Gonesse is a commune in the north-eastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 16.5 km from the centre of Paris. The commune lies north of Le Bourget Airport, it is six kilometres south-west of Charles de Gaulle International Airport. Since Carolingian times, cereals have been grown in Gonesse. In the period of the 12th through to the 16th centuries, the cultivation of grain was supplemented by drapery, in particular the production of the coarse woollen material of the gaunace; the commune was an important producer of wheat for the Parisian market in modern times, until the decline of its bakery trade at the end of the 18th century helped feed a strong migration to the capital. The world's first hydrogen filled balloon — the unmanned balloon launched by Jacques Charles and the Robert brothers from the Champ de Mars in Paris on 27 August 1783 — flew for 45 minutes and landed in Gonesse, where the terrified local peasants destroyed it with pitchforks; this caused the government to issue a statement on the harmlessness and the scientific value of such experiments.

In 1815, Marshal Grouchy arrived in Gonesse in the course of the War of the Sixth Coalition, with 40,000 troops and 120 artillery pieces. On 2 July, the Duke of Wellington made his headquarters at the commune. Since June 1939, the property Frapart is used as the main establishment of the urban administration. Jean Camus, Louis Furmanek, Pierre Lorgnet, Albert Drouhot from Gonesse belonged to the French Resistance movement during the German occupation of France from 1940 to 1944. On 25 July 2000, Air France Flight 4590 — a Concorde supersonic transport — crashed onto a hotel in the town after a tyre blew out, caused by running over a strip of metal that had fallen off a DC-10 at nearby Charles de Gaulle International Airport; the crash led to the deaths of all 109 people four more on the ground. The Concorde crash occurred fewer than 6 km from Goussainville, the site of the crash of the supersonic Tupolev Tu-144 during the 1973 Paris Air Show. Gonesse is twinned with the town of Leonessa in Rieti / Italy, since 1981.

Among the places worthwhile to visit in the town are the Church of St. Peter and St. Paul, the old Hotel-Dieu, the Hotel-Dieu, the lofts Garlande and Orgemont, the estates of Malmaison and of Coulanges. Gonesse is served neither by the suburban rail network; the closest station is the Villiers-le-Bel – Gonesse – Arnouville station on the Paris RER line D. This station is located in the neighbouring commune of Arnouville-lès-Gonesse, 2.6 km from Gonesse town centre. As of 2015 the commune had 20 municipal primary schools with a total of 3,526. Junior high schools: College Philippe Auguste Collège Robert Doisneau Collège François TruffautThere is one senior high school, Lycée René Cassin-Gonesse. King Philip Augustus was born in Gonesse on 21 August 1165. Simon Abkarian Dr. Ernest Broquet, former mayor of Gonesse and recipient of the Legion of Honor Annabelle Euranie, judoka Mohamed Fofana, footballer Franck Julienne, footballer Aboubakar Kamara, footballer Louis Labeyrie, basketball player Cedric Moukouri, footballer Alice Nayo, basketball player Thierry Rupert, basketball player Dylan Saint-Louis, footballer Halifa Soule, footballer Communes of the Val-d'Oise department Europa City INSEE Association of Mayors of the Val d’Oise Official website Mérimée database - Cultural heritage Land use

Cabanis's wren

Cabanis's wren is a species of bird in the family Troglodytidae. It is found in Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua, it was considered conspecific with the canebrake wren and the isthmian wren, together called the plain wren. It is considered as a distinct species because of genetic divergence, its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, degraded former forest. Cabanis's wren is a drab wren measuring 13 cm in length, it has buffy flanks, white underparts and throat and wide white supercilium. The eye is red, it has a loud 4-syllable song

Ans Schut

Johanna Schut is a former ice speed skater from the Netherlands. Ans Schut had her best year in 1968 when, after winning silver at the World Allround Championships, she became Olympic Champion on the 3,000 m at the 1968 Winter Olympics in Grenoble, her time of 4:56.2 was an excellent time those days and she won well ahead of Finnish skater Kaija Mustonen and Dutch compatriot Stien Kaiser, the 3,000 m world record holder at the time. In 1969, Schut won silver at the European Allround Championships and bronze at the World Allround Championships; that year, she skated five world records. The next two years, she fell a few times during international championships. In 1971 she ended her speed skating career, got married, changed her last name to Boekema-Schut, she has three children. Over the course of her career, Schut skated 5 world records and 8 Dutch records: Ans Schut at