Death of a Salesman (1951 film)
Death of a Salesman is a 1951 film adapted from the play of the same name by Arthur Miller. It was written for the screen by Stanley Roberts; the film received many honors, including four Golden Globe Awards, the Volpi Cup and five Academy Award nominations. Alex North, who wrote the music for the Broadway production, was one of the five Academy Award nominees for the film's musical score. Willy Loman has led a life consisting of 60 years of failure. Loman's wife supports him, but he soon begins to lose his grip on reality and slips between the past and the present, frantically trying to find where he went wrong; the cast consisted of the Broadway cast, with the addition of Kevin McCarthy from the original London Cast. However, Fredric March replaced Broadway actor Lee J. Cobb after concerns arose over Cobb's alleged past with leftist politics. Just before the film was about to come out, Arthur Miller threatened to sue Columbia Studios over the short, to appear before Death of a Salesman; this short film, Career of a Salesman, showed what the producers believed was a more typical American salesman, was an attempt to defuse possible accusations that Death of a Salesman was an anti-American film.
Columbia agreed to remove the 10-minute short from the film's theatrical run. Miller saw Career of a Salesman as an attack upon his work, proclaiming "Why the hell did you make the picture if you're so ashamed of it? Why should anybody not get up and walk out of the theatre if Death of a Salesman is so outmoded and pointless?" He argued against the portrayal of the salesman profession as "a wonderful profession, that people thrived on it, there were no problems at all". The attitude that led Columbia to commission the intro led to the failure of Death of a Salesman: People and businessmen in the political climate of the 1950s tried to distance themselves from a film depicting American failure. Benedek took great care in making the film a close transcription of the play. In many places, the film uses Miller's lines verbatim, sometimes leaving out only small lines of dialogue. However, the playwright claimed. In fact, the playwright control over the movie. Benedek stressed the dreary, middle class setting of the film, using small rooms and gray shots.
Though the film won over many film critics and received nominations for many awards, it was a box office failure. The subject matter, the failure of the American dream, did not appeal to many of the era's moviegoers. Miller himself denounced the adaptation of his play, claiming the actors all sounded like "Willy Loman with a diploma, fat with their success", he claimed that, though he wrote the play cinematically, Benedek managed to "chop off every climax of the play as though with a lawnmower" and portray Loman as a lunatic rather than a victim. As of September 2011, the film has never been commercially released in any home-viewing format because Columbia lost the rights when these were sold for the television remake with Dustin Hoffman. However, the film was preserved in 2013 by Columbia and The Film Foundation, which would suggest that the rights problem may have at last been resolved. 1952 Golden Globe Awards Best Cinematography - Black and White Best Director - László Benedek Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama - Fredric March New Star of the Year - Actor - Kevin McCarthy1952 Venice Film Festival Volpi Cup - Fredric MarchNew York Times Critics' Pick Top 1,000 1952 Academy Awards Best Actor in a Leading Role - Fredric March Best Actor in a Supporting Role - Kevin McCarthy Best Actress in a Supporting Role - Mildred Dunnock Best Cinematography - Black and White - Franz Planer Best Score - Adaptation or Treatment - Alex North1952 Directors Guild of America Awards Award for Outstanding Directing - Feature Film1952 British Academy Film Awards BAFTA Award for Best Film Best Foreign Actor - Fredric March1952 Venice Film Festival Golden Lion1952 Writers Guild of America Award Best Written American Drama Robert Meltzer Award In 2013 digital restoration of the film was done by Sony.
The digital pictures were frame by frame digitally restored at Prasad Corporation to remove dirt, tears and other artifacts. The film was restored to its original look; this was part of the Stanley Kramer 100 year celebration, he would have been 100 years old on Sept. 29, 2013. Death of a Salesman on IMDb Death of a Salesman at Rotten Tomatoes Death of a Salesman at AllMovie Death of a Salesman film clip on YouTube
Tea and Sympathy (film)
Tea and Sympathy is a 1956 American drama film and an adaptation of Robert Anderson's 1953 stage play of the same name directed by Vincente Minnelli and produced by Pandro S. Berman for MGM in Metrocolor; the music score was by the cinematography by John Alton. Deborah Kerr, John Kerr and Leif Erickson re-created their original stage roles. In the cast were Edward Andrews, Darryl Hickman, Norma Crane, Tom Laughlin, Dean Jones. Seventeen-year-old Tom Robinson Lee, a new senior at a boy's prep school, finds himself at odds with the machismo culture of his class in which the other boys love sports, fantasize about girls, worship their coach, Bill Reynolds. Tom prefers classical music, reads Candida, goes to the theater, seems to be more at ease in the company of women; the other boys torment Tom for his "unmanly" qualities and call him "sister boy," and he is treated unfeelingly by his father, Herb Lee, who believes a man should be manly and that his son should fit in with the other boys. Only Al, his roommate, treats Tom with any decency, perceiving that being different is not the same as being unmasculine.
