Golden jubilee

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

A golden jubilee is a celebration held to mark a 50th anniversary. It variously is applied to people, events, and nations.

China[edit]

Korea[edit]

Japan[edit]

In Japan, golden jubilee refers to a 50th anniversary and is called Go-Zai-i gojūnen kinen (御在位50年記念). Emperor Hirohito (or Emperor Shōwa), celebrated his golden jubilee on 10 November 1976. Showa Memorial Park was established as part of a project to commemorate his golden jubilee.

Singapore[edit]

The Singapore50 logo representing the golden jubilee celebrations.
  • For the year 2015, the "Singapore50" initiative launched in Singapore to celebrate 50 years of independence from Malaysia, with a logo that spells "SG50". The term SG50 has since been used to refer to the celebrations as a whole.[1] National Day Parade ceremonies for that year are themed Majulah Singapura - Our Golden Jubilee.

Thailand[edit]

The golden jubilee is a royal ceremony to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the accession of the king; the Thai word is kanchanaphisek (กาญจนาภิเษก). The first Golden Jubilee of Thailand was the celebration of King Bhumibol Adulyadej.

The celebration[edit]

King Rama IX celebrated his golden jubilee on 9 June 1996, having acceded to the throne in 1946, he was Thailand's longest-reigning monarch.

The 545.65 carat Golden Jubilee Diamond was purchased by Thai businessmen as a gift for the king on the 50th anniversary of his coronation.[2] The diamond is held in the Royal Palace as part of Thailand's crown jewels.

In 1996, Prime Minister Banharn Silpa-archa and the Thai people celebrated the king with a multi-day celebration.

The symbol of the golden jubilee[edit]

The symbol of the golden jubilee of King Bhumibol Adulyadej was designed by Wiyada Charoensuk, winner of a design contest.

There are three elements to the design:

  • The king's throne (in center) is a sign of the Jakkree dynasty (the dynasty of King Bhumibhol)
  • White tiered umbrellas of kingship, representing the constitution of Thailand
  • Two elephants, representing the Thai people

The Fine Arts Department wanted this design to:

  • Celebrate the king
  • Help Thai people remember Thailand's traditions
  • Show that Thais are proud to be subjects of the king
  • Show that Thais have a long history as a nation

United Kingdom and Other Commonwealth Realms[edit]

In the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth realms, a golden jubilee celebration is held in the 50th year of a monarch's reign; the golden jubilee of George III of the United Kingdom was celebrated on 25 October 1809, prior to the actual 50th anniversary in 1810.

For Queen Elizabeth II[edit]

Queen Elizabeth II celebrated her golden jubilee in 2002, having ascended the throne in 1952.

For Queen Victoria[edit]

In 1887 the United Kingdom and the British Empire celebrated Queen Victoria's golden jubilee. Victoria marked 20 June 1887—the fiftieth anniversary of her accession—with a banquet, to which fifty European kings and princes were invited. Although she could not have been aware of it, there was a plan by Irish Republicans to blow up Westminster Abbey while the Queen attended a service of thanksgiving; this assassination attempt, when it was discovered, became known as the Jubilee Plot. At the time, Victoria was an extremely popular monarch.

In other countries[edit]

List of golden jubilees[edit]

Monarch Realm Accession Day Commemoration More information
Victoria United Kingdom and the rest of the British Empire 20 June 1837 1887 Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria
Franz Joseph I Austro-Hungary 2 December 1848 1898
Johann II Liechtenstein 12 November 1858 1908
Ibrahim Ibni Almarhum Sultan Abu Bakar Johor 7 September 1895 1945
Aga Khan III Shia Ismaili 1885 1935
Sobhuza II Swaziland 10 December 1899 1949
Haakon VII Norway 8 November 1905 1955
Hirohito Japan 25 December 1926 1976
Bhumibol Adulyadej Thailand 9 June 1946 1996
Rainier III Monaco 9 May 1949 1999
Elizabeth II United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and 12 other Commonwealth realms 6 February 1952 2002 Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II
Karim Aga Khan Shia Ismaili 11 July 1957 2007
Abdul Halim Kedah, Malaysia 15 July 1958 2008
Hassanal Bolkiah Brunei 5 October 1967 2017

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SG50". singapore50.sg. Archived from the original on 2015-03-18.
  2. ^ De beers: A Diamond is Forever "Golden Jubilee" (June 13, 2008) Retrieved October 25, 2013 Archived 2008-06-13 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-11-22. Retrieved 2016-11-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Kedah Sultan's Golden Jubilee Celebration Bernama.com, 12 July 2008
  5. ^ "Kingseat Hospital, Fifty Years, 1932-1982". google.co.nz.
  6. ^ "The 1946 Automotive Golden Jubilee". Detroit Public Library. Retrieved 2012-02-27.[permanent dead link]