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The glaucophytes known as glaucocystophytes or glaucocystids, are a small group of freshwater unicellular algae, less common today than they were during the Proterozoic. Only 15 species have been described, but more species are to exist. Together with the red algae and the green algae plus land plants, they form the Archaeplastida. However, the relationships among the red algae, green algae and glaucophytes are unclear, in large part due to limited study of the glaucophytes; the glaucophytes are of interest to biologists studying the development of chloroplasts because some studies suggest they may be similar to the original algal type that led to green plants and red algae in that they may be basal Archaeplastida. Unlike red and green algae, glaucophytes only have asexual reproduction; the chloroplasts of glaucophytes are known as'muroplasts','cyanoplasts', or'cyanelles'. Unlike the chloroplasts in other organisms, they have a peptidoglycan layer, believed to be a relic of the endosymbiotic origin of plastids from cyanobacteria.

Glaucophytes contain the photosynthetic pigment chlorophyll a. Along with red algae and cyanobacteria, they harvest light via phycobilisomes, structures consisting of phycobiliproteins; the green algae and land plants have lost that pigment. Like red algae, in contrast to green algae and plants, glaucophytes store fixed carbon in the cytosol. Glaucophytes have mitochondria with flat cristae, undergo open mitosis without centrioles. Motile forms have two unequal flagella, which may have fine hairs and are anchored by a multilayered system of microtubules, both of which are similar to forms found in some green algae. Phylogeny of Glaucocystophyceae. Only 13 species of glaucophytes are known, none of, common in nature; the five included genera are: Phylum Glaucophyta Skuja 1948 Class Glaucocystophyceae Schaffner 1922 Order Cyanophorales Kies & Kramer 1986 Family Cyanophoraceae Kies & Kramer 1986 Genus? Peliaina Pascher 1929 Peliaina cyanea Pascher 1929 Genus? Strobilomonas Schiller 1954 Strobilomonas cyaneus Schiller 1954 Genus Cyanophora Korshikov 1924 C. tetracyanea Korshikov 1941 C. biloba Kugrens et al. 1999 C. sudae Takahashi & Nozaki 2014 C. paradoxa Korshikov 1924 C. kugrensii Takahashi & Nozaki 2014 C. cuspidata Takahashi & Nozaki 2014 Order Gloeochaetales Kies & Kremer 1986 Family Gloeochaetaceae Bohlin 1901 ex Skuja 1954 Genus Cyanoptyche Pascher 1929 Cyanoptyche gloeocystis Pascher 1929 Genus Gloeochaete von Lagerheim 1883 G. protogenita Kutzing G. wittrockiana von Lagerheim 1883 Order Glaucocystales Bessey 1907 Family Glaucocystidaceae Bohlin 1901 ex West 1904 Genus Glaucocystopsis Bourrelly 1961 Glaucocystopsis africana Bourrelly 1961 Genus Glaucocystis Itzigsohn 1868 G. bullosa Wille 1919 G. caucasica Tarnogradskii 1957 G. cingulata Bohlin 1897 G. duplex Prescott 1944 G. molochinearum Geitler G. simplex Tarnogradskii 1959 G. nostochinearum Itzigsohn 1868 ex Rabenh.

1935 G. geitleri Pringsheim 1958 ex Takahashi & Nozaki 2016 G. incrassata Takahashi & Nozaki 2016 G. miyajii Takahashi & Nozaki 2016 G. bhattacharyae Takahashi & Nozaki 2016 G. oocystiformis Prescott 1944The glaucophytes were considered before as part of family Oocystaceae, in the order Chlorococcales. Guiry, M. D.. M.. "Glaucophyta". AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway

Domestic policy of the Surayud Chulanont government

The domestic policy of Surayud Chulanont as Prime Minister of Thailand affected the Thai economy, human rights and numerous other areas. Appointed Prime Minister by a military junta that overthrew the government of Thaksin Shinawatra, he has been praised for his efforts to reverse the policies of the Thaksin government and to reduce the role of foreigners in the Thai economy. However, his policies have been controversial, he been accused of economic mismanagement, rampant human rights abuses, allowing the escalation of the South Thailand insurgency; the junta's 2006 Interim Constitution authorized it to appoint a 2,000 person National Assembly which would select members to become candidates for a Constitution Drafting Assembly. From the onset of his appointment as Premier, Surayud Chulanont was urged by academics to override the junta's control of the constitution drafting process. Surayud gave the junta a free hand in drafting the constitution; the junta had promised to draft a permanent charter within eight months and to hold elections in October 2007.

However, the Prime Minister's Office Minister Thirapat Serirangsan announced that elections might not occur until one year and five months. Surayud warned deposed Premier Thaksin Shinawatra several times against returning to Thailand, calling his return "a threat". During a November 2006 trip to China for the ASEAN-China Summit, Surayud refused to meet Thaksin, in China at the time. Surayud denied Thaksin the opportunity to return to Thailand to contest in eventual elections, said that the appropriate time for him to return would be "after a year," when a newly elected government was in place. Thaksin's diplomatic passport was revoked by the Foreign Ministry on 31 December 2006 after the government claimed he had engaged in political activities while in exile. Thai embassies were ordered not to facilitate his travels. Traditionally, all former prime ministers and foreign ministers of Thailand were permitted to hold on to their diplomatic passport for life. Thaksin publicly announced that he was quitting politics.

Surayud's Defense Minister announced that the junta would refuse Thaksin's reconciliation offer, claiming that Thailand was being threatened by "ill-intentioned people" and capitalism. The planned merger of state-telecom companies TOT and CAT; the cancellation of plans to list TOT, CAT, Thai Post on the Stock Exchange of Thailand. The cancellation of the Thaksin government's telecom excise tax policy; the Thaksin government imposed an excise tax on offered fixed and cellular services, allowed telecom companies to deduct the amount they paid in excise tax from concession fees they had to pay to state concession owners TOT or CAT Telecom. The total amount paid by the private telecom firms did not change; the Surayud government's excise tax cancellation meant that TOT and CAT Telecom would receive their full concession payments. However, TOT and CAT were forced to increase their dividends to the Ministry of Finance to account for their increased income. Changing the publicly listed state-enterprise media company MCOT's policy from focusing on monetary benefits to social benefits.

MCOT's stock prices dropped 5.13% to an 11-month low as a result. The planned ban against all forms of advertising for alcoholic beverages; the banning of all "sexually arousing dances" during the Loy Kratong festival. Making the 30-baht universal healthcare program free; the Budget Bureau criticized the move. The government cut the universal healthcare program budget by over 3.8 billion baht, providing a subsidy of just 1,899 baht per head, compared to the proposed figure of 2,089 baht. The number of eligible people was cut from 48 million to 46 million people. License the production and sale of patented HIV and heart disease drugs without the permission of the foreign patent owners. Lack of public health budget was cited as the reasons for breaking the patents. "It has stunned our industry," said the President of the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers Association. The Minister of Public Health claimed. Under World Trade Organization rules, a government is allowed to break patents under after declaring a "national emergency."

Breaking the patents of Abbott's HIV treatment Kaletra and Sanofi-Aventis' blood clot drug Plavix was estimated to save Thailand US$24 million a year. The indefinite delayal of the previous government's policy of converting all octane 95 gasoline sales to gasohol; the cancellation of state electricity company EGAT's guaranteed 50% share in all new power plant construction. The prevention of EGAT from participating in bidding for new electricity plants under the Independent Power Producer program; the cancellation of plans to import hydroelectric power and natural gas from Myanmar. An increase in military spending. Since 1999, military spending had remained stagnant at $2 billion in 2000 dollars. Issuing a formal apology regarding the Tak Bai incident. Revealing for the first time to the public that the insurgency was being finance by a network of restaurants and stalls selling Tom Yam Kung in Malaysia. Surayud claimed that the Tom Yam Kung network collected money from local businessmen through blackmail and demands for protection fees and channelled the sum to the separatists.