This growing tension is observed by wife of the coach. The Reynoldses are Tom's and Al's house master and mistress. Laura tries to build a connection with the young man inviting him alone to tea, falls in love with him, in part because of his many similarities to her first husband John, killed in World War II; the situation escalates when Tom is goaded into visiting the local prostitute Ellie to dispel suspicions about his sexuality, but things go badly. His failure to lose his virginity causes him to attempt suicide in the woman's kitchen, his father arrives from the city to meet with the dean about Tom's impending expulsion, having been alerted to Tom's raffish intentions by a classmate. Assuming his son's success, he boasts of his son's sexual triumph and time-honored leap into manhood until the Reynoldses inform him otherwise. Laura goes in search of Tom and finds him where he goes to ruminate, near the golf course's sixth tee, she tries to comfort him, counseling that he'll have a wife and family some day, but he's inconsolable.
She starts to leave returns and takes his hand, they kiss, she says, "Years from now, when you talk about this, you will, be kind." Ten years into the future the adult Tom, now a successful writer and married, returns to his prep school. The final scene shows Tom visiting his old house master to ask after Laura. Bill tells him that, last he's heard, she's out west somewhere but he has a note from her to him, which she enclosed in her last letter to her ex-husband. Tom opens it outside and learns that she wrote it after reading his published novel, derived from his time at the school and their relationship. After their moment of passion, she tells him, she had no choice but to leave her husband, as Tom wrote in his book, "the wife always kept her affection for the boy." Deborah Kerr as Laura Reynolds John Kerr as Tom Robinson Lee Leif Erickson as Bill Reynolds Edward Andrews as Herb Lee Darryl Hickman as Al Norma Crane as Ellie Martin Dean Jones as Ollie Jacqueline deWit as Lilly Sears Tom Laughlin as Ralph Ralph Votrian as Steve Steven Terrell as Phil Kip King as Ted Jimmy Hayes as Henry Richard Tyler as Roger Don Burnett as Vic Robert Anderson, the author of the play, was the screenwriter of the film.
Due to the Motion Picture Production Code homosexuality is not mentioned in the film version. In 1956 Bob Thomas of the Associated Press wrote that "many said could never be made into a movie." Deborah Kerr, the leading actress, said that the screenplay "contains all the best elements of the play. After all, the play was about the persecution of a minority, wasn't it? That still remains the theme of the film." The story's climax is written to be in a "sylvan glade" while in the original play it takes place in the dormitory room of the student. Bosley Crowther gave a positive review and felt the movie was faithful to the play despite obvious Motion Picture Production Code alterations. Crowther felt the post-script with "an apologetic letter from the'fallen woman' " was "preachy prudish and unnecessary" and recommended that cinemagoers leave after the line "Years from now, when you talk about this—and you will—be kind."Deborah Kerr said in regard to the screenplay that "I think Robert Anderson" has done a fine job."
The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists: 2002: AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions – Nominated 2005: AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes: Laura Reynolds: "Years from now, when you talk about this -- and you will -- be kind." – Nominated According to MGM records, the film earned $2,145,000 in the US and Canada and $1.3 million elsewhere resulting in a loss of $220,000. List of American films of 1956 Tea and Sympathy at the Internet Broadway Database Tea and Sympathy on IMDb Tea and Sympathy at AllMovie Tea and Sympathy at the TCM Movie Database Tea and Sympathy at the American Film Institute Catalog
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was an Indian activist, the leader of the Indian independence movement against British colonial rule. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world; the honorific Mahātmā was applied to him first in 1914 in South Africa – is now used worldwide. In India, he was called Bapu, a term that he preferred and Gandhi ji, is known as the Father of the Nation. Born and raised in a Hindu merchant caste family in coastal Gujarat and trained in law at the Inner Temple, Gandhi first employed nonviolent civil disobedience as an expatriate lawyer in South Africa, in the resident Indian community's struggle for civil rights. After his return to India in 1915, he set about organising peasants and urban labourers to protest against excessive land-tax and discrimination. Assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921, Gandhi led nationwide campaigns for various social causes and for achieving Swaraj or self-rule.
