Google Books is a service from Google Inc. that searches the full text of books and magazines that Google has scanned, converted to text using optical character recognition, stored in its digital database. Books are provided either by publishers and authors through the Google Books Partner Program, or by Google's library partners through the Library Project. Additionally, Google has partnered with a number of magazine publishers to digitize their archives; the Publisher Program was first known as Google Print when it was introduced at the Frankfurt Book Fair in October 2004. The Google Books Library Project, which scans works in the collections of library partners and adds them to the digital inventory, was announced in December 2004; the Google Books initiative has been hailed for its potential to offer unprecedented access to what may become the largest online body of human knowledge and promoting the democratization of knowledge. However, it has been criticized for potential copyright violations, lack of editing to correct the many errors introduced into the scanned texts by the OCR process.
As of October 2015, the number of scanned book titles was over 25 million, but the scanning process has slowed down in American academic libraries. Google estimated in 2010 that there were about 130 million distinct titles in the world, stated that it intended to scan all of them; as of October 2019, Google celebrated 15 years of Google Books and provided the number of scanned books as more than 40 million titles. Results from Google Books show up in both the universal Google Search and in the dedicated Google Books search website. In response to search queries, Google Books allows users to view full pages from books in which the search terms appear if the book is out of copyright or if the copyright owner has given permission. If Google believes the book is still under copyright, a user sees "snippets" of text around the queried search terms. All instances of the search terms in the book text appear with a yellow highlight; the four access levels used on Google Books are: Full view: Books in the public domain are available for "full view" and can be downloaded for free.
In-print books acquired through the Partner Program are available for full view if the publisher has given permission, although this is rare. Preview: For in-print books where permission has been granted, the number of viewable pages is limited to a "preview" set by a variety of access restrictions and security measures, some based on user-tracking; the publisher can set the percentage of the book available for preview. Users are restricted from downloading or printing book previews. A watermark reading "Copyrighted material" appears at the bottom of pages. All books acquired through the Partner Program are available for preview. Snippet view: A'snippet view' – two to three lines of text surrounding the queried search term – is displayed in cases where Google does not have permission of the copyright owner to display a preview; this could be because Google can not identify the owner declined permission. If a search term appears many times in a book, Google displays no more than three snippets, thus preventing the user from viewing too much of the book.
Google does not display any snippets for certain reference books, such as dictionaries, where the display of snippets can harm the market for the work. Google maintains. No preview: Google displays search results for books that have not been digitized; as these books have not been scanned, their text is not searchable and only the metadata such as the title, publisher, number of pages, ISBN, subject and copyright information, in some cases, a table of contents and book summary is available. In effect, this is similar to an online library card catalog. In response to criticism from groups such as the American Association of Publishers and the Authors Guild, Google announced an opt-out policy in August 2005, through which copyright owners could provide a list of titles that it did not want scanned, Google would respect the request. Google stated that it would not scan any in-copyright books between August and 1 November 2005, to provide the owners with the opportunity to decide which books to exclude from the Project.
Thus, Google provides a copyright owner with three choices with respect to any work: It can participate in the Partner Program to make a book available for preview or full view, in which case it would share revenue derived from the display of pages from the work in response to user queries. It can let Google scan the book under the Library Project and display snippets in response to user queries, it can opt out of the Library Project. If the book has been scanned, Google will reset its access level as'No preview'. Most scanned works are commercially available. In addition to procuring books from libraries, Google obtains books from its publisher partners, through the "Partner Program" – designed to help publishers and authors promote their books. Publishers and authors submit either a digital copy of their book in EPUB or PDF format, or a print copy to Google, made available on Google Books for preview; the publisher can control the percentage of the book available for preview, with the minimum being 20%.
They can choose to make the book viewable, allow users to download a PDF copy. Books can be made available for sale on Google Play. Unlike the Library Project, this does not raise any copyright concerns as it is conducted pursuant to an agreement with the publisher; the publisher
La Heredera is a Mexican telenovela produced by TV Azteca. It marked the third reunion for Sergio Basañez as protagonists; the series was developed into an American telenovela by the title of American Heiress. Meet Maria Claudia, her father, Don Julian, is the most influential industrialist of the Mexican political scope. Lauro, her older brother, incarnates the ambition and resentment, which he uses like arms on his way to the political and economic power. Lorena, her sister, is a talented and beautiful woman and at the same time suffering from culpability and addiction. Octavio, her younger brother, is the minor of the family. Don Julian is on the verge of Maria Claudia, returns urgently to Mexico. In the middle of her misfortunes, she meets Antonio, an ex-soldier of the Gulf War, they fall in love. Don Julian survives and the experience of being so close to death will unite more than the love of the father and his family. Maria Claudia and Antonio try to build their happiness. Silvia Navarro...
