Dita Von Teese
Dita Von Teese is an American vedette, burlesque dancer, costume designer, entrepreneur and actress. She is credited with re-popularizing burlesque performance, earning the moniker "Queen of Burlesque". Von Teese was born in Rochester, the second of three daughters, her father was her mother a manicurist. She is of English, Scottish and German heritage. Dita has stated that one of her grandmothers was half-Armenian and adopted into an Anglo-Saxon American family. Von Teese is known for her fascination with classic vintage style; this began at a young age and was fostered by her mother, who would buy clothes for her daughter to dress up. Her mother was a fan of old, Golden Age-era Hollywood films, from her Von Teese developed a fascination with the actresses of that day Betty Grable, she was classically trained as a ballet dancer from an early age, danced solo at age 13 for a local ballet company. Though she wanted to be a ballerina, Von Teese states that "by 15, I was as good as I'd be." She was to incorporate this element into her burlesque shows, where she goes en pointe.
The family relocated from Michigan to Orange County, when her father's job moved. Von Teese attended University High School in California; when Von Teese was a teenager, her mother took her to buy her first bra, made from plain white cotton, gave her a plastic egg containing a pair of wrinkly, flesh-colored pantyhose. Von Teese says she was disappointed, as she had been hoping to receive beautiful lacy garments and stockings, of the type she had glimpsed in her father's Playboy magazines; this fueled her passion for lingerie. She worked in a lingerie store as a salesgirl when she was 15 as a buyer. Von Teese has been fond of wearing elaborate lingerie such as corsets and basques with fashioned stockings since. In college, Von Teese aspired to work as a stylist for films, she is a trained costume designer designing her photo shoots herself. Von Teese chose her stage name by adopting the name Dita as a tribute to silent film actress Dita Parlo. For her breakthrough December 2002 Playboy cover, she was required to have a surname, so she chose Von Treese from the phonebook.
Playboy misspelled it Von Teese, a name which she kept. Von Teese achieved some level of recognition in the fetish world as a tightlacer. Through the wearing of a corset for many years, she had reduced her waistline to 22 inches, can be laced down as far as 16.5 inches. Von Teese appeared including Bizarre and Marquis, it was around this time when she appeared on the cover of Midori's book, The Seductive Art of Japanese Bondage. Von Teese was featured in Playboy in 1999, 2001, 2002, with a cover-featured pictorial in 2002; the German metal band Atrocity chose her as the cover model for their 2008 album, Werk 80 II. She has stated in print, "I love fetish for its powers of transformation and for its beauty." Among her heroes of vintage fetish history are John Willie, Bettie Page, Irving Klaw. Von Teese is best known for her burlesque routines and is dubbed the "Queen of Burlesque" in the press. Von Teese began performing burlesque in 1992, and, as a proponent of Neo-Burlesque, has helped to popularize its revival.
In her own words, she "puts the tease back into striptease" with long, elaborate dance shows with props and characters inspired by 1930s and 1940s musicals and films. Some of her more famous dances have involved a carousel horse, a giant powder compact, a filigree heart and a clawfoot bathtub with a working shower head, her signature show features a giant martini glass. Her feather fan dance, inspired by burlesque dancer Sally Rand, featured the world's largest feather fans, now on display in Hollywood's Museum of Sex, her burlesque career has included some memorable performances. She once appeared at a benefit for the New York Academy of Art wearing nothing but $5 million worth of diamonds. Additionally, Von Teese became the first guest star at Paris's Crazy Horse cabaret club with her appearance in October 2006. In 2006, Von Teese appeared on an episode of America's Next Top Model doing a workshop to teach the contestants about sexiness by means of burlesque dancing and posing. In 2007, Von Teese performed at the adult entertainment event Erotica 07 in London alongside Italian rock band Belladonna.