Malaysian Deputy Security Minister Fu Ah Kiow described the revelation as "absolutely baseless," and "very imaginative." Appointing Seripisut Temiyavet as Police Commissioner General, replacing Kowit Watana The cancellation of Thailand's participation in the One Laptop Per Child program. The project has been criticized as unrealistic; the cancellation of plans t

Edith Bosch

Edith Bosch is a Dutch judoka. Her Olympic debut was at the 2000 Olympics in Sydney, she won the silver medal at the 2004 Summer Olympics in the middleweight division. She was European champion that year. Bosch became world champion in the same 70 kg category at the 2005 World Judo Championships in Cairo, Egypt. At the 2008 Summer Olympics, she defeated Ronda Rousey in a quarter final match and won a bronze medal. In the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, she once again won the bronze medal. Bosch has a HEAO diploma in commercial economy from Randstad Topsport Academy, she is a master in Sport Management from Johan Cruyff Institute, works as a team manager for the Nederlandse Spoorwegen. During the 2012 Summer Olympics, Bosch was watching the final of the Men's 100 metres when a man threw a plastic bottle onto the track. Bosch punched the man, he was detained by stewards. Bosch retired from competitive judo in April 2013, she subsequently took up CrossFit. In 2013, she appeared on Dutch reality TV programme Expeditie Robinson 2013.

She lost 16 kilograms over the programme's month of production. Dutch Olympic Committee Official website "Meet the last woman to defeat Ronda Rousey", Martin Rogers, USA Today, 9 November 2015 Edith Bosch at

Domain Developers Fund

Domain Developers Fund is the first public open-ended alternative investment fund invested in Internet domain names. DDF maintains an inventory of websites and domain names, including a wide variety of gTLD and ccTLD domains, from which it extracts advertising revenue through a combination of pay per click advertising, affiliate marketing and domain parking. Internet domains are perceived as an alternate asset class for investment diversification. DDF was started in the Cayman Islands in 2008 as a private investment vehicle for a small team of investors led by Michael Marcovici; the fund’s founders pooled their separate domain investments into a single portfolio and, after it proved to be a profitable investment in 2009, allowed families and friends to invest. In February 2010 the fund incorporated in the Cayman Islands and converted to an open-ended investment fund; the current directors and managers of the Fund are Alberto Sanz de Lama. The fund started accepting new investors on 1 August 2010.

DDF's domains are acquired at domain name auctions and drop auctions, a practice that bolsters portfolio liquidity and facilitates quick resale of domains. DDF uses mass registrations in emerging markets to expand its portfolio; the geographical breakdown for DDF's portfolio by domains is 45% emerging markets such as India, Ukraine, Nigeria, 40% developed markets in Europe and North America and 15% in cash. The funds management releases information about sales or acquisitions DNJournal released news about the Fund selling which became the 5th highest sale in TLD. The portfolio's themes are law, retail, banking, finance and food. DDF has issued Class A shares for individuals and Class B shares for institutions. Class A shares charge a 25 % incentive fee. Class B shares charge a 20 % incentive fees. All shares are subject to a 5% hurdle rate – there is no incentive fee charged on the first 5% of returns; the lockup period is six months, the fund uses up to 2x leverage. Management reinvests 50 % of performance fee revenue.