María Claudia Madero Grimaldi Sergio Basañez... Antonio Bautista Margarita Gralia... Gabriela Grimaldi de Madero Aylín Mújica... Lorena Madero Grimaldi Guillermo Murray... Don Julián Madero Grimaldi Julieta Egurrola... Dulce Sergio Torres Víctor Huggo Martin... Lauro Madero GrimaldiJuan Manuel Bernal... DionisioBruno Bichir... SantiagoAndrea Noli... Kauris Fabián Corres... SalomonXavier Massimi... Octavio Madero Grimaldi Arturo Beristain... Dr. Alvaro Dominguez Lourdes Villareal Gabriela Canudas... Aranza Fidel Garriga Enrique Munoz... Niero Adriana Louvier... Linda Mauricio Valle Josafat Luna Christian Cataldi Ángela Fuste... BrendaDavid Zepeda Chucho Reyes Arleta Jersioska Maria Luisa Vazquez Faisy Carina Sarti Larisa Mendizabal Shirley Ana Laura Espinosa... Ponchita Beatriz Cecilia Ana Berumen Juan Luis Orendain Fernando Sarfatti Angela Sanchez Rocio Adame Ruli Peterman Hector Arredondo... Joaquín Mercader Luciana Silveyra Luis Rabago... Orlando Mondragon Season 2: Mercedes Pascual Rene Gatica Hernan Mendoza Miguel Rene Rene Campero Carlos Padilla...
Ricardo Aldo Sebastian de Diego... Juancito Guest Stars in Pilot episode Sergio Bustamante Evangelina Elizondo Margarita Sanz Constantino Costas Monica Escamilla... News Presenter Mariana Peñalva... Nurse Cynthia Hernandez Gonzalo Vega Alberto Zeni... BetoJonathan Islas... Emiliano Title: "Ahora Quien" Singer: Marc Anthony Lyrics & Music: Estefano & Julio Reyes Editor: World Deep Music Sony ATV Pub. Album: Amar Sin Mentiras Creator Marmol Ramos LunaWriters Araceli Monsell Gerardo Sanchez Luna Jorge Patino Guadalupe Obon Luis Felipe Ybarra Ivan ArguelloLiterary Editor Bethel Floresliterary counseling Luis Sierra MercadoImage Designer Javier De la RosaWardrobe Laura SimoninAmbience Gerardo HernandezHairstyles Carmen RetanaMake-up Alejandra RodriguezProps Guillermo Granados Ulises GranadosCinematography Coordinator Fransisco GarciaCinematography Designer Antonio NovaroMusic effects Juan Carlos Norona Miranda Carlos Adrian Norona Daniel Norona Guillermo Jacome Federico SanchezLocation Carolina VillanuevaPlanning Ricardo RuizProduction manager Pedro Luevano Jose Solano Audio design Ignacio perezDirector of Artistic Talent Maria Luisa Anzaldua Maria Antonio YanezEditor Monica Rodriguez CarrilloCasting Fransisco LugoArt Director Jorge VieiraSecond unit Photography Director Manuel PalaciosPhotography Director Jorge MedinaAssociate Producer Martha Perez-ValdezDirector Assistant Gladis Genis Pedro AdameSecond unit Camera Director Alexis Canizo Second unit director Carlos Villegas Martin Barraza Scene Director Maestro Raul Quintanilla General Director Luis Manzo Jorge Rios Executive Producer Gerardo Zurita General Producer Henry Ramos Gerardo Zurita Director of Azteca Novelas Martin Luna
Audrey McMahon was the Director of the New York region of the Federal Art Project from 1935 to 1943. Born in New York City in 1898, she attended the Sorbonne, she was the director of the College Art Association, she died August 20, 1981, at her home in Greenwich Village at the age of 87. Her approach to the administration of the Federal Art Project attempted to give the artists employed a great deal of freedom, as she recalled "It is gratifying to note...that all of the painters, graphic artists, muralists who recall those days remember little or no artistic stricture." As the Federal Art Project began its conclusion in 1939, McMahon worked to delay the liquidation process, the program changed to become the Graphic Section of the War Services Division in 1942, wherein "mural painters designed and executed camouflage patterns for tanks and many military objects", until the program was liquidated in January 1943 and McMahon resigned. A 1977 sculpture by Eugenie Gershoy was titled "Homage to Audrey McMahon," in recognition of the over 50,000 works of art produced in New York City during the first few years of the Federal Arts Project.
Oral history interview with Audrey McMahon, 1964