Gandhi led Indians in challenging the British-imposed salt tax with the 400 km Dandi Salt March in 1930, in calling for the British to Quit India in 1942. He was imprisoned upon many occasions, in both South Africa and India, he lived modestly in a self-sufficient residential community and wore the traditional Indian dhoti and shawl, woven with yarn hand-spun on a charkha. He ate simple vegetarian food, undertook long fasts as a means of both self-purification and political protest. Gandhi's vision of an independent India based on religious pluralism was challenged in the early 1940s by a new Muslim nationalism, demanding a separate Muslim homeland carved out of India. In August 1947, Britain granted independence, but the British Indian Empire was partitioned into two dominions, a Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan; as many displaced Hindus and Sikhs made their way to their new lands, religious violence broke out in the Punjab and Bengal. Eschewing the official celebration of independence in Delhi, Gandhi visited the affected areas, attempting to provide solace.
In the months following, he undertook several fasts unto death to stop religious violence. The last of these, undertaken on 12 January 1948 when he was 78 had the indirect goal of pressuring India to pay out some cash assets owed to Pakistan; some Indians thought. Among them was Nathuram Godse, a Hindu nationalist, who assassinated Gandhi on 30 January 1948 by firing three bullets into his chest. Captured along with many of his co-conspirators and collaborators and his co-conspirator Narayan Apte were tried and executed while many of their other accomplices were given prison sentences. Gandhi's birthday, 2 October, is commemorated in India as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday, worldwide as the International Day of Nonviolence. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 into a Gujarati Hindu Modh Baniya family in Porbandar, a coastal town on the Kathiawar Peninsula and part of the small princely state of Porbandar in the Kathiawar Agency of the Indian Empire, his father, Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi, served as the diwan of Porbandar state.
Although he only had an elementary education and had been a clerk in the state administration, Karamchand proved a capable chief minister. During his tenure, Karamchand married four times, his first two wives died young, after each had given birth to a daughter, his third marriage was childless. In 1857, Karamchand sought his third wife's permission to remarry. Karamchand and Putlibai had three children over the ensuing decade: Laxmidas. On 2 October 1869, Putlibai gave birth to her last child, Mohandas, in a dark, windowless ground-floor room of the Gandhi family residence in Porbandar city; as a child, Gandhi was described by his sister Raliat as "restless as mercury, either playing or roaming about. One of his favourite pastimes was twisting dogs' ears." The Indian classics the stories of Shravana and king Harishchandra, had a great impact on Gandhi in his childhood. In his autobiography, he admits, he writes: "It haunted me and I must have acted Harishchandra to myself times without number."
Gandhi's early self-identification with truth and love as supreme values is traceable to these epic characters. The family's religious background was eclectic. Gandhi's father Karamchand was Hindu and his mother Putlibai was from a Pranami Vaishnava Hindu family. Gandhi's father was of Modh Baniya caste in the varna of Vaishya, his mother came from the medieval Krishna bhakti-based Pranami tradition, whose religious texts include the Bhagavad Gita, the Bhagavata Purana, a collection of 14 texts with teachings that the tradition believes to include the essence of the Vedas, the Quran and the Bible. Gandhi was influenced by his mother, an pious lady who "would not think of taking her meals without her daily prayers...she would take the hardest vows and keep them without flinching. To keep two or three consecutive fasts was nothing to her."In 1874, Gandhi's father Karamchand left Porbandar for the smaller state of Rajkot, where he became a counsellor to its ruler, the Thakur Sahib.
Hugh O'Brian was an American actor and humanitarian, best known for his starring roles in the ABC western television series The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp and the NBC action television series Search, as well as films including the Agatha Christie adaptation Ten Little Indians. He was regarded for creating the Hugh O'Brian Youth Leadership Foundation, a non-profit youth leadership development program for high school scholars which has sponsored over 400,000 students since he founded the program in 1958 following an extended visit with theologian and physician Albert Schweitzer. O'Brian was born Hugh Charles Krampe in Rochester, New York, the son of Hugh John Krampe, who served as an officer in the United States Marine Corps, Edith Lillian Krampe, his paternal grandparents were German immigrants. O'Brian moved to Lancaster, with his parents around 1930 when he was five years old, his father had become an executive with the Armstrong Cork Company, headquartered in the Pennsylvania city. The Krampe family first lived at the Stevens House Hotel before moving to the newly developed School Lane Hills houses on the city's West End.