Von Teese's first book, which consisted of her opinions on the history of burlesque and fetish and the Art of the Teese / Fetish and the Art of the Teese, was published in 2006 by HarperCollins. Vanity Fair called her a "Burlesque Superheroine". Von Teese participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2009 in Moscow, Russia, as part of the stage performance for the German entry "Miss Kiss Kiss Bang"; the act placed 20th out of 25 participants in the final round of the contest. She said her cleavage was censored during the show because it was too voluptuous. Von Teese has performed in mainstream films. In her early years, she appeared in fetish-related, soft-core pornographic movies, such as Romancing Sara, Matter of Trust, in two Andrew Blake hard-core fetish films, Pin Ups 2 and Decadence. In recent years, she has appeared in more mainstream features, such as the 2005 short film, The Death of Salvador Dali, written by Delaney Bishop, which won best screenplay and best cinematography at SXSW, Raindance Film Festival, Mill Valley Film Festival, won Best Actress at Beverly Hills Film Festival.
George Edward Hurrell was a photographer who contributed to the image of glamour presented by Hollywood during the 1930s and 1940s. Born in the Walnut Hills district of Cincinnati, Hurrell studied as a painter with no particular interest in photography, he first began to use photography only as a medium for recording his paintings. After moving to Laguna Beach, California from Chicago, Illinois in 1925 he met many other painters who had connections. One of those connections was Edward Steichen who encouraged him to pursue photography after seeing some of his works. Hurrell found that photography was a more reliable source of income than painting. Hurrell was an apprentice to Eugene Hutchinson, his photography was encouraged by his friend aviator Pancho Barnes, who posed for him. He opened a photographic studio in Los Angeles. In the late 1920s, Hurrell was introduced to the actor Ramon Novarro, by Pancho Barnes, agreed to take a series of photographs of him. Novarro was impressed with the results and showed them to the actress Norma Shearer, attempting to mould her wholesome image into something more glamorous and sophisticated in an attempt to land the title role in the movie The Divorcee.
She asked Hurrell to photograph. After she showed these photographs to her husband, MGM production chief Irving Thalberg, Thalberg was so impressed that he signed Hurrell to a contract with MGM Studios, making him head of the portrait photography department, but in 1932, Hurrell left MGM after differences with their publicity head, from on until 1938 ran his own studio at 8706 Sunset Boulevard. Throughout the decade, Hurrell photographed every star contracted to MGM, his striking black-and-white images were used extensively in the marketing of these stars. Among the performers photographed by him during these years were silent screen star Dorothy Jordan, as well as Myrna Loy, Robert Montgomery, Jean Harlow, Ramon Novarro, Joan Crawford, Clark Gable, Rosalind Russell, Marion Davies, Jeanette MacDonald, Lupe Velez, Anna May Wong, Carole Lombard and Norma Shearer, said to have refused to allow herself to be photographed by anyone else, he photographed Greta Garbo at a session to produce promotional material for the movie Romance.
The session didn't go well and she never used him again. In the early 1940s Hurrell moved to Warner Brothers Studios photographing, among others Bette Davis, Ann Sheridan, Errol Flynn, Olivia de Havilland, Ida Lupino, Alexis Smith, Lauren Bacall, Humphrey Bogart and James Cagney. In the decade he moved to Columbia Pictures where his photographs were used to help the studio build the career of Rita Hayworth, he left Hollywood to make training films for the First Motion Picture Unit of the United States Army Air Forces. When he returned to Hollywood in the mid-1950s his old style of glamour had fallen from favour. Where he had worked hard to create an idealised image of his subjects, the new style of Hollywood glamour was more earthy and gritty, for the first time in his career Hurrell's style was not in demand, he worked for the advertising industry where glamour was still valued. He continued his work for fashion magazines and photographed for print advertisements for several years before returning to Hollywood in the 1960s.
