himself to be beyond redemption, "in blood stepp'd in so far, that... returning were as tedious as go o'er". Macbeth decides to hire two murderers to kill Banquo and his son Fleance, with a Third Murderer sent to assist. Banquo is murdered.
Macbeth goes to the witches for counsel, they tell him that he will not be defeated "until Birnam wood move to high Dunsinane", that "no man of woman born" may harm him. Macbeth takes this to mean. Macbeth decides to get rid of Macduff and sends assassins to kill him and his entire family. Macduff escapes harm. Macduff joins forces with Malcolm to overthrow Macbeth. In Act V, Lady Macbeth is overcome with guilt. Now alone, Macbeth laments that life is a "tale told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, signifying nothing." By the end of the play Macbeth learns that the witches' second set of prophecies have hidden meanings: Malcolm's army carries shields made from Birnam wood to Macbeth's fortress in Dunsinane, Macduff reveals that he was prematurely removed from his mother's womb, meaning that he technically was not "of woman born". Beaten but still defiant, Macbeth declares, "Lay on Macduff, damned be he who first cries, enough!" In the ensuing duel, Macduff cuts off his head. In the comic book series Kill Shakespeare, Macbeth is a minor character.
In the story, he is in a power struggle with Richard III, but he does not realise that his wife Lady Macbeth is plotting with Richard behind his back. Lady Macbeth kills Macbeth to gain control of his armies to aid Richard in his plot to kill William Shakespeare. In the 1991 film Men of Respect, the character of Macbeth is transported from the Scottish Highlands to the Mean Streets of New York. Macbeth. In The Simpsons episode "Four Great Women and a Manicure", Homer embodies Macbeth, a reluctant husband who follows Marge's commands to kill Sideshow Mel and assumes Macbeth's role. However, his performance receives unfavorable reviews compared to the more seasoned actors and those with no lines. Remorseful in killing Mel, Homer pleads with Marge to drop her ambitions and let him go back to his original role as a tree. Angered, she refuses and orders him to kill off Hibbert and the other actors until he's the only actor left. So with more reluctance, Homer kills them