O'Brian attended Lancaster city elementary schools. The Krampes resided in Lancaster for about four years before they moved to Chicago, where his father took another position with the Armstrong Cork Company. Years Hugh O'Brian was awarded the key to the city by Lancaster Mayor George Coe in 1963. O'Brian first attended school at New Trier High School in Winnetka, Illinois the Kemper Military School in Boonville, Missouri. O'Brian dropped out of the University of Cincinnati after one semester to enlist in the Marine Corps during World War II. At seventeen, he became the youngest Marine drill instructor. After World War II ended, O'Brian moved to Los Angeles, he had planned on becoming a lawyer and had been accepted at Yale University in the fall of 1947. He was dating an actress and attending her rehearsals of the Somerset Maugham's play Home and Beauty when the lead actor failed to show up. Director Ida Lupino asked him to read the lines, he got the play received a tremendous review. An agent offered to sign O'Brian.
He changed his name after the series' playbill misspelled his name as "Hugh Krape". "I decided right I didn't want to go through life being known as Huge Krape, so I decided to take my mother's family name, O'Brien. But they misspelled it as'O'Brian' and I just decided to stay with that."Lupino signed him to Never Fear, a film she was directing, which led O'Brian to a contract with Universal Pictures. He was chosen to portray legendary lawman Wyatt Earp on the ABC western series The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp, which debuted in 1955. To help develop his character, O'Brian bought Stuart N. Lake's book Wyatt Earp: Frontier Marshal, he developed a relationship with Lake, a consultant on the show for the first two years. The series, alongside Gunsmoke and Cheyenne, which debuted the same year, spearheaded the "adult western" television genre, with the emphasis on character development rather than moral sermonizing, it soon became one of the top-rated shows on television. During its six-year run, Wyatt Earp placed in the top ten in the United States.
Decades he reprised the role in two episodes of the television series Guns of Paradise, television movie The Gambler Returns: The Luck of the Draw and the independent film Wyatt Earp: Return to Tombstone, the latter mixing new footage and colorized archival sequences from the original series. O'Brian appeared on other programs in the 1950s and 1960s, including The Nat King Cole Show, The Jackie Gleason Show, The Ed Sullivan Show and The Dinah Shore Chevy Show all in 1957, he was seen in Jack Palance's ABC circus drama The Greatest Show on Earth. He appeared as a'guest attorney' in the 1963 Perry Mason episode "The Case of the Two-Faced Turn-a-bout" when its star, Raymond Burr, was sidelined for a spell after minor emergency surgery, he served as guest host on episodes of The Hollywood Palace in 1964 and the rock music series Shindig! in 1965. He was a guest celebrity panelist on the CBS prime-time programs Password and What's My Line? and served as a mystery guest on three occasions on the latter series.
In 1971, he filmed a television pilot titled Probe, playing a high-tech agent for a company that specialized in recovering valuable items. The pilot would spawn a series for O'Brian named Search. In 1999 and 2000, he co-starred with Dick Van Patten, Deborah Winters, Richard Roundtree and Richard Anderson in the miniseries Y2K - World in Crisis; the actor appeared in a number of films, among them Rocketship X-M, The Lawless Breed, There's No Business Like Show Business, White Feather, Come Fly with Me, Love Has Many Faces, In Harm's Way, Ten Little Indians and Ambush Bay. While onstage, Elvis Presley introduced O'Brian from the audience at a performance at the Las Vegas Hilton, as captured in the imported live CD release "April Fool's Dinner". O'Brian was a featured actor in the 1977 two-hour premiere of the television series Fantasy Island, he played the last character that John Wayne killed on the screen in Wayne's final movie, The Shootist. O'Brian appeared in fight scenes with a Bruce Lee lookalike in Lee's last – completed – film, the controversial Game of Death.
O'Brian recreated his Wyatt Earp
Hit the Deck (1955 film)
Hit the Deck is a 1955 American musical film directed by Roy Rowland and starring Jane Powell, Tony Martin, Debbie Reynolds, Walter Pidgeon, Vic Damone, Gene Raymond, Ann Miller, Russ Tamblyn. It is based on the stage musical of the same name –, itself based on the hit play Shore Leave by Hubert Osborne – and was shot in CinemaScope. Although the film featured some songs from the stage musical, the plot was different. Standards featured in the film include "Sometimes I'm Happy", "I Know that You Know", "Hallelujah". During "Operation Ice Cream" at a U. S. Navy reservation in the Arctic, buddies Danny Xavier Smith and Rico Ferrari are exempted from a swimming lesson in the icy water when their friend, Chief Boatswain's Mate William F. Clark, recruits them to bake a birthday cake for the commander. Bill explains that a planeload of replacements is due in, if they impress the commander with the cake, they may be selected to go home; when Bill leaves them in the kitchen and Rico admit that neither one knows how to bake, they come up with the idea to poke holes in another sailor's failed attempt at a cake, fill the holes with rum dress the whole thing up with candles and icing.