After 1970, his most prominent work was as a photographer for album covers. He shot the cover photos for Cass Elliot's self-titled album, Tom Waits' Foreign Affairs, Fleetwood Mac's Mirage, Queen's The Works, Midge Ure's The Gift and Paul McCartney's Press to Play. Hurrell died from complications from bladder cancer shortly after completing a TBS documentary about his life, he died on May 17, 1992. Since his death, his vintage works have continued to appreciate in value and examples of his artistic output can be found in the permanent collections of numerous museums around the world. Official Website for George Hurrell Photography, History and Licensing Information George Hurrell Photos & Prints George Hurrell Gallery The Los Angeles County Museum of Art has 69 thumbnails of their collection. Pancho Barnes and George Hurrell George Hurrell Timeline "Starlight and Shadow," The Atlantic, article on George Hurrell by Virginia Postrel
Bernie Dexter is an American model and fashion designer and 1950s style pin-up model, published in many magazines and books. She is in the official film. Bernadette was born in Pennsylvania, she started modeling at the early age of 11. Initially pursued a career in acting at the age of 14; when she was 18, she won Miss Teen San Diego County. She lived in Hollywood in 1991. In 1994 she started working for MAC cosmetics, by 1996 she was doing make up on celebrities such as Dita Von Tease & Holly Madison. In 2002 she started modeling in 1950s style photo shoots, most photos taken by her husband Levi Dexter. In 2007, she created a pinup-inspired clothing line. In 2014, Bernie opened a shop in Gresham Oregon, 2016 she moved to the UK. Dexter is married to Levi Dexter, Rockabilly Hall of Fame inductee and former lead singer of 1970s rockabilly band Levi and the Rockats, her husband is her regular photographer. Official website
Kyle and Lane Carlson are identical twin brothers known as the Carlson Twins. The Carlson twins work together as male fashion models; the twins were born in Stillwater, United States, Kyle six minutes after Lane. The Carlson twins grew up with two older siblings and Michelle, a younger sister, Lynnaya, their mother Judy was their father Rick owned a construction company. The brothers attended Stillwater High School and both graduated from Winona State University, majoring in business. Kyle married model Jessica Hall in 2008, they had a daughter in 2014; the brothers began their modeling career when Lane was spotted in a mall in La Crosse and they met with fashion scouts in January 2000 in Minneapolis. Their agent was David Love from Elite Model Management in Chicago; the twins became internationally successful models, they became gay icons due to the homoerotic imagery of their photoshoots, despite both being heterosexual. As with the Brewer twins, the Carlson twins first received public attention after modeling naked for photographer Bruce Weber.
The Carlson twins have worked for Armani, Out magazine, Abercrombie and Fitch, with the popularity of the twins increasing after they appeared together in Abercrombie and Fitch's now discontinued catalog, A&F Quarterly. At the peak of their careers, the Carlson twins worked as underwear models, with Calvin Klein reputedly preferring Kyle to front the company's underwear campaigns. In 2002, Lane appeared as a contestant on NBC's Fear Factor. In 2005, the Carlson twins appeared on the WB Television Network's comedy program, Mobile Home Disaster. In 2007, Kyle was featured on the HGTV program, Deserving Design, with Vern Yip. Kyle's primary role on the program involved carpentry. Lane is the executive director of Sunflower Children, which he founded with Helena Houdová, in 2010 he promoted awareness of autism at a charity event, Sea Paddle NYC. Lane Twins Brewer twins List of twins Official website on the Internet Archive at the Wayback Machine Kyle Carlson on IMDb Lane Carlson on IMDb
A euphemism is an innocuous word or expression used in place of one that may be found offensive or suggest something unpleasant. Some euphemisms are intended to amuse, while others use bland, inoffensive terms for concepts that the user wishes to downplay. Euphemisms may be used to mask profanity or refer to taboo topics such as disability, excretion, or death in a polite way. Euphemism comes from the Greek word euphemia which refers to the use of'words of good omen'. Eupheme is a reference to the female Greek spirit of words of positivity, etc.. The term euphemism. Reasons for using euphemisms vary by intent. Euphemisms are used to avoid directly addressing subjects that might be deemed negative or embarrassing. Euphemisms are used to downplay the gravity of large-scale injustices, war crimes, or other events that warrant a pattern of avoidance in official statements or documents. For instance, one reason for the comparative scarcity of written evidence documenting the exterminations at Auschwitz, relative to their sheer number, is "directives for the extermination process obscured in bureaucratic euphemisms".