The following is a summary of disclosed facts mandated by the Cayman Islands Jurisdiction Domain Developers Fund Perils Of Parking


Potiskum is a Local Government Area in Yobe State, Nigeria, on the A3 highway at 11°43′N 11°04′E. It had a population of 205,876 at the 2006 census; the postal code of the area is 631. Potiskum is the main settlement for the Kare-kare and Bolewa people; the current Emir of Potiskum Mai Umar Ibn Wuriwa Bauya was awarded a national honour of officer of the order of the Niger by the former president and commander in-chief of the armed forces of Nigeria Olusegun Obasanjo GCFR in 2004. Potiskum has been a thriving trade hegemony in Yobe State because of its strategic position as a centre of commerce, learning and cultural revival. People from neighbouring Borno, Kano and Gombe States, numerous others from Niger, Cameroon and Central African Republic have stakes in the ‘biggest cattle market in sub-Saharan Africa,’, situated in Potiskum. Potiskum is the largest city in Yobe State with booming business in the area, it has one of the largest in West Africa. Most of the cattle are transported to other parts of the country.

Close to the cattle market is the Potiskum grain/millet market. It was estimated in 2008 to sell 500 bags of grain on market day; the millet market is the largest in north-east Nigeria. Most products are transported to other parts of neighboring countries. Potiskum Airstrip is located in city's GRA from the western part of the town along Kano road; the Nigerian Airspace Management Agency office in the field, supposed to be responsible for the transmission of air traffic information to aircraft flying over the airfield, is not functional as the Omni-Directional Range Equipment installed there was not equipped with computers to enable the workers scientifically spot planes hovering over Potiskum. The airport came into being during the scramble for Africa by the colonialists because Potiskum was a sprawling town in the north, earlier annexed by Germany before the United Kingdom took over; the aim of constructing the airport was to make the movements of the white men in and out of Potiskum easy because the town was the gateway to other nearby towns in the north, which had enhanced trading activities and other associated commercial services in the region.

In July 2009, Boko Haram members set a police station in Potiskum on fire during their uprising. A May 2012 attack on the Potskum cattle market left over 34 people dead, but appeared to be an attack by criminals seeking revenge, not Boko Haram. On 25 December 2012, a mass shooting occurred at a church. On 3 November 2014, at least 30 people were killed in a suicide bombing at a Shia Muslim religious procession at Faydia Islamic school. Yobe State Governor Ibrahim Gaidam promised members of the Islamic Movement in Nigeria that he would demand full investigation of allegations of shootings of its members by soldiers deployed to the scene of the attack. On 10 November, 46 people were killed in a school suicide bombing. On 6 November 2014, sixteen men arrested by Nigerian Army soldiers were "found dead of bullet wounds hours later." On 10 November 2014 at least 46 boys were killed and 79 wounded, by a suicide bomber during a student assembly at the Government Science Secondary School."On 11 January 2015, four people were killed and over 40 were injured at Kasuwar Jagwal GSM market after an attack by two female suicide bombers, one of whom appeared to be about 15 years old.

A bombing involving a parked car occurred that day, killing two people and injuring one, at the Divisional Police Station. On 13 January 2015, Governor Ibrahim Gaidam condemned the attacks, "proposed the establishment of an Emergency Response Centre at the General Hospital in Potiskum." He stated that the medical bills for those injured in the attack would be paid, including for the injured, transferred to other hospitals for treatment. On 22 February 2015 there has been another suicide-attack. On 5 July 2015, a six people were killed in a suicide bombing

Mute (magazine)

Mute is a British online magazine that covers a wide spectrum of subjects related to cyberculture, artistic practice, left-wing politics, urban regeneration, direct democracy, net art, the commons, horizontality and UK arts. Founded in 1994 by art school graduates Simon Worthington and Pauline van Mourik Broekman, the magazine is an experimental hybrid of web and print formats, publishing articles weekly online, contributed by both staff and readers, a biannual print compilation combining selections from current issues and other online content with specially commissioned and co-published projects. Contributors to Mute have included Heath Bunting, James Flint, Hari Kunzru, Anthony Davies and Simon Ford, Stewart Home, Kate Rich, Jamie King, Nils Norman, Peter Linebaugh; the magazine was supported by the Arts Council of England from 1999 to 2012. In 2009, the magazine produced an anthology, Proud to be Flesh: A Mute Magazine Anthology of Cultural Politics After the Net, published by Autonomedia.

Official website