The commander is delighted, but the cake combusts when he blows out the candles, the three friends find themselves transferred to "Operation Mud Pie" in a snake-infested swamp. On a two-day shore leave in San Francisco, Bill goes to the nightclub where his fiancée Ginger is the star performer. Ginger, angry about their six-year engagement, tells Bill that she has found someone else and breaks up with him. Meanwhile, Rico goes to see his widowed mother, entertaining her beau, florist Mr. Peroni. After Rico leaves, led to believe that Rico was only nine years old, looks at Mrs. Ferrari with new eyes, they quarrel. Danny, goes to see his father, Rear Admiral Daniel Xavier Smith, one of a long line of admirals in the family; the admiral leaves for an out-of-town meeting, Danny has a joyful reunion with his older sister Susan, who tells him she is dating actor Wendell Craig and might get a part in his new show. After Susan leaves on her date, Danny goes to the theater where Wendell's show Hit the Deck is rehearsing, is attracted to dancer Carol Pace.
When Carol mentions Wendell's reputation as a womanizer, Danny becomes concerned for his sister's safety. Meanwhile, Bill returns to the nightclub and jealously questions Ginger about her new boyfriend, but still declines to set a wedding date. At Wendell's hotel suite, Susan sings for him, the lecherous actor has just started to make his move when Danny and his friends barge in. While Danny and Bill are fighting with Wendell, Rico forcibly escorts Susan home, finds himself falling in love with her. Susan gets away and returns to the hotel, when the shore patrol shows up to investigate the incident, Wendell says he wants to press charges. Alarmed at her brother's predicament, Susan sneaks out, encountering Rico in the hallway, tells him they must warn Danny and Bill; the two shore patrol men go to the nightclub and question Ginger, but she tells them nothing about Bill's whereabouts. Meanwhile, the sailors and Carol gather at Mrs. Ferrari's apartment, she cheers them up with wine and song; the admiral returns home early, learns from the shore patrol that Danny is in trouble.
The following morning, the shore patrol returns to Mrs. Ferrari's apartment, but she delays them while the sailors sneak out and take shelter in Peroni's flower shop. To make Peroni jealous, Rico has Bill send her roses. Peroni delivers the flowers himself, asks Mrs. Ferrari to marry him, which she agrees. Bill calls on Ginger and proposes to her; that evening, shortly before the opening of Hit the Deck, Wendell is attempting to cover his bruises with makeup, when Susan shows up and asks him to withdraw the charges. Wendell agrees, on the condition that the sailors apologize to him in person, as Susan goes off to fetch them, Wendell picks up the phone. Right before the curtain, Susan brings the fellows to Wendell's dressing room, where they find the shore patrol waiting; the men flee, blending in with the chorus members in sailor costumes, as the admiral and his aide Lt. Jackson watch in amazement from the audience. A melee erupts after the opening number, Susan angrily punches Wendell; the sailors are captured and brought before the admiral, who dresses them down until he learns that the young lady whose honor they were fighting to protect is Susan.