The act of labeling a term as a euphemism can in itself be controversial, as in the following two examples: Affirmative action, meaning a preference for minorities or the disadvantaged in employment or academic admissions. This term is sometimes said to be a euphemism for reverse discrimination, or in the UK positive discrimination, which suggests an intentional bias that might be prohibited, or otherwise unpalatable. Enhanced interrogation is sometimes said to be a euphemism for torture. For example, columnist David Brooks called the use of this term for practices at Abu Ghraib, Guantánamo, elsewhere an effort to "dull the moral sensibility". Phonetic euphemism is used diminishing their intensity. Modifications include: Shortening or "clipping" the term, such as Jeez and what the— Mispronunciations, such as frak, what the fudge, what the truck, oh my gosh, darn, oh shoot, be-yotch, etc; this is referred to as a minced oath. Using first letters as replacements, such as SOB, what the eff, S my D, POS, BS.
Sometimes, the word "word" is added after it, such as S-word, B-word, etc.. The letter can be phonetically respelled. For example, the word piss was shortened to pee in this way. Ambiguous statements Understatements Metaphors Comparisons Metonymy Euphemism may be used as a rhetorical strategy, in which case its goal is to change the valence of a description from positive to negative; the use of a term with a softer connotation, though it shares the same meaning. For instance, screwed up is a euphemism for fucked up. There is some disagreement over whether certain terms are not euphemisms. For example, sometimes the phrase visually impaired is labeled as a politically correct euphemism for blind or a blind person. However, visual impairment can be a broader term, for example, people who have partial sight in one eye, those with uncorrectable mild to moderate poor vision, or those who wear glasses, groups that would be excluded by the word blind. Expressions or words from a foreign language may be imported for use as a replacement for an offensive word.
For example, the French word enceinte was sometimes used instead of the English word pregnant. This practice of word substitution became so frequent that the expression "pardon my French" was adopted in attempts to excuse the use of profanity. Euphemisms may be formed in a number of ways. Periphrasis, or circumlocution, is one of the most common: to "speak around" a given word, implying it without saying it. Over time, circumlocutions become recognized as established euphemisms for particular words or ideas. To alter the pronunciation or spelling of a taboo word to form a euphemism is known as taboo deformation, or a minced oath. In American English, words that are unacceptable on television, such as fuck, may be represented by deformations such as freak in children's cartoons. Feck is a minced oath popularised by the sitcom Father Ted; some examples of rhyming slang may serve the same purpose: to call a person a berk sounds less offensive than to call a person a cunt, though berk is short for Berkeley Hunt, which rhymes with cunt.
Bureaucracies spawn euphemisms intentionally, as doublespeak expressions. For example, in the past, the US military used the term "sunshine units" for contamination by radioactive isotopes. An effective death sentence in the Soviet Union during the Great Purge used the clause "imprisonment without right to correspondence": the person sentenced never had a chance to correspond with anyone because soon after imprisonment they w
A movie star is an actor, famous for their starring, or leading, roles in motion pictures. The term is used for actors who are marketable stars and whose names are used to promote movies, for example in trailers and posters. In the early days of silent movies, the names of the actors and actresses appearing in them were not publicized or credited because producers feared this would result in demands for higher salaries. However, audience curiosity soon undermined this policy. By 1909, actresses such as Florence Lawrence and Mary Pickford were widely recognized, although the public remained unaware of their names. Lawrence was referred to as the “Biograph Girl” because she worked for D. W. Griffith's Biograph Studios, while Pickford was "Little Mary." In 1910, Lawrence switched to the Independent Moving Pictures Company, began appearing under her own name, was hailed as "America's foremost moving picture star" in IMP literature. Pickford began appearing under her own name in 1911; the Independent Moving Pictures Company promoted their "picture personalities", including Florence Lawrence and King Baggot, by giving them billing, credits and a marquee.
