SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Ourrouar

Ourrouar is a series of archaeological sites 8.5 kilometres south southeast of Beirut, Lebanon. It is near Hadeth south on the north side of the Nahr Ghedir. Ourrouar I is 300 metres east of the bridge over Nahr Ghedir on a platform of sandy, brown soilNeogene conglomerates on sloping river terraces to the south of the road to Wadi Chahrour; the deposits appear to have been moved from elsewhere, so it is suggested to be a false site by Lorraine Copeland, who found it in 1964 and collected tools made out of shiny, yellow flint that were examined by Henri Fleisch and M. Gigout. Middle Paleolithic forms were found in including Levallois tortoise cores, point-cores and flakes that are similar in form to the assemblage found at Mazraat Beit Chaar. Material is held by the Museum of Lebanese Prehistory. Ourrouar II is 500 metres east of the bridge over Nahr Ghedir on slopes of cemented conglomerates behind two empty houses; the site was discovered and Heavy Neolithic material recovered along with traces of other morphologies by Peter Wescombe in 1965.

Finds included a rough, celt-shaped axe, numerous short, heavy picks, a chopper, burins and blades in poor quality grey flint, several of which were rather large in size. Another smaller group of tools was found on the lower and western slopes made of flint that had patinated to white that included steep-scrapers and sickle blade elements; the lower slopes of the site were destroyed during new road construction. Material is held by the Museum of Lebanese Prehistory. Andrew Moore suggested that the station was a factory site for Heavy Neolithic tools of the Qaraoun culture. Ourrouar III or Wadi Chahrour and Salikha a site detected in three locations along the riverbed of the Wadi Chahrour around 400 metres upstream, east of the bridge of the Beirut to Sidon road. Collections were made from the first two locations by Auguste Bergy with studies by Henri Fleisch and the third location noted by Peter Wescombe in 1965. Material from location one was mixed with some showing Middle Paleolithic forms including picks, scrapers and cores.

Location two is a section in the 50 metres high banks of the stream on a bank of pebbles overlaying a layer of red sand. Henri Fleisch collected Middle Paleolithic appearance material from this red layer, suggested to represent a dry period where dunes covered the area. Location three was located west of the riverbed in the foundations of a building cut into the bank amongst terraces planted with olives. A red sand layer of 2 metres contained cores overlies a deep layer of pebbles; this was covered by black soil containing a few flakes. Two wet periods intervened by a drier one were indicated and the material stored in the Museum of Lebanese Prehistory marked "Salikha". Ourrouar IV is a site where some Neolithic tools were found 600 metres to the west of Ourrouar II on a hill overlooking the road between Beirut and Sidon just north of the bridge. Evidence of a Roman occupation was discovered on the site. Industrial waste was continuously dumped into the bed of the stream covering the sites with building materials and destroying the undisturbed areas of the banks

Great Synagogue (Jerusalem)

The Great Synagogue of Jerusalem, is located at 56 King George Street, Israel. Rabbi Zalman Druck was the spiritual leader from the synagogue's establishment until his death on 11 December 2009; the synagogue's current acting president is Zalli Jaffe. As early as 1923 the Chief Rabbis of Israel, Abraham Kook and Jacob Meir, mooted plans for a large central synagogue in Jerusalem, it was over 30 years in 1958 when Heichal Shlomo, seat of the Israeli Rabbinate, was founded, that a small synagogue was established within the building. As time passed and the need for more space grew, services were moved and held in the foyer of Heichal Shlomo. Soon afterwards, when the premises could not hold the number of worshippers attending, it was decided that a new, much larger synagogue be built; the plot of land next to Heichal Shlomo was purchased with the efforts of Dr Moshe Avrohom Yaffe, chairman of the Board of Management of Heichal Shlomo. The main sponsor for construction of the new synagogue was Sir Isaac Wolfson, a Jewish philanthropist from Britain.

The Wolfson family consecrated the synagogue in the memory of the six million Jews who perished in the Holocaust and to the fallen soldiers of Israel Defense Forces. The style of the building was modeled on the Jewish Temple by German-born architect Dr. Alexander Friedman; the inauguration took place on Tu B'Av 1982. Naftali Hershtik was appointed the chief cantor of the synagogue, a position he held until succeeded by chief Chazan Chaim Adler on 31 December 2008. In addition, Chazanim Avraham Kirshenbaum and Tzvi Weiss lead the prayers, either alone or together with Chief Chazan Adler; the sanctuary seats 550 women. A comprehensive private collection of mezuzah cases is on show inside the lobby. Great Synagogue Jerusalem Great Synagogue Official Website