After the admiral leaves, Mrs. Ferrari barges in, followed by Carol and Ginger, the women insist on telling Jackson the whole story. Meanwhile, the admiral goes home and confronts Susan, who reproaches her father for jumping to conclusions adds that she is thinking of marrying Rico. Jackson comes to the admiral's house, accompanied by Wendell, who claims that everything was a misunderstanding and withdraws the charges. Jackson reveals that Wendell changed his mind, to keep his wife from finding out about the episode with Susan; the three sailors are joined with their loves. Jane Powell as Susan Smith Tony Martin as Chief Boatswain's Mate William F. Clark Debbie Reynolds as Carol Pace Walter Pidgeon as Rear Adm. Daniel Xavier Smith Vic Damone as Rico Ferrari Gene Raymond as Wendell Craig Ann Miller as Ginger Russ Tamblyn as Danny Xavier Smith J. Carrol Naish as Mr. Peroni Kay Armen as Mrs. Ottavio Ferrari Richard Anderson as Lt. Jackson Jane Darwell as Jenny Alan King as Shore Patrolman Henry Slate as Shore PatrolmanCast notes: Although the names of George Murphy, Bobby Van, Jack E. Leonard, Vera-Ellen, Ann Crowley appea
Golden Globe Award
The Golden Globe Awards are accolades bestowed by the 93 members of the Hollywood Foreign Press Association beginning in January 1944, recognizing excellence in film and television, both domestic and foreign. The annual ceremony at which the awards are presented is a major part of the film industry's awards season, which culminates each year in the Academy Awards; the eligibility period for the Golden Globes corresponds to the calendar year. The 76th Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best in film and television in 2018, were held on January 6, 2019; the 77th Golden Globe Awards will take place on January 5, 2020. In 1943, a group of writers banded together to form the Hollywood Foreign Press Association, and, by creating a generously distributed award called the Golden Globe Award, they now play a significant role in film marketing; the 1st Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best achievements in 1943 filmmaking, were held in January 1944, at the 20th Century-Fox studios. Subsequent ceremonies were held at various venues throughout the next decade, including the Beverly Hills Hotel and the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel.
In 1950, the Hollywood Foreign Press Association made the decision to establish a special honorary award to recognize outstanding contributions to the entertainment industry. Recognizing its subject as an international figure within the entertainment industry, the first award was presented to director and producer, Cecil B. DeMille; the official name of the award thus became the Cecil B. DeMille Award. Beginning in 1963, the trophies commenced to be handed out by one or more persons referred to as "Miss Golden Globe", a title renamed on January 5, 2018 to "Golden Globe Ambassador"; the holders of the position were, the daughters or sometimes the sons of a celebrity, as a point of pride, these continued to be contested among celebrity parents. In 2009, the Golden Globe statuette was redesigned; the New York firm Society Awards collaborated for a year with the Hollywood Foreign Press Association to produce a statuette that included a unique marble and enhanced the statuette's quality and gold content.
It was unveiled at a press conference at the Beverly Hilton prior to the show. Revenues generated from the annual ceremony have enabled the Hollywood Foreign Press Association to donate millions of dollars to entertainment-related charities, as well as funding scholarships and other programs for future film and television professionals; the most prominent beneficiary is the Young Artist Awards, presented annually by the Young Artist Foundation, established in 1978 by Hollywood Foreign Press member Maureen Dragone, to recognize and award excellence of young Hollywood performers under the age of 21 and to provide scholarships for young artists who may be physically or financially challenged. The qualifying eligibility period for all nominations is the calendar year from January 1 through December 31. Voice-over performances and cameo appearances in which persons play themselves are disqualified from all of the film and TV acting categories. Films must be at least 70 minutes and released for at least a seven-day run in the Greater Los Angeles area, starting prior to midnight on December 31.
Films can be released on pay-per-view, or by digital delivery. For the Best Foreign Language Film category, films do not need to be released in the United States. At least 51 percent of the dialogue must be in a language other than English, they must first be released in their country of origin during a 14-month period from November 1 to December 31 prior to the Awards. However, if a film was not released in its country of origin due to censorship, it can still qualify if it had a one-week release in the United States during the qualifying calendar year. There is no limit to the number of submitted films from a given country. A TV program must air in the United States between the prime time hours of 11:00 p.m.. A show can air on basic or premium cable, or by digital delivery. A TV show must either be made in the United States or be a co-production financially and creatively between an American and a foreign production company. Furthermore and non-scripted shows are disqualified. For a television film, it cannot be entered in both the film and TV categories, instead should be entered based on its original release format.
If it was first aired on American television it can be entered into the TV categories. If it was released in theaters or on pay-per-view it should instead to be entered into the film categories. A film festival showing does not count towards disqualifying. Actors in a TV series must appear in at least six episodes during the qualifying calendar year. Actors in a TV film or miniseries must appear in at least five percent of the time in that TV film or miniseries. Active HFPA members need to be invited to an official screening of each eligible film directly by its respective distributor or publicist; the screening must take place in the Greater Los Angeles area, either before the film's release or up to one week afterwards. The screening can be a regular screening in a theater with a press screening; the screening must be cleared with the Motion Picture Association of America so there are not scheduling conflicts with other official screenings. For TV programs, they must be available to be seen by HFPA members in any common format, including the original TV broadcast.
Entry forms for films need to be received by the HFPA within ten days of the