Promotion in advertising led to the release of stories about these personalities to newspapers and fan magazines as part of a strategy to build brand loyalty for their company's actors and films. By the 1920s, Hollywood film company promoters had developed a "massive industrial enterprise" that "...peddled a new intangible—fame." Early Hollywood studios controlled, a movie star, as only they had the ability to place stars' names above the title. Hollywood "image makers" and promotional agents planted rumors, selectively released real or fictitious biographical information to the press, used other gimmicks to create glamorous personas for actors. Publicists thus "created" the "enduring images" and public perceptions of screen legends such as Judy Garland, Rock Hudson, Marilyn Monroe, Grace Kelly; the development of this "star system" made fame "something that could be fabricated purposely, by the masters of the new'machinery of glory'." However, regardless of how "...strenuously the star and their media handlers and press agents may... try to'monitor' and'shape' it, the media and the public always play a substantial part in the image-making process."
According to Madow, "fame is a'relational' phenomenon, something, conferred by others. A person learned, but he cannot, in this same sense, make himself famous, any more than he can make himself loved." Madow goes on to point out "fame is conferred or withheld, just as love is, for reasons and on grounds other than'merit'." According to Sofia Johansson the "canonical texts on stardom" include articles by Boorstin and Dyer that examined the "representations of stars and on aspects of the Hollywood star system". Johansson writes that "more recent analyses within media and cultural studies have instead dealt with the idea of a pervasive, contemporary,'celebrity culture'." In the analysis of the celebrity culture, "fame and its constituencies are conceived of as a broader social process, connected to widespread economic, political and cultural developments."In the 1980s and 1990s, entertainment companies began using stars for a range of publicity tactics including press releases, movie junkets, community activities.
These promotional efforts are targeted and designed using market research, to increase the predictability of success of their media ventures. In some cases, publicity agents may create “provocative advertisements” or make an outrageous public statement to trigger public controversy and thereby generate "free" news coverage. Movie studios employed performers under long-term contracts, they developed a star system as a means of selling their movies. "Star vehicles" were filmed to display the particular talents and appeal of the most popular movie stars of the studio. Movie stars in other regions too have their own star value. For instance, in Asian film industries, many movies run on the weight of the star's crowd pulling power more than any other intrinsic aspect of film making. A number of Chinese film actors have become some of the most popular movie stars in Eastern Asia, several are well known in the Western world, they include Jackie Chan, Jet Li, Chow Yun-fat, Stephen Chow, Sammo Hung, Gong Li, Ziyi Zhang, Maggie Cheung, the late Bruce Lee.
The Indian film industry, of which one is known as Bollywood, has its own set of rules in this aspect. There are superstars in this region who command premium pay commensurate with their box office appeal; some mainstream Indian movie stars, like the Khans of Bollywood, Raj Kapoor, Mithun Chakraborty, Amitabh Bachchan and Aishwarya Rai gained international fame across Asia and Eastern Europe. For example, Bollywood films were popular in the Soviet Union, more so than Hollywood films and even domestic Soviet films. Indian actors like Raj Kapoor and Mithun Chakroborty were household names in the Soviet Union, with films such as Awaara and Disco Dancer drawing more than 60 million viewers in the country; the Hindi film actors Raj Kapoor and Aamir Khan became popular in China, with films such as Awaara, 3 Idiots, Dangal, one of the top 20 highest-grossing films in China. The film industry of the Malay Archipelago consists of f